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The Review of Metaphysics
“A Purely Syntactical Definition of Confirmation,” Journal of Symbolic Logic, VIII (1943) pp. 122-143. See also C. G. Hempel, “Studies in the Logic of Confirmation,” Mind, N. S. ... Thus, if we do not attempt an observational reduction of the whole of our theoretical discourse in given scientific domains via definition and translation or syntactic con- struction, but aim merely to ...
To compare the two kinds of approach, I identify some ambiguities in common semantic accounts and explicate the concept of a structure in a way that avoids hidden references to a specific vocabulary. ... From there, I argue that contrary to common opinion (i) unintended models do not pose a significant problem for syntactic approaches to scientific theories, (ii) syntactic approaches can be at least as ... Thus, if irrelevant conjunctions indeed pose a problem for an explicatum of 'confirmation ' (cf. ...doi:10.1007/s10670-013-9578-5 fatcat:k27xvznxk5dj7kwuiat3mgbjti
They have bypassed a large range of important syntactic data and misconstrued a critical data point on which they ground the-predicativism. ... The-predicativists like Sloat, Matushansky, and Fara claim otherwise, maintaining that syntactic data offers indicates that names belong to a special syntactic category which differs from common count ... At the syntactic level, pure expressives are just left-adjoined modifiers, a point emphasized by Potts (2005, ch. 5). ...doi:10.1387/theoria.19588 fatcat:asyx2a5ypjh4zpt4h3lqscg2be
Brain and Cognition
We show that this effect is modulated by lexical bias, i.e., the likelihood that a verb appears in a given syntactic structure: Passives of passive-bias verbs were significantly easier than passives of ... Using a plausibility judgment task, we show that a mixed group of aphasics performed significantly better on unaccusatives than on passives. ... As stated earlier, the notion of Ôcanonical formÕ has variously been defined in purely syntactic or purely semantic terms. ...doi:10.1016/s0278-2626(03)00114-3 pmid:14607152 fatcat:3a2a3rw5xzajlfmsxmdpbwubry
Reproducibility: Principles, Problems, Practices, and Prospects
in detail. 7 A collection of papers concerning this concept can be found in the journal Mind and Matter 4(2) of 2006, including a more recent account by Weizsäcker and Weizsäcker (2006). ... measures are often defined in information-theoretical terms, but extend the scope of pure syntax toward semantic and pragmatic dimensions. (3) Mathematical limit theorems, expressing the stability of ... Purely syntactic Shannon information represents the limiting case of pragmatic information for complete confirmation. If novelty is added, Shannon information increases monotonically. ...doi:10.1002/9781118865064.ch10 fatcat:w7vjlfbvtzdgrn54g3y6wxayiy
Comparisons of reports from two time points confirm a major improvement in data quality in terms of syntactic conformity, an essential prerequisite for network-wide data integration. ... conformity against common data element definitions deposited in a central metadata repository (MDR). ... At the MRI, out of 62 data elements assessed in January 2018, 26 showed a perfect syntactic match (Figure 2 ). ...doi:10.3233/shti190483 pmid:31438180 fatcat:o4qeond5bbfvvcwc3q7m6l6hxa
The result is a (semantic) classification of verbs that agree in their syntactic frame definitions, for example, most of the Support verbs. ... (1) Already a purely syntactic verb description allows a verb clustering clearly above the baseline. ...
Entailment scenarios can range from a simple syntactic variation to more complex semantic relationships between pieces of text, but most approaches try a one-size-fits-all solution that usually favors ... We also make the answer interpretable: whenever an entailment is solved semantically, we explore a knowledge base composed of structured lexical definitions to generate natural language humanlike justifications ... grant agreement 740723 Project CSAWARE, and by the Chair of Data Science, University of St. ...doi:10.1609/aaai.v33i01.33017023 fatcat:j5gfq4oydzal3fsqpfn4y5dz5y
This document specifies a core version of the type theory implemented in the Cedille tool. Cedille is a language for dependently typed programming and computer-checked proof. ... Cedille can elaborate source programs down to Cedille Core, which can be checked in a straightforward way by a small checker (a reference implementation included with Cedille is under 1000 lines of Haskell ... This is because when checking (for instance) an application of f : A → B to a : A ′ , we must check that A and A ′ are definitionally equal. ...arXiv:1811.01318v1 fatcat:6e5e2pwe5rhqzlriqizdcw53te
with standard minimalist views, and by further contrasting his account of the division of interpretative processes ascribable to the semantics and pragmatics of a language with a parallel analysis carried ... If my analysis proves right, the sum of its conclusions amounts to a refusal of Bach's main dichotomies. ... Can a semantically pure content, obtained by the application of the syntactic correlation norm, be incomplete? III. ...doaj:39478642fb7a4ae7abc53f1e65489a26 fatcat:anmpk5oetja2tjrt2ibxs6n2ta
American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly
Turquette The Relation between Imperative and Indicative Sentences, Elizabeth Lane Beardsley A Purely Syntactical Definition of Confirmation Carl Hempel Combinatory Foundations for a Consistent Mathematical ... The program embraced a wide variety of papers and discussions. PROGRAM Monpay, DECEMBER 28TH Joint Session with the Association for Symbolic Logic M-Valued Propositional Caleuli A. R. ...
A purely syntactical definition of confirmation. ... Then, a purely syntactical definition of confirmation is constructed which demonstrably satisfies all the logical criteria of adequacy. ... Specifically, a category 81 is a collection of sets A and a collection of many-one correspondences a; each a is a correspondence a: Ai->A 2 between two sets of SI; given ai: A y -*At and a2: Ai-*A z , ...doi:10.1017/s0022481200063581 fatcat:yozdguptkvbatg6mkzuh2es3x4
What precisely is the meaning of the existence of a construct as distinct from that of its definition ? This purely behaviorist view has been endorsed by Hull (1943). ... That there is confu- sion in this area of consideration is clear when authors can assert that the reality status of a concept depends on its operational definition, and at the ...
In spite of the fact that modality has been studied by the linguists for a long time, since the middle of the last century, it has a rich research potential, especially from the perspective of the classification ... problem as it gives a new set of problems for further analysis and description. ... 132 National Encyclopedia of Philosophy. http://terme.ru/termin/modalnye-kategorii.html (accessed 13, October 2019) (In Rus.) O'Keefe, Daniel J. (2002). Persuasion: Theory and Research. ...doi:10.53614/18294952-2021.1-121 fatcat:evnzig33zzfxzjf6pzzntbyiga
Lecture Notes in Computer Science
Our experiments confirm that both syntactic and definitional information play a crucial role in the hypernym extraction task. ... Our best-performing configuration shows competitive results compared to state-of-the-art systems in a well-known benchmarking dataset. ... Node Outdegree (outdegree): The out-degree of a node in a syntactic dependency tree is equal to the number of dependents. ...doi:10.1007/978-3-319-18111-0_28 fatcat:6vgwtkuisnebpcm5r3ga3jt2uu
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