12,614 Hits in 1e+01 sec

Soft computing in engineering design – A review

K.M. Saridakis, A.J. Dentsoras
2008 Advanced Engineering Informatics  
Both these tasks and issues are studied in the first part of the paper accompanied by references to some results extracted from a survey performed for in some industrial enterprises.  ...  offered by fuzzy logic, artificial neural networks and genetic algorithms for further improvement of both the design outcome and the design process itself.  ...  Acknowledgements The present research work has been done within the framework of the project Pythagoras II (EPEAEK). University of Patras is a member of the EU-funded I*PROMS Network of Excellence.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.aei.2007.10.001 fatcat:tbyo2vuoifccte2xrmoxzx2ori

A history of optogenetics: the development of tools for controlling brain circuits with light

Edward Boyden
2011 F1000 Biology Reports  
These tools are also being explored as components of prototype neural control prosthetics capable of correcting neural circuit computations that have gone awry in brain disorders.  ...  These tools are enabling the causal assessment of the roles that different sets of neurons play within neural circuits, and are accordingly being used to reveal how different sets of neurons contribute  ...  Karl emailed Georg in March, obtaining the clone for channelrhodopsin-2 from Georg on a collaborative basis, and then put the gene into a neural expression vector.  ... 
doi:10.3410/b3-11 pmid:21876722 pmcid:PMC3155186 fatcat:s6cnzivnxjbvli3s67isoy5e7y

Acupuncture - self-appraisal and the reward system

T. Lundeberg, I. Lund, J. Naslund
2007 Acupuncture in Medicine  
on the basis that it is an inert control are invalid.  ...  The pleasurable and neuromodulatory aspects of acupuncture as well as 'placebo needling' may partly be explained by the activation or deactivation of limbic structures including the hippocampus, amygdala  ...  of distribution. 7 It has been reported that superficial needling results in the activation of A-beta and A-delta nerve fibres inducing analgesia. 8 One reason why previous studies on acupuncture  ... 
doi:10.1136/aim.25.3.87 fatcat:4puduv5toffenezwxodlrnsfq4

Acupuncture--self-appraisal and the reward system

Thomas Lundeberg, Iréne Lund, Jan Näslund
2007 Acupuncture in Medicine  
on the basis that it is an inert control are invalid.  ...  The pleasurable and neuromodulatory aspects of acupuncture as well as 'placebo needling' may partly be explained by the activation or deactivation of limbic structures including the hippocampus, amygdala  ...  of distribution. 7 It has been reported that superficial needling results in the activation of A-beta and A-delta nerve fibres inducing analgesia. 8 One reason why previous studies on acupuncture  ... 
pmid:17906602 fatcat:inkw6tgk4vcfrklpk6hl2zckw4

A NeuroDesign Model for IS Research

Alan R. Hevner, Christopher Davis, Rosann Webb Collins, Grandon Gill
2014 Informing Science  
The model also highlights the potential of design as an empirical context to identify, frame, and address some of the limitations of prior studies of complexity, creativity, control, and collaboration  ...  The model provides a basis to 'broker' and align neuroscientific theory and design research in the Information Systems (IS) field and, by doing so, within the broader informing science transdiscipline.  ...  For example, in a study of sailors navigating a ship, Hutchins (1995) identifies a number of principles: cognition is mediated by tools; the critical role of the tool mediation in cognition means that  ... 
doi:10.28945/1956 fatcat:c2ofbel5uncibjgqagzoyr5vwq

What the Brain Learns and When: A Contemporary View

Margaret Snowling
2003 Contemporary Psychology  
that this lack of connectivity might be the bio- logical basis of the cognitive style that has been referred to as “weak central coherence” (Frith, 2003).  ...  Hence, inefficient strategies are gradually replaced by more opti- mal ones, as Siegler shows in rela- tion to the development of addition.  ... 
doi:10.1037/001008 fatcat:jovdjxk2bfhz7ppk5sipbpw5mq

Investigating Misophonia: A Review of the Empirical Literature, Clinical Implications, and a Research Agenda

Jennifer J. Brout, Miren Edelstein, Mercede Erfanian, Michael Mannino, Lucy J. Miller, Romke Rouw, Sukhbinder Kumar, M. Zachary Rosenthal
2018 Frontiers in Neuroscience  
The aims of this review are to (a) characterize the current state of the field of research on misophonia, (b) highlight what can be inferred from the small research literature to inform treatment of individuals  ...  We extend previous reviews on this topic by critically reviewing the research investigating mechanisms of misophonia and differences between misophonia and other conditions.  ...  The aversive reaction in NS does not depend on the loudness of sound and in that sense shares a similarity with misophonia. A few studies in recent years have examined the neural basis of NS.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnins.2018.00036 pmid:29467604 pmcid:PMC5808324 fatcat:u5ujpwh4yfhiznu6o3riybcaem

The role of corticotropin-releasing factor–norepinephrine systems in mediating the effects of early experience on the development of behavioral and endocrine responses to stress

Darlene D Francis, Christian Caldji, Frances Champagne, Paul M Plotsky, Michael J Meaney
1999 Biological Psychiatry  
These effects appear to be mediated by the influence of maternal licking and grooming on the development of central corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) systems, which regulate the expression of behavioral  ...  These findings provide a neurobiologic basis for the observed relationship between early life events and health in adulthood.  ...  We found preliminary evidence for reduced oxytocin receptor levels in the amygdala of the low LG-ABN mothers, as well as alterations in ascending dopamine systems.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0006-3223(99)00237-1 pmid:10560022 fatcat:4kxnetnno5gidkhen5dg243eoq

Behaviour and coronary artery disease: is this the missing link?

