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A Variation of Route Flap Damping to Improve BGP Routing Convergence

Wang Lijun, Wu Jianping, Xu Ke
<span title="">2006</span> <i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/mnyfrpct5rf6xjio5dwvrxuttu" style="color: black;">IEEE International Workshop on Quality of Service, IWQoS</a> </i> &nbsp;
In this paper, a variation of RFD is proposed to deal with the side effect of RFD on routing convergence.  ...  Simulation results indicate that the modified flap damping mechanism limits persistent flapping routes while causing relatively stable routes converge more quickly.  ...  INTRODUCTION As a dynamic routing protocol, BGP [1] adapts to routing changes and converges to new stable routes.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/iwqos.2006.250488">doi:10.1109/iwqos.2006.250488</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/iwqos/WangXW06.html">dblp:conf/iwqos/WangXW06</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/inrl7bwdfvfcdaw4p52byiypta">fatcat:inrl7bwdfvfcdaw4p52byiypta</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20060828195100/http://www-net.cs.yale.edu/iwqos06/proceedings/37_Wang_Lijun_278-pn.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/7e/3a/7e3a0bc9ebcaadd418f1a8b08df82b2849c0bba0.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/iwqos.2006.250488"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Route flap damping exacerbates internet routing convergence

Zhuoqing Morley Mao, Ramesh Govindan, George Varghese, Randy H. Katz
<span title="">2002</span> <i title="ACM Press"> Proceedings of the 2002 conference on Applications, technologies, architectures, and protocols for computer communications - SIGCOMM &#39;02 </i> &nbsp;
Route flap damping is considered to be a widely deployed mechanism in core routers that limits the widespread propagation of unstable BGP routing information.  ...  We show in this paper that, surprisingly, route flap damping can significantly exacerbate the convergence times of relatively stable routes.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We thank developers of SSFnet for making the simulator available. We especially thank BJ Premore for the BGP implementation in SSFnet and prompt responses to our questions.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/633046.633047">doi:10.1145/633046.633047</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/5h7ah3jazzhkdmhaddiexpbzra">fatcat:5h7ah3jazzhkdmhaddiexpbzra</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20061008094559/http://www.eecs.umich.edu:80/~zmao/Papers/sig02.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/8d/55/8d55d5e2e188ca79bb8c981f25c93beb8778b41f.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/633046.633047"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> acm.org </button> </a>

Route flap damping exacerbates internet routing convergence

Zhuoqing Morley Mao, Ramesh Govindan, George Varghese, Randy H. Katz
<span title="">2002</span> <i title="ACM Press"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/6mtaqkuatjbxjnu4pbbyvwphgi" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the 2002 conference on Applications, technologies, architectures, and protocols for computer communications - SIGCOMM &#39;02</a> </i> &nbsp;
Route flap damping is considered to be a widely deployed mechanism in core routers that limits the widespread propagation of unstable BGP routing information.  ...  We show in this paper that, surprisingly, route flap damping can significantly exacerbate the convergence times of relatively stable routes.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We thank developers of SSFnet for making the simulator available. We especially thank BJ Premore for the BGP implementation in SSFnet and prompt responses to our questions.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/633025.633047">doi:10.1145/633025.633047</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/sigcomm/MaoGVK02.html">dblp:conf/sigcomm/MaoGVK02</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/4ugvx6kkzbebphhitrltoll7iy">fatcat:4ugvx6kkzbebphhitrltoll7iy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20061008094559/http://www.eecs.umich.edu:80/~zmao/Papers/sig02.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/8d/55/8d55d5e2e188ca79bb8c981f25c93beb8778b41f.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/633025.633047"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> acm.org </button> </a>

Route flap damping exacerbates internet routing convergence

Zhuoqing Morley Mao, Ramesh Govindan, George Varghese, Randy H. Katz
<span title="2002-10-01">2002</span> <i title="Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/g4bof3rzarbpjigq5zxjkozv2u" style="color: black;">Computer communication review</a> </i> &nbsp;
Route flap damping is considered to be a widely deployed mechanism in core routers that limits the widespread propagation of unstable BGP routing information.  ...  We show in this paper that, surprisingly, route flap damping can significantly exacerbate the convergence times of relatively stable routes.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We thank developers of SSFnet for making the simulator available. We especially thank BJ Premore for the BGP implementation in SSFnet and prompt responses to our questions.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/964725.633047">doi:10.1145/964725.633047</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/jxhokmegijfpxhnvhaah27dyyu">fatcat:jxhokmegijfpxhnvhaah27dyyu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20061008094559/http://www.eecs.umich.edu:80/~zmao/Papers/sig02.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/8d/55/8d55d5e2e188ca79bb8c981f25c93beb8778b41f.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/964725.633047"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> acm.org </button> </a>

