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Fake News: A Survey of Research, Detection Methods, and Opportunities [article]

Xinyi Zhou, Reza Zafarani
2018 arXiv   pre-print
The survey identifies and specifies fundamental theories across various disciplines, e.g., psychology and social science, to facilitate and enhance the interdisciplinary research of fake news.  ...  By reviewing the characteristics of fake news and open issues in fake news studies, we highlight some potential research tasks at the end of this survey.  ...  / A Survey of Fake News: Fundamental Theories, Detection Methods, and Opportunities 29 Fig. 18.  ... 
arXiv:1812.00315v1 fatcat:5livhuklpzdk5dmx5rsnlidn3u

Combating fake news with the use of collective intelligence in hybrid system

Rafał Olszowski
2021 figshare.com  
I propose to consider a new generation of platforms combating fake news, with a new element: the collective intelligence module.  ...  Spreading of fake news is now viewed as one of the greatest threats to freedom of expression, independent debate, and fair journalism, weakening public trust in governments and sparking social unrest.  ...  This attempt was made primarily by Zhou and Zafrani in the text "A Survey of Fake News: Fundamental Theories, Detection Methods, and Opportunities" [3] ; and Collins et al. in the article "Trends in combating  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.14045708.v3 fatcat:mur47c3mm5gsdld4fccqgk64nm

Combating fake news with the use of collective intelligence in hybrid system

Rafał Olszowski
2021 figshare.com  
I propose to consider a new generation of platforms combating fake news, with a new element: the collective intelligence module.  ...  Spreading of fake news is now viewed as one of the greatest threats to freedom of expression, independent debate, and fair journalism, weakening public trust in governments and sparking social unrest.  ...  This attempt was made primarily by Zhou and Zafrani in the text "A Survey of Fake News: Fundamental Theories, Detection Methods, and Opportunities" [3] ; and Collins et al. in the article "Trends in combating  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.14045708.v4 fatcat:eaicjppzgffzbmiopk56wqp35q

Combating Fake News with the use of Collective Intelligence in Hybrid Systems [article]

Rafał Olszowski
2021 figshare.com  
The presented study concerns the issue of detecting and combating fake news, that has become more important than ever since the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic.  ...  Only recently, in the scientific literature, there have been attempts to systematize several techniques of detecting FN, taking into account their potential complementarity and proposing to build hybrid  ...  in the public sphere, research methods and civic participation models" ("Kolektywna inteligencja w Internecie: zastosowania w sferze publicznej, metody badania i modele partycypacji obywatelskiej").  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.14045708.v5 fatcat:dxitdpuehngj7of2t3zgoa6odi

Fake News: Credibility, Cultivation Syndrome and the New Age Media

Bharati Bharali, Anupa Lahkar Goswami
2018 Media Watch  
Media is now a web of propagandas and there are more views then news.  ...  Fake news and its repercussions are now a global concern, especially in the wake of the recent incidents that have shook the credibility of media, be it regional, national or global.  ...  Bharati Bharali is an assistant professor in the Department of Communication and Journalism at Gauhati University, Assam, India. Her research interests include film study and media theory.  ... 
doi:10.15655/mw/2018/v9i1/49277 fatcat:gzsqrp25s5axte6nrixdxeulmu

Characteristics of Fake News and Misinformation in Greece: The Rise of New Crowdsourcing-Based Journalistic Fact-Checking Models

Evangelos Lamprou, Nikos Antonopoulos, Iouliani Anomeritou, Chrysoula Apostolou
2021 Journalism and Media  
The findings shape new perspectives on the nature of misinformation and fake news in Greece and focus on new communication and fact-checking models.  ...  Fake news and misinformation are a menace to the public sphere, democracy, and society with sometimes irreversible consequences.  ...  like surveys (Showkat and Parveen 2017) .  ... 
doi:10.3390/journalmedia2030025 fatcat:pkndt4w3krht3n56b37vfpcddq

Fake medical news: avoiding pitfalls and perils

Amar Shireesh Kanekar, Avinash Thombre
2019 Family Medicine and Community Health  
These play a major role in the spread of fake medical news.  ...  Fake news consists of deliberate misinformation spread via traditional print and broadcast news media or on social media.  ... 
doi:10.1136/fmch-2019-000142 pmid:32148726 pmcid:PMC6910766 fatcat:6os64axrrvc3zpaouba5ryxule

Identifying Fake News on Social Networks Based on Natural Language Processing: Trends and Challenges

Nicollas R. de Oliveira, Pedro S. Pisa, Martin Andreoni Lopez, Dianne Scherly V. de Medeiros, Diogo M. F. Mattos
2021 Information  
We also contextualize the identification of fake news, and we discuss research initiatives and opportunities.  ...  The epidemic spread of fake news is a side effect of the expansion of social networks to circulate news, in contrast to traditional mass media such as newspapers, magazines, radio, and television.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/info12010038 fatcat:55qer6ziljhwdeqevkhr7v6jta