P W Armstrong, P C Hoaken
1978 Canadian Medical Association Journal  
Armstrong is the recipient of a senior research fellowship from the Ontario Heart Foundation.  ...  If elimination of the direct risk of type A behaviour were to decrease the risk of coronary artery disease by 31 %, as estimated by the Western Collaborative Group Study,5 then clearly it deserves careful  ...  The concept of the type A behavioural pattern was developed on the basis of controlled studies and precise measurements rather than from clinical observation alone.  ... 
pmid:709443 pmcid:PMC1818441 fatcat:ovcdweovirgvlpm2h6snrus4fa

Epigenesis of language

Helen J. Neville, Debra L. Mills
1997 Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews  
is mediated by different neural systems that develop at different rates and that these systems differ in the degree to which and the time period during which they are dependent on and are modified by  ...  It is reasonable to hypothesize, both on the basis of parsimony (in keeping with the evidence from visual development) and the available evidence, that each of these processes important in language use  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We are grateful to our many collaborators on the several studies summarized here, and to Linda Heidenreich for manuscript preparation.  ... 
doi:10.1002/(sici)1098-2779(1997)3:4<282::aid-mrdd2>;2-q fatcat:jcvdiowcl5bkfgcnkb3bqb6qwy

Collaborative Brain-Computer Interface for Aiding Decision-Making

Riccardo Poli, Davide Valeriani, Caterina Cinel, Maurice J. Chacron
2014 PLoS ONE  
We recorded the response times of observers as well as a neural feature which predicts incorrect decisions and, thus, indirectly indicates the confidence of the decisions made by the observers.  ...  For group decisions, we uses a majority rule and three rules which weigh the decisions of each observer based on response times and our neural and neuro-behavioural features.  ...  We would also like to thanks to the editor and the reviewers for their helpful comments and suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0102693 pmid:25072739 pmcid:PMC4114490 fatcat:vsdyv4iisnavbnxljk5ilurgsm

Beyond self and other: On the neurosemiotic emergence of intersubjectivity

Donald Favareau
2002 Sign Systems Studies  
The explosive growth over the last two decades of neuroscience, cognitive science, and "consciousness studies" as generally conceived, remains as yet unaccompanied by a corresponding development in the  ...  This article attempts a preliminary foray into the establishment of just such a neurosemiotic.  ...  "difference(s) that make a difference"both on the level of cell network architectonics a well as on the level of what Terrence Deacon (1997) refers to as our virtual and symbolic selves.  ... 
doi:10.12697/sss.2002.30.1.05 fatcat:7afgsokcyzevrnkhgvlv43xy3y

Quantitative Diagnosis of TCM Syndrome Types Based on Adaptive Resonant Neural Network

Yue Zhao, Yuandi Huang, Gengxin Sun
2022 Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience  
The results of our proposed improved model on the MNIST dataset can achieve the same level of current state-of-the-art machine learning classifiers in recognition accuracy with a smaller network size and  ...  The purpose of this study is to further study the correlation between branch retinal vein occlusion and arteriosclerosis by quantitatively measuring retinal vessel diameter and choroidal thickness, to  ...  Acknowledgments is work was supported by School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2022/2485089 pmid:35785084 pmcid:PMC9249450 fatcat:7rfids5n55hxto3no77jpedtki

FOXO3 and Related Transcription Factors in Development, Aging, and Exceptional Longevity

A. J. Kahn
2014 The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences  
, a finding replicated in a number of studies.  ...  ), downstream regulatory activity (eg, by binding near sites of RNAse occupancy and altering chromatin structure), and as a potential target for the development a healthy aging drug (in this example, using  ...  Acknowledgments I wish to thank Alicia LaRocca for her invaluable work in helping facilitate the organization, coordination, and conduct of the workshop program, and Chantelle Thomas for managing the logistics  ... 
doi:10.1093/gerona/glu044 pmid:24747665 pmcid:PMC4447793 fatcat:2xsvqdmu7jhbnp6zvotm2dkjui

Sympathetic Neural Mechanisms of Cyclosporine-Induced Hypertension*

1996 American Journal of Hypertension  
This article presents a conceptual framework for understanding the pathophysiologic basis of CsAinduced hypertension and focuses on the hypothesis that a common molecular mechanism is involved in mediating  ...  by sympathetic neural activation.  ...  inhibition.144In contrast, acute CsA-induced hypertension is consistently abolished by chemical or surgical sympathectomy, indicating sympathetic neural mediation.144]45 NEURAL MECHANISMS As suggested  ... 
doi:10.1016/0895-7061(96)00288-9 pmid:8931845 fatcat:gfcvmmgqojawtlsivyxela5p4i
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