172 Hits in 3.9 sec

Climate–Human–Land Interactions: A Review of Major Modelling Approaches

Melania Michetti, Matteo Zampieri
2014 Land  
It offers a critical discussion about relevant methodological aspects, missing knowledge, and areas for future research.  ...  Modelling strategies have been improved and new datasets have come into light for land-cover and land-use change analysis.  ...  Acknowledgments We are grateful to Ramiro Parrado and Enrica De Cian for their valuable suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.3390/land3030793 fatcat:ofxzcgbkh5dypjow7sj7kiphci

Scenarios of long-term socio-economic and environmental development under climate stabilization

Keywan Riahi, Arnulf Grübler, Nebojsa Nakicenovic
2007 Technological forecasting & social change  
The scenarios were developed by the IIASA Integrated Assessment Modeling Framework that encompasses detailed representations of the principal GHG-emitting sectors-energy, industry, agriculture, and forestry  ...  We then impose a range of climate stabilization targets on these baseline scenarios and analyze in detail the feasibility, costs and uncertainties of meeting a range of different climate stabilization  ...  Acknowledgments We gratefully acknowledge Ilkka Keppo and Shilpa Rao for their help in the development of the scenarios, as well as Peter Kolp and Alaa Al Khatib for their assistance in producing the manuscript  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2006.05.026 fatcat:prpfjm5q5vcmjmeos2tcka2x2m

Evapotranspiration in Northern Agro-Ecosystems: Numerical Simulation and Experimental Comparison [chapter]

Watcharee Ruairuen, Gilberto J. Fochesatto, Marco Bittelli, Elena B. Sparrow, Mingchu Zhang, William Schnabel
2017 Current Perspective to Predict Actual Evapotranspiration  
On the other hand, a poor agreement was obtained in the radiative fluxes and turbulent fluxes during the wet period due to the lack of representation in the radiation field and differences in soil dynamics  ...  Fully coupled flux model outputs are compared and contrasted against field measurements of soil temperature, heat flux, water content, and evaporation in a subarctic agroecosystem in Alaska.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank the support of the Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station (AFES) School of Natural Resources and Extension at the University of Alaska Fairbanks and the  ... 
doi:10.5772/intechopen.68347 fatcat:ypcuck4qfnhkzd43qgqiegmd6m

Comparing impacts of climate change and mitigation on global agriculture by 2050

Hans van Meijl, Petr Havlik, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Elke Stehfest, Peter Witzke, Ignacio Pérez Domínguez, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Michiel van Dijk, Jonathan Doelman, Thomas Fellmann, Florian Humpenöder, Jason F L Koopman (+5 others)
2018 Environmental Research Letters  
This paper presents a set of alternative scenarios by five global climate and agro-economic models.  ...  A larger negative effect on agricultural production, most pronounced for ruminant meat production, is observed when emission mitigation measures compliant with a 2 • C target are put in place.  ...  The IMAGE model is a global integrated assessment model that covers the human and earth systems and gets its agro-economic information by a linkage to MAGNET.  ... 
doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aabdc4 fatcat:mjuoy6dmwrcrlcs7eas4orr7jy

Global biomass production potentials exceed expected future demand without the need for cropland expansion

Wolfram Mauser, Gernot Klepper, Florian Zabel, Ruth Delzeit, Tobias Hank, Birgitta Putzenlechner, Alvaro Calzadilla
2015 Nature Communications  
Their geographic distribution points at possible hotspots for future intensification.  ...  We thank Mojib Lativ, Noel Keenlyside, Ralf Hand, for providing climate data and Ralf Seppelt and Jonas Meier for valuable discussions.  ...  by using remote sensing data to adjust model parameters to represent spatial heterogeneity on the field scale 44 .  ... 
doi:10.1038/ncomms9946 pmid:26558436 pmcid:PMC4660367 fatcat:wq2v22fnkzgrnee2wokbpil3be

Managing understory light to maintain a mixture of species with different shade tolerance

