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A Study Of Touching Characters In Degraded Gurmukhi Text

M. K. Jindal, G. S. Lehal, R. K. Sharma
2007 Zenodo  
In this paper a study of touching Gurmukhi characters is carried out and these characters have been divided into various categories after a careful analysis.Structural properties of the Gurmukhi characters  ...  These algorithms have shown a reasonable improvement in segmenting the touching characters in degraded Gurmukhi script.  ...  International Science Index, Computer and Information Engineering Vol:1, No:4, 2007 waset.org/Publication/13525 A Study of Touching Characters in Degraded Gurmukhi Text M. K. Jindal, G. S.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1081286 fatcat:z6u2tih6qnegnfy54jkys3mb6i

A Study of Different Kinds of Degradation in Printed Gurmukhi Script

M.K. Jindal, R.K. Sharma, G.S. Lehal
2007 2007 International Conference on Computing: Theory and Applications (ICCTA'07)  
The performance of any OCR system heavily depends upon printing quality of the input document.  ...  Touching Characters This is the most commonly found degradation in printed Gurmukhi script. In this category of degraded text, two neighboring characters touch each other.  ...  The sources of each kind of degradation, the problems associated with each kind of degraded text, comparison of each kind of degraded text in Gurmukhi with corresponding degraded text in Roman script,  ... 
doi:10.1109/iccta.2007.19 dblp:conf/iccta/JindalSL07 fatcat:afyockssprcdzeqc4yhtmbo4ya

Structural Features for Recognizing Degraded Printed Gurmukhi Script

Manish Kumar Jindal, Rajendra Kumar Sharma, Gurpreet Singh Lehal
2008 Fifth International Conference on Information Technology: New Generations (itng 2008)  
In this paper, we have discussed efficient structural features selected for recognizing degraded printed Gurmukhi script characters.  ...  The performance of an OCR system depends upon printing quality of the input document. Many OCRs have been designed which correctly identify fine printed documents in Indian and other scripts.  ...  Problem of degraded text recognition Touching characters and heavy printed characters are most commonly found degradations in printed Gurmukhi script [2] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/itng.2008.223 dblp:conf/itng/JindalSL08 fatcat:4ie3pf3ltjd4behfr4q2z2uzi4

Segmentation of touching characters in upper zone in printed Gurmukhi script

M. K. Jindal, R. K. Sharma, G. S. Lehal
2009 Proceedings of the 2nd Bangalore Annual Compute Conference on 2nd Bangalore Annual Compute Conference - COMPUTE '09  
A new technique for segmenting touching characters in upper zone of printed Gurmukhi script has been presented in this paper.  ...  Concavity and convexity of the characters has been studied and using top profile projections, the touching characters in upper zone have been segmented.  ...  Hong [6] has utilized visual inter-word constraint available in a text image to split word images into pieces for segmenting degraded English language text.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1517303.1517313 dblp:conf/compute/JindalSL09 fatcat:ndcxlufjdvcb5enyqix5rst6uy

Segmentation Problems And Solutions In Printed Degraded Gurmukhi Script

M. K. Jindal, G. S. Lehal, R. K. Sharma
2008 Zenodo  
A study of touching Gurmukhi characters is carried out and these characters have been divided into various categories after a careful analysis.  ...  These algorithms have shown a reasonable improvement in segmenting the touching characters in degraded printed Gurmukhi script.  ...  IDENTIFICATION OF TOUCHING CHARACTERS In this section, we propose an efficient algorithm to segment the touching characters in a degraded text document.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1060977 fatcat:q62onuknhnfmfnjcv6dyzvc5ia

Segmentation of Degraded Text using Dynamic Profile Projection in Handwritten Gurmukhi Script

Karamjeet Kaur
2016 International Journal Of Engineering And Computer Science  
In this paper, we used proposed technique for identification and segmentation of multiple touching characters in handwritten Gurmukhi words.  ...  Character segmentation is a vital area of research for optical character recognition. The process of OCR involves several steps to recognize the character.  ...  al [4] Horizontal and Vertical Projection Profile Simple Gurumukhi text 96.22% Parika et. al [13] End Detection Algorithm Isolated, Broken and Touching characters in Gurmukhi 95% Munish  ... 
doi:10.18535/ijecs/v5i11.99 fatcat:xiwor24hyzek5eifo4av7tupwe

Segmentation of Isolated and Touching Characters in Offline Handwritten Gurmukhi Script Recognition

Munish Kumar, M. K. Jindal, R. K. Sharma
2014 International Journal of Information Technology and Computer Science  
Segmentation of a word into characters is one of the important challenges in optical character recognition.  ...  In this paper, we have applied water reservoir based technique for identification and segmentation of touching characters in handwritten Gurmukhi words.  ...  These algorithms have been shown a reasonable improvement in segmenting the touching characters in degraded printed Gurmukhi document.  ... 
doi:10.5815/ijitcs.2014.02.08 fatcat:xjiiawwygfbmljch25lbrkgdl4

