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Positioning in 5G and 6G Networks—A Survey

Ferenc Mogyorósi, Péter Revisnyei, Azra Pašić, Zsófia Papp, István Törös, Pál Varga, Alija Pašić
2022 Sensors  
Among the various solutions, network-based positioning became an option with the arrival of 5G mobile networks.  ...  One of the main contributions is the detailed comparison of machine learning techniques used for network-based positioning.  ...  boost the utilization of angle-based positioning approaches in 5G networks, which are not widely used in 2G-4G networks [18] . quality of a beam.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s22134757 pmid:35808254 pmcid:PMC9268850 fatcat:osj52nwsqjdfxa6gixgo64p4uq

Position Location for Futuristic Cellular Communications – 5G and Beyond [article]

Ojas Kanhere, Theodore S. Rappaport
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In this article, we describe how centimeterlevel localization accuracy can be achieved, particularly through the use of map-based techniques.  ...  We show how data fusion of parallel information streams, machine learning, and cooperative localization techniques further improve positioning accuracy.  ...  A neural network determines the nonlinear function, based on data available in the fingerprinting database.  ... 
arXiv:2102.12074v1 fatcat:6xuhpzl35ffcjavkwdidflotma

D2D-based Cooperative Positioning Paradigm for Future Wireless Systems: A Survey

Nadezhda Chukhno, Sergio Trilles, Joaquin Torres-Sospedra, Antonio Iera, Giuseppe Araniti
2021 IEEE Sensors Journal  
Emerging communication network applications require a location accuracy of less than 1 m in more than 95% of the service area.  ...  For this purpose, 5G New Radio (NR) technology is designed to facilitate high-accuracy continuous localization.  ...  On the other side, some studies prove that the positioning accuracy could be improved by leveraging the mobility capabilities of the nodes depending on the level of mobility of the nodes within the network  ... 
doi:10.1109/jsen.2021.3096730 fatcat:ciagjaiy6fdubkvsai3ejkjvo4

An Overview on Integrated Localization and Communication Towards 6G [article]

Zhiqiang Xiao, Yong Zeng
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In this regard, a unified study on integrated localization and communication (ILAC) is necessary to unlock the full potential of wireless networks for the best utilization of network infrastructure and  ...  While the 5G cellular system is being deployed worldwide, researchers have started the investigation of the 6G mobile communication networks.  ...  direction of arrival (DOA), refers to the angle of the arriving signal relative to a reference direction at the ANs side (in the uplink), while the terminology angle of departure (AOD) is often used at  ... 
arXiv:2006.01535v1 fatcat:s6jzbwogdrd73psev5ukj5oao4

RF Fingerprinting and Deep Learning Assisted UE Positioning in 5G [article]

M Majid Butt, Anil Rao, Daejung Yoon
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The study is based on the use of raytracing tools, a 3GPP 5G NR compliant system level simulator and DL framework to estimate positioning accuracy of the UE.  ...  In this work, we investigate user equipment (UE) positioning assisted by deep learning (DL) in 5G and beyond networks.  ...  The study is based on the use of raytracing tools, a 3GPP 5G NR compliant system level simulator and DL framework to estimate positioning accuracy of the UE.  ... 
arXiv:2001.00977v1 fatcat:5i5kguamznhk7jjh2bqbhuqjje

ML-Assisted UE Positioning: Performance Analysis and 5G Architecture Enhancements [article]

M. Majid Butt, Anna Pantelidou, István Z. Kovács
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The study is based on the use of raytracing tool, a 3GPP 5G NR compliant system level simulator and DL framework to estimate positioning accuracy of the UE.  ...  As an example use case, we investigate user equipment (UE) positioning assisted by deep learning (DL) in 5G and beyond networks.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors would like to thank Daejung Yoon and Afef Feki for having useful discussions on UE positioning in 3GPP that helped to improve content of this paper.  ... 
arXiv:2108.11365v1 fatcat:5nbhxsx7z5awtj2v4l7kz2mcpu

Improving RF Fingerprinting Methods by Means of D2D Communication Protocol

Syed Khandker, Joaquín Torres-Sospedra, Tapani Ristaniemi
2019 Electronics  
This paper introduces a collaborative method based on device-to-device (D2D) communication to improve the positioning accuracy using only fingerprinting and the direct communication to nearby devices.  ...  Moreover, the presence of very large errors is significantly reduced when the collaborative positioning based on D2D is available.  ...  The founding sponsors had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, and in the decision to publish the results.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics8010097 fatcat:i33bbfbg3jbphh4nwr3kchnwie

ML-Assisted UE Positioning: Performance Analysis and 5G Architecture Enhancements

Muhammad Majid Butt, Anna Pantelidou, Istvan Z. Kovacs
2021 IEEE Open Journal of Vehicular Technology  
The study is based on the use of raytracing tool, a 3GPP 5G NR compliant system level simulator and DL framework to estimate positioning accuracy of the UE.  ...  As an example use case, we investigate user equipment (UE) positioning assisted by deep learning (DL) in 5G and beyond networks.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors would like to thank Daejung Yoon, Afef Feki and Anil Rao for having useful discussions on UE positioning in 3GPP that helped to improve content of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ojvt.2021.3110134 fatcat:gom63i3kubgqfpkzo6bwxkiecq