Stabilizing Route Selection in BGP

P. Brighten Godfrey, Matthew Caesar, Ian Haken, Yaron Singer, Scott Shenker, Ion Stoica
<span title="">2015</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/wn5qtqh7ejhpfdjtrxhija73bq" style="color: black;">IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking</a> </i> &nbsp;
We also propose a new approach, Stable Route Selection (SRS), which uses flexibility in route selection to improve stability without sacrificing availability, and with a controlled amount of deviation.  ...  Second, we evaluate the performance of implementable strategies including flap damping and new Stable Route Selection (SRS) strategies that we develop. SRS has the goal of safely stabilizing routing.  ...  The main mechanism for improving stability in BGP is route flap damping [37] , which filters routes that have a short-term update rate above some threshold.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tnet.2014.2299795">doi:10.1109/tnet.2014.2299795</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/qbwdl7x3nrf5rj55se42dfnqj4">fatcat:qbwdl7x3nrf5rj55se42dfnqj4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170705104231/https://www.ideals.illinois.edu/bitstream/handle/2142/14841/srs.pdf?sequence=2" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/f1/30/f130a964517bbcac4beb5fc88e41edbbcf4f793d.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tnet.2014.2299795"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Scaling Inter-domain Routing System via Path Exploration Aggregation

<span title="2013-03-31">2013</span> <i title="Korean Society for Internet Information (KSII)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/hupfbobgkvepdnt5g32qxkypsy" style="color: black;">KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems</a> </i> &nbsp;
One of the most important scalability issues facing the current Internet is the rapidly increasing rate of BGP updates (BGP churn), to which route flap and path exploration are the two major contributors  ...  BGP without either causing prefix unreachable or slowing routing convergence.  ...  Route flap refers to an excessive rate of BGP updates to the advertised reachability of a subset of Internet prefixes [2] , and a significant fraction of BGP churn is associated to a small number of highly  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3837/tiis.2013.03.005">doi:10.3837/tiis.2013.03.005</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/byxslu7dubbybjjnib357sacqe">fatcat:byxslu7dubbybjjnib357sacqe</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220227054156/http://itiis.org/digital-library/manuscript/file/20268/TIISVol7No3-5.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/23/31/233158973c451123536ccdf49f4a6398e1e3168d.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3837/tiis.2013.03.005"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Effect of MRAI timers and routing policies on BGP convergence times

Rajvir Gill, Ravinder Paul, Ljiljana Trajkovic
<span title="">2012</span> <i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/qqefylp2uzfmrf2o5uosdp4g3i" style="color: black;">2012 IEEE 31st International Performance Computing and Communications Conference (IPCCC)</a> </i> &nbsp;
Since BGP routing policies play a significant role in preserving the Internet routing stability, we evaluate their impact on BGP convergence time and Route Flap Damping (RFD) algorithms.  ...  The Minimal Route Advertisement Interval (MRAI) plays a prominent role in convergence of the Border Gateway Protocol (BGP).  ...  The number of flaps varies with variation in route length between the origin and other BGP routers. The ns-BGP module does not have routing policy module.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/pccc.2012.6407773">doi:10.1109/pccc.2012.6407773</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/ipccc/GillPT12.html">dblp:conf/ipccc/GillPT12</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/6ozyn6g2ivgypkeq7kxn6npuwq">fatcat:6ozyn6g2ivgypkeq7kxn6npuwq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170809183532/http://www2.ensc.sfu.ca/~ljilja/papers/IPCCC2012_final.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/d1/e3/d1e368ddbe45a58e4c281ead267f5c52e355e80b.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/pccc.2012.6407773"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

A Technique for Reducing BGP Update Announcements through Path Exploration Damping

