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The social and linguistic in the acquisition of sociolinguistic norms: Caregivers, children, and variation

Jennifer Smith, Mercedes Durham, Hazel Richards
2013 Linguistics  
We rst establish the patterns of use -both linguistic and social -in caregiver speech and then investigate whether these patterns of use are evident in the child speech.  ...  In this paper we contribute to this research through an analysis of a number of lexical, phonological and morphosyntactic variables across 29 caregiver/child pairs aged 2;10 to 4;2 in interaction with  ...  Caregiver input/child output Generative models of rst language acquisition are based on the premise that input has little bearing on output (e.g., Chomsky 1988 ).  ... 
doi:10.1515/ling-2013-0012 fatcat:ufuf24v64rcczoveyeswggamme

Universal and dialect-specific pathways of acquisition: Caregivers, children, and t/d deletion

Jennifer Smith, Mercedes Durham, Liane Fortune
2009 Language Variation and Change  
In this article, we contribute to this research on the acquisition of t/d through the examination of the speech of preschool children in interaction with their primary caregivers in a community in Scotland  ...  We also demonstrate dialect-specific constraints on use that can be mapped directly to caregiver speech.  ...  these first stages of language acquisition.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0954394509000039 fatcat:raot4shkyja7vm6omw64gnuhqm

"Mam, my trousers is fa'in doon!": Community, caregiver, and child in the acquisition of variation in a Scottish dialect

Jennifer Smith, Mercedes Durham, Liane Fortune
2007 Language Variation and Change  
of York Recent work on acquisition in sociolinguistic research suggests that some aspects of the structured variation found in adult speech are evident in children's speech from the very start of language  ...  : Community, caregiver, and child in the acquisition of variation in a Scottish dialect J e n n i f e r S m i t h Glasgow University M e r c e d e s D u r h a m a n d L i a n e F o r t u n e University  ...  These studies clearly demonstrate that "a complete acquisitional model demands the inclusion of all forms of language, those which are variable and those which are categorical" (Roberts, 1997a:354) .  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0954394507070044 fatcat:4pvb2b5bujdtjglm5gaiqu6eue

An empirical generative framework for computational modeling of language acquisition

Heidi R. Waterfall, Ben Sandbank, Luca Onnis, Shimon Edelman
2010 Journal of Child Language  
A B S T R A C T This paper reports progress in developing a computer model of language acquisition in the form of (1) a generative grammar that is (2) algorithmically learnable from realistic corpus data  ...  Next, we summarize findings from recent longitudinal and experimental work that suggests how certain statistically prominent structural properties of child-directed speech may facilitate language acquisition  ...  Specifically, we examine a property of spontaneous caregiver speech -the use of VARIATION SETS -and its implications for both language acquisition and language-learning algorithms.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0305000910000024 pmid:20420744 fatcat:272iidhhyzaqdhaofqxamyj54u

Effects of linguistic and usage-based factors on children's acquisition of English derivational morphology

Jong Sup Jun
2014 Linguistic Research  
For this, we analyzed children's production of derived words in a million-word corpus taken from the CHILDES database.  ...  In particular, we discuss how a single principle can explain children's performance on derivational morphology at all ages, and how our new conception of continuity supports the view that language development  ...  In any such attempt to analyze adult language, the input frequency variables from caregivers' speech can be replaced with the frequency of relevant words in the language community or in a corpus of adult  ... 
doi:10.17250/khisli.31.2.201408.005 fatcat:byad2talgjdvflsxkzdiimaohe

A Computational Model of Early Language Acquisition from Audiovisual Experiences of Young Infants

Okko Räsänen, Khazar Khorrami
2019 Interspeech 2019  
The model is tested on recordings of real infant-caregiver interactions using utterancelevel labels for concrete visual objects that were attended by the infant when caregiver spoke an utterance containing  ...  In addition, the hidden layers of the network show gradually increasing selectivity to phonetic categories as a function of layer depth, resembling models trained for phone recognition in a supervised  ...  Instead, the models (or robots) have used supervised phone recognizer front-ends [12, 13, 27] , or simplified enacted high-quality caregiver speech (e.g., using CAREGIVER corpus [28] , as in [14] [15  ... 
doi:10.21437/interspeech.2019-1523 dblp:conf/interspeech/RasanenK19 fatcat:extdlnk365gdzm2mktbn7nsyjy

The input–output relationship in first language acquisition

Heike Behrens
2006 Language and Cognitive Processes  
Three structural domains are analysed: the parts-of-speech distribution for a coded corpus of circa one million words as well as the internal constituency of 300,000 noun phrases and almost 200,000 verb  ...  It is argued that two notions of acquisition have to be distinguished: acquisition in terms of the availability of a given structure, for example in terms of first occurrence of a structure or according  ...  he knows best, i.e., the parsing of caregiver-speech will be the easiest.  ... 
doi:10.1080/01690960400001721 fatcat:dfnga6663zhtvcpki6pyihms6i

