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Research note: Bolsonaro's firehose: How Covid-19 disinformation on WhatsApp was used to fight a government political crisis in Brazil

Felipe Bonow Soares, Raquel Recuero, Taiane Volcan, Giane Fagundes, Giéle Sodré
2021 Harvard Kennedy School Misinformation Review  
Our main finding implicates that disinformation on WhatsApp was connected to the far-right political dis-course and framed Covid-19 as a political issue rather than a public health issue.  ...  Brazil has one of the highest rates of cases and deaths attributed to Covid-19 in the world.  ...  In addition, there is a bias in the political public groups monitored by WhatsApp Monitor, as many of them are groups for Bolsonaro's supporters. Figure 1 . 1 Headlines from the crisis.  ... 
doi:10.37016/mr-2020-54 fatcat:4tndrwmf75fvnnlmldadd522si

Encouraging Popular Political Participation and Effective Election Monitoring Through Whatsapp Social Media Platforms

Ikegbunam, Peter .C, Assistant lecturer, Paul University Awka
2021 International journal of social science and human research  
The study which examined a total of 318 respondents sampled from select WhatsApp groups of the two leading political parties adopted the survey research method with the social media engagement and technological  ...  Drawing from this background, this study, examines whether heavy use of WhatsApp platforms by different political parties in the election encouraged popular participation and effective monitoring of the  ...  In a bid to be on a safer side, most political party had their WhatsApp groups at various levels aimed at monitoring every part of the electoral process in the country.  ... 
doi:10.47191/ijsshr/v4-i4-18 fatcat:fka7xwjiazgexelew7h45lay6e

WhatsApp and political instability in Brazil: targeted messages and political radicalisation

Rafael Evangelista, Fernanda Bruno
2019 Internet Policy Review  
In the 2018 presidential election, Brazil elected a fringe congressman, Jair Bolsonaro, despite his radical rhetoric that would suffice to shake the public image of any candidate in the world and the lack  ...  One of the hypotheses for this electoral success is that his campaign built a specific communication strategy that used internet platforms to communicate directly with different groups of voters.  ...  unchecked content were posted first on the Web and then in monitored WhatsApp groups.  ... 
doi:10.14763/2019.4.1434 fatcat:td4ktr4q2nf6vfncoomemx6egm

WhatsApp and Digital Astroturfing: A Social Network Analysis of Brazilian Political Discussion Groups of Bolsonaro's Supporters

Viktor Chagas
This study started from a systematic monitoring of public WhatsApp political discussion groups. WhatsApp has three different types of groups: broadcast lists, secret groups, and public groups.  ...  H2: Regular monitoring of a large number of public discussion groups on WhatsApp allows the identification of routines and behaviors typical of professional actors from the political field, which can ultimately  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.19661046.v1 fatcat:s7dvugqr6zha5oyzeyf3r4v2e4

Research note: Tiplines to uncover misinformation on encrypted platforms: A case study of the 2019 Indian general election on WhatsApp

Ashkan Kazemi, Kiran Garimella, Gautam Kishore Shahi, Devin Gaffney, Scott A. Hale
2022 Harvard Kennedy School Misinformation Review  
We compared the tips sent to a WhatsApp tipline run during the 2019 Indian general election with the messages circulating in large, public groups on WhatsApp and other social media platforms during the  ...  Our analysis also shows that tiplines cover the most popular content well, and a majority of such content is often shared to the tipline before appearing in large, public WhatsApp groups.  ...  Rada Mihalcea for valuable feedback and data access.  ... 
doi:10.37016/mr-2020-91 fatcat:bexwd6up7fe6xgmeqvdv2repyi

Can WhatsApp Counter Misinformation by Limiting Message Forwarding? [article]

Philipe de Freitas Melo, Carolina Coimbra Vieira, Kiran Garimella, Pedro O. S. Vaz de Melo, Fabrício Benevenuto
2019 arXiv   pre-print
through public groups when the content has a high viral nature.  ...  WhatsApp has been deploying measures to mitigate this problem, such as reducing the limit for forwarding a message to at most five users at once.  ...  There is also evidence of the use of automatic tools to flood WhatsApp public groups with political content 7 .  ... 
arXiv:1909.08740v2 fatcat:nffc66k2nfhrpmmctzcolilry4

Abrindo a caixa preta: análise exploratória da rede bolsonarista no WhatsApp

Victor Piaia, Marcelo Alves
2020 Intercom: Revista Brasileira de Ciências da Comunicação  
Com pouco tempo de televisão, sua campanha se caracterizou pela forte atuação nas mídias digitais, especialmente no WhatsApp.  ...  Os resultados mostram as potencialidades do uso do WhatsApp, mas também ressaltam que o aplicativo deve ser entendido dentro de uma rede comunicativa em diálogo com outras plataformas.  ...  and content production in which WhatsApp appears as a centerpiece within a larger system.  ... 
doi:10.1590/1809-5844202037 fatcat:iniv2ho4kbaujijkurjj2e5ge4

Analyzing and characterizing political discussions in WhatsApp public groups [article]

Josemar Alves Caetano, Jaqueline Faria de Oliveira, Helder Seixas Lima, Humberto T. Marques-Neto, Gabriel Magno, Wagner Meira Jr, Virgílio A. F. Almeida
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Second, our analysis underscores a Zipf-like profile for user messages in political groups.  ...  First, we introduce a framework and a number of metrics to characterize the behavior of communication groups in mobile messaging systems such as WhatsApp.  ...  They present a tool that integrates WhatsApp to an online social media monitoring system called Aggie.  ... 
arXiv:1804.00397v1 fatcat:r7gcmicidreozktnn3eajvujcq

Can WhatsApp benefit from debunked fact-checked stories to reduce misinformation?

