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Ingredients for better routing? Read the label

C. Metz
1998 IEEE Internet Computing  
Integrating Routing and Switching IP routing has proved necessary to building and supporting scalable networks, and switching provides the high-performance machinery and percustomer connections needed  ...  address and a corresponding entry in the router's routing table.  ...  The ATM Forum has incorporated NHRP and related elements in its Multiprotocol over ATM (MPOA) specification, which supports a network-layer routing function on top of an ATM net-work. 3 While presumably  ... 
doi:10.1109/4236.722225 fatcat:fx4hi47edzadvcgdn3k6wcdqoi

MPLS (Multi Protocol Label Switching) [chapter]

2013 Local Networks and the Internet  
The role of MPLS in overcoming limitations of overlay models, such as IP over ATM, and of conventional routing in IP networks, is discussed.  ...  This article describes the main features of Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS), a standard architecture proposed by the IETF that integrates label swapping forwarding with network layer routing.  ...  This approach has a number of limitations, especially when we consider the role that IP networks are expected to play in the coming years.  ... 
doi:10.1002/9781118599822.ch14 fatcat:ph46zcgh5baarm3cygtmirb2zm

MPLS — Multiprotocol Label Switching [chapter]

José Ruela, Manuel Ricardo
2004 Industrial Electronics  
The role of MPLS in overcoming limitations of overlay models, such as IP over ATM, and of conventional routing in IP networks, is discussed.  ...  This article describes the main features of Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS), a standard architecture proposed by the IETF that integrates label swapping forwarding with network layer routing.  ...  This approach has a number of limitations, especially when we consider the role that IP networks are expected to play in the coming years.  ... 
doi:10.1201/9781420036336.ch26 fatcat:wvd5ieo6irh6fcoy3ol2waqymq

Connection set-up and QoS monitoring in ATM networks

Sin-Lam Tan, Chen-Khong Tham, Lek-Heng Ngoh
2003 International Journal of Network Management  
The complexity comes from the two aspects: it is scalable to a very large network, and it supports QoS routing.  ...  In ATM networks, these tools are designed to manage certain ATM switches and they are not interoperable with network management packages from other vendors.  ...  support QoS This current system is not scalable to a large ATM network without modifying the existing framework.  ... 
doi:10.1002/nem.482 fatcat:3f53nibyh5g5lpijl5zntb7qru

Virtual network resource management for next-generation networks

A. Leon-Garcia, L.G. Mason
2003 IEEE Communications Magazine  
In this article we present a virtual network approach to the management of transport network resources.  ...  We describe the approach as developed for the management of large-scale ATM networks and discuss the application to the next generation of multilayer transport networks.  ...  This research was supported in part by a grant from CITR under the Networks of Centres of Excellence (NCE) program of the Government of Canada and the industrial partners.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcom.2003.1215646 fatcat:j7vdb6l2sreafngenpy6jemwma

Evolution of multiprotocol label switching

A. Viswanathan, N. Feldman, Z. Wang, R. Callon
1998 IEEE Communications Magazine  
In addition, some of the work that was a precursor to MPLS is discussed, as well as related issues and debates.  ...  Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) is rapidly emerging as an Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standard intended to enhance the speed, scalability and service provisioning capabilities in the Internet  ...  However, MPLS offers the potential of offering a useful technique for improving several aspects of network operation. VII. ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors wish to thank T.V.  ... 
doi:10.1109/35.668287 fatcat:4xw5v2z5x5e3xkxrmyjwvne7ue

A Survey of Protocols and Open Issues in ATM Multipoint Communication [article]

Sonia Fahmy, Raj Jain, Shivkumar Kalyanaraman, Rohit Goyal, Bobby Vandalore, Xiangrong Cai
1998 arXiv   pre-print
Asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) networks must define multicast capabilities in order to efficiently support numerous applications, such as video conferencing and distributed applications, in addition  ...  IP integrated services over ATM poses further challenges to ATM multicasting. Scalability and simplicity are the two main concerns for ATM multicasting.  ...  A truly e cient, exible and scalable ATM multipoint service is a key factor in the success of ATM networks.  ... 
arXiv:cs/9809067v1 fatcat:kt5mcwiegbbn5beyycegaq4cku

Converged services over MPLS

A.G. Malis
2006 IEEE Communications Magazine  
The approach it took was conceptually simple: place a short 20bit "label" in front of each IP packet, and use a combination of routing and signaling to allow routers to use the labels to signify how a  ...  For example, traditional IP routing always takes a "shortest path" approach, often using the same routes for multiple destinations and creating traffic congestion points in the network, while many other  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcom.2006.1705992 fatcat:5yi7s5o6cfdibbaiv7qj7quwby

