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Enabling Technologies for Ultra-Reliable and Low Latency Communications: From PHY and MAC Layer Perspectives

Gordon J. Sutton, Jie Zeng, Ren Ping Liu, Wei Ni, Diep N. Nguyen, Beeshanga A. Jayawickrama, Xiaojing Huang, Mehran Abolhasan, Zhang Zhang, Eryk Dutkiewicz, Tiejun Lv
<span title="">2019</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/b4kxurpz5vbn7gog6wq32vliii" style="color: black;">IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials</a> </i> &nbsp;
We identify that enabling long-term evolution (LTE) to coexist in the unlicensed spectrum is also a potential enabler of URLLC in the unlicensed band, and provide numerical evaluations.  ...  We provide a comprehensive discussion on physical (PHY) and medium access control (MAC) layer techniques that enable URLLC, addressing both licensed and unlicensed bands.  ...  [113] studies the performance of spectrum sensing schemes that use either a single-channel or multi-channel energy detector for in-band full-duplex operation.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/comst.2019.2897800">doi:10.1109/comst.2019.2897800</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/jgaahgi27rev3ieyrisn2yvh5m">fatcat:jgaahgi27rev3ieyrisn2yvh5m</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210427183144/https://opus.lib.uts.edu.au/bitstream/10453/131931/1/suv.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/e9/fd/e9fdc27d8b142023fd927682fe5d1e422ab819b1.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/comst.2019.2897800"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

URLLC for 5G and Beyond: Requirements, Enabling Incumbent Technologies and Network Intelligence

Rashid Ali, Yousaf Bin Zikria, Ali Kashif Bashir, Sahil Garg, Hyung Seok Kim
<span title="">2021</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/q7qi7j4ckfac7ehf3mjbso4hne" style="color: black;">IEEE Access</a> </i> &nbsp;
According to the authors, by reserving twice as many RA preambles as URLLC-based UE demands, a channel access latency of less than 10 ms can be achieved for 95% of URLLC-based UEs.  ...  Reduced latency 10-50% for macro and 50-70% for femto cells Chen et al. [94] Reserved RACH Prioritized reserved RACH resources for URLLC requirements.  ...  .: URLLC for 5G and Beyond SAHIL GARG received the Ph.D. degree from the Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology, Patiala, India, in 2018.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2021.3073806">doi:10.1109/access.2021.3073806</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/7ngx3ah5vzdyvcz4nkd2vvdyjy">fatcat:7ngx3ah5vzdyvcz4nkd2vvdyjy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210421014035/https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/ielx7/6287639/6514899/09406015.pdf?tp=&amp;arnumber=9406015&amp;isnumber=6514899&amp;ref=" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/f3/44/f344ff31b5fb32259db606a275cca62fe63d0ce5.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2021.3073806"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Applications of Intelligent Radio Technologies in Unlicensed Cellular Networks - A Survey

<span title="2021-07-31">2021</span> <i title="Korean Society for Internet Information (KSII)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/hupfbobgkvepdnt5g32qxkypsy" style="color: black;">KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems</a> </i> &nbsp;
Unlicensed spectrum cellular networks have been proposed as a solution in response to severe spectrum shortage.  ...  We will also discuss some open issues and challenges for future research on the IR applications in unlicensed cellular networks.  ...  To satisfy 5G URLLC stringent requirements, ML can be implemented for ensuring an efficient access scheme in both licensed and unlicensed mmWave spectrum.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3837/tiis.2021.07.020">doi:10.3837/tiis.2021.07.020</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/uzb3gqtsezcgzehvjige3vgiwq">fatcat:uzb3gqtsezcgzehvjige3vgiwq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210811022834/http://itiis.org/digital-library/manuscript/file/24818/TIIS%20Vol%2015,%20No%207-20.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/86/33/86333bba5c7db1fc3ff2987324f7ab5c2106a45e.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3837/tiis.2021.07.020"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Wireless Access in Ultra-Reliable Low-Latency Communication (URLLC) [article]

