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A calibration method for fully polarimetric microwave radiometers

J. Lahtinen, A.J. Gasiewski, M. Klein, I.S. Corbella
2003 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
A technique for absolute end-to-end calibration of a fully polarimetric microwave radiometer is presented.  ...  The application of the extended standard to determining the complete set of radiometer constants (the calibration matrix elements) for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Polarimetric Scanning  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors wish to thank the following individuals for their assistance: M. Hallikainen, M. Jacobson, V. Leuskiy, A. Yevgrafov, J. Praks, and J. Pulliainen. The support of S.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2003.810203 fatcat:ucrhpzgqozetzkysphuofbcsne

System design of W-band fully polarimetric radiometer for target identification

Sung-Hyun Kim, Nam-Won Moon, Yong-Hoon Kim
2010 2010 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium  
In this study, we developed the fully polarimetric radiometer to measure full Stokes parameter at 94 GHz.  ...  For stable and high sensible Stokes parameters measurements, we implemented a wideband analog correlator and a total power type receiver with periodic calibration.  ...  Receiver block diagram of the polarimetric radiometer. Developed fully polarimetric radiometer with suggested calibration standard  ... 
doi:10.1109/igarss.2010.5652092 dblp:conf/igarss/KimMK10 fatcat:idm7in7zqbb3tkj6vwharjfniu

HUT fully polarimetric calibration standard for microwave radiometry

J. Lahtinen, M.T. Hallikainen
2003 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
The developed standard generates a complete Stokes reference vector and it is applied for the end-to-end absolute calibration of a fully polarimetric microwave radiometer at 36.5 GHz.  ...  In addition to calibration of a fully polarimetric radiometer, other potential applications, e.g., linearity measurements, are discussed.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors wish to thank the following individuals for their help in the design and fabrication of the calibration standard: P. Rummukainen, M. Kemppinen, S. Ruokolainen, and H.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2003.810206 fatcat:4p7vzsatvvhqfger6ov3p6zbxq

The reviews and prospects for radiometer calibration research of BIRMM

C. Y. Cheng, Y. J. Yang, H. Zhai, F. Nian, W. He, T. Chen
2011 2011 XXXth URSI General Assembly and Scientific Symposium  
Firstly, the timetable about research for radiometer calibration target is shown in a figure according to time sequence since 1995.  ...  The reviews and prospects for radiometer calibration research of BIRMM (Beijing Radio Institute of Metrology and Measurement) are presented in this paper.  ...  Lahtinen firstly presented a new calibration target configuration to calibrate the fully polarimetric radiometer ten years or more ago.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ursigass.2011.6050316 fatcat:e63dultfkjh77drekthtomzgbu

Fully polarimetric microwave radiometer for remote sensing

J. Lahtinen, J. Pihlflyckt, I. Mononen, S.J. Tauriainen, M. Kemppinen, M.T. Hallikainen
2003 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
The feasibility and performance of the applied correlation technique and the whole radiometer system were verified for fully polarimetric airborne measurements.  ...  The design, characteristics, and operation of the Helsinki University of Technology Fully Polarimetric Radiometer (FPoR) are described.  ...  The authors also wish to acknowledge A. J. Gasiewski, J. Pulliainen, P. Piironen, and O. Koistinen for their fruitful discussions.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2003.813847 fatcat:mhbudaijrbdxpluhv7wv64lnwq

Calibration of a Polarimetric Microwave Radiometer Using a Double Directional Coupler

Luisa de la Fuente, Beatriz Aja, Enrique Villa, Eduardo Artal
2021 Remote Sensing  
A brief description of the polarimetric microwave radiometer and the system calibration injector is also reported.  ...  A fully polarimetric calibration is also possible using the designed double directional coupler, although the presented calibration method in this paper is proposed to obtain three of the four Stokes parameters  ...  a fully polarimetric calibration [27, 28] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs13112109 fatcat:yx26f7hszrcvrf3irj3ude5u2u

MIRAS reference radiometer: a fully polarimetric noise injection radiometer

A. Colliander, S. Tauriainen, T.I. Auer, J. Kainulainen, J. Uusitalo, M. Toikka, M.T. Hallikainen
2005 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
Capdevila (European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company-CASA) for valuable comments during the MDPP-2 project.  ...  The calibration procedure of the MIRAS involves three reference radiometers, which are to provide a fully polarimetric reference for the absolute calibration of the MIRAS image map.  ...  MIRAS Reference Radiometer: A Fully Polarimetric Noise Injection Radiometer Andreas Colliander, Student Member, IEEE, Simo Tauriainen, Tuomo I.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2004.840667 fatcat:eshqc5tverc6dcqxdsrvllj7xa

L- and S-band Polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar on Chandrayaan-2 Mission

Deepak Putrevu, Sanjay Trivedi, Anup Das, Dharmendra Pandey, Priyanka Mehrotra, S. K. Garg, Venkata Reddy, Shalini Gangele, Himanshu Patel, Devendra Sharma, R. Sijwali, Nikhil Pandya (+4 others)
2020 Current Science  
This payload with the capability of imaging in dual frequency (L-band: 24 cm wavelength and S-band: 12 cm wavelength) with full polarimetric mode aims for unambiguous detection, characterization and quantitative  ...  polarimetric SAR mode.  ...  We thank the Director, SAC for constant encouragement and guidance, and reviewers of various committees for their critical comments and suggestions to add more value to the payload and its science.  ... 
doi:10.18520/cs/v118/i2/226-233 fatcat:a24btapubfcutofypcauuzurvq

