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A carrot not a stick

Konrad Hinsen
2019 Nature Physics  
Your editorial "A problem shared is a problem halved" raises several important and difficult questions concerning the publication of digital scientific knowledge.  ...  Two different labs never have the exact same equipment, and therefore it is not a fundamental problem that some details of its construction are commercial secrets.  ...  Most scientists view software primarily as a tool for doing research, and from this point of view it is reasonable to consider it a potentially commercial product, much like lab equipment.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41567-019-0627-0 fatcat:amaiqe5pabbddk5bhewckt7bem

Using Carrots Not Sticks to Cultivate a Culture of Safeguarding in Sport

Judith L. Komaki, Yetsa A. Tuakli-Wosornu
2021 Frontiers in Sports and Active Living  
CRAFTING THE CULTURE USING CARROTS NOT STICKS Given the foregoing, simple fixes to athlete abuse prevention won't do. Nothing short of a cultural revolution is required.  ...  Using this carrots-rather-than-sticks model, the lead author (JLK) is now discussing a reinforcement-based abuse prevention plan with the U.S. Army.  ...  No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fspor.2021.625410 pmid:33738441 pmcid:PMC7960644 fatcat:57azt665tjhkrcqnbbxn4ycnku

Scanning Electron Microscopy of Carrot Stick Surface to Determine Cause of White Translucent Appearance

1991 Journal of Food Science  
This condition was not readily apparent with carrot sticks sliced with a razor sharp blade.  ...  Carrot sticks that were prepared with a sharp culinary knife exhibited a whitish translucent appearance on the surface.  ...  Drying of a single layer of cells apparently was not sufficient to cause the carrot stick surface to have the whitish translucent appearance.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2621.1991.tb04772.x fatcat:bmv5mwirjzeqxhndcmka3tvmz4

Incentivizing Wellness in the Workplace

David Tannenbaum, Chad J. Valasek, Eric D. Knowles, Peter H. Ditto
2013 Psychological Science  
Underlying both carrot and stick programs is a belief in the motivating power of financial incentives.  ...  Means in all three stick conditions were lower than the mean in the carrot condition, although not significantly so for the low-baseline-stick condition.  ...  For ease of exposition, we analyze the interaction using the stick versus carrot contrast, but for illustrative purposes, we show results from each of the stick conditions in Figure 2 .  ... 
doi:10.1177/0956797612474471 pmid:23765268 fatcat:qoflten6jvf3pi5f3m7ojz3mqe

Controlled atmosphere storage of carrot slices, sticks and shreds

Hidemi Izumi, Alley E. Watada, Nathanee P. Ko, Willard Douglas
1996 Postharvest Biology and Technology  
The physiology and quality of carrot (Daucus carotu L.) slices, sticks, and shreds stored in air or controlled atmosphere (CA) of 0.5% O2 and 10% CO2 at 0, 5, and 10°C were monitored.  ...  The RQ of sticks and shreds was higher in CA than in air at all temperatures. Ethylene production was less than 0.1 ~1 kg-' h-' and off-odor was not detected with any of the samples.  ...  Carrot cuts which had larger surface area for suberization, that is shreds > sticks > slices, had a larger increase in respiration.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0925-5214(96)00045-2 fatcat:4itt5q7p6zgmxdh6igomcv673q

Qualty Changes in Carrot Slices, Sticks and Shreds Stored at Vairous Temperatures

Hidemi IZUMI, Alley E. WATADA, Nathanee P. KO
1995 Food Science and Technology International Tokyo  
Quality changes in carrot slices, sticks, and shreds were not similar during storage at O', 5" and lO"C.  ...  These results indicate that carrot shreds quality cannot be maintained as well as that of slices and sticks during low temperature storage.  ...  The surface color of 10 carrot samples, in which each sample consisted of a slice, 4 sticks, or 5 g of shreds, was measured with a chromameter (Model CR-300, Minolta, Ramsey, NJ).  ... 
doi:10.3136/fsti9596t9798.1.71 fatcat:wbmlspr7ibfcji7ef2m7iskatm

The Carrot or the Stick: Rewards, Punishments, and Cooperation

James Andreoni, William Harbaugh, Lise Vesterlund
2003 The American Economic Review  
Carrot-Stick. game, where the cost of punishing is not independent of the offer.  ...  As a result, the same offer may be seen as less generous in the Carrot-Stick treatment than if it were made in the Carrot or Stick treatment.  ... 
doi:10.1257/000282803322157142 fatcat:alu3nkkvareu3fj2irxn6iuisy

Carrots and Sticks as Incentive Mechanisms for the Optimal Initiation of Insolvency Proceedings

