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Different Issues in the Design of a Lemmatizer/Tagger for Basque [article]

I. Aduriz, I. Alegria, J. M. Arriola, X. Artola, Diaz de Illarraza A., N. Ezeiza, K. Gojenola, M. Maritxalar
1995 arXiv   pre-print
This paper presents relevant issues that have been considered in the design of a general purpose lemmatizer/tagger for Basque (EUSLEM).  ...  Due to the characteristics of the language, the tagset here proposed in structured in for levels, so that each level is a refinement of the previous one in the sense that it adds more detailed information  ...  for each word-form). • Morphosyntactic ambiguity.  ... 
arXiv:cmp-lg/9503020v1 fatcat:hogi5xdv3bf47bcqriqyi5v2wi

Deep Subjecthood: Higher-Order Grammatical Features in Multilingual BERT [article]

Isabel Papadimitriou, Ethan A. Chi, Richard Futrell, Kyle Mahowald
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Together, these results provide insight into how grammatical features manifest in contextual embedding spaces, at a level of abstraction not covered by previous work.  ...  We investigate how Multilingual BERT (mBERT) encodes grammar by examining how the high-order grammatical feature of morphosyntactic alignment (how different languages define what counts as a "subject")  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Dan Jurafsky, Jesse Mu, and Ben Newman for helpful comments.  ... 
arXiv:2101.11043v1 fatcat:bv5oq63vhfcgdkukq6b25ssdpa

Addressee Identity and Morphosyntactic Processing in Basque Allocutive Agreement

Max Wolpert, Simona Mancini, Sendy Caffarra
2017 Frontiers in Psychology  
We used Basque to explore how addressee identity is processed during morphosyntactic analysis.  ...  In the familiar register hika, Basque has obligatory allocutive agreement, where verbal morphology represents the gender of a non-argument addressee.  ...  A special thank you to everyone at the San Benito Ikastola in Lazkao for providing space for testing.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01439 pmid:28928680 pmcid:PMC5591851 fatcat:x6iadbgc5rhwzb74bgscax7q3u

Length of Utterance, in Morphemes or in Words?: MLU3-w, a Reliable Measure of Language Development in Early Basque

Maria-José Ezeizabarrena, Iñaki Garcia Fernandez
2018 Frontiers in Psychology  
The aim of the study is to investigate the consistency and utility of MLU3-w and MLU3-m as a measure for (morpho-)syntactic development in Basque, an agglutinative language.  ...  The mean length of utterace (MLU), which was proposed by Brown (1973) as a better index for language development in children than age, has been regularly reported in case studies as well as in cross-sectional  ...  Finally, we are in debt to Maialen Iraola, the two reviewers and a native English speaker for their helpful comments. The remaining mistakes are our own.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02265 pmid:29379453 pmcid:PMC5771239 fatcat:xbl36lfalvd57cxsw7plx3qk6a

MultiAzterTest: a Multilingual Analyzer on Multiple Levels of Language for Readability Assessment [article]

Kepa Bengoetxea, Itziar Gonzalez-Dios
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we present the MultiAzterTest tool: (i) an open source NLP tool which analyzes texts on over 125 measures of cohesion,language, and readability for English, Spanish and Basque, but whose  ...  two reading levels (simple and complex) using a SMO classifier.  ...  Acknowledgments We acknowledge following projects: DeepText (KK-2020/00088), DeepReading RTI2018-096846-B-C21 (MCIU/AEI/FEDER, UE) and BigKnowledge for Text Mining, BBVA.  ... 
arXiv:2109.04870v1 fatcat:wt45mjqerrdzvpzypt3vlzjnza

Automatic Annotation of Medical Records in Spanish with Disease, Drug and Substance Names [chapter]

Maite Oronoz, Arantza Casillas, Koldo Gojenola, Alicia Perez
2013 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
By enriching the lexica of the Freeling analyzer with bio-medical terms extracted from dictionaries and ontologies as SNOMED CT, the system is able to automatically detect medical terms in texts.  ...  An evaluation has been performed against a manually tagged corpus focusing on entities referring to pharmaceutical drug-names, substances and diseases.  ...  This work was supported by the Department of Industry of the Basque Government (IT344-10, S-PE12UN114), the University of the Basque Country (GIU09/19), the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-41827-3_67 fatcat:6ag2gqlhjfdlbjhkgvmr5s57mm

An Event Related Field Study of Rapid Grammatical Plasticity in Adult Second-Language Learners

Ainhoa Bastarrika, Douglas J. Davidson
2017 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
We analyzed the event-related magnetic-field (ERF) recorded in response to a critical word during all three phases.  ...  The present study used magnetoencephalography (MEG) to investigate how Spanish adult learners of Basque respond to morphosyntactic violations after a short period of training on a small fragment of Basque  ...  Therefore, for the MEG data only the comprehension tasks were analyzed.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2017.00012 pmid:28174530 pmcid:PMC5258726 fatcat:n3eiom263zgdrd5ikr5i6g4vz4

An Analysis of Basque Collocations Formed by Onomatopoeia and Verbs in a Translational Corpus of Literary Texts [chapter]