Petar Popovski and Čedomir Stefanović and Jimmy J. Nielsen and Elisabeth de Carvalho and Marko Angjelichinoski and Kasper F. Trillingsgaard and Alexandru-Sabin Bana
<span title="2018-10-16">2018</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
This paper aims to provide a broad perspective on the fundamental tradeoffs in URLLC as well as the principles used in building access protocols.  ...  The coupling of high reliability and low latency requirements in URLLC use cases makes the wireless access design very challenging, in terms of both the protocol design and of the associated transmission  ...  The interference in unlicensed, but also sometimes in licensed bands, can be regarded as the most significant "unknown unknown" in the system model and one should used risk-based methods [14] to assess  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1810.06938v1">arXiv:1810.06938v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/7aee7gpvjjcvnm4xmjnitcjr7y">fatcat:7aee7gpvjjcvnm4xmjnitcjr7y</a> </span>
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Wireless Access in Ultra-Reliable Low-Latency Communication (URLLC)

Petar Popovski, Cedomir Stefanovic, Jimmy J. Nielsen, Elisabeth de Carvalho, Marko Angjelichinoski, Kasper F. Trillingsgaard, Alexandru-Sabin Bana
<span title="">2019</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/dha3bnxvkvhslj74k332qi2ewa" style="color: black;">IEEE Transactions on Communications</a> </i> &nbsp;
This paper aims to provide a broad perspective on the fundamental tradeoffs in URLLC, as well as the principles used in building access protocols.  ...  The coupling of high reliability and low latency requirements in URLLC use cases makes the wireless access design very challenging, in terms of both the protocol design and of the associated transmission  ...  is of particular interest for frequency bands below 6 GHz, given that a packet fits into a minislot (expected to be the case for URLLC applications).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tcomm.2019.2914652">doi:10.1109/tcomm.2019.2914652</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/7lzannx24bczrcpdfeg2xoqe3e">fatcat:7lzannx24bczrcpdfeg2xoqe3e</a> </span>
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Reliable Minimum Cycle Time of 5G NR Based on Data-Driven Channel Characterization

Xiaolin Jiang, Michele Luvisotto, Zhibo Pang, Carlo Fischione
<span title="">2021</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/lxfdtuyn4nhhtevm3datmysrpa" style="color: black;">IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics</a> </i> &nbsp;
To address such a question, this article considers 5G-based industrial networks and uses the delay optimization based on data-driven channel characterization (CCDO) approach to propose a method to evaluate  ...  The fifthgeneration (5G) mobile network air interface New Radio adopts a scalable numerology and mini-slot transmission for short packets that make it potentially suitable for critical control systems.  ...  As R16 progresses, R17 will further cover new requirements of URLLC arose when R16 progresses.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tii.2021.3052922">doi:10.1109/tii.2021.3052922</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/zbjo4wcapvdp3mu2farrv7c7aa">fatcat:zbjo4wcapvdp3mu2farrv7c7aa</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210804195327/https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/ielx7/9424/9502581/09328517.pdf?tp=&amp;arnumber=9328517&amp;isnumber=9502581&amp;ref=" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/52/8e/528e9ddc7f9d78efabdef12d22bf6c60f9b0c609.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tii.2021.3052922"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

A Comprehensive Survey of Spectrum Sharing Schemes from a Standardization and Implementation Perspective [article]

Mohammad Parvini, Amir Hossein Zarif, Ali Nouruzi, Nader Mokari, Mohammad Reza Javan, Bijan Abbasi, Amir Ghasemi, Halim Yanikomeroglu
<span title="2022-03-21">2022</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
is, whether they are implemented to operate in licensed bands (e.g., licensed shared access (LSA), spectrum access system (SAS), and dynamic spectrum sharing (DSS)) or unlicensed bands (e.g., LTE-unlicensed  ...  Due to spectrum scarcity, there has been a growing trend among stakeholders toward identifying practical solutions to make the most productive use of the exclusively allocated bands on a shared basis through  ...  To cope with this complication, LAA reserves the channel by transmitting reservation signals after a successful LBT.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2203.11125v1">arXiv:2203.11125v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/h2mjxhjfgfe5dgk6lb46i2f6cu">fatcat:h2mjxhjfgfe5dgk6lb46i2f6cu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220323034616/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2203.11125v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/f6/73/f6739084cac6ecd8f7151bbf3c609367166a8d59.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2203.11125v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

An E2E Simulator for 5G NR Networks [article]