Localization Techniques Overview Towards 6G Communication

Nawaid Hasan Hasan, Azlan Abd Aziz, Azwan Mahmud, Nur Asyqin Hamzah, Noor Ziela Abd Rahman
2022 Journal of Informatics and Web Engineering  
This article is therefore intended to provide an overview of localization techniques towards 6G wireless networks.  ...  Accurate location information of the mobile devices is very much useful to accomplish these aims with the improvements of various parameters of wireless communication.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT: This work was supported by the Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia FRGS/1/2019/TK08/MMU/03/1 and TMRND Grant MMUE/190012.  ... 
doi:10.33093/jiwe.2022.1.1.5 fatcat:633vbyht7jbulfzfs7ao6wxtlu

CSI-based Outdoor Localization for Massive MIMO: Experiments with a Learning Approach [article]

Alexis Decurninge, Luis García Ordóñez, Paul Ferrand, He Gaoning, Li Bojie, Zhang Wei, Maxime Guillaud
2018 arXiv   pre-print
We report on experimental results on the use of a learning-based approach to infer the location of a mobile user of a cellular network within a cell, for a 5G-type Massive multiple input, multiple output  ...  such a technique in 5G networks.  ...  Note that we focus on network-side localization here, i.e., the ability for the network to localize a UE, as opposed to user-side localization such as the one enabled by the GPS system, whereby the location  ... 
arXiv:1806.07447v1 fatcat:5yok3qf6drdpzghi3n3r3nhepe

High-Efficiency Device Positioning and Location-Aware Communications in Dense 5G Networks [article]

Mike Koivisto, Aki Hakkarainen, Mário Costa, Petteri Kela, Kari Leppänen, Mikko Valkama
2017 arXiv   pre-print
direction and delay related measurements on the network side, even when tracking moving devices.  ...  In this article, the prospects and enabling technologies for high-efficiency device positioning and location-aware communications in emerging 5G networks are reviewed.  ...  The required positioning accuracy in 5G networks will outperform also commercial global navigation satellite systems (GNSSs) where the accuracy is around 5 m, and wireless local area network (WLAN) fingerprinting  ... 
arXiv:1608.03775v3 fatcat:34yc64iva5hrxi2y5zootcfnjm

A survey on 5G massive MIMO localization

Fuxi Wen, Henk Wymeersch, Bile Peng, Wee Peng Tay, Hing Cheung So, Diange Yang
2019 Digital signal processing (Print)  
Massive antenna arrays can be used to meet the requirements of 5G, by exploiting different spatial signatures of users.  ...  In order to perform massive MIMO localization, refined channel estimation routines and localization methods have been developed. This paper provides a brief overview of this emerging field.  ...  properties of 5G networks.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.dsp.2019.05.005 fatcat:mcp5vuiqvvel3bf6gzuz2ashta

Research on 3D Fingerprint Positioning Based on MIMO Base Station [chapter]

Chang Xia, Yijie Ren, Xiaojun Wang, Weiguang Sun, Fei Tang, Xiaoshu Chen
2021 Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications  
The aim of this article is to solve the problem that the accuracy of traditional positioning algorithm decreases in complex environment and to provide some ideas for the few researches of fingerprint localization  ...  use of reference point resources.  ...  As shown in Figure . 7, the actual position of the user is on one side of the line connecting several anchor points.  ... 
doi:10.3233/faia210455 fatcat:abs3dgixvjch3lottdzq4xamwy

Carrier Phase Ranging for Indoor Positioning with 5G NR Signals

Liang Chen, Xin Zhou, Feifei Chen, Lie-Liang Yang, Ruizhi Chen
2021 IEEE Internet of Things Journal  
Finally, to quantify the accuracy of our ToA estimation method, indoor field tests are carried out in an office environment, where a 5G NR base station (known as gNB) is installed for commercial use.  ...  Currently, 5G cellular networks are being deployed worldwide, the new technologies of which have brought the approaches for improving the performance of wireless indoor positioning.  ...  Comparatively, we found that the studies relied on the 5G CSI-based fingerprinting methods relatively rare.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jiot.2021.3125373 fatcat:e3mnkiobhrftril5kp53cshlpi

Recent Advances in Indoor Localization: A Survey on Theoretical Approaches and Applications

Ali Yassin, Youssef Nasser, Mariette Awad, Ahmed Al-Dubai, Ran Liu, Chau Yuen, Ronald Raulefs, Elias Aboutanios
2017 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
The availability of location information has become a key factor in today's communications systems allowing location based services.  ...  The aim of this survey is to provide a comprehensive overview of existing efforts as well as auspicious and anticipated dimensions for future work in indoor localization techniques and applications.  ...  D. 5G Networks Location information can be used to address many challenges in 5G networks [138] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2016.2632427 fatcat:zmfbflpv3jhvtpf62qshzivciq
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