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Monkey visual behavior falls into the uncanny valley

S. A. Steckenfinger, A. A. Ghazanfar
2009 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
using looking time as a measure of preference).  ...  To our surprise, monkey visual behavior fell into the uncanny valley: They looked longer at real faces and unrealistic synthetic faces than at realistic synthetic faces. animacy ͉ audiovisual speech ͉  ...  We thank Karl MacDorman, Michael Platt, and Laurie Santos for their comments on a previous version of this manuscript. This work supported by National Science Foundation CAREER Award BCS-0547760.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.0910063106 pmid:19822765 pmcid:PMC2760490 fatcat:sz4vj6r5xbffhchsaig2ngckgm

sj-pdf-1-hsr-10.1177_13558196211021618 - Supplemental material for Reducing inequality in avoidable emergency admissions: Case studies of local health care systems in England using a realist approach

John Ford, Julia Knight, John Brittain, Chris Bentley, Sarah Sowden, Ana Castro, Tim Doran, Richard Cookson
2021 Figshare  
Supplemental material, sj-pdf-1-hsr-10.1177_13558196211021618 for Reducing inequality in avoidable emergency admissions: Case studies of local health care systems in England using a realist approach by  ...  -RightCare data o Quick talk through the RightCare data packs o Looking at p21 (trend of AGI)  What do you think might explain this trend? o Looking at p22   ...  o Looking at p23 and p25  Is there anything that surprises you about the priority wards or conditions?  ... 
doi:10.25384/sage.15040561.v1 fatcat:76s6jdxggnbgrhcystpanfmwsm

Development of a monkey avatar to study social perception in macaques [article]

Vanessa Wilson, Carolin Kade, Sebastian Moeller, Stefan Treue, Igor Kagan, Julia Fischer
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
At the same time, it is important to establish whether responses to virtual stimuli mirror responses to depictions of a real conspecific.  ...  In addition, we assessed whether the realistic avatar created an uncanny valley effect through decreased looking time, finding that in both groups, monkeys did not differentiate between real, realistic  ...  0.82]) and looked longer at mildly obfuscated as compared to strongly with our first prediction, the rhesus macaques looked less overall at scrambled as compared to non-scrambled images (b = -1.27, SE  ... 
doi:10.1101/758458 fatcat:esmeoygvkrglraolrc22mnaaaq

Can we make true statements about the world through videogames? An indirect realist account of Alexander Galloway's notion of social realism in gaming

Francisco Ricardo Bezerra Fonseca, Debora Coutinho Paschoal Dourado
2021 Intexto  
In fact, videogames have increasingly been acknowledged as a valuable site for opening up new ways of interrogating traditional theories of realism.  ...  Social realism in gaming, the argument we seek to advance here is that: his theorizations of social realism in gaming alongside the notion of "congruence requirement" are largely grounded on indirect realist  ...  When a gamer looks at a videogame screen, he is looking at a representation by means of sense-data and looking at representations is radically different from looking at the reality itself.  ... 
doi:10.19132/1807-8583202152.99344 fatcat:jri3wtumgfai7g6dsdyqhuyjoe

Visual Simulations of Forest Wildlife Habitat Structure, Change, and Landscape Context in New England

Richard M. DeGraaf, Anna M. Lester, Mariko Yamasaki, William B. Leak
2007 Northern Journal of Applied Forestry  
We developed realistic visual simulations to display the outcomes of forest management practices used to create and maintain a range of wildlife habitat conditions in New England, and to project future  ...  Realistic visual images can be a useful tool to clearly display habitat management alternatives for landowners and participants in public land management and to improve communication about the long-term  ...  We maintained a high level ofdetail to create images thar look realistic to explore visualization as a forest habitac communication tool.  ... 
doi:10.1093/njaf/24.3.218 fatcat:r66b56am7rbt3hjuec3l7mbm4i

Using perturbed handwriting to support writer identification in the presence of severe data constraints

Jin Chen, Wen Cheng, Daniel Lopresti, Gady Agam, Christian Viard-Gaudin
2011 Document Recognition and Retrieval XVIII  
In this work, we started by conducting user studies where human subjects were involved in calibrating realistic-looking transformations.  ...  However, the limitation of real data is particularly critical in the field of writer identification in that in forensics, enemies or criminals usually leave little amount of real data.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This work is supported by a DARPA IPTO grant administered by Raytheon BBN Technologies.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.876497 dblp:conf/drr/ChenCL11 fatcat:kb5vjmyeuzhdvepp6rwnnhvbpe

Macaque Gaze Responses to the Primatar: A Virtual Macaque Head for Social Cognition Research

Vanessa A. D. Wilson, Carolin Kade, Sebastian Moeller, Stefan Treue, Igor Kagan, Julia Fischer
2020 Frontiers in Psychology  
At the same time, it is important to establish whether responses to virtual stimuli mirror responses to depictions of a real conspecific.  ...  In addition, we found no evidence for an uncanny valley effect; since for both groups, looking times did not differ between real, realistic, or unrealistic images.  ...  This manuscript has been released as a preprint at bioRxiv (Wilson et al., 2019) .  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01645 pmid:32765373 pmcid:PMC7379899 fatcat:5pardems2ffe5on552pfit23xa

Navigating the trends in the proximity to magnetic quantum critical point and superconductivity for Ce-based heavy-fermion compounds [article]