Centralized network intelligence vs. decentralized network intelligence [chapter]

Josef Ferchenbauer
2000 Telecommunication Network Intelligence  
This paper shows the points that have to be considered in such cases. It works out the advantages and disadvantages of a centralized and decentralized network intelligence approach on an example.  ...  Often operators and vendors have to decide whether a new service shall be introduced into the network via centralized or decentralized service logic.  ...  The main advantage of an decentralized approach is the performance and its scalability, i.e. when a service is commonly used in a network it has to be decentralized else the performance limits will be  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-35522-1_30 dblp:conf/smartnet/Ferchenbauer00 fatcat:phkwmpq7efcsnb35i575ygcpvy

A Comparison of ATM Stream Merging Techniques [chapter]

M. Baldi, D. Bergamasco, S. Gai, D. Malagrinò
1998 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
In A TM networks route aggregation implies stream merging: cells from different incoming streams are switched to the same outgoing link and labeled with the same stream identifier.  ...  Multi-layer forwarding approaches (a.k.a. multi-layer switching or routing) which use A TM as transport technology, have proven not to scale enough unless route aggregation is performed.  ...  In fact, VC merging is not the only possible solution to improve scalability in multi-layer routed (or switched) networks.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-35388-3_13 fatcat:f6sjez43dvbgfp6jrhvtf5zy6e

ATM local area networks: a survey of requirements, architectures, and standards

I.F. Akyildiz, K.L. Bernhardt
1997 IEEE Communications Magazine  
There is increasing interest in deploying ATM technology in local or campus networks. ATM is an ideal technology to overcome many of the limitations of today's LAN technologies.  ...  In this article, the authors introduce ATM LAN requirements, followed by a discussion of possible ATM LAN architectures to support these requirements.  ...  This functionality overcomes route cache one of the major limitations on scalability and performance in In addition to the technical issues noted above, early LANE. adopters of ATM LANs must be aware of  ... 
doi:10.1109/35.601745 fatcat:jw7ghr7d7jchhpqla4skzglntu

Protocols and architectures for IP optical networking

Jon Anderson, James S. Manchester, Antonio Rodriguez-Moral, Malathi Veeraraghavan
2002 Bell Labs technical journal  
Separate Routing Solutions for the WDM and IP Networks In this approach to the routing problem in IP/WDM networks, we use separate routing solutions for each of the two networks, the IP network and the  ...  A longerterm mesh-based restoration approach might use pre-computed restoration with distributed precomputation, which is scalable to large networks.  ... 
doi:10.1002/bltj.2149 fatcat:uq3tfb2hgrdytdddvovq4wk3hu

Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) [chapter]

Thomas Robertazzi
2011 Basics of Computer Networking  
ATM provides a highly complex technology, with features intended for applications ranging from global telco networks to private local area computer networks.  ...  To accelerate the deployment of ATM technology, the ATM Forum, a consortium of service providers and equipment vendors in the communication industries was created to develop implementation and specification  ...  IP was shown to provide such integration in a more flexible, more scalable, and less complex way than ATM.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-2104-7_5 fatcat:uerogabc4rbrrcqzsmt5isz3o4

Experiments and enhancements for IP and ATM integration: the IthACI project

I. Andrikopoulos, G. Pavlou, P. Georgatsos, N. Karatzas, K. Kavidopoulos, L. Rothig, S. Schaller, D. Ooms, P. Van Heuven
2001 IEEE Communications Magazine  
The scope of the IthACI project was to address such issues and propose solutions. The issues addressed were multicast, QoS, resource management, and mobility support in a multicast environment.  ...  He is working toward a Ph.D. degree and worked previously in the ACTS IthACI project. His research interests include MPLS, network resilience, QoS and traffic engineering, and Linux-based routers.  ...  The authors wish to thank all their project colleagues who contributed in many ways to the formation of the ideas described here.  ... 
doi:10.1109/35.920870 fatcat:lt3goppdpnaldfnhc5v6e3v7zy

MetaNet: A Distributed Network Management System for Information Delivery and Planning with Quality of Service Guarantees [chapter]

Narayanan Natarajan, Abdelhakim Hafid, Ben Falchuk, Arunendu Roy, Jorge Pastor, Young Kim
2000 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
MetaNet is a network management system that provides end-to-end communication services with QoS and communication planning support for mission critical applications.  ...  PoPs realize the functionality within their networks and coordinate with each other to realize the end-to-end functionality.  ...  However, this approach is neither scalable (with the size of the networks) nor practical (e.g., a network may not be willing to divulge its topology/configuration to other networks because of security  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-44460-2_18 fatcat:ynbizppwnrcptoe4c5qhczrq3u
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