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A Model of the Smooth Pursuit Eye Movement with Prediction and Learning

Davide Zambrano, Egidio Falotico, Luigi Manfredi, Cecilia Laschi
2010 Applied Bionics and Biomechanics  
Smooth pursuit is one of the five main eye movements in humans, consisting of tracking a steadily moving visual target.  ...  This paper presents a model of smooth pursuit based on prediction and learning. It starts from amodel of the neuro-physiological system proposed by Shibata and Schaal (Shibata et al.  ...  Current models of smooth pursuit Several models have been developed to simulate smooth pursuit eye movement: the Yasui and Young (1975) model is developed in the velocity space and it is based on the  ... 
doi:10.1155/2010/579713 fatcat:6v7j3zczdbacza5joca4owggjy

Visual Motion Processing and Human Tracking Behavior [chapter]

Anna Montagnini, Laurent U. Perrinet, Guillaume S. Masson
2015 Biologically Inspired Computer Vision  
Concurrently, performance can be greatly improved in terms of latency and accuracy by taking into account predictive cues, especially under variable conditions of visibility and in presence of ambiguous  ...  The accurate visual tracking of a moving object is a human fundamental skill that allows to reduce the relative slip and instability of the object's image on the retina, thus granting a stable, high-quality  ...  L.U.P wishes to thank Karl Friston and Rick Adams and the The Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, University College London, for their essential contribution in the closed-loop delayed model.  ... 
doi:10.1002/9783527680863.ch12 fatcat:hoy3ih7wfzg53mo7k24dun5qc4

Motion Control on Bionic Eyes: A Comprehensive Review [article]

Zheng Zhu, Qingbin Wang, Wei Zou, Feng Zhang
2019 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, control model and its implementation on robots for bionic eyes are reviewed, which covers saccade, smooth pursuit, vergence, vestibule-ocular reflex (VOR), optokinetic reflex (OKR) and eye-head  ...  What is more, some problems and possible solutions in the field of bionic eyes are discussed and analyzed.  ...  In 2012, Song and Zhang [35] proposed a binocular control model, which is derived from neural pathway, for smooth pursuit and other eye movements.  ... 
arXiv:1901.01494v1 fatcat:mayzmcbt7jdmnasnmhiflylwn4

A tale of two species: Neural integration in zebrafish and monkeys

M. Joshua, S.G. Lisberger
2015 Neuroscience  
Selection of a model organism creates tension between competing constraints.  ...  Here, we review experiments and computational studies on a circuit function called "neural integration" that occurs in the brainstems of larval zebrafish, primates, and species "in between".  ...  can produce smooth pursuit eye movements to track a small moving target.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2014.04.048 pmid:24797331 pmcid:PMC4216779 fatcat:2yysh3y6pzegxjj5qxzbg3t6mm

A model of smooth pursuit in primates based on learning the target dynamics

Tomohiro Shibata, Hiromitsu Tabata, Stefan Schaal, Mitsuo Kawato
2005 Neural Networks  
implements a recurrent neural network (RNN) in order to predict the current or future target velocity, and (2) a forward model of the target motion is acquired by on-line learning.  ...  While the predictive nature of the primate smooth pursuit system has been evident through several behavioural and neurophysiological experiments, few models have attempted to explain these results comprehensively  ...  Smooth pursuit eye movements (SPEMs) perform this function and can achieve remarkable performance.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neunet.2005.01.001 pmid:15896569 fatcat:5uyniuoaz5edbc6nzyasknj2mq

Diversity of Neural Responses in the Brainstem during Smooth Pursuit Eye Movements Constrains the Circuit Mechanisms of Neural Integration

M. Joshua, J. F. Medina, S. G. Lisberger
2013 Journal of Neuroscience  
In the smooth pursuit eye movement system, neural integration is required to convert cerebellar output into the sustained discharge of extraocular motoneurons.  ...  Average responses of neural populations and the diverse individual responses of large samples of individual neurons are reproduced by a hierarchical neural circuit based on a model suggested the anatomy  ...  A stepramp of target position evokes smooth pursuit eye movements without saccades (Rashbass, 1961) .  ... 
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.3732-12.2013 pmid:23575860 pmcid:PMC3705570 fatcat:ibisdbnpd5ephcvtzxalgsegse

A State Space Model for Spatial Updating of Remembered Visual Targets during Eye Movements

Yalda Mohsenzadeh, Suryadeep Dash, J. Douglas Crawford
2016 Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience  
Here, we propose a unified state-space model (SSM) to account for the dynamics of spatial updating during two types of eye movement; saccades and smooth pursuit.  ...  Our proposed model is a non-linear SSM and implemented through a recurrent radial-basis-function neural network in a dual Extended Kalman filter (EKF) structure.  ...  The duration of a smooth pursuit eye movement in time is much longer compared to a saccadic eye movement.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnsys.2016.00039 pmid:27242452 pmcid:PMC4867689 fatcat:ycrn2jxc3zf25jvtxqhnwo7ysm

Supersaliency: A Novel Pipeline for Predicting Smooth Pursuit-Based Attention Improves Generalizability of Video Saliency [article]