Natale Patriciello, Sandra Lagen, Biljana Bojovic, Lorenza Giupponi
<span title="2019-11-13">2019</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
The present work describes the design and implementation choices at the MAC and PHY layers, and it discusses a technical solution for managing different bandwidth parts.  ...  Finally, we present calibration results, according to 3GPP procedures, and we show how to get E2E performance indicators in a realistic deployment scenario, with special emphasis on the E2E latency.  ...  Operation in unlicensed bands Differently from LTE, NR includes native support for operation in unlicensed bands.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1911.05534v1">arXiv:1911.05534v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/35zd7xwzrvdjtdeabqdqdedzce">fatcat:35zd7xwzrvdjtdeabqdqdedzce</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200826223408/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1911.05534v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/be/f9/bef97ab8ea5babfc1a6d24212f08db88b481731c.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1911.05534v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

A Poisson Process-Based Random Access Channel for 5G and Beyond Networks

Alaa Omran Almagrabi, Rashid Ali, Daniyal Alghazzawi, Abdullah AlBarakati, Tahir Khurshaid
<span title="">2021</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ye33srllvnanjouxn4tmrfgjsq" style="color: black;">Mathematics</a> </i> &nbsp;
However, one of the critical challenges for B5G is finding a clever way for various channel access mechanisms to maintain dense UE deployments.  ...  communications (URLLC).  ...  [19] propose a random-access scheme for multi-radio access technologies (RAT), named Multi-RAT RA, which uses traffic offloading configuration parameters utilizing the licensed and unlicensed bands.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/math9050508">doi:10.3390/math9050508</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://doaj.org/article/626af0aba8c547beba4a2d59c3ea1623">doaj:626af0aba8c547beba4a2d59c3ea1623</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/mpuxmq75x5d2xpbqbkawpomlba">fatcat:mpuxmq75x5d2xpbqbkawpomlba</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210603212442/https://res.mdpi.com/d_attachment/mathematics/mathematics-09-00508/article_deploy/mathematics-09-00508.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/9f/11/9f11488234c57e324e0ec017abf0cbe8f211aae7.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/math9050508"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a>

Resource Allocation Schemes for 5G Network: A Systematic Review

Muhammad Ayoub Kamal, Hafiz Wahab Raza, Muhammad Mansoor Alam, Mazliham Mohd Su'ud, Aznida binti Abu Bakar Sajak
<span title="2021-10-02">2021</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/taedaf6aozg7vitz5dpgkojane" style="color: black;">Sensors</a> </i> &nbsp;
One of the utmost serious problems is to alleviate the jamming in the network in support of having a better QoS.  ...  Hence, this article analyzes the issue of resource allocation by classifying the various resource allocation schemes in 5G that have been reported in the literature and assessing their ability to enhance  ...  The multiband scheme minimized energy consumption for the spectrum compared with other single-band approaches.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/s21196588">doi:10.3390/s21196588</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34640908">pmid:34640908</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC8512213/">pmcid:PMC8512213</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/avkp7z74jrdifmpdn2iiebapaa">fatcat:avkp7z74jrdifmpdn2iiebapaa</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20211019084851/https://mdpi-res.com/d_attachment/sensors/sensors-21-06588/article_deploy/sensors-21-06588.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/fb/d4/fbd47884ae19d592f7bd6babad98c9e2457b62a1.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/s21196588"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8512213" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Spectrum Decision Framework to Support Cognitive Radio Based IoT in 5G [chapter]

Ahmad Naeem Akhtar, Adil Masood Siddique
<span title="2018-12-05">2018</span> <i title="IntechOpen"> Cognitive Radio in 4G/5G Wireless Communication Systems </i> &nbsp;
Thus the Spectrum Decision by unlicensed users of CR holds a significance in CR-based IoT in 5G and beyond network.  ...  RF Spectrum Decision in Cognitive Radio enables unlicensed users of wireless communication systems to occupy the vacant spectrum slots as a solution to scarce spectrum.  ...  The idea of a reserved spectrum slot as shared-to-reserve (SR) and reserved-to-share (RS) schemes in CR-HetNets proposed in [12] can enhance the system throughput and would offer a high bandwidth transmission  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.80991">doi:10.5772/intechopen.80991</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/qm5ftttggjej5okn6tp4347zpi">fatcat:qm5ftttggjej5okn6tp4347zpi</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190503221257/https://cdn.intechopen.com/pdfs/63606.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/77/f4/77f49f38b43b0aa96a7559a7587e9ea9884cb108.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.80991"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Cellular, Wide-Area, and Non-Terrestrial IoT: A Survey on 5G Advances and the Road Towards 6G [article]

