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Transparent protocol translation for streaming

Håvard Espeland, Carl Henrik Lunde, Håkon Kvale Stensland, Carsten Griwodz, Pål Halvorsen
2007 Proceedings of the 15th international conference on Multimedia - MULTIMEDIA '07  
This is beneficial for the server side that scales to a higher load when it doesn't have to deal with TCP.  ...  The transport of streaming media data over TCP is hindered by TCP's probing behavior that results in the rapid reduction and slow recovery of the packet rates.  ...  In the experiment, we compare a normal web-server streaming video with a RTP server (komssys) to a client by encapsulating the video data in HTTP packets on a IXP network card close to the video server  ... 
doi:10.1145/1291233.1291407 dblp:conf/mm/EspelandLSGH07 fatcat:63du6mxzefeljikqtzusdprksq

Video Streaming in Peer-to-Peer Networks Using Network Coding Renders Efficient Video Cassette Recorder Operations

J.
2012 Journal of Computer Science  
Based on time and cache constraints these difficulties are not overwhelming when the actual benefits reaped are for a longer period of time.  ...  Results: The receiver detects error due to loss of packets and corrects at a much faster pace than the time consumed for retransmission.  ...  the evaluation of the system are response time, bit rate and packet loss recovery for normal video playback as well as for VCR playback.  ... 
doi:10.3844/jcssp.2012.1635.1643 fatcat:76lqrbkwrffvfpob5ozu5lylji

A survey of schemes for Internet-based video delivery

Kevin J. Ma, Radim Bartoš, Swapnil Bhatia
2011 Journal of Network and Computer Applications  
., caching, traffic shaping, path diversity, and load balancing) have been adapted to address the needs of Internet-based video delivery.  ...  We discuss how each of these paradigms is applied within the different segments of the end-to-end video delivery system: by the server, in the network, or at the client, with a focus on how the underlying  ...  Video artifacts Video artifacts are relatively easy to detect based on playout buffer underrun or, in the case of streaming, packet loss or packet lateness.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jnca.2011.02.001 fatcat:acozf5a24vddvpx3hjc5ihuivm

Proxy-assisted interactive-video services over networks with large delays

Ali C. Begen, Yucel Altunbasak
2005 Signal processing. Image communication  
In this study, we introduce a versatile proxy-based solution to enhance the performance of such applications running over networks with large delays.  ...  A promising approach in satisfying the stringent requirements of delay-intolerant video applications is to benefit from configurable proxies.  ...  Guldogan of Bilkent University for their support during our experiments. This work is supported by NSF under NSF award CCF-0430907.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.image.2005.05.001 fatcat:gxmm4nx6mzexhl5sf347as34iy

Performance Issues of Multimedia Applications [chapter]

Edmundo de Souza e Silva, Rosa M. M. Leão, Berthier Ribeiro-Neto, Sérgio Campos
2002 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The dissemination of the Internet technologies, increasing communication bandwidth and processing speeds, and the growth in demand for multimedia information gave rise to a variety of applications.  ...  The purpose of this chapter is to survey some of the techniques proposed to cope with these challenges.  ...  Partial Caching of the Video File. The scheme proposed in [66] is based on the storage of the initial frames of a CM stream in a proxy cache. It is called proxy prefix caching.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-45798-4_16 fatcat:kmpyw2iyubds5blqridsst2nmq

A Priority Selected Cache Algorithm for Video Relay in Streaming Applications

Shin-Hung Chang, Ray-I Chang, Jan-Ming Ho, Yen-Jen Oyang
2007 IEEE transactions on broadcasting  
To solve this problem, we proposed a novel video cache algorithm, called the Optimal Cache (OC) algorithm, for a relay video proxy.  ...  The PSC algorithm reduces the decoding errors caused by packet loss, improves error recovery, and provides QoS-guaranteed video playback.  ...  The PSC algorithm effectively selects the maximum amount of high priority frame data and caches it in the relay video proxy so as to minimize packet loss and improve error recovery.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tbc.2006.887170 fatcat:somh3qaw2bgidg27wtxvlttz2y

Seamless Video Session Handoff between WLANs

Claudio de Castro Monteiro, Paulo Roberto de Lira Gondim, Vinícius de Miranda Rios
2010 Journal of Computer Systems, Networks, and Communications  
Our solution performance was evaluated in a testbed implementation for MPEG-4 video on demand with one video server (VLS) and two FreeBSD-based access points supporting Mobile IP, DHCP Server and IAPP  ...  In this paper, we introduce an architecture of a session proxy (SP), which tries to preserve the quality of the streaming video upon each handoff between access points.  ...  This work estimates thresholds based on SNR and packets loss rate to adapt stream application.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2010/602973 fatcat:22h4x3dyqzd4rgftk7y6nbrcim

Multicast for savings in cache-based video distribution

Carsten Griwodz, Michael Zink, Michael Liepert, Giwon On, Ralf Steinmetz, Klara Nahrstedt, Wu-chi Feng
1999 Multimedia Computing and Networking 2000  
It works by streaming a video from start to end to the first client that requests this movie.  ...  We introduce the combination of our reliable multicast protocol LCRTP for caching hierarchies combined with our enhancement to the patching technique for bandwidth friendly True VoD, not depending on network  ...  We will continue to enhance multimedia distribution systems, with a specific focus on caching without central control.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.373532 fatcat:xfjv4aqk6rfzvemejqeqfip7g4