Geoff Huston, Mattia Rossi, Grenville Armitage
<span title="">2010</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/onirm7ye2bfobnpwuwaopap5yu" style="color: black;">IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications</a> </i> &nbsp;
We show how PED impacts on convergence time compared to currently deployed mechanisms like Route Flap Damping (RFD), Minimum Route Advertisement Interval (MRAI) and Withdrawal Rate Limiting (WRATE).  ...  This paper defines and evaluates Path Exploration Damping (PED) -a router-level mechanism for reducing the volume of propagation of likely transient update messages within a BGP network and decreasing  ...  In order to suppress such pathological routing behavior in the network, Route Flap Damping (RFD) was added to BGP in 1993 and standardized in 1998 [7] .  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/jsac.2010.101005">doi:10.1109/jsac.2010.101005</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/d5vdprculfferix5cr4wf34zuu">fatcat:d5vdprculfferix5cr4wf34zuu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20110228044256/http://www.potaroo.net/papers/ieee/bgp_updates_2010.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/83/8e/838e8799fe8e2e162099f57e38b9839caa3c7dc8.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/jsac.2010.101005"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Impact of MRAI Timer on BGP Updates and Convergence Time

Rohit Nilkanth Devikar, Dipak V. Patil, V Chandra Prakash
<span title="2018-11-01">2018</span> <i title="Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/trvfti3jm5hnxhei7rl7owpcqq" style="color: black;">Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
The proposed system uses the ckle minimum route advertisement interval timer (FMRAI) for fast update of routing table, which leads to reduce the convergence time of a network.  ...  The inter-domain routing protocol (BGP) shows slow convergence, which effects on many internet applications due to its high convergence delay.  ...  Also, I would like to thank Mr. Pavan D. Upadhye for his suggestions towards improvement of this paper.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v12.i2.pp873-882">doi:10.11591/ijeecs.v12.i2.pp873-882</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/x3zr4fz5rbf5hbx77lgz4z5rwu">fatcat:x3zr4fz5rbf5hbx77lgz4z5rwu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190427171225/http://www.iaescore.com/journals/index.php/IJEECS/article/download/9368/10038" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/a0/3b/a03b18be8596b3d77faa0468b646865ce2c92863.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v12.i2.pp873-882"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Factor Influencing the Convergence Time in Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)

<span title="2019-12-10">2019</span> <i title="Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Engineering and Sciences Publication - BEIESP"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/cj3bm7tgcffurfop7xzswxuks4" style="color: black;">VOLUME-8 ISSUE-10, AUGUST 2019, REGULAR ISSUE</a> </i> &nbsp;
In this paper we have used CIDR technique to enhance BGP performance as well as we have focused on identifying and calculating affects on convergence time of BGP protocol due to the variation in the number  ...  We have designed simulation based topology over OpNet, to analyze the impact of convergence time of BGP. Simulation results show that we can minimize the convergence time due to link failure  ...  Similarly another mechanism is introduced by modifying Route Flap Damping (RFD) mechanism. Operators normally turned off the RFD. E.A Alabdulkreem et al.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.35940/ijitee.b7582.129219">doi:10.35940/ijitee.b7582.129219</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/rquhm4devbhlbb5f4ln2424edy">fatcat:rquhm4devbhlbb5f4ln2424edy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220227225037/https://www.ijitee.org/wp-content/uploads/papers/v9i2/B7582129219.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/46/89/4689dbc606e018aeb814fa12a27509d1facf62d4.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.35940/ijitee.b7582.129219"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

A Firewall for Routers: Protecting against Routing Misbehavior

Ying Zhang, Z. Morley Mao, Jia Wang
<span title="">2007</span> <i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/64vpoz5fx5azda553iibjuf7h4" style="color: black;">37th Annual IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks (DSN&#39;07)</a> </i> &nbsp;
In this paper, we present the detailed design of the RouteNormalizer and evaluate it using a prototype implementation based on empirical BGP routing updates.  ...  In this work, we present the novel idea of route normalization by correcting on the fly routing traffic on behalf of a local router to protect the local network from malicious and misconfigured routing  ...  Instability detection: BGP already has route flap damping as specified in RFC2439 to deal with routing instability.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/dsn.2007.7">doi:10.1109/dsn.2007.7</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/dsn/ZhangMW07.html">dblp:conf/dsn/ZhangMW07</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/x35g6ip43bd2ffgikb35hhrbq4">fatcat:x35g6ip43bd2ffgikb35hhrbq4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20140905233444/http://web.eecs.umich.edu/~zmao/Papers/RouteNormalizer.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/95/32/9532982dae637eec34eefd0d05c1430229432975.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/dsn.2007.7"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

An Adaptive Management Approach to Resolving Policy Conflicts [chapter]