Social media security and trustworthiness: Overview and new direction

Zhiyong Zhang, Brij B. Gupta
2018 Future generations computer systems  
h i g h l i g h t s • The survey investigates the state-of-the-art of social media security and trust. • We propose a new research direction on crowd evaluations of social media platforms. • Several key  ...  And then, we highlighted a new direction on evaluating and measuring those fundamental and underlying platforms, meanwhile proposing a hierarchical architecture for crowd evaluations based on signaling  ...  Acknowledgments We give thanks to the reviewers and editor for their valuable comments, questions, and suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.future.2016.10.007 fatcat:jn7222u73fctncxcdsasi7umbq

Understanding Fake News Consumption: A Review

João Pedro Baptista, Anabela Gradim
2020 Social Sciences  
Combating the spread of fake news remains a difficult problem. For this reason, it is increasingly urgent to understand the phenomenon of fake news.  ...  thought out and exploited by the creators of fake news.  ...  Some authors do not consider the intention of the creator of fake news to be fundamental (Pepp et al. 2019; Walters 2018; Jaster and Lanius 2018) .  ... 
doi:10.3390/socsci9100185 fatcat:bbhthrzmjzhh3dabt6amdwunzi

Fake news as a two-dimensional phenomenon: a framework and research agenda

Jana Laura Egelhofer, Sophie Lecheler
2019 Annals of the International Communication Association  
We connect the existing literature on fake news to related concepts from political communication and journalism research, present a theoretical framework to study fake news, and formulate a research agenda  ...  ) and the fake news label (i.e. the instrumentalization of the term to delegitimize news media).  ...  Other researchers focus on the role of fact-checking and computer-assisted methods to automatically detect fake news online.  ... 
doi:10.1080/23808985.2019.1602782 fatcat:3jsh3rbctrclximfcoajthx2si

A REAL CHALLENGE FOR LIBERAL DEMOCRACIES: "FAKE NEWS" OR DOMESTIC REGULATIONS TO COUNTER FAKE NEWS?

Derya ATAKUL
2022 Anayasa Yargısı  
election in which a non-regulatory initiative was launched to challenge fake news.  ...  First, it assesses the impact of fake news on elections by analysing the 2016 US Presidential election in which the world faced the modern version of fake news for the first time and the 2019 EU Parliament  ...  Moreover, the consumers of untrustworthy content, such as fake news and conspiracy theories, are usually a small number of people with extreme political views.  ... 
doi:10.55792/anayasayargisi.1141571 fatcat:i7s4vhpekvhbrkhjmhx2dkjdbi

Sharing of fake news on social media: Application of the honeycomb framework and the third-person effect hypothesis

Shalini Talwar, Amandeep Dhir, Dilraj Singh, Gurnam Singh Virk, Jari Salo
2020 Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services  
Keywords: fake News Fake-news sharing behaviour Honeycomb framework Mixed-method research Social media Third-person effect A B S T R A C T Sharing of fake news on social media platforms is a global concern  ...  This study adopts a mixed-method approach to explore fake-news sharing behaviour.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by the Academy of Finland [292448, 326066, 334595]. Appendix A.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jretconser.2020.102197 fatcat:v2jggmvrk5f3fixa7qhwlxjsc4

Supervised ensemble learning methods towards automatically filtering Urdu fake news within social media

Muhammad Pervez Akhter, Jiangbin Zheng, Farkhanda Afzal, Hui Lin, Saleem Riaz, Atif Mehmood
2021 PeerJ Computer Science  
Therefore, it is vital to find automatic methods to detect fake news online.  ...  First, we design an annotated corpus of Urdu news articles for the fake news detection tasks. Second, we explore three individual machine learning models to detect fake news.  ...  Grant Disclosures The following grant information was disclosed by the authors: Research and Development Plan of Shaanxi Province: 2017ZDXM-GY-094 and 2015KTZDGY04-01.  ... 
doi:10.7717/peerj-cs.425 pmid:33817059 pmcid:PMC7959660 fatcat:c6mqbz45aregddjkivfuzzes3a

Introductory Chapter: Journalism Facing Both Pandemic and 'Infodemic' [chapter]

Ján Višňovský, Jana Radošinská
2021 Fake News Is Bad News - Hoaxes, Half-truths and the Nature of Today's Journalism  
Acknowledgements The introductory chapter was elaborated within a national research project  ...  According to the survey Globsec Voices of Central and Eastern Europe conducted in June 2020, 56% of Slovak citizens believe that disinformation and conspiracy theories are, in fact, genuine news.  ...  Nevertheless, the third Millennium was also supposed to build a brave new world filled with knowledge, unlimited opportunities and novel, previously unimaginable ways of processing information.  ... 
doi:10.5772/intechopen.98263 fatcat:4n7ve2f2jnaybcy24huexcjzvy
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