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A case for custom silicon in enabling low-cost information technology for developing regions

Z. Foo, Z. Renner, N. Slottow, V. Vinay, M. Wieckowski, D. Yoon, C. Schmidt, D. Blaauw, P. Chen, P. Dutta, D. Devecsery, T. Schmid (+6 others)
2010 Proceedings of the First ACM Symposium on Computing for Development - ACM DEV '10  
In this paper, we argue that custom integrated circuits can enable a new tier of low-cost information access devices with a price point that will make them widely accessible.  ...  Information and communications technology has the potential for deep social impact in developing regions but today's typical ICT devices -laptops, mobile phones, and similar devices -are often still too  ...  The relatively low mask set cost in an older technologies was a significant factor for choosing the 0.18 µm technology for this project.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1926180.1926208 dblp:conf/dev/FooDSCFGKLPRSVWYSBCD10 fatcat:dxpbwh47trg2dh3cidcohlscea

The Origins and Dynamics of Production Networks in Silicon Valley [chapter]

AnnaLee Saxenian
2013 Advances in Strategic Management  
Three cases -a contract manufacturer. a silicon foundry, and the joint development of a microprocessor illustrate how inter-firm networks help account for the sustained technological dynamism of the regional  ...  In the third case, a systems firm spreads the costs of perfecting a state-of-the-art microprocessor through joint product development with a semiconductor producer.  ...  Institute of Technology (1989) .  ... 
doi:10.1108/s0742-3322(2013)0000030012 fatcat:d2hwelx5fbb2vojztbxpkgbzou

The origins and dynamics of production networks in Silicon Valley

AnnaLee Saxenian
1991 Research Policy  
Three cases -a contract manufacturer. a silicon foundry, and the joint development of a microprocessor illustrate how inter-firm networks help account for the sustained technological dynamism of the regional  ...  In the third case, a systems firm spreads the costs of perfecting a state-of-the-art microprocessor through joint product development with a semiconductor producer.  ...  Institute of Technology (1989) .  ... 
doi:10.1016/0048-7333(91)90067-z fatcat:eazyxrpafbbnha2h4yy5aigkku

Open-Access Silicon Photonics: Current Status and Emerging Initiatives

Abdul Rahim, Thijs Spuesens, Roel Baets, Wim Bogaerts
2018 Proceedings of the IEEE  
Silicon Photonics is widely acknowledged as a gamechanging technology, driven by the needs of datacom and telecom.  ...  To meet the current market demands for silicon photonics manufacturing, a variety of openaccess platforms is offered by CMOS pilot lines, R&D institutes and commercial foundries.  ...  Moreover, in 2017, TSMC developed a through-silicon-via (TSV)-enabled silicon photonics platform in a 300 mm foundry.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2018.2878686 fatcat:ixbfw7evsnbjxfgbz3cdmzusci

Brain Circulation: How High-Skill Immigration Makes Everyone Better Off

AnnaLee Saxenian
2002 The Brookings review  
Their aim was to develop low-cost devices to speed Internet access for small businesses. By 1994, short on money, they decided to hire programmers in India for one-quarter of the Silicon Valley rate.  ...  A Macronix venture capital fund invests in promising start-ups in both Silicon Valley and Taiwan-not to raise money but to develop technologies related to their core business.  ... 
doi:10.2307/20081018 fatcat:rtz4fyo3ofagdb7rfji4m5xq2q

1.2 Three pillars enabling the Internet of Everything: Smart everyday objects, information-centric networks, and automated real-time insights

Sophie V. Vandebroek
2016 2016 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference (ISSCC)  
Acknowledgement: The author wishes to thank Janos Veres, Ignacio Solis, and Tong Sun of PARC for their leadership in the PARC Inc research described in this paper and for helping with the preparation and  ...  The author also acknowledges the many other Xerox researchers and our collaborators in numerous institutions and companies.  ...  In many cases, printed sensors on plastic or paper substrates are ideal because they are low-cost and even disposable.  ... 
doi:10.1109/isscc.2016.7417889 dblp:conf/isscc/Vandebroek16 fatcat:6v27su52avegvmfjek4ifryisa

Strategies for reducing the costs of clean-energy technologies in buildings in Nigeria

Samuel Ekung, Victor Ohama, Reginald Ajiero
2020 Clean Energy  
This study evaluated strategies for improving the cost performance of photovoltaic (PV) electricity applied in buildings in Nigeria using a questionnaire survey involving 415 targets.  ...  The costs of clean-energy technologies are currently very high and their adoption in buildings is voluntary.  ...  Further study is, however, important in designing a strategic framework for PV-cost-reduction implementation in developing countries, based on these drivers, needs and enablers.  ... 
doi:10.1093/ce/zkaa020 fatcat:l4sqbgc4xbbwvbejtdt62spmcu