Jaka Cepec, Mitja Kovac
2016 Danube  
The paper suggests the employment of mixed-sticks-and-carrots incentive mechanisms for managers' prompt proposals of insolvency proceedings as an optimal regulatory response.  ...  Using the law and economics tools and comparative analysis, this paper seeks to identify insolvency-specific optimal incentive mechanisms, while using the general theory on carrots and sticks in legal  ...  a carrot or imposing a stick.  ... 
doi:10.1515/danb-2016-0005 fatcat:ymdmqo5ngjfqrdprathybtnrcq

The Carrot or the Stick: Rewards, Punishments and Cooperation

James Andreoni, William T. Harbaugh, Lise Vesterlund
2003 Social Science Research Network  
Carrot-Stick. game, where the cost of punishing is not independent of the offer.  ...  As a result, the same offer may be seen as less generous in the Carrot-Stick treatment than if it were made in the Carrot or Stick treatment.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.436500 fatcat:xpd3fsmz6jgdvpcap5bvsv3x7a

Sodium Chloride Treatment or Waterjet Slicing Effects on White Tissue Development of Carrot Sticks

1993 Journal of Food Science  
Treatment of carrots with NaCl solution or slicing with a high pressure water jet stream was evaluated for reducing the amount of white tissue development on carrot stick surfaces.  ...  However, the NaCl treatment caused a weight loss of 4-10% (not commercially acceptable).  ...  INTRODUCTION ACCEPTABILITY of carrot sticks in the grocery stores and salad bars is lessened when the sticks have a white translucent tissue on the surface.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2621.1993.tb06189.x fatcat:7knznc6yyjgpph67kvbqwiewkm

Calcium Treatments Affect Storage Quality of Shredded Carrots

1994 Journal of Food Science  
A 0.5% or 1% CaCl, treatment maintained firmness and reduced microbial growth of carrot shreds at all temperatures.  ...  Carrot shreds, sticks and slices were dipped in solutions of CaClz alone, or with chlorine and stored at 0, 5 or 10°C to determine the effects of calcium (Ca) on storage quality.  ...  Ca treatments did not have any effect on carrot slices or sticks probably because insufficient Ca was absorbed.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2621.1994.tb06908.x fatcat:2ymyvwpkbfdjfihsnqwetetdli

Optimizing the Community's Supports in Counter-Terrorism Operations: A Sticks – Carrots Game Theoretic Model

M. O. Oladejo, I. J. Udoh, A. O. Abam
2020 Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology  
Rather a viable "Carrots" approach or its combination with credible "Sticks" instruments would be necessary and sufficient to win the community's optimal supports for effective terrorism prevention and  ...  SA and the TG; each playing either the "Sticks" or the "Carrots" or mixed strategies to win the community's optimal supports.  ...  "Carrots and Sticks" strategy.  ... 
doi:10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i4731186 fatcat:3bkcuzixjbdsdawmo3u5g4obf4

There Are Many Purposes for Conditional Incentives to Accessing Healthcare Comment on "Denial of Treatment to Obese Patients—the Wrong Policy on Personal Responsibility for Health"

Sridhar Venkatapuram
2013 International Journal of Health Policy and Management  
However, such a policy and Eyal's general agreement with carrot and stick policies does not sit right.  ...  What comes out of the article most clearly is that Eyal is fine with the carrots and sticks approach to health policy, he just wants to help clarify what should and should not be the carrots and sticks  ... 
doi:10.15171/ijhpm.2013.46 pmid:24596874 pmcid:PMC3937885 fatcat:272xle5dczdvhhjqvvijsa4zhm

Waiting for Rescue: An Essay on the Evolution and Incentive Structure of the Law of Affirmative Obligations

Saul Levmore
1986 Virginia law review  
Read this way, the Hittite rules form a seemingly balanced "sticks and carrots" package, which may or may not be better than "no sticks and no carrots."  ...  to find "carrots and no sticks" in a number of legal systems; indeed if the carrots are not in cash or otherwise not very likely to generate moral hazard problems, this package seems superior to "no sticks  ...  Finally, although this section has focused on sticks and not on carrots, it is useful to repeat the thesis developed early in Part II: American law may already provide at least skeleton carrots to many  ... 
doi:10.2307/1072928 fatcat:tihppg5cpjbrbov2p3ylrxsvim

18. Comparing Consequences of Carrots and Sticks on Cooperation in Repeated Public Good Games [chapter]

2020 Advances in the Sociology of Trust and Cooperation  
Subsequently, we test these hypotheses by means of a laboratory experiment. Our results show that while carrots do increase cooperation, sticks turn out to be more effective.  ...  Many sociologists and economists have maintained that costly sanctions are able to sustain cooperation, but whether carrots or sticks are more successful in this respect is still under dispute (e.g., Balliet  ...  Thus, the final message is clearly that sticks are more effective than carrots at sustaining cooperation and when sticks are available, the contribution level does not change, whether carrots are also  ... 
doi:10.1515/9783110647495-018 fatcat:2bze2nepxzaand3vqrcj2nqgzu
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