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Trust, Ethics and Automation [chapter]

Sarah Pink
2022 Everyday Automation  
VINNOVA (2016)(2017)(2018); and Co-designing future smart urban mobility services -A Human Approach (AHA) and Design Ethnographic Living Labs for Future Urban Mobility -A Human Approach (AHA II), funded  ...  Acknowledgements The theoretical research discussed in this chapter was conducted as part of Sarah Pink's research in the ARC Centre of Excellence for Automated Decision-Making and Society and funded by  ...  The question of trust in automation is problematic from a number of perspectives.  ... 
doi:10.4324/9781003170884-4 fatcat:6elszwsmpreldn7jtyhvou57dy

Would You Trust Driverless Service? Formation of Pedestrian's Trust and Attitude Using Non-Verbal Social Cues

Suji Choi, Soyeon Kim, Mingi Kwak, Jaewan Park, Subin Park, Dongjoon Kwak, Hyun Woo Lee, Sangwon Lee
2022 Sensors  
An empirical study was conducted with an experimental VR environment to measure participants' intimacy, trust, and brand attitude toward AV.  ...  As a result of the study, the interaction effect of social cues was found, and it was revealed that brand attitude was formed by the direct effects of intimacy and trust as well as the indirect effects  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s22072809 pmid:35408424 pmcid:PMC9002600 fatcat:nyvuxpkprbgxjizznfecjzis4u

Trust in contemporary society

Reinhard Bachmann
2020 Journal of Trust Research  
Cover illustration: Oil on canvas landscape by Masamichi Sasaki. Courtesy of the artist.  ...  The Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data is available online at http://catalog.loc.gov An electronic version of this book is freely available, thanks to the support of libraries working with  ...  11 January 2016, the egos Colloquium Subtheme on "Trust-based Organizing: Principles and Politics" at Copenhagen Business School, Denmark, 6 July 2017, and especially the "International Conference on  ... 
doi:10.1080/21515581.2020.1723607 fatcat:jmebryl4b5h4bplpsdiyghflsy

Investigating Car Futures from Different Angles

Gunnar Stevens, Johanna Meurer, Christina Pakusch, Paul Bossauer
2019 Mensch & Computer  
In order to give an orientation, this article will present an overview of various methods used to study the human side of autonomous driving.  ...  The design of self-driving cars is one of the most exciting and ambitious challenges of our days and every day, new research work is published.  ...  [64] , for instance, study the a priori intention of French drivers' to use a fully automated car by conducting an online questionnaire.  ... 
doi:10.18420/muc2019-ws-453 dblp:conf/mc/StevensMPB19 fatcat:ywezqzihwbawzgt7g2c5azcxk4

Anticipatory experience in everyday autonomous driving

Thomas Lindgren, Vaike Fors, Sarah Pink, Katalin Osz
2020 Personal and Ubiquitous Computing  
We draw on our ethnographic studies of five families, who had access to AD research cars with evolving ADAS features in their everyday lives for a duration of 1½ years.  ...  In this paper, we discuss how people's user experience (UX) of autonomous driving (AD) cars can be understood as a shifting anticipatory experience, as people experience degrees of AD through evolving  ...  The authors are grateful to the participants of this study. Funding information Open access funding provided by Halmstad University.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00779-020-01410-6 fatcat:qzp4tws4yjh7fjtqhudk56tfni

Designing for Interactions with Automated Vehicles: Ethnography at the Boundary of Quantitative-Data-Driven Disciplines

Markus Rothmüller, Pernille Holm Rasmussen, Alexandra Vendelbo-Larsen
2018 Zenodo  
This case study presents ethnographic work in the midst of two fields of technological innovation: automated vehicles (AV) and virtual reality (VR). It showcases the work of three MSc.  ...  Results show the value of including ethnographers: 1) in the design and piloting of a digital observation app for the creation of large datasets; 2) in the analysis of large amounts of data; 3) in finding  ...  Additionally, we would like to thank: Ruth Madigan for her great supervision and an amazing facilitation of our work during the data collection at the University of Leeds; André Dietrich for his great  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3265815 fatcat:l4viyoeqhfg5dhjwr2iktbuvdm

An Empirical Study of the Technology Transfer Potential of EU Security and Trust R&D Projects [chapter]

Martina de Gramatica, Fabio Massacci, Olga Gadyatskaya
2014 Communications in Computer and Information Science  
This paper presents only the authors' point of view, and does not reflect the opinion of the EC.  ...  and ethnographic research.  ...  Conclusions and Recommendations In this paper we have presented the results of a study conducted on the European R&D projects in Trust and Security.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-12574-9_14 fatcat:wbh33s23cna7rnozpcqsbgp5ym

Labor and Land Struggles in a Brazilian Steel Town: The Reorganization of Capital under Neo-Extractivism [chapter]

Massimiliano Mollona, University of London, GB
2019 The Social Question in the Twenty-First Century: A Global View  
The Social Question in the Twenty-First Century Employment Guarantee Act), 108 Nasser, Gamal Abdel, 188, 193, 194, 195 National Commission on Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector (NCEUS), 109 National  ...  Cambodia, 95n26 National Verification (NV) system of Thailand, 96n39  ...  Yes, in spite of their apolitical attitude, the car workers of Resende and Porto Real kept their real wages intact and avoided layoffs in a context of declining prices and profits in the industry 22 by  ... 
doi:10.1525/luminos.74.i fatcat:m335pmbqv5hibe3573ivqjusca