Elisabeth Piirainen, Natalia Filatkina, Sören Stumpf, Christian Pfeiffer
2020 Formulaic Language and New Data  
This paper intends to analyze the use of a special type of phraseological unit -collocations formed by onomatopoeia and verbs -from a translational perspective in the language combination of German-Spanish-Basque  ...  For that purpose, some introductory remarks will first be given regarding the realities of the Basque language and research on Basque phraseology.  ...  For this purpose, it is necessary to tag the corpus at a part-ofspeech (POS) level.  ... 
doi:10.1515/9783110669824-004 fatcat:xubfbjnwq5gkpaqmth7huxdgzu

First Event-Related Potentials Evidence of Auditory Morphosyntactic Processing in a Subject-Object-Verb Nominative-Accusative Language (Farsi)

Azam Meykadeh, Arsalan Golfam, Ali Motie Nasrabadi, Hayat Ameri, Werner Sommer
2021 Frontiers in Psychology  
Here we studied Farsi, a language with canonical SOV word order.  ...  We analyzed event-related potentials (ERPs) to correct and morphosyntactically incorrect sentence-final syllables in a sentence correctness judgment task.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We would like to thank the Iranian National Brain Mapping Laboratory (NBML), for providing data acquisition service for this research work.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.698165 pmid:34975607 pmcid:PMC8716833 fatcat:ehaktlrqpvhbbjtym23pojq67q

Page 2289 of Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA Vol. 28, Issue 5 [page]

1994 Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA  
Lack of pied-piping asymmetries in other Basque construction types is accounted for by movement of the wh-word alone to the (SPEC, DP) position. 24 References. J.  ...  The exclusion of pied-piping in Basque in the presence of a mismatch between a potential wh-word pied-piper & the selectional re- quirement of the verb is explained under a specifier-head agreement hy-  ... 

Word frequency cues word order in adults: cross-linguistic evidence

Judit Gervain, Núria Sebastián-Gallés, Begoña Díaz, Itziar Laka, Reiko Mazuka, Naoto Yamane, Marina Nespor, Jacques Mehler
2013 Frontiers in Psychology  
Here we report a corpus study and an artificial grammar learning experiment testing the anchoring hypothesis in Basque, Japanese, French, and Italian adults.  ...  One universal feature of human languages is the division between grammatical functors and content words.  ...  First, we analyzed corpora from four languages, Japanese, Basque, French and Italian, representing two different basic word orders, OV and VO.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00689 pmid:24106483 pmcid:PMC3788341 fatcat:nparjrdoenbipo7rvlctyavw5u

Bilinguals processing noun morphology: Evidence for the Language Distance Hypothesis from event-related potentials

Adam Zawiszewski, Itziar Laka
2020 Journal of Neurolinguistics  
These findings reveal that, even for early and highly proficient bilinguals, (a) L2 processing is modulated by L1 grammar and (b) native vs. non-native differences obtain only when L1 and L2 morphological  ...  Both behavioral and electrophysiological results revealed significant differences between L1 and L2 speakers: non-natives made more errors and elicited a smaller P600 for violations than natives when processing  ...  no. 613465, (2) the Spanish Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (FFI2015-64183-P) and (3) the Basque Department of Education, Universities and Research (IT1169-19).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jneuroling.2020.100908 fatcat:fm6i3wovufbsfbded7hisui2x4

Page 557 of Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA Vol. 29, Issue 2 [page]

1995 Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA  
SYNTAX from each complete morphosyntactic pattern.  ...  , 1994, 94, 2-3, Nov, 125-153. 1 Restrictions on verb-initial (VI) word order in Basque include a prohi- bition of tensed verb forms in sentence-initial position without the sup- port of an initial particle  ... 

Can LSTM Learn to Capture Agreement? The Case of Basque [article]

Shauli Ravfogel, Francis M. Tyers, Yoav Goldberg
2018 arXiv   pre-print
We focus on the task of agreement prediction in Basque, as a case study for a task that requires implicit understanding of sentence structure and the acquisition of a complex but consistent morphological  ...  We propose the Basque agreement prediction task as challenging benchmark for models that attempt to learn regularities in human language.  ...  Forcada and Mikel Artetxe for discussions regarding Basque grammar and the anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.  ... 
arXiv:1809.04022v4 fatcat:ctoa6mm2q5arjjosranl3jd3b4

Placeholders in the English Interlanguage of Bilingual (Basque/Spanish) Children

María del Pilar García Mayo, Amparo Lázaro Ibarrola, Juana M. Liceras
2005 Language Learning  
The research reported here is part of a larger longitudinal study on the English interlanguage of bilingual (Basque/Spanish) children.  ...  In this article we provide an explanation for 2 syntactic phenomena whose systematic production has been observed in the English nonnative grammar of 3 different age groups of 58 bilingual (Basque/Spanish  ...  In other words, what we have shown is that Kato's (1999) typology of weak pronouns provides a valid framework for analyzing the different ways in which our learners approach input data in a foreign language  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.0023-8333.2005.00312.x fatcat:unwqqtv4vrgabdwhgsu73lpdwu
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