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Page 134 of Journal of Research and Practice in Information Technology Vol. 23, Issue 4 [page]

1991 Journal of Research and Practice in Information Technology  
Aonuma, Imai and Kambayashi pointed out different requirements for name placement between a paper based map system, that is a conventional cartographic approach, and an interactive map system as a view  ...  Imhof (Imhof, 1975) listed rules concerning name placement commonly used by cartographers in a form suitable for computers.  ... 

Page 121 of American Society of Civil Engineers. Collected Journals Vol. 112, Issue 2 [page]

1986 American Society of Civil Engineers. Collected Journals  
AUTONAP is not a true rule-based system because the rules are implicit in the RATFOR program rather than ex- isting in an independent knowledge base.  ...  Pfefferkorn et al. (1985) report a cartographic expert system, ACES, for labeling maps that is similar in objective and approach to AUTONAP.  ... 

Automation and the Map Label Placement Problem: A Comparison of Two GIS Implementations of Label Placement

Jill Phelps Kern, Cynthia A. Brewer
2008 Cartographic Perspectives  
Label Placement Rules Freeman and Ahn (1987) revisited Imhof's rules for placing labels on maps with an eye to automating map annotation from a rule-based, expert system perspective.  ...  Freeman and Ahn expanded upon and modified Imhof's rules, creating a system of name placement rules applicable to automated labeling of point, line, and area features, while recognizing that an automated  ...  "Freeman and Ahn compiled rules for label placement and developed a rule-based "expert" automatic name placement system . . ." cartographic perspectives developed sufficiently, the Census Bureau instead  ... 
doi:10.14714/cp60.230 fatcat:fmaoqmjupvfpzc6zmlujmvpiga

Towards an evaluation of quality for names placement methods

Steven Van Dijk, Marc Van Kreveld, Tycho Strijk, Alexander Wolff
2002 International Journal of Geographical Information Science  
This paper gives a classification of most label placement rules, and formalizes them into a function that can serve as a quality measure for label placement.  ...  There are many rules and customs that describe aspects of good label placement, like readability and clear association.  ...  Automated label placement requires that the standard guidelines for label placement be formalized. The simplest of all rules to follow is that names shouldn't overlap.  ... 
doi:10.1080/13658810210138742 fatcat:v5djn6zgvnbm7hr5p6da3vt4bm

Identifying buildings in aerial images using constraint relaxation and variable elimination

T.H. Kolhe, L. Plumer, A.B. Cremers
2000 IEEE Intelligent Systems and their Applications  
In fact, a German National Research Council program called "Semantic Modeling" has been running since 1993, bringing together photogrammeters, cartographers, and computer scientists.  ...  Here, we show how we incorporate explicit models in the subproject "Building Extraction" by using constraint techniques and logic programming embedded in the Eclipse System. 2-4 Modeling buildings We employ  ...  We thank the DFG for supporting our work.  ... 
doi:10.1109/5254.820327 fatcat:t4rh3wk6wzhx5ops3bod7suopu

Optimizing map labeling of point features based on an onion peeling approach

Wan D Bae, Shayma Alkobaisi, Sada Narayanappa, Petr Vojtechovsky, Kye Y. Bae
2011 Journal of Spatial Information Science  
Map labeling of point-features is the problem of placing text labels to corresponding point-features on a map in a way that minimizes overlaps while satisfying basic rules for the quality.  ...  This problem is a critical problem in the applications of cartography and Geographical Information Systems (GIS).  ...  The authors of [10] developed a rule-based system using Prolog to place names on different types of maps such as road maps and county maps.  ... 
doi:10.5311/josis.2011.2.4 fatcat:dip4hyag5fex7eelq4ya2cs2ma

Russian and Foreign Experience of Integration of Agent-Based Models and Geographic Information Systems
Российский и зарубежный опыт интеграции агент-ориентированных моделей и геоинформационных систем

Konstantin Gulin, Aleksandr Rossoshanskii
2016 Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast  
For citation: Gulin K.A., Rossoshanskii A.I. Russian and foreign experience of integration of agent-based models and geographic information systems. Abstract.  ...  The research is conducted with financial support of the Russian Scientific Foundation in the framework of Project no. 16-18-10296 "The development of a set of agent-based models imitating the socio-economic  ...  Currently, geographic information systems have heterogeneous information resources that are logically united with a cartographic basis and used for calculations, retrieval, and simulating the real world  ... 
doi:10.15838/esc.2016.5.47.8 fatcat:lanlm6ev5jeplmlcecnd7lluu4

Computational Cartography (Dagstuhl Seminar 99381)

Martien Molenaar, Marc van Kreveld, Frank Wagner, Rob Weibel
The ønal step is then classifying the areas and for this a rule-based system has been used.  ...  The integrated system has a client-server architecture. The server is implemented in C++ (Descartes) and Prolog (Kepler), the client in Java. The system is available for Windows and Unix platforms.  ...  This talk proposed a quality measure for the result of the second phase, allowing the comparison of label placement programs.  ... 
doi:10.4230/dagsemrep.252 fatcat:qtesbuad5nf5zlat6xcbsiaa7q