Munehisa Matsumoto
2018 arXiv   pre-print
On the basis of the data from our realistic simulations, a comprehensive materials navigator is compiled including pressure dependent CeRhIn5 to possibly provide a guideline for further discovery of Ce-based  ...  Pressure-induced magnetic quantum phase transition of CeRhIn5 is described from first principles based on a realistic Kondo lattice model.  ...  Methods We locate the magnetic QCP by looking at the Doniach phase diagram 9) of a realistic Kondo lattice model (KLM) defined for a given material from first-principles.  ... 
arXiv:1812.11502v1 fatcat:fv4x5skkzjdn7b66knvmz6ewky

Development and evaluation of a high-fidelity lactation simulation model for health professional breastfeeding education

Anna Sadovnikova, Samantha A. Chuisano, Kaoer Ma, Aria Grabowski, Kate P. Stanley, Katrina B. Mitchell, Anne Eglash, Jeffrey S. Plott, Ruth E. Zielinski, Olivia S. Anderson
2020 International Breastfeeding Journal  
High-fidelity (realistic) simulators encourage learner engagement, resulting in increased clinical skills competency, confidence, and transfer to patient care.  ...  DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF A HIGH-FIDELITY LACTATION SIMULATION MODEL: In this commentary we describe the development of a high-fidelity Lactation Simulation Model (LSM) and how physician residents,  ...  Respondents preferred a wearable LSM shaped like a torso instead of a single breast, realistic look and feel of breast tissue, and a diversity of nipple shapes and sizes.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13006-020-0254-5 pmid:32066477 pmcid:PMC7026968 fatcat:ynh32iaw3zegtmagss3vfuaxse

Generating Highly Realistic Images of Skin Lesions with GANs [article]

Christoph Baur, Shadi Albarqouni, Nassir Navab
2018 arXiv   pre-print
In this work, we successfully synthesize realistically looking images of skin lesions with GANs at such high resolution.  ...  The ability to synthesize realistic looking images of skin lesions could act as a reliever for the aforementioned problems.  ...  distribution p z (usually a standard normal distribution) to realistically looking images G(z) ∼ p f ake .  ... 
arXiv:1809.01410v2 fatcat:qxx2snabgjc6tngffyo6tmiv2a

MelanoGANs: High Resolution Skin Lesion Synthesis with GANs [article]

Christoph Baur, Shadi Albarqouni, Nassir Navab
2018 arXiv   pre-print
In this work, we try to generate realistically looking high resolution images of skin lesions with GANs, using only a small training dataset of 2000 samples.  ...  Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) have been successfully used to synthesize realistically looking images of faces, scenery and even medical images.  ...  p z (usually a standard normal distribution) to realistically looking images G(z) ∼ p f ake .  ... 
arXiv:1804.04338v1 fatcat:u7rg5iternfbrfx6jkwbpuv5pe

Developing orientation maps using realistic patterns of lateral connectivity

Philipp Rudiger, Judith S Law, Jan Antolik, James Bednar
2013 BMC Neuroscience  
This work looks at how Mexican-hat connectivity arises from the overall network interactions at high contrast and how it adjusts at lower contrasts.  ...  A variety of electrophysiological and psychophysical studies also suggest both excitatory and inhibitory effects at long ranges, depending on experimental conditions.  ...  This work has made use of computational resources provided by the Edinburgh Compute and Data Facility (ECDF).  ... 
doi:10.1186/1471-2202-14-s1-p21 pmcid:PMC3704258 fatcat:bsvonyirevb6jh7cwbt4ytxjmq

Coordination of knowledge in judging animated motion

Thomas C. Thaden-Koch, Robert J. Dufresne, Jose P. Mestre
2006 Physical Review Special Topics. Physics Education Research  
Coordination class theory is used to explain college students' judgments about animated depictions of moving objects. diSessa's coordination class theory models a "concept" as a complex knowledge system  ...  that can reliably determine a particular type of information in widely varying situations.  ...  Actually, the more I look at it they stay at the same position the whole time. So I don't think the fourth one's right.  ... 
doi:10.1103/physrevstper.2.020107 fatcat:4fqrmrzu65cobomml6fpejr4nq

Geometric Image Synthesis [article]

Hassan Abu Alhaija, Siva Karthik Mustikovela, Andreas Geiger, Carsten Rother
2018 arXiv   pre-print
In this work we propose a trainable, geometry-aware image generation method that leverages various types of scene information, including geometry and segmentation, to create realistic looking natural images  ...  While the generated images often consist of realistic looking local patterns, the overall structure of the generated images is often inconsistent.  ...  realistic looking results.  ... 
arXiv:1809.04696v2 fatcat:xbpdtuhb2fc63l5hptcff73mba

An expressive text-driven 3D talking head

Robert Anderson, Björn Stenger, Vincent Wan, Roberto Cipolla
2013 ACM SIGGRAPH 2013 Posters on - SIGGRAPH '13  
Introduction Creating a realistic talking head, which given an arbitrary text as input generates a realistic looking face speaking the text, has been a long standing research challenge.  ...  Talking heads which cannot express emotion have been made to look very realistic by using concatenative approaches [Wang et al. 2011] , however allowing the head to express emotion creates a much more  ... 
doi:10.1145/2503385.2503473 dblp:conf/siggraph/AndersonSWC13 fatcat:4fzjm35uy5arfmjit7sqf2tgwq
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