H2020 Cabriss Public Business Plan

Marie-Charlotte Hoffmann, Harald Suitner, Robert Thomas
2017 Zenodo  
CABRISS strives to implement a full cradle-to-cradle PV circular economy, to exploit the challenge and opportunity of PV wastes in Europe and globally by developing eco-efficient technologies for recycling  ...  To date, CABRISS has led to a number of novel concepts for resource recycling and reuse as well as advantages in terms of improved energy payback time and lower carbon footprint.  ...  innovative production technologies can be used with solar grade silicon, or with low-grade, cheap silicon which will result in a low-cost silicon substrate.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.998558 fatcat:pk5mytcejjderddaccxcfirsnq

From Brain Drain to Brain Circulation: Transnational Communities and Regional Upgrading in India and China

AnnaLee Saxenian
2005 Studies in comparative international development  
This article examines how Chinese-and Indian-born engineers are accelerating the development of the information technology industries in their home countries-initially by tapping the low-cost skill in  ...  In a process more akin to "brain circulation" than "brain drain," these engineers and entrepreneurs, aided by the lowered transaction costs associated with digitization, are transferring technical and  ...  for low-cost IC manufacturing and regional distribution.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf02686293 fatcat:63y5d4ygsvadxckawmgczxy3f4

Review of Silicon Photonics Technology and Platform Development

Shawn Yohanes Siew, Bo Li, Feng Gao, Hai Yang Zheng, Wenle Zhang, Pengfei Guo, Shawn Wu Xie, Apu Song, Bin Dong, Lian Wee Luo, Chao Li, Xianshu Luo (+1 others)
2021 Journal of Lightwave Technology  
Silicon photonics leverages the billions of dollars and decades of research poured into silicon semiconductor device processing to enable high yield, robust processing, and most of all, low cost.  ...  We will provide a comprehensive review of the development of silicon photonics and the foundry services which enable the productization, including various efforts to develop and release PDK devices.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank the fabrication and technology team at AMF, as well as previous IME/A * STAR teams for many years of hard work for the development of silicon photonics technology  ... 
doi:10.1109/jlt.2021.3066203 fatcat:7v7w4tupdvdyfc23jy5mzxqcue


2005 Pathways to Industrialization and Regional Development  
They are complementary in many ways: producers of specialty computer systems, for example, depend on access to large quantities of low-cost memory chips, while the mass producers of these commodity semiconductors  ...  information, customers, or partners. 17 In fact, when the AEA expanded beyond Silicon Valley, its leaders recognized the importance of these networks.  ... 
doi:10.4324/9780203995549-31 fatcat:vgf7pygoprfh5nv24ugh2b56zu

Global networks of clusters of innovation: Accelerating the innovation process

Jerome S. Engel, Itxaso del-Palacio
2009 Business Horizons  
Although immigrants have often served as a source of relatively low-cost labor, in the Silicon Valley foreign-born engineers have made a substantial contribution to regional job and wealth creation.  ...  In 2002, Chang and two Chinese colleagues from Silicon Valley founded BCD Semiconductor Manufacturing in Shanghai to design and manufacture low-cost analog semiconductors for phones, computers, and consumer  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bushor.2009.06.001 fatcat:325yzkej5zcohdhdb4kmglshbi

04/00571 Energy efficiency leadership in California: preventing the next crisis

2004 Fuel and Energy Abstracts  
technologies enable reductions in energy use for buildings and manufacturing that swamp the electricity used by the information technologies themselves. 39 Silicon Valley is estimated to have 15 percent  ...  Case studies of Silicon Valley companies provide concrete examples of how individual companies can cut their energy bills and reduce costs for their customers as well.  ...  ABOUT SVMG David Packard of Hewlett-Packard, founded the Silicon Valley Manufacturing Group (SVMG) in 1978.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0140-6701(04)91773-0 fatcat:h6l3ztyfwbhy5fti2za5y6fide

Research on Value Investment of Start-up Companies

Yahong Jiang
2021 BCP Business & Management  
By conducting a constructive study with two cases, we develop a construction for qualitative and quantitative reference information with the help of the literature on Start-ups and value investment, the  ...  In addition, it demonstrates the different nature of two Start-ups for operating business to highlight the divergent value metrics.  ...  Eridan has a leading position in 5G information technology and product development. Therefore, the study of two Start-ups follows the importance and representative principles of case selection.  ... 
doi:10.54691/bcpbm.v13i.74 fatcat:kpbsdpr43fccneqaftx5ve7fim

Chinese born global firms and international entrepreneurial mechanism

Junjie Zhang, Rongyao Cheng, Weibin Wang
2016 Journal of Economic & Financial Studies  
In the foundation and development process of Company A, not only domestic industrial resources and low-cost production capabilities were fully exploited, but external networking opportunities such as distribution  ...  regions.  ... 
doi:10.18533/jefs.v4i05.254 fatcat:fl2whajhdbbe7p4zq44whosugm
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