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On the Impact of Temporal Representations on Metaphor Detection [article]

Giorgio Ottolina, Matteo Palmonari, Mehwish Alam, Manuel Vimercati
2022 arXiv   pre-print
To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study that examines the metaphor detection task with a detailed exploratory analysis where different temporal and static word embeddings are used to account  ...  State-of-the-art approaches for metaphor detection compare their literal - or core - meaning and their contextual meaning using metaphor classifiers based on neural networks.  ...  To this end, this empirical study focuses on analyzing the impact of different word embeddings accounting for literal word meaning on the task of metaphor detection.  ... 
arXiv:2111.03320v2 fatcat:bze355a4r5ghnbiomlxmefo3iq

Metaphors in Text Simplification: To change or not to change, that is the question

Yulia Clausen, Vivi Nastase
2019 Proceedings of the Fourteenth Workshop on Innovative Use of NLP for Building Educational Applications  
Features that capture Imageability and Concreteness are useful when used alone, but within the full set of features they lose their impact.  ...  We present an analysis of metaphors in news text simplification.  ...  We expected the "metaphor-specific" features (IFC) to have a higher impact on the metaphoric than on the literal words.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/w19-4444 dblp:conf/bea/ClausenN19 fatcat:szwjsn2ud5aqnfuqfbmovecc5i

How Metaphors Impact Political Discourse: A Large-Scale Topic-Agnostic Study Using Neural Metaphor Detection [article]

Vinodkumar Prabhakaran, Marek Rei, Ekaterina Shutova
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we present a large-scale data-driven study of metaphors used in political discourse.  ...  While the efficacy of specific metaphors such as the war metaphor in political discourse has been documented before, those studies often rely on small number of hand-coded instances of metaphor use.  ...  To our knowledge, this is the first computational study of this scale on the impact of metaphor use in political communication in a topic-agnostic manner.  ... 
arXiv:2104.03928v1 fatcat:f73me7x3pfcdfn2p4fn32z2zbe

A Critical Discourse Analysis of the Use of Metaphor in Online Car Advertisements

Rita Hartati, Ebrahim Panah, Hafizan Matsom
2021 SALTeL Journal (Southeast Asia Language Teaching and Learning)  
Finally, the study also indicated that even within the Western context, there is a different use of metaphorical strategies with subtle differences.  ...  The objectives of the current study are threefold: a) to investigate what types of metaphors are used in Arab and Western car advertisements and why they use them, b) to explore how metaphors are used  ...  Finally, at a social practice level, the advertisement of each country is attempting to persuade and manipulate based on their cultural values, variations, and preference to purchase the cars.  ... 
doi:10.35307/saltel.v4i2.77 fatcat:2uvre75mgnhfbduzdp5vzzz654

Corpus Based Methods for Learning Models of Metaphor in Modern Greek [chapter]

Konstantinos Pechlivanis, Stasinos Konstantopoulos
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this paper we propose a method for detecting metaphorical usage of content terms based on the hypothesis that metaphors can be detected by being characteristic of a different domain than the one they  ...  We then extract from such models a measure of how characteristic of a domain a term is, providing us with a reliable method of identifying terms that are surprising for the context within which they are  ...  We would also like to thank 'Lefkaditika Nea' and 'Thraki' for granting us permission to use their articles for our research and 'Avgi' for offering its content under a creative commons license.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-25789-1_21 fatcat:zbcolqas2jdrvlboyxw54vgd2a

Page 1176 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 92, Issue 4 [page]

2005 Psychological Abstracts  
(University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland) Exchanging the Generic Masculine for Gender- Balanced Forms—The Impact of Context Valence.  ...  The chronometric study of metaphor production in this paradigm produced 3 major findings: (a) a figurative-literal difference: re- COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS sponses that included metaphorical expressions showed  ... 

Multi-Task Learning for Metaphor Detection with Graph Convolutional Neural Networks and Word Sense Disambiguation

Duong Le, My Thai, Thien Nguyen
2020 PROCEEDINGS OF THE THIRTIETH AAAI CONFERENCE ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND THE TWENTY-EIGHTH INNOVATIVE APPLICATIONS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CONFERENCE  
The first mechanism employs graph convolutional neural networks (GCN) with dependency parse trees to directly connect the words of interest with their important context words for metaphor detection.  ...  The second mechanism, on the other hand, features a multi-task learning framework that exploits the similarity between word sense disambiguation and metaphor detection to transfer the knowledge between  ...  Introduction We study the problem of metaphor detection (MD) that aims to identify the metaphorical expressions/words in text.  ... 
doi:10.1609/aaai.v34i05.6326 fatcat:7taytgy47baszem7qgxmuukxc4

Metaphors in climate discourse: an analysis of Swedish farm magazines

Therese Asplund
2011 JCOM: Journal of Science Communication  
Through a critical discourse analysis of the two largest Swedish farm magazines over the 2000–2009 period, this study finds that greenhouse, war, and game metaphors were the most frequently used metaphors  ...  to highlight negative impacts of climate change.  ...  The analysis continued by marking terms with a more basic contemporary meaning in contexts other than the studied one, and finally marked terms as metaphorical if the contextual meaning contrasted with  ... 
doi:10.22323/2.10040201 fatcat:6qcd73fn55caxn5aqqaifd4iby