Julio C. S. Reis, Philipe Melo, Kiran Garimella, Fabrício Benevenuto
2020 Harvard Kennedy School Misinformation Review  
This represents a significant portion of misinformation spread in both Brazil and India in the groups analyzed.  ...  In this work, using public WhatsApp data from Brazil and India, we observe that misinformation has been largely shared on WhatsApp public groups even after they were already fact-checked by popular fact-checking  ...  Any WhatsApp group with a link to join publicly available is considered a public group.4 Elections in India and Brazil took place over a few weeks.  ... 
doi:10.37016/mr-2020-035 fatcat:snx7oatgxneylf3tez5rteeln4

A Dataset of Fact-Checked Images Shared on WhatsApp During the Brazilian and Indian Elections [article]

Julio C. S. Reis, Philipe de Freitas Melo, Kiran Garimella, Jussara M. Almeida, Dean Eckles, Fabrício Benevenuto
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In this work, we performed an extensive data collection from a large set of WhatsApp publicly accessible groups and fact-checking agency websites.  ...  A notable form of abuse in WhatsApp relies on several manipulated images and memes containing all kinds of fake stories.  ...  In both cases, a key challenge for researchers in the field is the lack of public datasets containing factchecked content.  ... 
arXiv:2005.02443v1 fatcat:onblrr5pv5expgl5nju7gloiq4

Can WhatsApp Benefit from Debunked Fact-Checked Stories to Reduce Misinformation? [article]

Julio C. S. Reis, Philipe de Freitas Melo, Kiran Garimella, Fabrício Benevenuto
2020 arXiv   pre-print
This represents a significant portion of misinformation spread in both Brazil and India in the groups analyzed.  ...  In this work, using public WhatsApp data, we observe that misinformation has been largely shared on WhatsApp public groups even after they were already fact-checked by popular fact-checking agencies.  ...  Any WhatsApp group with a link to join publicly available is considered a public group. 3 Elections in India and Brazil took place over a few weeks.  ... 
arXiv:2006.02471v2 fatcat:3jzr4zu3gfgipod4okz3dqthma

Improving educational outcomes & reducing absenteeism at remote villages with mobile technology and WhatsAPP: Findings from rural India

Prema Nedungadi, Karunya Mulki, Raghu Raman
2017 Education and Information Technologies : Official Journal of the IFIP technical committee on Education  
In addition to students and teachers, key stakeholders included educational coordinators who provided support and monitoring regarding use of WhatsApp and two additional apps designed specifically to support  ...  Our approach resulted in increased teacher and student attendance, as well as improvements in lessons and other planned educational activities.  ...  We are grateful for the support from the AmritaCREATE and AmritaRITE teams at Amrita University.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10639-017-9588-z fatcat:fwilv72wznhijkvxym2226xofq

Characterizing the public perception of WhatsApp through the lens of media [article]

Josemar Alves Caetano, Gabriel Magno, Evandro Cunha, Wagner Meira Jr., Humberto T. Marques-Neto, Virgilio Almeida
2018 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we investigate the public perception of WhatsApp through the lens of media.  ...  WhatsApp is, as of 2018, a significant component of the global information and communication infrastructure, especially in developing countries.  ...  In this work, we take a different approach: instead of looking at inside the system, we focus on the public perception of WhatsApp from outside sources.  ... 
arXiv:1808.05927v1 fatcat:lk7yd57uqzdf5odd5kvll3elkm

An Attempt towards Structuring Agricultural Information using WhatsApp as Query redressal Social Media Platform

S Mohan Kumar
2019 Journal of Robotics and Mechanical Engineering Research  
The main focus of the present work is to develop an automatic information handling and redressal of the need based agricultural information system using WhatsApp as social media platform.  ...  ICT has huge impact in agricultural development but still in natal stage.  ...  Design approach for automatic chat analysis system Group chat log has been exported in single text file.  ... 
doi:10.24218/jrmer.2019.29 fatcat:prql6lqsnrek5ioyaf4ytcofx4

The Changing Physical and Social Environment of Newsgathering: A Case Study of Foreign Correspondents Using Chat Apps During Unrest

Valerie Belair-Gagnon, Colin Agur, Nicholas Frisch
2017 Social Media + Society  
For example, a journalist said, "All these student groups had WhatsApp groups and that's how they would communicate.  ...  All the information about what is happening, quotes, color, basically all, anything we would type it into the WhatsApp group, and then the editors would monitor the WhatsApp group and then take the quotes  ... 
doi:10.1177/2056305117701163 fatcat:6iailwkacrembpibdvika3l6vm
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