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Patterns and transitions of query reformulation during web searching

Bernard J. Jansen, Mimi Zhang, Amanda Spink, Elhadi Shakshuki
2007 International Journal of Web Information Systems  
Purpose: To investigate and identify the patterns of interaction between searchers and search engine during Web searching.  ...  Value: This research sheds light on the more complex aspects of Web searching involving query modifications.  ...  We refer to each query modification event during a session as a search state. We will investigate how these patterns transit between each other and if there is any identifiable transition pattern.  ... 
doi:10.1108/17440080710848116 fatcat:gi3je5tvwfczdovmuqjtdtlh7a

Query Modifications Patterns During Web Searching

Bernard J. Jansen, Amanda Spink, Bhuva Narayan
2007 Fourth International Conference on Information Technology (ITNG'07)  
This research sheds light on the more complex aspects of Web searching involving query modifications.  ...  Searchers' queries undergoing modification typically transition from Web to Image collections in content shifts (37% of all content transitions), and searchers typically implement assistance at the start  ...  Acknowledgements We thank Infospace, Inc. for providing the Web search engine transaction log data without which we could not have conducted this research. We also thank Ms.  ... 
doi:10.1109/itng.2007.164 dblp:conf/itng/JansenSN07 fatcat:2xb24uzrnjcjtebqmjn6bbempy

Predicting query reformulation during web searching

Bernard J. Jansen, Danielle Booth, Amanda Spink
2009 Proceedings of the 27th international conference extended abstracts on Human factors in computing systems - CHI EA '09  
We employed an n-gram modeling approach to describe the probability of searchers transitioning from one query reformulation state to another and predict their next state.  ...  This paper reports results from a study in which we automatically classified the query reformulation patterns for 964,780 Web searching sessions (composed of 1,523,072 queries) in order to predict what  ...  The Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) funded portions of this research.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1520340.1520592 dblp:conf/chi/JansenBS09 fatcat:f5zvs6ly6jghna62ypy4ub3csa

Patterns of query reformulation during Web searching

Bernard J. Jansen, Danielle L. Booth, Amanda Spink
2009 Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
We employed an n-gram modeling approach to describe the probability of users transitioning from one query-reformulation state to another to predict their next state.  ...  This article reports results from a study in which we automatically classified the query-reformulation patterns for 964,780 Web searching sessions, composed of 1,523,072 queries, to predict the next query  ...  We encourage other Web search engine companies to seek ways to collaborate with the academic research community.  ... 
doi:10.1002/asi.21071 fatcat:zk36bmlhxve6jkkms57qjdx5sy

Session Viewer: Visual Exploratory Analysis of Web Session Logs

Heidi Lam, Daniel Russell, Diane Tang, Tamara Munzner
2007 2007 IEEE Symposium on Visual Analytics Science and Technology  
We describe an analysis of a large-scale web usage study to demonstrate the use of Session Viewer, where we quantified the importance of grouping sessions based on task type.  ...  Taking a multiple-coordinated view approach, Session Viewer shows multiple session populations at the Aggregate, Multiple, and Detail data levels to support different analysis styles.  ...  Consequently, existing systems do not adequately address the needs of web search analysis. The one exception is Card et al.'  ... 
doi:10.1109/vast.2007.4389008 dblp:conf/ieeevast/LamRTM07 fatcat:ohpqldv7jzd3habpfczfo5h2ru

Search moves and tactics for image retrieval in the field of journalism: A pilot study

Tsai-Youn Hung
2005 Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences  
The results outline an overall picture of the five searchers' image searching behavior in the field of journalism and show that there is a connection between the types of images searched and the patterns  ...  of search moves and tactics employed by the searchers.  ...  sequence of state transition for each subject; and analysis of the probabilities of transitions from a current search tactic to another one to find the major usage patterns.  ... 
doaj:c0d3379259b149c19c2d8482d8586376 fatcat:mmapz6vhrrggbh4bupjnlqbgvq

External to internal search: Associating searching on search engines with searching on sites

Adan Ortiz-Cordova, Yanwu Yang, Bernard J. Jansen
2015 Information Processing & Management  
We analyze the transitions from external search, searching on web search engines, to internal search, searching on websites.  ...  We categorize 295,571 search episodes composed of a query submitted to web search engines and the subsequent queries submitted to a single website search by the same users.  ...  We also thank the two anonymous reviewers for many, lengthy, and detailed suggestions, they the recommendations substantially improved both the content and presentation of the research presented in this  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ipm.2015.06.009 fatcat:q7rn6igxu5e7bbkkvjmyosevr4

A Novel Approach for Semantics-Enabled Search of Multimedia Documents on the Web [chapter]