A Survey on Machine Printed Gurmukhi Text Recognition

Triptinder Pal Kaur, Naresh Garg
2015 International Journal of Engineering Research and  
recognition has been a laborious research area in the field of pattern recognition .There is a rich literature accessible on recognition of machine printed words for Indian and non-Indian scripts such  ...  to recognize characters from various scripts .This subject has attracted numerous researchers since it provides a mean for automatic processing of substantial amount of data .Machine printed character  ...  There are several kind of degradations found in the documents like broken characters ,touching characters ,heavily printed characters .The proposed system provides a new approach for degraded  ... 
doi:10.17577/ijertv4is100270 fatcat:4ozgtdnjybdfxa5as77qeh4pji

Line segmentation of handwritten Gurmukhi manuscripts

Simpel Jindal, Gurpreet Singh Lehal
2012 Proceeding of the workshop on Document Analysis and Recognition - DAR '12  
In this paper, we have discussed a method for segmenting lines for Gurmukhi handwritten manuscripts.  ...  The development of an OCR system for recognition of old Gurmukhi handwritten manuscripts is a complex task involving many difficulties.  ...  The character set of traditional handwritten Gurmukhi script documents contains symbols that are not used in modern Gurmukhi script. 3. There are lots of touching characters in a single word.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2432553.2432568 dblp:conf/icvgip/JindalL12 fatcat:efprzy4ypbglvemtt3zhoe5tme

An Experimental Technique for OCR Line and Word Segmentation using Probability Distribution Estimation

2019 International journal of recent technology and engineering  
Here, identifying the relation of the text to the exact line is a challenging task hence, we present a 2D-Gaussian modelling which helps to identify the text boundaries in the x and y direction.  ...  Segmentation is always an important step in designing an Optical Character Recognition (OCR) of any script.  ...  issue due to overlapping of the texts and touching characters.  ... 
doi:10.35940/ijrte.b1273.0782s319 fatcat:u5nfabxxwzfrrf3upkqzievaxe

A post-processor for Gurmukhi OCR

G. S. Lehal, Chandan Singh
2002 Sadhana (Bangalore)  
A post-processing system for OCR of Gurmukhi script has been developed.  ...  An improvement of 3% in recognition rate, from 94.35% to 97.34%, has been reported on clean images using the post-processing techniques.  ...  The development of a post-processor for degraded images is a topic for future research. Figure 1 .Figure 2 . 12 Character Three zones of a word in Gurmukhi script.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf02703315 fatcat:zviej6qw2fgibcobwzju54uvxi

Devanagari ancient documents recognition using statistical feature extraction techniques

Sonika Narang, M K Jindal, Munish Kumar
2019 Sadhana (Bangalore)  
Authors have achieved 88.95% recognition accuracy using a combination of all features and a combination of all classifiers considered in this work by a simple majority voting scheme. adhana(0123456789(  ...  Devanagari ancient document recognition process is drawing a lot of consideration from researchers nowadays. These ancient documents contain a wealth of knowledge.  ...  Kumar et al [19] extracted various types of features for offline handwritten Gurmukhi character recognition and they presented a study of these features with different classifiers.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12046-019-1126-9 fatcat:e4uzem3tszhm3hjfgcghdf2p44

Degraded Script Identification for Indian Language- A Survey

Manoj KumarShukla, Haider Banka
2014 International Journal of Computer Applications  
DEGRADED TEXT RECOGNITION About debased content recognition a not many work has been accounted for in the writing [51, 53, 54, 148].  ...  Figure 2 .2 shows the repository shaped in a solitary character and in a couple of touching characters.  ... 
doi:10.5120/18914-0222 fatcat:265wijknvbfobdshgcmpmoipdu

Experiences of integration and performance testing of multilingual OCR for printed Indian scripts

Deepak Arya, C. V. Jawahar, Chakravorty Bhagvati, Tushar Patnaik, B. B. Chaudhuri, G. S. Lehal, Santanu Chaudhury, A. G. Ramakrishna
2011 Proceedings of the 2011 Joint Workshop on Multilingual OCR and Analytics for Noisy Unstructured Text Data - MOCR_AND '11  
This paper presents integration and testing scheme for managing a large Multilingual OCR Project. The project is an attempt to implement an integrated platform for OCR of different Indian languages.  ...  Representation scheme for rendering and editing the electronic version of the documents in different scripts. Developing, testing and performance evaluation strategies.  ...  In this category of degraded text, two neighboring characters touch each other.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2034617.2034628 fatcat:z4gwgq3chnbz3n5qd4dnhm2qt4

Recognition of Online Handwritten Gurmukhi Strokes Using Support Vector Machine [chapter]

Mayank Gupta, Nainsi Gupta, Rahul Agrawal
2012 Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing  
Our research work presented in this thesis is to recognize strokes written in Gurmukhi script using Support Vector Machine (SVM). The system developed here is a (viii)  ...  This popularity of such interfaces has created interest of lot of researchers in online handwriting recognition.  ...  Jindal et al. (2008) have discussed various structural features used for recognizing degraded printed Gurmukhi script documents containing touching characters and heavy printed characters.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-81-322-1038-2_42 fatcat:xsccalurk5evblklynyh6i76pm
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