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A Taxonomy of Blockchain-Based Systems for Architecture Design

Xiwei Xu, Ingo Weber, Mark Staples, Liming Zhu, Jan Bosch, Len Bass, Cesare Pautasso, Paul Rimba
2017 2017 IEEE International Conference on Software Architecture (ICSA)  
This taxonomy is intended to help with important architectural considerations about the performance and quality attributes of blockchain-based systems.  ...  In this paper, we propose how to classify and compare blockchains and blockchain-based systems to assist with the design and assessment of their impact on software architectures.  ...  In this paper, we propose a taxonomy of blockchains and blockchain-based systems.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icsa.2017.33 dblp:conf/icsa/XuWSZBBPR17 fatcat:ltfrmxye7rg6nluzpaqfdxc63e

A Taxonomy for Understanding the Security Technical Debts in Blockchain Based Systems [article]

Sabreen Ahmadjee, Rami Bahsoon
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Contrary to the belief, blockchain-based systems are not inherently secure by design; it is crucial for security software engineers to be aware of the various blockchain specific architectural design decisions  ...  The technical debt metaphor can serve as a powerful tool for early, preventive and transparent evaluation of the security design of blockchain-based systems by making the potential security technical debt  ...  A discussion of architectural design security TD for various BC-based systems is presented in the following sub-sections. 1) Blockchain Types: Among the crucial design decision for blockchain based system  ... 
arXiv:1903.03323v1 fatcat:zpfqd5udnjfmjc7jsamcpqktx4

Decrypting Distributed Ledger Design – Taxonomy, Classification and Blockchain Community Evaluation [article]

Mark C. Ballandies, Marcus M. Dapp, Evangelos Pournaras
2020 arXiv   pre-print
To fill this gap, this paper makes the following contributions: (i) A conceptual architecture of DLT systems with which (ii) a taxonomy is designed and (iii) a rigorous classification of DLT systems is  ...  The findings of this paper can provide new insights and better understanding of the key design choices evolving the modeling complexity of DLT systems, while identifying opportunities for new research  ...  TAXONOMY Based on the conceptual architecture of Section III, a taxonomy is designed, using the method proposed by Nickerson et al. [18] .  ... 
arXiv:1811.03419v3 fatcat:l6tnapghqbdzdph3nf4gip5k44

Blockchain software patterns for the design of decentralized applications: A systematic literature review

Nicolas Six, Nicolas Herbaut, Camille Salinesi
2022 Blockchain: Research and Applications  
Through a systematic literature review, this paper has identified 120 unique blockchain-related patterns and proposes a pattern taxonomy composed of multiple categories, built from the extracted pattern  ...  Using patterns is a common practice for software architects to ensure software quality. Many pattern collections have been proposed for a large number of application domains.  ...  For blockchain-based applications, this is difficult to achieve, and the design of blockchain-based software architecture is one of the main challenges in the blockchain-Oriented Software Engineering (  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bcra.2022.100061 fatcat:2mtvohc5p5ejrfpught7efkupm

Decrypting distributed ledger design—taxonomy, classification and blockchain community evaluation

Mark C. Ballandies, Marcus M. Dapp, Evangelos Pournaras
2021 Cluster Computing  
To fill this gap, this paper makes the following contributions: (i) A conceptual architecture of DLT systems with which (ii) a taxonomy is designed and (iii) a rigorous classification of DLT systems is  ...  The findings of this paper can provide new insights and better understanding of the key design choices evolving the modeling complexity of DLT systems, while identifying opportunities for new research  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank Michael Noack, Qusai Jouda and Max Roessner for their support in the questionnaire development and the proofreading of the classification.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10586-021-03256-w pmid:35601685 pmcid:PMC9114082 fatcat:rhhipbxzxfexzakgv57acqwzbu

A maturity model for blockchain adoption

Huaiqing Wang, Kun Chen, Dongming Xu
2016 Financial Innovation  
The rapid development of the blockchain technology and its various applications has rendered it important to understand the guidelines for adopting it.  ...  Conclusions: This study serves as a guide to institutions to make blockchain adoption decisions more systematically.  ...  . • In the information systems category, the maturity level of most features of blockchain is lower. ■ Architecture: It is not clear whether the architecture is based on the public Internet or the private  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40854-016-0031-z fatcat:m4zqbetjyradrjwt4d5tjuc7ry

Unveiling the Importance and Evolution of Design Components Through the "Tree of Blockchain"

Florian Spychiger, Paolo Tasca, Claudio J. Tessone
2021 Frontiers in Blockchain  
The diversity of their designs was captured by deconstructing the blockchains using the Tasca-Tessone taxonomy to build what we call the "tree of blockchain" composed of blockchain main and sub-components  ...  We finally found that few dominant design models—the genetic driving clusters of Bitcoin, Ethereum, and XRP—influenced the evolutionary paths of most of the succeeding blockchains.  ...  The authors thank Jiahua (Java) Xu and Gaspard Peduzzi for their majestic coordination of the work run by the Master students at the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fbloc.2020.613476 fatcat:idq5ejsz6reite3bjxov23ezwq

A Taxonomy of Blockchain Technologies: Principles of Identification and Classification