Themenheft zu Heft 5

(:Unkn) Unknown, Mediarep.Org, Jörg Schirra
2021 Image  
Acknowledgments We would like to thank Alberta Ingenuity (AI) for funding this research.  ...  We also thank Sheelagh Carpendale, Pauline Jepp, Petra Neumann, and Martin Schwarz for fruitful discussions on the topic.  ...  Formal grammars based on replacement rules that lead to two-dimensional "pictorial" structures have been investigated essentially under the name of L-systems.  ... 
doi:10.25969/mediarep/16743 fatcat:uh3wpotdmjgpjciazcj4cmbjie

Human-computer interface development: concepts and systems for its management

H. Rex Hartson, Deborah Hix
1989 ACM Computing Surveys  
Numerous systems for human-computer interface management are presented to illustrate these concepts.  ...  Representation of Ihe human-computer interface is accomplished by a variety of notational schemes for describing the interface.  ...  ., Program Director, NSF Information Technology Program; as well as by IBM Federal Systems Division. Earlier support was given by the Office of Naval Research, Engineering Psychology Group.  ... 
doi:10.1145/62029.62031 fatcat:7ojynadcn5e6rjwe2t7l3ovlvm

Crawler [chapter]

Kenneth A. Ross, Christian S. Jensen, Richard Snodgrass, Curtis E. Dyreson, Christian S. Jensen, Richard Snodgrass, Spiros Skiadopoulos, Cristina Sirangelo, Mary Lynette Larsgaard, Gösta Grahne, Daniel Kifer, Hans-Arno Jacobsen (+106 others)
2009 Encyclopedia of Database Systems  
As a result, it is common (at the time of writing) for data accesses to RAM to require several hundred CPU cycles to resolve.  ...  For such workloads, improving the locality of data-intensive operations can have a direct impact on the system's overall performance.  ...  Here is an example of a conjunctive query in both relational calculus form and in a Prolog-like, or ''rule-based,'' formalism, also known as a Datalog rule [1, 3] : fðx; c; xÞ j 9y Rðc; yÞ^Sðc; x; yÞgansðx  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-39940-9_2315 fatcat:x4qspjdytvhvroc7h753dihp7u

Comparing the Complexity of Wayfinding Tasks in Built Environments

M Raubal, M J Egenhofer
1998 Environment and Planning, B: Planning and Design  
As a measure for such complexity we use a simple wayfinding model that consists of two critical elements: choices and clues.  ...  A case study of wayfinding in airports demonstrates the applicability of the method.  ...  Acknowledgments Special thanks to Werner Kuhn, Andrew Frank, and Kate Beard for their comments on an earlier version of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1068/b250895 fatcat:6a4daf437jcjnjmvcwzmxuatiy

Cross-Covariance Models [chapter]

2017 Encyclopedia of GIS  
Synonyms Cadaster; Land administration system; Land information system; Land policy; Land registry; Property register; Spatial reference frames  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank Keith Harries, Dan Helms, Chris Maxwell and Susan Wernicke-Smith for providing comments on this entry in a very short time.  ...  Efficient tools for extracting information from geo-spatial data are crucial to organizations which make decisions based on large spatial datasets, including the National Aeronautics and Space Administration  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-17885-1_100240 fatcat:2ojzb7es7rhofinw4abol6dgc4

Dagstuhl seminar 09161 on Generalization of Spatial Information Presentations and discussions

Nico Bakker, Claus Brenner, Dirk Burghardt, Zubair Chaudhry, Leila De Floriani, Ahmet Dogru, Cecile Duchene, Andrew Frank, Julien Gaffuri, Willem Robert Van Hage, Paul Hardy, Frank Van Harmelen (+22 others)
semnr=09161 Motivation From the early start of handling geo-information in a digital environments, it has been attempted to automate the process of generalization of geographic information.  ...  Traditionally for the production of different map scale series, but more and more also in other contexts, such as the desktop/web /mobile use of geo-information, in order to allow to process, handle and  ...  The early attempts and research to automate the map generalisation started in 1990 which the idea to develop an expert system with the rules for generalisation.  ... 

A Theory-Based Approach to the Relationship between Social Capital and Communities of Practice

El-Sayed Abou-Zeid, John Molson
The Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management   unpublished
Based on Giddens' theory a model of the interaction between human action and social capital of the firm is developed.  ...  Such conceptualisation of a firm's communities of practice as the means for realising the different types of modality between social capital and human action provides a fine-grained approach to study the  ...  Michael Hartley for his comments and suggestions. Acknowledgement to the two anonymous reviewers, whose constructive comments have helped enrich the paper.  ... 
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