Calibration of Passive Microwave Polarimeters that Use Hybrid Coupler-Based Correlators

J.R. Piepmeier
2004 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
A case study radiometer in four different remote sensing scenarios was considered in light of these results.  ...  Fhally, a standard uncertainty analysis was perfornied on the four-look calibration algorithm, which was found to be most sensitive to the correlated calibration source.  ...  For example, uncertainty in an estimated calibration target emissivity would contribute to the uncertainty arising from systematic effect? for a standard microwave radiometer.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2003.817792 fatcat:6sjinq44qneybezm5ww525bnca

RF and Electronics Design of the Compact Ocean Wind Vector Radiometer (COWVR)

Frank Maiwald, Oliver Montes, Sharmila Padmanabhan, Amy Wu, Zack Pannell, Violet Torossian, Alireza Bakhshi, Damon Russell, Jordan Tanabe, Hamid Javadi, Chris Holeman, Maurice Aghion (+3 others)
2020 IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing  
COWVR is a fully polarimetric imaging radiometer system operating at 18.7, 23.8, and 33.9 GHz .  ...  The Compact Ocean Wind Vector Radiometer (COWVR) was developed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory as a proof of concept technology demonstration mission for the Air Force.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to express gratitude to the teams involved in assembly and testing for their continuous professional support until the delivery of the COWVR RF and EU subsystems:  ... 
doi:10.1109/jstars.2020.3005041 fatcat:v63ycme5j5a4lbr5frttsdso4m

The WindSat spaceborne polarimetric microwave radiometer: sensor description and early orbit performance

P.W. Gaiser, K.M. St Germain, E.M. Twarog, G.A. Poe, W. Purdy, D. Richardson, W. Grossman, W.L. Jones, D. Spencer, G. Golba, J. Cleveland, L. Choy (+2 others)
2004 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
WindSat is a satellite-based multifrequency polarimetric microwave radiometer developed by the Naval Research Laboratory for the U.S.  ...  It is designed to demonstrate the capability of polarimetric microwave radiometry to measure the ocean surface wind vector from space.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors wish to acknowledge the talents and efforts of the Naval Research Laboratory Naval Center for Space Technology, whose engineers built, tested, and operate WindSat.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2004.836867 fatcat:bus7h5va3jccbcpwhrrshsngsa

L-Band RFI as Experienced During Airborne Campaigns in Preparation for SMOS

N. Skou, S. Misra, J.E. Balling, S.S. Kristensen, S.S. Sobjaerg
2010 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
The radiometer used in this context is fully polarimetric and has built-in radio-frequency-interference (RFI)-detection capabilities.  ...  This paper introduces the radiometer system and how it detects RFI using the kurtosis method, reports on the percentage of data that are typically flagged as being corrupted by RFI, and gives a hint about  ...  Tauriainen as an extremely dedicated pilot; the SMOS Science Advisory Group for the fruitful discussion; and ESA staff C. Bouzinac and P. Wursteisen for organizing the airborne campaigns.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2009.2031637 fatcat:ch7yiyfxnbar7enwqs3aniwute

Faraday Rotation Correction for Passive Microwave Remote Sensing from Space

W. Lu, W. Yan, D. Han, X. B. Zhao
2011 Radioengineering  
We propose a new method of using TEC data released by international GNSS service (IGS) for correction. It has been proved that the residual correction errors are reduced.  ...  Faraday rotation (FR) is one of the main error sources for passive microwave remote sensing from space especially in frequencies less than or equal to 10.7 GHz.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank NSSDC whose web page provides the Fortran code for models of the International Reference Ionosphere (IRI-2007) and the International Geomagnetic Reference  ... 
doaj:9c333abb53a54b22a4e82c1bff3a8112 fatcat:tfvr6ffmurfkboktt4faqapwkq

Deep-space calibration of the WindSat radiometer

W.L. Jones, J.D. Park, S. Soisuvarn, Liang Hong, P.W. Gaiser, K.M.St. Germain
2006 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
The WindSat microwave polarimetric radiometer consists of 22 channels of polarized brightness temperatures operating at five frequencies: 6.8, 10.7, 18.7, 23.8, and 37.0 GHz.  ...  the individual channels and the relative calibration bias between polarimetric channels.  ...  because this is the first polarimetric radiometer to fly in space, and this mission also serves as a risk-reduction pathfinder for the polarimetric channels on the future NPOESS Conical Scanning Microwave  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2005.862499 fatcat:z7avttellvgtbmnnrwcqypz74q

Surveys and analysis of rfi in the smos context

Niels Skou, Jan E. Balling, Sten S. Sobjarg, Steen S. Kristensen
2010 2010 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium  
Since SMOS is fully polarimetric, the 3rd and 4th Stokes parameter method is an option, and this has been used on a recent, fully polarimetric SMOS data set.  ...  The radiometer used in this context is fully polarimetric and is capable of detecting Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) using the kurtosis method.  ...  The specifications of the instrument are as follows: Correlation radiometer with sub-harmonic sampling and fully polarimetric, i.e. all four Stokes parameters.  ... 
doi:10.1109/igarss.2010.5649838 dblp:conf/igarss/SkouBSK10 fatcat:th5lbv2i6vdjlab3g7iodzlheu
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