Paolo Tasca, Claudio J. Tessone
2019 Ledger  
Then, varieties of the subcomponents are identified and compared. A taxonomy tree is used to summarise the study and provide a navigation tool across different blockchain architectural configurations.  ...  A comparative study across the most widely known blockchain technologies is conducted with a bottom-up approach. Blockchains are deconstructed into their building blocks.  ...  Campbell for his invaluable comments on a previous version of this paper. They also thank Alessandro Recchia and Thayabaran Thanabalasingham for their support and contribution.  ... 
doi:10.5195/ledger.2019.140 fatcat:klipzqst2jajzpjvgcyjio7mvq

Taxonomy of Blockchain Technologies. Principles of Identification and Classification [article]

Paolo Tasca, Claudio J. Tessone
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Finally, a taxonomy tree summarises the study and provides a navigation tool across different blockchain architectural configurations.  ...  A comparative study across the most widely known blockchain technologies is conducted with a bottom-up approach. Blockchains are disentangled into building blocks.  ...  For a distributed system like blockchain-based ones this is very challenging to achieve, and it is certainly not one of the underlying design principles.  ... 
arXiv:1708.04872v2 fatcat:fwlsx2hu3jb3dpiiw44y453jei

Blockchain-based trust management in cloud computing systems: a taxonomy, review and future directions

Wenjuan Li, Jiyi Wu, Jian Cao, Nan Chen, Qifei Zhang, Rajkumar Buyya
2021 Journal of Cloud Computing: Advances, Systems and Applications  
This paper carries out a comprehensive survey on blockchain-based trust approaches in cloud computing systems.  ...  Therefore, blockchain is very suitable for constructing a distributed and decentralized trust architecture.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank the support of the laboratory, university and government, and the hard work of the editors and reviewers.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13677-021-00247-5 fatcat:ncwagc2rhzgrxfrc4u3kabel4i

Taxonomy of centralization in public blockchain systems: A systematic literature review

Ashish Rajendra Sai, Jim Buckley, Brian Fitzgerald, Andrew Le Gear
2021 Information Processing & Management  
A B S T R A C T Bitcoin introduced delegation of control over a monetary system from a select few to all who participate in that system.  ...  We identify different aspects of centralization and propose an encompassing taxonomy of centralization concerns. This taxonomy is based on empirically observable and measurable characteristics.  ...  For this purpose, we design a protocol to analyze the articles towards the development of an initial taxonomy of centralization.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ipm.2021.102584 fatcat:3vmxu4ynffc7jofbsdxtlmrhry

Taxonomy of Centralization in Public Blockchain Systems: A Systematic Literature Review [article]

Ashish Rajendra Sai, Jim Buckley, Brian Fitzgerald, Andrew Le Gear
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Bitcoin introduced delegation of control over a monetary system from a select few to all who participate in that system.  ...  This research derives an initial taxonomy of centralization present in decentralized blockchains through rigorous synthesis using a systematic literature review.  ...  For this purpose, we design a protocol to analyze the articles towards the development of an initial taxonomy of centralization.  ... 
arXiv:2009.12542v1 fatcat:lnjspro4onapfj254gurrjcxz4

Machine Learning adoption in Blockchain-based Smart Applications: The challenges, and a way forward

Sudeep Tanwar, Qasim Bhatia, Pruthvi Patel, Aparna Kumari, Pradeep Kumar Singh, Wei-Chiang Hong
2019 IEEE Access  
memory (LSTM) can be used to analyse the attacks on a blockchain-based network.  ...  In this paper, we present a detailed study on ML adoption for making BT-based smart applications more resilient against attacks.  ...  This architecture can be used to design and deploy an ML-BT based data analysis system. A discussion and comparison of various existing surveys are presented.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2961372 fatcat:ksuxam2hv5cd5k5mlspeb4tsjm

A Survey on Blockchain Cloud Integration [article]

Soumik Sarker, Arnob Kumar Saha, Md Sadek Ferdous
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In recent years, the integration of blockchain and cloud has received significant attention for ensuring efficiency, transparency, security and even for offering better cloud services in the form of novel  ...  This paper aims to fulfil this gap by providing a service oriented review of blockchain-cloud integration.  ...  Fig. 1 . 1 Taxonomy for blockchain-cloud integration IV.  ... 
arXiv:2012.02644v1 fatcat:ltuxd45vd5hipmemaf5u6sathm

Blockchain Adoption to Secure the Food Industry: Opportunities and Challenges

Sudeep Tanwar, Akshay Parmar, Aparna Kumari, Nilesh Kumar Jadav, Wei-Chiang Hong, Ravi Sharma
2022 Sustainability  
Further, we propose a blockchain-based secure and decentralized food industry architecture to alleviate security and privacy aspects and present a comprehensive solution taxonomy for a blockchain-based  ...  Specifically, food traceability turns out to be a very critical task for retailers, sellers, consumers, surveillance authorities, and other stakeholders in the food supply chain system.  ...  The proposed survey Empowers the food industry using BT An exhaustive and systematic survey of the blockchain-based food industry with a proposed architecture along with a solution taxonomy.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su14127036 doaj:acbf9b303360426696901a9a37677f9f fatcat:jxpbpabwe5ah3jyeejlzmdprjm
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