Statistical learning and language acquisition

Alexa R. Romberg, Jenny R. Saffran
2010 Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science  
A major question in language acquisition in the past few decades has been the extent to which infants use statistical learning mechanisms to acquire their native language.  ...  This paper reviews current research on how statistical learning contributes to language acquisition.  ...  These results suggest that 8-month-olds can track statistical information across a corpus of naturally produced speech from a real language.  ... 
doi:10.1002/wcs.78 pmid:21666883 pmcid:PMC3112001 fatcat:ftha3da6yba43mrip6oqk45xui

Lithuanian spoken corpora and studies of first language acquisition: a view from outside

Elena Riekhakaynen
2019 Lietuvių Kalba  
The paper provides an overview of Lithuanian spontaneous speech corpora and certain studies of the acquisition of Lithuanian as a first language.  ...  The studies of the acquisition of Lithuanian as a first language are overviewed in the second part of the paper.  ...  First Language Acquisition: Evidence from Lithuanian The data collected for the Lithuanian Corpus of Child and Child-Directed Speech has been studied in a number of papers.  ... 
doi:10.15388/lk.2019.22492 fatcat:rbz4zvapdjew3aqarbj3d2ylyu

Grounded spoken language acquisition: experiments in word learning

D. Roy
2003 IEEE transactions on multimedia  
The model has been implemented in a real-time robotic system which performs interactive language learning and understanding.  ...  A key element of this work is the development of effective architectures for processing multisensory data.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to acknowledge A. Pentland, A. Gorin, R. Patel, B. Schiele, and S. Pinker, and also the feedback from anonymous reviewers.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tmm.2003.811618 fatcat:4jmwmizeqfcchffoxlhe4reqg4

Insights from studying statistical learning [chapter]

Rebecca L.A. Frost, Padraic Monaghan
2020 Trends in Language Acquisition Research  
A growing body of work brings this notion to bear in the field of language acquisition, due to a developing understanding of the richness of the statistical information contained in speech.  ...  Acquiring language is notoriously complex, yet for the majority of children this feat is accomplished with remarkable ease.  ...  Elman (1993) showed that a recurrent neural network model was sensitive to changes in transitional probabilities when presented with a corpus of continuous speech input, with the model being substantially  ... 
doi:10.1075/tilar.27.03fro fatcat:z4spn6ssrjhafkbakrvl2z3ybe

Child-directed Listening: How Caregiver Inference Enables Children's Early Verbal Communication [article]

Stephan C. Meylan, Ruthe Foushee, Elika Bergelson, Roger P. Levy
2021 arXiv   pre-print
After quantifying the contribution of this "child-directed listening" over developmental time, we discuss the consequences for theories of language acquisition, as well as the implications for commonly-used  ...  Here, we employ a suite of Bayesian models of spoken word recognition to understand how adults overcome the noisiness of child language, showing that communicative success between children and adults relies  ...  Methods and Model Details We test several language models in their ability to predict adult caregivers' interpretations of children's linguistic and proto-linguistic vocalizations in the Providence corpus  ... 
arXiv:2102.03462v2 fatcat:qhpvvu5ibfeunobpmac3ps4dfu

Productivity and the acquisition of gender

2021 Journal of Child Language  
First, I provide corpus studies where the predictions of a learning model (Yang, 2016) are formulated.  ...  As a result, the source of children's different learning behaviors in gender acquisition has been unclear. I argue that children's gender acquisition is driven by the search for productive patterns.  ...  Procedure A computer simulation model was run on the corpus.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0305000920000732 fatcat:4b5v4qyjtrhp7ehfdg6dkwfypa

Computational modeling of phonetic and lexical learning in early language acquisition: Existing models and future directions

Okko Räsänen
2012 Speech Communication  
Finally, some of the open questions and possible future research directions related to the computational models of language acquisition are discussed.  ...  This work reviews a number of existing computational studies concentrated on the question of how spoken language can be learned from continuous speech in the absence of linguistically or phonetically motivated  ...  Moore, and the two anonymous reviewers for their invaluable comments on the manuscript. COMPUTATIONAL MODELING OF EARLY LANGUAGE ACQUISITION 54  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.specom.2012.05.001 fatcat:lxqfltnne5gt5mibfrqj2vzmhi

Factors Facilitating Implicit Learning: The Case of the Sesotho Passive

Melissa Kline, Katherine Demuth
2010 Language Acquisition  
The implications for the acquisition of syntactic structure more generally are discussed.  ...  This paper provides a comprehensive, quantitative analysis of the passive input Sesotho-speaking children hear, how it differs from English input, and the implications for learning the passive.  ...  AcknowledgmentsFunding for this work was provided by NSF Grant #BCS-0544121 to the second author, and a Brown University UTRA fellowship to the first author.  ... 
doi:10.1080/10489223.2010.509268 fatcat:u3hljnntojcjhnfo2rruexffni
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