Göpferich, Susanne, Jakobsen, Arnt Lykke and Mees, Inger M., eds. (2008): Looking at Eyes: Eye-Tracking Studies of Reading and Translation Processing. Copenhagen Studies in Language 36. Copenhagen: Samfundslitteratur Press, 208 p

Erik Angelone, Gregory M. Shreve
2011 Meta : Journal des traducteurs  
In Chapter 8, Jensen (157-174) presents the results of a study that puts eyetracking accuracy to the test, comparing fixation detection problems in a linear reading task with detection problems in a reading  ...  Interestingly, a higher detection failure rate was found for fixations on longer words, suggesting less precision in horizontal fixation detection than vertical fixation detection.  ... 
doi:10.7202/1011266ar fatcat:7dtsddrq75byjimcsc5dwaihxu

Metaphor of 'Adaptation': A Metaphoric Rhetorical criticism on Aminuddin Baki's Torch Movement Speech 3

Dil Froz Jan Sayed Halem Shah, Abdul Mua'ti Zamri bin Ahmad, Hamisah Zaharah Hassan, Rosya Izyanie Shamshudeen, Faridah Ibrahim, B. Mohamad, H. Abu Bakar
2017 SHS Web of Conferences  
A Neo-Aristotelian Criticism is used in the analysis of speech of which this study demonstrates the relevance in the application of ancient Malay metaphors in the modern day communication interaction among  ...  It's is to identify the type of metaphors used and how the metaphors are conveyed in the Torch Movement Speech 3 on 'Adaptation' of the Malays.  ...  This is a portion of doctoral research work undertaken by Dil Froz Jan at Universiti Putra Malaysia. The other three metaphors were also discussed in previous papers and journals.  ... 
doi:10.1051/shsconf/20173300062 fatcat:kmkjrpsylfauhfltmvcacz5mu4

Metaphor of 'Progress': A Metaphoric Rhetorical Criticism on Aminuddin Baki's Torch Movement Speech 2

Dil Froz Jan Sayed Halem Shah, Faridah Ibrahim, Norzita Yunus, Abdul Mua'ti bin Ahmad, Hamisah Hassan, Rosya Izyanie Shamshudeen
2014 Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences  
This study used a qualitative method through Neo-Aristotelian Criticism perspective in the analysis of speech.  ...  The objective of the study is to identify the type of metaphors employed and how the metaphors are conveyed in the Speech.  ...  Acknowledgements The findings in this study are extracted from a portion of a doctoral research work undertaken by Dil Froz Jan at Universiti Putra Malaysia.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.10.334 fatcat:ulkn65cuvrcc7o4fat3qwoextq

Analytical and Holistic Approaches Influence the Semantic Integration: Evidence from the N400 effect

Nerea Aldunate, Vladimir López, Carlos Cornejo, Cristóbal Moënne-Loccoz, David Carré
2019 Revista Signos  
The present study explores the influence of the analytical and holistic approaches on semantic integration of literal and metaphorical sentences.  ...  Additionally, the ERP activity elicited during the exposure of the stem sentence was also analyzed to evaluate the potential impact of both approaches on context processing.  ...  Numerous studies have shown how context impacts on the sense making.  ... 
doi:10.4067/s0718-09342019000200217 fatcat:yjklntaadrfjbmx7ov4dkesc5u

Semantic Interaction for Visual Analytics: Toward Coupling Cognition and Computation

Alex Endert
2014 IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications  
My PhD dissertation coined the term semantic interaction in the context of a user interaction methodology for model steering in VA systems. 1 It made three primary contributions.  ...  On the basis of common visual metaphors (such as the geographic, spatial metaphor in which proximity approximates similarity), we can infer tacit knowledge of the user's reasoning by inverting these analytic  ...  Toward a Science of Interaction The need to understand, measure, and quantify the analysis process has created a study, or science, of interaction. 17 (For more on this, see the sidebar "Inferring Reasoning  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcg.2014.73 pmid:25051565 fatcat:3aslspveqza2tls5l26m72kbom

Metaphors in Pre-Trained Language Models: Probing and Generalization Across Datasets and Languages [article]

Ehsan Aghazadeh, Mohsen Fayyaz, Yadollah Yaghoobzadeh
2022 arXiv   pre-print
We present studies in multiple metaphor detection datasets and in four languages (i.e., English, Spanish, Russian, and Farsi).  ...  Human languages are full of metaphorical expressions. Metaphors help people understand the world by connecting new concepts and domains to more familiar ones.  ...  MIP identifies a word in a given context as a metaphor if it has a basic or literal meaning that contrasts with its context words.  ... 
arXiv:2203.14139v1 fatcat:tsrjljkzbvds3awwpms7msty4q

Page 147 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 93, Issue 1 [page]

2006 Psychological Abstracts  
—This study explored the impact of violence exposure on investment- model constructs within a sample of college women involved in heterosexual dating relationships.  ...  Their usefulness in detecting metaphors, elaborating how metaphors map issues being discussed, and unpacking meaning is illustrated using excerpts from a negotiation case transcript.  ... 
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