Proxy-based near real-time TV content transmission in mobility over 4G with MPEG-DASH transcoding on the cloud

Pau Arce, Ismael de Fez, Román Belda, Juan Carlos Guerri, Salvador Ferrairó
2019 Multimedia tools and applications  
Another proposal based on the use of a proxy is shown in [12] , which presents a proxy-based solution for adapting the scalable video streams at the edge of a wireless network.  ...  Talking about different video transmission techniques, [13] presents a system framework for network compression of interactive multi-view streaming video with path diversity.  ...  The losses level as well as the average delay of section 2 can be seen in Fig. 11a . There are two main loss areas, one with 40% of packet losses and another with a complete loss of connectivity.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11042-019-07840-6 fatcat:4htws4ibk5g77mqybujgadijsa

Exploiting the fair share to smoothly transport layered encoded video into proxy caches

Michael Zink, Carsten Griwodz, Jens Schmitt, Ralf Steinmetz, Martin G. Kienzle, Prashant J. Shenoy
2001 Multimedia Computing and Networking 2002  
Hierarchically layered video encoding is particularly well suited to deal with adaptiveness and heterogeneity support for video streaming.  ...  Moreover, a design for the integration of fair share claiming in streaming applications which are supported by caching is devised.  ...  In addition it uses slow-start at start-up and for loss recovery. Transmitting a layer encoded video with the maximum rate that TFRC would allow does not always make sense.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.449989 fatcat:snh2ae4cn5egrlg3bncgzlexjm

Judicious QoS using Cloud Overlays [article]

Osama Haq, Fahad R. Dogar
2019 arXiv   pre-print
recovery option by combining packets of multiple application streams and sending a small number of coded packets across the more expensive cloud paths.  ...  Our proposed J-QoS framework offers a range of reliability services with different cost vs. delay trade-offs, including: i) a forwarding service that forwards packets over the cloud overlay, ii) a caching  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank the anonymous reviewers for their feedback on this work, and Shawn Doughty for helping with PlanetLab access.  ... 
arXiv:1906.02562v3 fatcat:dkldbyovc5bi5mnipaypq2l4oq

Cross-layer QoS Support for Multimedia Delivery over Wireless Internet

Qian Zhang, Fan Yang, Wenwu Zhu
2005 EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing  
scheduling, as well as QoS-adaptive proxy caching technologies are explicitly reviewed in this paper.  ...  This paper presents a framework, which provides QoS support, for multimedia delivery over wireless Internet, across different layers.  ...  For model-based streaming protocols, they adjust sending rate based on the estimated packet loss ratio and RTT.  ... 
doi:10.1155/asp.2005.207 fatcat:bgpla2kxhzblhmfdhr3tb3opr4

Transparent protocol translation and load balancing on a network processor in a media streaming scenario

Håvard Espeland, Carl Henrik Lunde, Håkon Kvale Stensland, Carsten Griwodz, Pål Halvorsen
2008 Proceedings of the 18th International Workshop on Network and Operating Systems Support for Digital Audio and Video - NOSSDAV '08  
For every client that accesses a video with HTTP, the proxy performs transparent translation of the stream.  ...  Comparing HTTP-streaming from a web-server and RTP/UDP-streaming from a video server shows that, in case of some loss, our solution using UDP from the server and a proxy that translates to TCP delivers  ... 
doi:10.1145/1496046.1496082 dblp:conf/nossdav/EspelandLSGH08 fatcat:jtug6ykibzfkff65v353r5b3ii

Video delivery technologies for large-scale deployment of multimedia applications

K.A. Hua, M.A. Tantaoui, W. Tavanapong
2004 Proceedings of the IEEE  
In this paper, we describe three complementary research approaches: server transmission schemes using multicast, streaming strategies with Application Layer Multicast, and proxy caching techniques.  ...  Deployment of a large-scale multimedia streaming application requires an enormous amount of server and network resources.  ...  Instead of using client storage, Proxy-based Asynchronous Multicast [20] allocates proxy cache space for its clients to store and forward data to the new clients requesting the same video at a later  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2004.832954 fatcat:vmanamrpwvclvhfaze2twfczpq

Translating scalable video streams from wide‐area to access networks

Carsten Griwodz, Steffen Fiksdal, Pål Halvorsen
2004 Campus-Wide Information Systems  
In this paper, we consider a proxy server to translate the traffic and two straight-forward approaches for the translation of a layered video stream transmission from the TCP-friendly transport protocol  ...  Transmitting video over UDP has been considered advantageous because it allows for discarding of packets in favor of retransmissions, and sender-controlled timing.  ...  Furthermore, the proxy could filter packets based on a jitter threshold.  ... 
doi:10.1108/10650740410567563 fatcat:gmcd5m64tjb6tifvrfc47hgyeu
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