Gauthier Ligot, Philippe Balandier, Benoît Courbaud, Mathieu Jonard, Daniel Kneeshaw, Hugues Claessens
2014 Forest Ecology and Management  
Using a forest radiative transfer model, we analyzed how different cutting strategies could modify light availability under the post-harvest canopy.  ...  We measured understory light and crown openness and verified that our forest radiative transfer model well captured the variability of understory light among the studied stands (R 2 =87%).  ...  PIAF) for their help with the light measurements as well as to François de Coligny (INRA, AMAP) for his help programming our models in Capsis.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2014.05.010 fatcat:fzsemugfqrbcbhh7s5xfjowgp4

Modeling Potential Impacts on Regional Climate Due to Land Surface Changes across Mongolia Plateau

Guangshuai Li, Lingxue Yu, Tingxiang Liu, Yue Jiao, Jiaxin Yu
2022 Remote Sensing  
Model simulation suggests that vegetation greening induced a local cooling effect, while the warming effect is mainly located in the vegetation degradation area.  ...  For the typical vegetation greening area in the southeast of Inner Mongolia, latent heat flux increased over 2 W/m2 along with the decrease of sensible heat flux over 2 W/m2, resulting in a total evapotranspiration  ...  stomatal resistance [56] , the two-stream radiative transfer applied to the vegetated fraction scheme [57] , and the Canadian Land Surface Scheme [58] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs14122947 fatcat:kezlliw3gzb4xgwgwrxyeiadvm

From biota to chemistry and climate: towards a comprehensive description of trace gas exchange between the biosphere and atmosphere

A. Arneth, S. Sitch, A. Bondeau, K. Butterbach-Bahl, P. Foster, N. Gedney, N. de Noblet-Ducoudré, I. C. Prentice, M. Sanderson, K. Thonicke, R. Wania, S. Zaehle
2010 Biogeosciences  
In this paper we present a review of im-  ...  Recent studies have highlighted its importance for interpretation of glacial-interglacial ice-core records, the simulation of the pre-industrial and present atmosphere, and the potential for large climate-chemistry  ...  This work was supported by a European Commissions 6th FP Marie Curie Excellence Team grant.  ... 
doi:10.5194/bg-7-121-2010 fatcat:ebyzpkicbzcgnnafdsubquqscq

From biota to chemistry and climate: towards a comprehensive description of trace gas exchange between the biosphere and atmosphere

A. Arneth, S. Sitch, A. Bondeau, K. Butterbach-Bahl, P. Foster, N. Gedney, N. de Noblet-Ducoudré, I. C. Prentice, M. Sanderson, K. Thonicke, R. Wania, S. Zaehle
2009 Biogeosciences Discussions  
applications, and discuss a methodology for model integration and evaluation.  ...  Arneth ( portant non-CO 2 trace gas emissions, the state-of-the-art in DGVM modelling of processes regulating these emissions, identify key uncertainties for global scale model  ...  An advance will be to incorporate fire models into agro-DGVMs.  ... 
doi:10.5194/bgd-6-7717-2009 fatcat:eka5xewzvrcmvkwotd4674riia

The economic value of high nature value farming and the importance of the Common Agricultural Policy in sustaining income: The case study of the Natura 2000 Zarandul de Est (Romania)

Simone Martino, Dominic Muenzel
2018 Journal of Rural Studies  
The scenario analysis shows that an improved use of pasture land determines a relevant increase in net economic value.  ...  This result suggests that public support, in the absence of a full implementation of payment for ecosystem services schemes, is necessary to limit socio-economic deprivation of European marginalised farming  ...  Alternative strategies for enhancing agro-forestry ecosystem services An example of a complementary strategy for sustaining rural communities' income is the business model implemented in Austria as a price  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jrurstud.2018.04.002 fatcat:qbq34we5zvdrdgvj4o5lzcgbia

Climate Change Interactions with Agriculture, Forestry Sequestration, and Food Security