Selma Yilmaz, Ibrahim Matta
<span title="">2007</span> <i title="Springer Berlin Heidelberg"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2w3awgokqne6te4nvlofavy5a4" style="color: black;">Lecture Notes in Computer Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
BGP supports policybased routing which allows each AS to independently define a set of local policies regarding which routes it accepts and advertises from/to other networks, as well as which route it  ...  APM also includes a mechanism to distinguish route flaps due to topology changes, so as not to confuse them with those due to policy conflicts.  ...  BGP is crucial for a healthy and efficient global routing, and it is imperative to guarantee convergence of BGP independent of the locally selected policies.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-72606-7_70">doi:10.1007/978-3-540-72606-7_70</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ltig7e2sgzc3ponwfxzafj6egy">fatcat:ltig7e2sgzc3ponwfxzafj6egy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20080422194644/http://www.cs.bu.edu/techreports/pdf/2006-008-adapt-mgmt-policies.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/84/21/84211407d11c8a78f435bc658ce12c88a1e9f391.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-72606-7_70"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

BGP convergence delay after multiple simultaneous router failures: Characterization and solutions

Amit Sahoo, Krishna Kant, Prasant Mohapatra
<span title="">2009</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/mnyvgmlsc5a5xi7554ow77exfu" style="color: black;">Computer Communications</a> </i> &nbsp;
In the event of a failure, BGP may repeatedly withdraw routes to some destinations and advertise new ones until a stable state is reached.  ...  We show that the convergence delay depends on a variety of topological and BGP parameters, and can be substantial for large failures.  ...  A recent work by Lijun, Xiangping and Ke [18] attempts to decrease convergence delay by applying a variation of BGP Route Flap Damping [19] to invalid routes.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comcom.2009.03.009">doi:10.1016/j.comcom.2009.03.009</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/o4bxok6lbjgp7fxa2gq3ddhmde">fatcat:o4bxok6lbjgp7fxa2gq3ddhmde</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20100611214014/http://spirit.cs.ucdavis.edu/pubs/journal/sahoo-cc-2009.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/d0/2e/d02e8b8a031e58e121c0676a78a1091e37ca3edb.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comcom.2009.03.009"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>

Open issues in interdomain routing: a survey

M. Yannuzzi, X. Masip-Bruin, O. Bonaventure
<span title="">2005</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/dj5kgyxcuzdmhaxvx5dcvfmvce" style="color: black;">IEEE Network</a> </i> &nbsp;
We introduce and describe these challenges in a comprehensible manner, along with a review of the most compelling contributions and ongoing research efforts addressing each of the exposed issues.  ...  This article surveys several research challenges in interdomain routing.  ...  To cope with flapping routers that regularly advertise and shortly after withdraw their routes, many routers implement BGP route flap damping [11] .  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/mnet.2005.1541721">doi:10.1109/mnet.2005.1541721</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/b577tusz6jbrfev6zd2fzwzmcm">fatcat:b577tusz6jbrfev6zd2fzwzmcm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190430034242/https://upcommons.upc.edu/bitstream/handle/2117/9628/ieee_network05.pdf;jsessionid=478DC2802ECF527DD402464DD320A2F0?sequence=1" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/fb/f7/fbf784333a66d54725b17de6a09b0b9b3580c744.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/mnet.2005.1541721"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Stability metrics and criteria for path-vector routing

D. Papadimitriou, A. Cabellos-Aparicio, F. Coras
<span title="">2013</span> <i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/7vbu3ysrizfp5mhftcenfdvn7a" style="color: black;">2013 International Conference on Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC)</a> </i> &nbsp;
In this paper, we define a set of stability metrics that characterize the local stability properties of path-vector routing such as BGP.  ...  By means of these metrics, we derive a stability decision criterion that can be applied during the BGP route selection process.  ...  Work began in the early 1990s on an enhancement to the BGP called Route Flap Damping (RFD).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/iccnc.2013.6504234">doi:10.1109/iccnc.2013.6504234</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/iccnc/PapadimitriouCC13.html">dblp:conf/iccnc/PapadimitriouCC13</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/bzl65jhf7vf3pesyukhlblkqaq">fatcat:bzl65jhf7vf3pesyukhlblkqaq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170810130200/http://people.ac.upc.edu/fcoras/publications/2013-dpapadimitriou-icnc-pv-stability-metrics.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/8c/cf/8ccf19576fef488a4a928e5e80d3578146ee318e.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/iccnc.2013.6504234"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>
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