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A Survey on Legal Question Answering Systems [article]

Jorge Martinez-Gil
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This is mainly because a Question Answering system could be able to automatically process a massive amount of legal resources to answer a question or doubt in seconds, which means that it could save resources  ...  In the case of the legal domain, the research community agrees that a system allowing to generate automatic responses to legal questions could substantially impact many practical implications in daily  ...  In the context of this work, we focus on a subset of the Question Answering (QA) challenge; the design of solutions for automatic Legal Question Answering (LQA).  ... 
arXiv:2110.07333v1 fatcat:a3pgndtdrnemxortichxztfaoy

Page 417 of Journal of Law Economics & Organization Vol. 19, Issue 2 [page]

2003 Journal of Law Economics & Organization  
It is calculated from answers to question 13 of the survey, which reads as follows: “Is the registration system based solely on the retention and filing of indexed documents (a register of deeds), or is  ...  It has been computed from answers to question 8 of the survey, which asked if the “[a]ct of registration [including both recordation or registration in our terms] confer legal status on the rights in land  ... 

Does Legal Capacity Matter? A Survey of WTO Members

Marc L. Busch, Eric Reinhardt, Gregory C. Shaffer
2009 Social Science Research Network  
To gauge legal capacity more directly, we surveyed all WTO Members, posing questions concerning their professional staff; bureaucratic organization at home; bureaucratic organization in Geneva; experience  ...  Previous studies of WTO dispute settlement have sought to evaluate whether a Member's legal capacity influences its odds of bringing litigation before the multilateral trade regime.  ...  face in a legalized WTO system.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1444385 fatcat:mnwuri5jg5ghpgdcw7wzmgysay

Does legal capacity matter? A survey of WTO Members

MARC L. BUSCH, ERIC REINHARDT, GREGORY SHAFFER
2009 World Trade Review  
To gauge legal capacity more directly, we surveyed all WTO Members, posing questions concerning their professional staff, bureaucratic organization at home, bureaucratic organization in Geneva, experience  ...  AbstractPrevious studies of WTO dispute settlement have sought to evaluate whether a Member's legal capacity influences its odds of bringing litigation before the multilateral trade regime.  ...  face in a legalized WTO system.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1474745609990085 fatcat:uz7gcxrkkjcvrm6wv25ksvp6qi

Kelemen László:Miként vélekedünk a jogról? Szociálpszichológiai kutatás 2010 (How we are thinking on law? Sociopsychological research in 2010)

Lenke Fehér
2012 Acta Juridica Hungarica  
There is a reference also for an earlier work of the author, on which the present survey is based, the recent one applies however many more case-study, a wider scope of investigation and consequently constituting  ...  The above-mentioned book−based on social-political research-tries to give an adequate answer to the complex question, how people are thinking on law, in particular criminal law and criminal justice.  ...  In the survey extended to 1100 persons, two different samples played a role: a nationwide representative sample, consist of 1000 persons and a sample of 100 persons with fi nished legal studies.  ... 
doi:10.1556/ajur.53.2012.3.6 fatcat:q5y2aructndpdb2ub2pk4gfghe

Teaching Library and Legal Research Skills to First-Year Law Students [chapter]

Zita Szabo, Eleni Borompoka
2018 Planning Library Orientations  
To gather more evidence on student satisfaction, we drafted a survey comprising 14 questions. The survey was voluntary and anonymous. Seven percent of the students answered the questions.  ...  Library Survey Last year, the School enrolled 251 new law students on the Legal System course. They all participated in the library tour and the exercise.  ...  The Library Exercise contributed to me becoming a regular library user. 7. The Library Exercise was useful for my studies. (In year 1 and beyond.)  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-08-102171-2.00013-1 fatcat:zytc3dbknvembjbbva75lo5xmi

SPOCs & surveys: A novel way of conducting comparative research into criminal justice systems

Wendy De Bondt
2015 Crime Science  
a multiple choice based survey, complemented with free text fields and the option to request documents to be attached.  ...  Result: The so-called 'SPOCs & survey'-method consists of nominating a SPOC (short for a single point of contact) for the countries to be included in the comparative analysis and asking them to fill out  ...  Answering open questions is demanding for the SPOC, who needs to consider which aspects of his/her criminal justice system would be appropriate to elaborate on and draft his/ her answer in a comprehensible  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40163-015-0019-4 fatcat:fvqv6tyoczae7pogl4iqdfz4qi

The Truthiness of Thinkable Thoughts Versus the Facts of Empirical Research

Joseph A. Custer
2009 Social Science Research Network  
Nineteen respondents adequately answered part of the survey but did not answer questions 1 or 2.  ...  Table 1 1 Use of Legal Research tools61. The survey questions are included infra as appendix A. All results are on file with the author.  ...  Appendix A Survey questions Please list in numeric preference the legal research tools you use, either in 1. print, online, or both.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1354111 fatcat:bya6l3tqc5ac5iih2uyt2uaodi