Mikhail Startsev, Michael Dorr
2019 arXiv   pre-print
However, even though most of the available video saliency data sets and models claim to target human observers' fixations, they fail to differentiate them from smooth pursuit (SP), a major eye movement  ...  Predicting attention is a popular topic at the intersection of human and computer vision.  ...  Acknowledgements Supported by the Elite Network Bavaria, funded by the Bavarian State Ministry for Research and Education.  ... 
arXiv:1801.08925v3 fatcat:dxh2rbrdizgf3kffvepa4qoc5a

Anterior and superior lateral occipito-temporal cortex responsible for target motion prediction during overt and covert visual pursuit

Dai Kawawaki, Tomohiro Shibata, Naokazu Goda, Kenji Doya, Mitsuo Kawato
2006 Neuroscience research  
In smooth-pursuit eye movements (SPEM) with gain close to one, SPEM should be controlled mainly by prediction of target motion because retinal slip is nearly zero.  ...  We investigated the neural mechanisms of visual-target prediction by the three fMRI experiments. (1) Overt pursuit task: subjects pursued a sinusoidally moving target which blinked (blink condition) or  ...  previous research related to MT/V5, smooth-pursuit eye movements, biological motion, and higher-order motion (imitation of action, motor intention, and trajectory learning), respectively.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neures.2005.10.015 pmid:16337706 fatcat:sdge2rfcebaixghwgxfwpi4qf4

Circuit Mechanisms Governing Local vs. Global Motion Processing in Mouse Visual Cortex

Rune Rasmussen, Keisuke Yonehara
2017 Frontiers in Neural Circuits  
A withstanding question in neuroscience is how neural circuits encode representations and perceptions of the external world.  ...  In this Perspective article, we provide an overview of the experimental and theoretical literature on global motion processing based on works in primates and mice.  ...  of smooth pursuit, which is an eye movement for fixing a moving object on the fovea (Lisberger et al., 1987) .  ... 
doi:10.3389/fncir.2017.00109 pmid:29311845 pmcid:PMC5743699 fatcat:suur3ddr6ranldhpjpi2vajjz4

The Interaction of Bayesian Priors and Sensory Data and Its Neural Circuit Implementation in Visually Guided Movement

J. Yang, J. Lee, S. G. Lisberger
2012 Journal of Neuroscience  
predictions about the population response in the smooth eye movement region of the frontal eye fields.  ...  Computer simulations show that the priors can be understood as direction-specific control of the strength of visual-motor transmission, and can be implemented in a neural-network model that makes testable  ...  Neural network model of pursuit.  ... 
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.1163-12.2012 pmid:23223286 pmcid:PMC3527106 fatcat:6hx6qao3pbcjdin4c6grrff3va

Supersaliency: A Novel Pipeline for Predicting Smooth Pursuit-Based Attention Improves Generalisability of Video Saliency

Mikhail Startsev, Michael Dorr
2019 IEEE Access  
INDEX TERMS Eye movements, saliency, smooth pursuit prediction. 1276 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.  ...  However, even though most of the available video saliency data sets and models claim to target human observers' fixations, they fail to differentiate them from smooth pursuits (SPs), a major eye movement  ...  Furthermore, we propose a deep dynamic saliency model for (super)saliency prediction, which is based on the slicing convolutional neural network (S-CNN) architecture [28] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2961835 fatcat:fejio3v3s5a5deynmdmo6cwiny

Anisotropic connectivity implements motion-based prediction in a spiking neural network

Bernhard A. Kaplan, Anders Lansner, Guillaume S. Masson, Laurent U. Perrinet
2013 Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience  
We present a network model of conductance-based integrate-and-fire neurons inspired by the architecture of retinotopic cortical areas that assumes predictive coding is implemented through network connectivity  ...  In contrast to our proposed model, a network with random or isotropic connectivity fails to predict the path when the moving dot disappears.  ...  to understand the behavioral response to motion extrapolation as observed in smooth pursuit eye movements.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fncom.2013.00112 pmid:24062680 pmcid:PMC3775506 fatcat:tegtccttkjdnjaajjtjzey5tla

Spatial constancy and the brain: insights from neural networks

R. L White, L. H Snyder
2007 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
We investigated the computations underlying spatial updating by constructing a recurrent neural network model to store and update a spatial location based on a gaze shift signal, and to do so flexibly  ...  In this report, we describe the similarities between the model and single unit physiology to illustrate the usefulness of neural networks as a tool for understanding specific computations performed by  ...  After the target disappeared, the animals' gaze was shifted horizontally to a new location by a smooth pursuit eye movement, a saccade, or a whole-body rotation.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2006.1965 pmid:17255021 pmcid:PMC2323556 fatcat:imqboya4wjekvbbduzvvawuw6a

Task-Dependent Modulation of the Sensorimotor Transformation for Smooth Pursuit Eye Movements

Vincent P. Ferrera
2000 Journal of Neurophysiology  
We present a simple recurrent network model that reflects this range of behavior.  ...  To investigate the transformation of retinal image velocity into smooth pursuit eye velocity, eye movements were measured in the presence of two moving targets.  ...  Lisberger in whose laboratory some of this work was performed and who provided helpful comments on the manuscript along with N. Qian and P. Glimcher, and A. Barborica.  ... 
doi:10.1152/jn.2000.84.6.2725 pmid:11110803 fatcat:ggq75qxlzjagdadk4xu5vce2p4
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