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An adaptive sniff scheduling scheme for power saving in Bluetooth

Ting-Yu Lin, Yu-Chee Tseng
2002 IEEE wireless communications  
CONCLUSIONS We propose an adaptive and efficient protocol for managing the low-power sniff mode in Bluetooth.  ...  THE SNIFF SCHEDULING PROTOCOL In this section we propose a protocol to exploit the low-power sniff mode of Bluetooth.  ...  NSC90-2213-E009-154) for financially supporting this research.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mwc.2002.1160087 fatcat:5u4hg57g6vfd5pwss3mglohyau

Bluetooth in wireless communication

K.V.S.S.S.S. Sairam, N. Gunasekaran, S.R. Redd
2002 IEEE Communications Magazine  
Bluetooth is a method for data communication that uses short-range radio links to replace cables between computers and their connected units.  ...  Industry-wide Bluetooth promises very substantial benefits for wireless network operators, end workers, and content developers of exciting new applications.  ...  In addition, L2CAP provides group management mapping upper protocol groups to Bluetooth piconets, segmentation and reassembly of packets between layers, and negotiation and monitoring quality of service  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcom.2002.1007414 fatcat:umnu7mr76nfa7ajwz7eenq7fku

Bluetooth: technology for short-range wireless apps

P. Bhagwat
2001 IEEE Internet Computing  
I Sniff mode is used to put a slave in a low-duty cycle mode, whereby it wakes up periodically to communicate with the master.  ...  While a number of generic segmentation and reassembly protocols could be used or adapted for use over ACLs, the Bluetooth SIG instead defined L2CAP, which is highly optimized to work in conjunction with  ... 
doi:10.1109/4236.935183 fatcat:bydyisnfarhonk3haehiw2kkgi

State of the Art Literature Survey 2015 on Bluetooth

Salonie Vyas, Umang Chaudhari, V. Chinmay, Bhushan Thakare
2015 International Journal of Computer Applications  
Bluetooth is a potential candidate and has a huge scope that is currently under-utilized. Bluetooth is widely available with all users, due to the increased popularity of smart phones.  ...  This is the most important aspect of Bluetooth that makes it a noteworthy technology of choice in smart cities.  ...   Bluetooth 2.1 [7]  Uses secure simple pairing (SSP) resulting a better pairing experience for Bluetooth devices.  Uses sniff sub rating reducing the power consumption in low-power mode.  ... 
doi:10.5120/ijca2015907391 fatcat:t7p56ch6gveglodulbhu4nxfaa

Bluetooth

Jaap Haartsen, Mahmoud Naghshineh, Jon Inouye, Olaf J. Joeressen, Warren Allen
1998 ACM SIGMOBILE Mobile Computing and Communications Review  
This article describes the vision and goals of the Bluetooth program and introduces the radiobased technology.  ...  A few years ago it was recognized that the vision of a truly low-cost, low-power radio-based cable replacement was feasible.  ...  The authors would also like to thank Victor Bahl and SIGMOBILE for the invitation to share the program with the research community, and the Bluetooth SIG program management for permitting the publication  ... 
doi:10.1145/1321400.1321402 fatcat:xvf3hqyhtnespkd7plyekvsqgi

Exploiting Bluetooth Vulnerabilities in e-Health IoT Devices

Mohammed Zubair, Devrim Unal, Abdulla Al-Ali, Abdullatif Shikfa
2019 Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Future Networks and Distributed Systems - ICFNDS '19  
In the current interconnected world, Bluetooth Technology plays a vital role in communication due to its less resource consumption which suits the IoT architecture and design.  ...  One of the most important applications of IoT devices in the medical field is the usage of these smart devices for emergency healthcare.  ...  Connectionless Protocol Data Units (PDUs) is a protocol/service that provides segmentation and reassembling function. (6) Service Discovery Protocol(SDP): It defines the new services in the radio proximity  ... 
doi:10.1145/3341325.3342000 dblp:conf/icfnds/ZubairUAS19 fatcat:r7v23hldrffwjb2npn2ptpl44a

Bluetooth and wi-fi wireless protocols: a survey and a comparison

E. Ferro, F. Potorti
2005 IEEE wireless communications  
Bluetooth and IEEE 802.11 (Wi-Fi) are two communication protocol standards that define a physical layer and a MAC layer for wireless communications within a short range (from a few meters up to 100 m)  ...  Bluetooth is oriented to connecting close devices, serving as a substitute for cables, while Wi-Fi is oriented toward computer-to-computer connections, as an extension of or substitution for cabled LANs  ...  Among the many proposed applications for this technology are high-speed low-range low-power communications, making it a natural candidate for WPANs.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mwc.2005.1404569 fatcat:ariv2lng6rcjfl5fkvas6ouldq

25 Years of Bluetooth Technology

Sherali Zeadally, Farhan Siddiqui, Zubair Baig
2019 Future Internet  
We also discuss related issues (including security) and Bluetooth as a driving technology for the Internet of Things (IoT).  ...  Finally, we also present recent research results obtained with Bluetooth technology in various application areas.  ...  Acknowledgments: We thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments which helped us improve the quality, content, and organization of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.3390/fi11090194 fatcat:xof43v6hjvck5ewabrg5j5wqga