Experimental work of forming professional foreign language competence of law students

Demchenko Dina, Oleg Shynkarov, Liliia Zaichenko
2021 Propósitos y Representaciones  
Both students and professors understand the dependence of success of legal activity on the level of formed professional foreign language competence.  ...  Professional foreign language competence of future representative of legal profession, prioritize knowledge of foreign professional terminology, knowledge of legal systems of foreign countries.  ...  language of international instruments, legal systems of foreign countries, which indicates a greater awareness of students on legal issues.  ... 
doi:10.20511/pyr2021.v9nspe1.941 fatcat:lwg4jouxnzd7jpw4rd2s72whre

Supporting newly‐appointed judges: a legal knowledge management case study

Pompeu Casanovas, Marta Poblet, Núria Casellas, Jesus Contreras, V. Richard Benjamins, Mercedes Blazquez, John Davies
2005 Journal of Knowledge Management  
Design/methodology/approach -Semantic web technologies are applied to feed a question-answering system based on ontologies of professional legal knowledge (OPLK).  ...  A scalable and useful frequently-asked questions system should have a simple, natural language interface, work in a real time environment, and the questions included in the system should be of high quality  ...  This knowledge enables the system to answer the questions posed by judges. This is represented on the left-hand side of the figure.  ... 
doi:10.1108/13673270510622429 fatcat:zafj7ucdlfg3todwramr6jlgra

Surveys on attitudes towards legalisation of euthanasia: importance of question phrasing

J Hagelin
2004 Journal of Medical Ethics  
Survey results may be influenced by the way in which the questions about euthanasia and the possible answers are phrased. 9 A classical study by Sullivan and colleagues showed that two questions with  ...  Answers to questions on whether to legalise euthanasia may thus be modified by the way in which the questions and possible responses are phrased.  ... 
doi:10.1136/jme.2002.002543 pmid:15574435 pmcid:PMC1733953 fatcat:n4hubksd2bepbo4apfxizkkg44

Page 10 of Kansas Bar Association. The Journal of the Kansas Bar Association Vol. 62, Issue 10 [page]

1993 Kansas Bar Association. The Journal of the Kansas Bar Association  
Te Tel Law: A new telephone system, Tel Law, was introduced in 1992 as a free public service. It provides recorded messages with answers to more than 50 legal questions, 24 hours a day.  ...  Of the 24 questions covering a vari- ety of legal topics, 19 were answered correctly by the largest percentage of people, with an over- all score of 79 percent, or a C+.  ... 

National Survey of Drug Information Centers Practice: Research and Publication System at Ministry of Health Hospitals in Saudi Arabia

Yousef Ahmed Alomi, Saeed Jamaan Alghamdi, Radi Abdullah Alattyh
2018 Advances in Medical, Dental and Health Sciences  
All analysis was done through survey monkey system. Results: The survey was distributed to 45 of hospitals, the response rate, was 40 (88.88%) hospitals.  ...  The highest scores of Pharmacy Ethical and Legal Issues was a Written policy and procedure for Pharmacy Ethical and Legal did not exist in 20 (50%) hospitals while only 7 (17.5%) of hospitals 100% applied  ...  2 1.98 40 answered question 40 skipped question 0 The DIC has a system for handling pharmaceutical representative's medical samples.  ... 
doi:10.5530/amdhs.2018.1.5 fatcat:ont26uzdvrdllpxrfznv2l6reu

Changes in knowledge about law in Hungary in the past half century

Balázs Fekete, György Gajduschek
2015 Sociologija  
In an omnibus survey representative for the adult Hungarian population we used several questions identical with those of Kulcsár's in order to answer some of his research question.  ...  In 1965 Kálmán Kulcsár, the leading researcher of legal sociology carried out the first and for long the last questionnaire survey that aimed to assess the legal knowledge of the Hungarian population.  ...  All of these showed the ratio of right answers to all answers on a 0-1 scale. Similarly, we also created three legal area indicators, although with fewer questions.  ... 
doi:10.2298/soc1504620f fatcat:gw6baixo6zbxtknybotj6sgppa

Egg donors' motivations, experiences, and opinions: A survey of egg donors in South Africa

Donrich Thaldar, Nicola Lacetera
2020 PLoS ONE  
This fixed-amount compensation system should be further investigated in terms of its legality, impact on donor profile, and its current amount.  ...  online survey.  ...  Answering all the questions in the survey, however, was not compulsory-a respondent could proceed to the next question without having to answer a question.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0226603 pmid:31940367 pmcid:PMC6961873 fatcat:3e6one5kvbd5hin44typwmj3lm
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