A First Approach to Understanding and Measuring Naturalness in Driver-Car Interaction

Simon Ramm, Joseph Giacomin, Duncan Robertson, Alessio Malizia
2014 Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications - AutomotiveUI '14  
Fifteen drivers were interviewed at length in their own parked cars using ethnographically-inspired questions probing issues of interaction salience, expectation, feelings, desires and meanings.  ...  The advantages and challenges of a naturalness-based approach are discussed and ten cognitive component constructs of driver-car naturalness are proposed.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This research was fully funded by a research grant from Jaguar Land Rover, and partially funded by project n.220050/F11 granted by Research Council of Norway.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2667317.2667416 dblp:conf/automotiveUI/RammGRM14 fatcat:ol67wruq5fbozmfooniy54x6jy

Evaluating How Interfaces Influence the User Interaction with Fully Autonomous Vehicles

Luis Oliveira, Jacob Luton, Sumeet Iyer, Chris Burns, Alexandros Mouzakitis, Paul Jennings, Stewart Birrell
2018 Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications - AutomotiveUI '18  
There was a preference for this information to be displayed via an onboard touchscreen device combined with an overhead letterbox display versus a smartphone-based interface.  ...  Surveys and interviews were used to measure trust, usability, workload and experience after users were driven by an autonomous low speed pod.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This study was part of the UK Autodrive, a flagship, multipartner project, focusing on the development of the Human Machine Interface (HMI) strategies and performing realworld trials of  ... 
doi:10.1145/3239060.3239065 dblp:conf/automotiveUI/OliveiraLIBMJB18 fatcat:ivjbqx2qefe4bfli46d74gaff4

Designing for social experiences with and within autonomous vehicles – exploring methodological directions

Helena Strömberg, Ingrid Pettersson, Jonas Andersson, Annie Rydström, Debargha Dey, Maria Klingegård, Jodi Forlizzi
2018 Design Science  
This paper contributes an exploration of methods for addressing the social aspects of autonomous vehicles in three key areas: the vehicle as a social entity in traffic, co-experience within the vehicle  ...  Further, combinations of methods that enable a shift between social perspectives were preferred.  ...  Is the user interacting with an intelligent vehicle, or interacting with an intelligent agent controlling a normal car, or even an intelligent agent controlling a highly automated car?  ... 
doi:10.1017/dsj.2018.9 fatcat:londdmyzizef7a4ewswtmnuope

User expectations of partial driving automation capabilities and their effect on information design preferences in the vehicle

Arun Ulahannan, Rebeccca Cain, Simon Thompson, Lee Skrypchuk, Alex Mouzakitis, Paul Jennings, Stewart Birrell
2020 Applied Ergonomics  
Hence this study suggests that HMI designers must account for these differing expectations and preferences to create a safe, usable system that works for everyone.  ...  Twenty-five participants were presented with five partially automated driving events in a driving simulator. After each event, a semi-structured interview was conducted.  ...  These studies have used a combination of interviews, expert focus groups and ethnographic methods.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2019.102969 pmid:31600714 fatcat:6aei3k2mgfb65ncmfem7m2ooz4

Exploring the Social Context of Collaborative Driving [article]

Mark Colley, Sebastian Pickl, Frank Uhlig, Enrico Rukzio
2022 arXiv   pre-print
study with N=12 participants of a first prototype supporting these needs in various automation levels showing good usability and high potential to improve user experience.  ...  We provide insights of a focus group with N=5 experts in automotive user experience revealing current practices such as social need fulfillment on journeys and sharing practices via messengers and a user  ...  This work was conducted within the project 'Interaction between automated vehicles and vulnerable road users' (Intuitiver) funded by the Ministry of Science, Research and Arts of the State of Baden-Württemberg  ... 
arXiv:2201.11028v1 fatcat:ebrvc3m3qjfn5lgsv2klei6jpe

In cars (are we really safest of all?): interior sensing and emotional opacity

Andrew McStay, Lachlan Urquhart
2022 International review of law computers & technology  
of accessing publications that users recognise and abide by the legal requirements associated with these rights. • Users may download and print one copy of any publication from the public portal for the  ...  purpose of private study or research. • You may not further distribute the material or use it for any profit-making activity or commercial gain • You may freely distribute the URL identifying the publication  ...  Such user studies are the purview of interaction designers, humanfactors engineering specialists, human-AI interaction specialists and design ethnographers.  ... 
doi:10.1080/13600869.2021.2009181 fatcat:2ygxz5ar5rchdmsmsfzjevlosm

For a situational analytics: An interpretative methodology for the study of situations in computational settings

Noortje Marres
2020 Big Data & Society  
To conclude, I show how situational analytics can be applied in a case study of YouTube videos featuring intelligent vehicles and discuss how situational analysis itself needs to be elaborated if we are  ...  This article introduces an interpretative approach to the analysis of situations in computational settings called situational analytics.  ...  Acknowledgements Previous versions of this paper were presented at the EASST Conference (Lancaster University, 2018), the Oxford Internet Institute, the Centre de Sociologie de l'Innovation (MinesTech,  ... 
doi:10.1177/2053951720949571 fatcat:ncb3vpn56fb33c7ncf5pw4cjq4
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