Lydia Weiland, Ansgar Scherp
2014 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The ontology as well as the analysis serve as basis for implementing a novel search engine for multimedia documents on the web.  ...  We present an analysis of a large corpus of multimedia documents obtained from the web.  ...  Thesing who implemented an early version of the multimedia extraction and representation engine.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-04114-8_5 fatcat:wl3ogvwipvg27edpdbojom3aoi

Model-directed web transactions under constrained modalities

Zan Sun, Jalal Mahmud, Saikat Mukherjee, I. V. Ramakrishnan
2006 Proceedings of the 15th international conference on World Wide Web - WWW '06  
., buying a book on the Web) typically involve a number of steps spanning several pages.  ...  But usually one needs to browse only a small fragment of a Web page to perform a transactional step such as a form fillout, selecting an item from a search results list, etc.  ...  When the model makes a transition to a state during the course of a transaction, a Web page is provided to the state as an input.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1135777.1135843 dblp:conf/www/SunMMR06 fatcat:xuwqodjvgbdpdnkain5s6c3wi4

Model-directed Web transactions under constrained modalities

Zan Sun, Jalal Mahmud, I. V. Ramakrishnan, Saikat Mukherjee
2007 ACM Transactions on the Web  
., buying a book on the Web) typically involve a number of steps spanning several pages.  ...  But usually one needs to browse only a small fragment of a Web page to perform a transactional step such as a form fillout, selecting an item from a search results list, etc.  ...  When the model makes a transition to a state during the course of a transaction, a Web page is provided to the state as an input.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1281480.1281482 fatcat:dsdfi65pwvcgtoyrw44n4nm5de

Linking search tasks with low-level eye movement patterns

Michael J. Cole, Jacek Gwizdka, Ralf Bierig, Nicholas J. Belkin, Jingjing Liu, Chang Liu, Xiangmin Zhang
2010 Proceedings of the 28th Annual European Conference on Cognitive Ergonomics - ECCE '10  
Research approach -A web-based information search experiment was conducted with 32 participants using a multi-stream logging system.  ...  One limitation is a lack of knowledge about the general reading model differences across different types of tasks in the population.  ...  Limitations and Future Research One limitation in this analysis is the lack of baseline data about the reading models of individuals and the natural range in state transition probability variances.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1962300.1962323 dblp:conf/ecce/ColeGBBLLZ10 fatcat:vsrobr6kxzfu3g32vterl6b7iq

A survey of Web metrics

Devanshu Dhyani, Wee Keong Ng, Sourav S. Bhowmick
2002 ACM Computing Surveys  
The unabated growth and increasing significance of the World Wide Web has resulted in a flurry of research activity to improve its capacity for serving information more effectively.  ...  We present the origins, measurement functions, formulations and comparisons of well known Web metrics for quantifying Web graph properties, web page significance, web page similarity, search and retrieval  ...  PicASHOW [Lempel and Soffer 2001] is a pictorial retrieval system that searches for images on the Web using hyperlink-structure analysis.  ... 
doi:10.1145/592642.592645 fatcat:4ftsoval3fazthmg5aed6o3fsu

Capacity planning an essential tool for managing Web services

V.A.F. Almeida, D.A. Menasce
2002 IT Professional Magazine  
Speed, around-the-clock availability, and security are the most common indicators of quality of service on the Internet. Management faces a twofold challenge.  ...  This article introduces capacity planning as an essential tool for managing quality of service on the Web and presents a methodology, where the main steps are: understanding the environment, characterizing  ...  For example, a customer could have made five transitions from Search to Select out of twenty transitions that leave the Search state.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mitp.2002.1046642 fatcat:wrmkxqoigrcbbd6626kiiyjuwq

A language-independent, open-vocabulary system based on HMMs for recognition of ultra low resolution words

Farshideh Einsele, Rolf Ingold, Jean Hennebert
2008 Proceedings of the 2008 ACM symposium on Applied computing - SAC '08  
In this paper, we introduce and evaluate a system capable of recognizing words extracted from ultra low resolution images such as those frequently embedded on web pages.  ...  These constraints led us to an architecture based on ergodic HMMs where states are associated to the characters.  ...  At training time, a character is modeled with one state where a self-loop transition allows to remain in this model as long as the sliding window is on top of the character.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1363686.1363791 dblp:conf/sac/EinseleIH08 fatcat:fudzplpftvbdvdi7iswk43toai

Behavioral Analysis of Scientific Workflows With Semantic Information

Javier Fabra, Maria Jose Ibanez, Pedro alvarez, Joaquin Ezpeleta
2018 IEEE Access  
This paper focuses on the addition of semantic Web techniques to the scientific workflow area, which facilitates the integration of network-based solutions.  ...  Finally, the proposed methodology is exemplified by its application to a couple of known scientific workflows: the First Provenance Challenge and the InterScan protein analysis workflow.  ...  -2015-TEC-04, granted by the University of Zaragoza.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2018.2878043 fatcat:ttsu4v5ksbev5imyue2oejbsx4
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