Luis Moisés Peña-Lévano, Farzad Taheripour, Wallace E. Tyner
2019 Environmental and Resource Economics  
We also developed a new version of a computable general equilibrium model for the economic analysis.  ...  In our multidisciplinary work, we collected the crop yield shocks from global circulation-crop modeling.  ...  Acknowledgements Partial funding for this research was provided by the Purdue Climate Change Research  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10640-019-00339-6 fatcat:524edp6npnayjkhgxsqs5zewwy

Beyond Sustainability in Food Systems: Perspectives from Agroecology and Social Innovation

Livia Marchetti, Valentina Cattivelli, Claudia Cocozza, Fabio Salbitano, Marco Marchetti
2020 Sustainability  
Increased demand for food worldwide and the diversification of food choices would suggest the adoption of highly productive, but low-resilient and unsustainable food production models.  ...  Additionally, they encompass the forecasting of the Participatory Guarantee Systems (PGS) and the drafting of a new agenda for food sovereignty.  ...  We also thank the Department of Innovation, Research and University of the Autonomous Province of Bozen/Bolzano for covering the Open Access publication costs.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su12187524 fatcat:zwmemnkrjjh6hpv2l6f6bumiz4

The Paris pledges and the energy-water-land nexus in Latin America: Exploring implications of greenhouse gas emission reductions

Silvia R. Santos Da Silva, Fernando Miralles-Wilhelm, Raul Muñoz-Castillo, Leon E. Clarke, Caleb J. Braun, Alison Delgado, James A. Edmonds, Mohamad Hejazi, Jill Horing, Russell Horowitz, Page Kyle, Robert Link (+4 others)
2019 PLoS ONE  
The present paper explores this angle within the regional context of Latin America by employing the Global Change Assessment Model, a state-of-the-art integrated assessment model capable of representing  ...  Despite the differential implications of the Paris pledges on each country, increased water demands for crop and biomass irrigation and for electricity generation stand out as potential trade-offs that  ...  Thomson AM, Calvin KV, Smith SJ, Kyle GP, Volke A, Patel P, et al. RCP4.5: A pathway for stabilization of radiative forcing by 2100.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0215013 pmid:30990836 pmcid:PMC6467372 fatcat:ok3ka7vanrhzvm3dwqsxedu5em

Wildfires [article]

Duarte Oom, Daniele de Rigo, Jesús San-Miguel-Ayanz, Tomás Artes-Vivancos, Roberto Boca, Alfredo Branco, Wesley Augusto Campanharo, Rosana Grecchi, Tracy Houston Durrant, Davide Ferrari, Giorgio Libertà, Pieralberto Maianti (+1 others)
2021 Zenodo  
., Casajus Valles, A., Marín Ferrer, M., et al., 2021. Recommendations for national risk assessment for disaster risk management in EU: where science and policy meet - Version 1.  ...  ., Branco, A., Campanharo, W.A., Grecchi, R., Houston Durrant, T., Ferrari, D., Libertà, G., Maianti, P., Pfeiffer, H., 2021. Wildfires. In: Poljanšek, K., Valles, A.C., Ferrer, M.M.  ...  Existing approaches for the estimation of moisture content of live fuels rely on empirical methods or simulations, as those based on radiative transfer models (RTM) (Chuvieco et al. 2010; Yebra et al.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6045337 fatcat:vbtwqusml5cdtmndc3bfdrd2jq

Climate-Land-Energy-Water Nexus Models Across Scales: Progress, Gaps and Best Accessibility Practices

Adriano Vinca, Keywan Riahi, Andrew Rowe, Ned Djilali
2021 Frontiers in Environmental Science  
We review and present a set of models that can meet the needs of decision makers for analysis tools capable of addressing a broad range of nexus questions.  ...  The other objective of this review is to discuss research gaps, and critical needs and opportunities for further model development from a scientific viewpoint.  ...  Stakeholder engagement during scenario development and results analysis is currently used for validating scenarios analyzed with CLEW models.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fenvs.2021.691523 fatcat:y7zargrccvegfcztzezsalv25m
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 172 results