Mojtaba Vaezi, Amin Azari, Saeed R. Khosravirad, Mahyar Shirvanimoghaddam, M. Mahdi Azari, Danai Chasaki, Petar Popovski
<span title="2021-07-07">2021</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Specifically, wireless technology enhancements for providing IoT access in fifth-generation (5G) and beyond cellular networks, and communication networks over the unlicensed spectrum are presented.  ...  The solutions include grant-free access and channel coding for short-packet communications, non-orthogonal multiple access, and on-device intelligence.  ...  Moving into higher frequency bands is a key trend for achieving 1000 Gbps peak data rates and for driving more values from the spectrum. 6G bands Optical bands THz bands RF bands (5G) mmWave sub-6 GHz  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2107.03059v1">arXiv:2107.03059v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/i7rxlipsd5eojgpx3x5yxioozq">fatcat:i7rxlipsd5eojgpx3x5yxioozq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210713093533/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2107.03059v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/55/47/55476893ab00a8f5846695673aa11a40e4372408.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2107.03059v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Enabling Multi-Functional 5G and Beyond User Equipment: A Survey and Tutorial

Yiming Huo, Xiaodai Dong, Wei Xu, Marvin Yuen
<span title="">2019</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/q7qi7j4ckfac7ehf3mjbso4hne" style="color: black;">IEEE Access</a> </i> &nbsp;
The recent progress in carrier aggregation (CA), licensed assisted access (LAA), massive MIMO (MaMi), beamforming techniques, cooperative spectrum sensing (CSS), compressive sensing (CS), machine learning  ...  Finally, the new trends of UE design and terahertz technologies for 5G and beyond applications are investigated and envisioned. 116976 VOLUME 7, 2019 Y.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The authors would like to acknowledge Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, National Natural Science Foundation of China for the support of this project, and valuable  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2019.2936291">doi:10.1109/access.2019.2936291</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/wxssot7455etxmxnokgsdkobbu">fatcat:wxssot7455etxmxnokgsdkobbu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210429051108/https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/ielx7/6287639/8600701/08805324.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/48/50/4850985c3284b5eec6ef858ac2d75d47b659389a.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2019.2936291"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

D3.12 5G Radio Components and User Equipment (Release B)

5GENESIS
<span title="2021-08-15">2021</span> <i title="Zenodo"> Zenodo </i> &nbsp;
This document is the final report on the 5G Network architecture, access and backhaul components that are being developed and deployed in the different 5GENESIS Platforms as well as a new concept for spectrum  ...  The document describes the development, implementation, installation, and testing of a novel 5G LAN architecture that is perfectly matching the Non-Public-Networks (NPN) trend in the 5G industry for Private  ...  Thus, it avoids the need to reserve different bands for country-wide public mobile operators or for local private networks.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5614698">doi:10.5281/zenodo.5614698</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/px3my7vhtrg77ho3dzhiotobkm">fatcat:px3my7vhtrg77ho3dzhiotobkm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20211102185855/https://zenodo.org/record/5614698/files/5GENESIS_D3.12_v1.0.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/af/b6/afb6e8dd2be0e5f3d5a0a89a0657c9efd7d93d8e.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5614698"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> zenodo.org </button> </a>

The Road Towards 6G: A Comprehensive Survey [article]

Wei Jiang, Bin Han, Mohammad Asif Habibi, Hans Dieter Schotten
<span title="2021-02-02">2021</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Second, the technical requirements of 6G are discussed and compared with those of 5G with respect to a set of KPIs in a quantitative manner.  ...  This article thus aims to provide a comprehensive survey to draw a picture of the sixth generation (6G) system in terms of drivers, use cases, usage scenarios, requirements, key performance indicators  ...  On the other hand, since it is impossible to reserve the broad bands of 6G new spectrum for licensed use only (saliently the visible light spectrum), 6G system is foreseen to suffer in the unlicensed part  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2102.01420v1">arXiv:2102.01420v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/7pexxlo3pjfwlls6dl4lvh77iq">fatcat:7pexxlo3pjfwlls6dl4lvh77iq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210204045909/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2102.01420v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/07/9d/079d0c06c5ed7b44b33ae30bd26ffa268609b3d8.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2102.01420v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>
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