Off-The-Shelf Enablers of AD HOC Networks [chapter]

Gergely V. Záruba, Sajal K. Das
2005 Mobile Ad Hoc Networking  
Fortunately, as outlined in the next subsection, the histories and requirements for ad hoc and Ad Hoc Networking. Edited by Basagni, Conti, Giordano, and Stojmenovic. 47  ...  Most recently, with the appearance of short-range wireless personal area networking (WPAN) technologies, researchers also started to use the characteristics of these technologies as a basis for underlying  ...  Záruba and Wook Choi, who helped in collecting and compiling the documents for this chapter.  ... 
doi:10.1002/0471656895.ch2 fatcat:fj2mbctxangp3dghfhairfw36y

The Bluetooth radio system

J.C. Haartsen
2000 IEEE personal communications  
We also describe the Bluetooth specification effort. Abstract A few years ago it was recognized that the vision of a truly low-cost, low-power radio-based cable replacement was feasible.  ...  connectors between cordless or mobile phones, modems, headsets, PDAs, computers, printers, projectors, and so on, and paves the way for new and completely different devices and applications.  ...  Another low-power mode during connection is the SNIFF mode, in which the slave does not scan at every master-to-slave slot, but has a larger interval between scans.  ... 
doi:10.1109/98.824570 fatcat:y2omxkm3o5h2balptxdv75obmm

Enhancing Scatternets Performance via Scheduling Algorithm Parametrization [chapter]

Werner Priess, José Ferreira de Rezende, Luci Pirmez
2003 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Bluetooth specification still has open issues, including the intra and interpiconet scheduling topics.  ...  Both features enable it to be employed in a variety of scenarios with improved performance showed by the simulation results.  ...  A major Bluetooth concern is power consumption. There are three low power operation modes: Sniff, Hold and Park.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-39867-7_68 fatcat:surceqnbhbc73glcwh6f6nn7wu

Security and Privacy Threats for Bluetooth Low Energy in IoT and Wearable Devices: A Comprehensive Survey

Arup Barua, Md Abdullah Al Alamin, Md. Shohrab Hossain, Ekram Hossain
2022 IEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society  
Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) has become the de facto communication protocol for the Internet of Things (IoT) and smart wearable devices for its ultra-low energy consumption, ease of development, good enough  ...  However, there has been no comprehensive survey on the security vulnerabilities of this protocol. In this survey paper, we present a comprehensive taxonomy for the security and privacy issues of BLE.  ...  This layer is also responsible for segmentation and reassembly of variable length data packets for transmission in a best-effort approach [66] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/ojcoms.2022.3149732 fatcat:6cwlchy7avhx7ojjslyoyvsifm

MAC Layer Protocols for Internet of Things: A Survey

Luiz Oliveira, Joel Rodrigues, Sergei Kozlov, Ricardo Rabêlo, Victor Albuquerque
2019 Future Internet  
A comparative study is performed for each group of protocols in order to provide insights and a reference study for IoT applications, considering their characteristics, limitations, and behavior.  ...  For short range coverage protocols, the following are considered: Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), Near Field Communication (NFC), Bluetooth IEEE 802.15.1, Bluetooth Low Energy, IEEE 802.15.4, Wireless  ...  Not using retransmission or flow control mechanisms (present in the classic Bluetooth) and segmentation and reassembly capabilities, the Packet Data Units (PDU) (limited to 23 bytes in BLE) received by  ... 
doi:10.3390/fi11010016 fatcat:iah5bdn7ujh3tbclnzo4zpmi4i

A new BlueRing scatternet topology for Bluetooth with its formation, routing, and maintenance protocols

Ting-Yu Lin, Yu-Chee Tseng, Keng-Ming Chang
2003 Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing  
The basic networking unit in Bluetooth is piconet, and a larger-area Bluetooth network can be formed by multiple piconets, called scatternet.  ...  In the literature, although many routing protocols have been proposed for mobile ad hoc networks, directly applying them poses a problem due to Bluetooth's special baseband and MAC-layer features.  ...  Two major functionalities of L2CAP are protocol multiplexing and segmentation and reassembly (SAR).  ... 
doi:10.1002/wcm.130 fatcat:rjfkzkr3qzdbdj4dcpqseoqebi

Beyond Beaconing: Emerging Applications and Challenges of BLE [article]

Jian Yang, Christian Poellabauer, Pramita Mitra, Cynthia Neubecker
2019 arXiv   pre-print
and there is a need for a consolidated view of the role that BLE will play in applications beyond beaconing.  ...  As an emerging technology with exceptional low energy consumption and low-latency data transmissions, Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) has gained significant momentum in various application domains, such as  ...  Acknowledgment The project was supported through a Ford Motor Company University Research Program (URP) grant.  ... 
arXiv:1909.11737v1 fatcat:ds7aiqhizrgfvpy645qyjvs4ue
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