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Towards a Miniaturized Photon Counting Laser Altimeter and Stereoscopic Camera Instrument Suite for Microsatellites [chapter]

S.G. Moon, S. Hannemann, M. Collon, K. Wielinga, E. Kroesbergen, J. Harris, E. Gill, D. Maessen
2009 Small Satellite Missions for Earth Observation  
single photon counting laser altimeter.  ...  This payload suite, the 'Stereo Imaging Laser Altimeter' SILAT has been designated for deployment aboard the FAST microsatellite formation mission for Earth observation.  ...  a photon-counting laser altimeter.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-03501-2_32 fatcat:shm6ywnphngohgdwnscdzrwqxy

A Comparison and Review of Surface Detection Methods Using MBL, MABEL, and ICESat-2 Photon-Counting Laser Altimetry Data

Huan Xie, Qi Xu, Dan Ye, Jianghao Jia, Yuan Sun, Peiqi Huang, Ming Li, Shijie Liu, Feng Xie, Xiaolong Hao, Xiaohua Tong
2021 IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing  
It is the first photon-counting laser altimeter satellite, which is of great significance for the research into laser altimetry.  ...  Four sources of photon-counting data were considered in the experiments: The Multiple Altimeter Beam Experimental Lidar(MABEL), the Chinese Multi-Beam LiDAR(MBL), The Advanced Topographic Laser Altimeter  ...  If the difference is greater than the given threshold value, the point is removed as a noise point. 4) The novel filtering model 5) The adaptive directional filter method 6) The density-dimension method  ... 
doi:10.1109/jstars.2021.3094195 fatcat:v3ezpkcipbbttc55wcwfygxtea

Sea-ice freeboard retrieval using digital photon-counting laser altimetry

Sinéad L. Farrell, Kelly M. Brunt, Julia M. Ruth, John M. Kuhn, Laurence N. Connor, Kaitlin M. Walsh
2015 Annals of Glaciology  
We compare freeboard estimates in the marginal ice zone derived from MABEL photon-counting data with coincident data collected by a conventional airborne laser altimeter.  ...  We present an analysis of MABEL data gathered over sea ice in the Greenland Sea and assess the capabilities of photon-counting techniques for sea-ice freeboard retrieval.  ...  The authors thank two anonymous reviewers for helpful comments.  ... 
doi:10.3189/2015aog69a686 fatcat:qeixvsouc5he5biqtlxnq5fw7m

Ground and Top of Canopy Extraction From Photon-Counting LiDAR Data Using Local Outlier Factor With Ellipse Searching Area

Bowei Chen, Yong Pang, Zengyuan Li, Hao Lu, Luxia Liu, P. R. J. North, J. A. B. Rosette
2019 IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters  
ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank the ICESat-2 Project Science Office at NASA/GSFC for providing the MABEL and MATLAS data used in this study.  ...  In contrast to the previous waveform LiDAR system, ICESat-2 will adopt a newly designed LiDAR system named ATLAS (Advanced Topographic Laser Altimeter System), a micro-pulse, multi-beam photon counting  ...  DATA AND METHODS A. MABEL and MATLAS Data Two kinds of the photon counting LiDAR data we used are one from MABEL and five from MATLAS.  ... 
doi:10.1109/lgrs.2019.2899011 fatcat:eoxsjfyl35guhmur2tihiqbwhq

The BepiColombo Laser Altimeter (BELA): Concept and baseline design

N. Thomas, T. Spohn, J.-P. Barriot, W. Benz, G. Beutler, U. Christensen, V. Dehant, C. Fallnich, D. Giardini, O. Groussin, K. Gunderson, E. Hauber (+15 others)
2007 Planetary and Space Science  
use of novel concepts for BELA.  ...  The BepiColombo Laser Altimeter (BELA) has been selected for flight on board the European Space Agency's BepiColombo Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO).  ...  The authors also wish to thank two anonymous referees for a series of extremely useful remarks.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.pss.2007.03.003 fatcat:c7trb4oj5bfjtjwrjoo2csq5oe

Iterative Pointing Angle Calibration Method for the Spaceborne Photon-Counting Laser Altimeter Based on Small-Range Terrain Matching

Nan, Feng, Liu, Li
2019 Remote Sensing  
In the experiment, the simulated photon-counting laser altimeter data and the Ice, Cloud and Land Elevation Satellite-2 data were used to verify the algorithm.  ...  The satellite, Ice, Cloud and Land Elevation Satellite-2 (ICESat-2) has been equipped with a new type of spaceborne laser altimeter, which has the benefits of having small footprints and a high repetition  ...  The data were collected and processed by the NSF National Center for Airborne Laser Mapping (NCALM) and made available through the OpenTopography Facility.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs11182158 fatcat:nzlzwodlofhhpcl2mdgzyokgq4

ALART: a novel lidar system for vegetation height retrieval from space

P. Foglia Manzillo, C. N. van Dijk, S. Conticello, M. Esposito, R. Lussana, F. Villa, D. Tamborini, F. Zappa, A. Tosi, A. Roncat, N. Pfeiffer, T. Entner (+3 others)
2015 Lidar Technologies, Techniques, and Measurements for Atmospheric Remote Sensing XI  
We propose a multi-kHz Single-Photon Counting (SPC) space LIDAR, exploiting low energy pulses with high repetition frequency (PRF).  ...  This novel technique, working with low SNRs, allows multiple beam generation with a single laser, limiting mass and power consumption.  ...  Data processing and height retrieval approach Approaches for the determination of vegetation height in the context of Single Photon Counting (SPC) lidar can be divided into two groups: (a) from a sensor-based  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.2196134 fatcat:i6mgjohdvfhitbbxvgucpo2v6i

Space Lidar Developed at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center—The First 20 Years

Xiaoli Sun, James B. Abshire, Jan F. McGarry, Gregory A. Neumann, James C. Smith, John F. Cavanaugh, David J. Smith, H. Jay Zwally, David E. Smith, Maria T. Zuber
2013 IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing  
Together they have improved space-based laser measurement technologies and advanced planetary science.  ...  During the past 20 years the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center has developed five different lidar for space, and has successfully used them in orbital missions to map Mars, the Earth, the Moon and Mercury  ...  Saatchi for providing the map of tropical canopy and R. Kwok for permission to use the images of sea-ice thickness. They thank D. Yi for providing the GLAS measurement data from Lake Vostok.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jstars.2013.2259578 fatcat:7pigl6cdi5denf7scf6gcf3pqq

Photon-Counting Lidar: An Adaptive Signal Detection Method for Different Land Cover Types in Coastal Areas

Yue Ma, Wenhao Zhang, Jinyan Sun, Guoyuan Li, Xiao Wang, Song Li, Nan Xu
2019 Remote Sensing  
A new adaptive signal photon detection method is proposed to extract the signal photons for different land cover types from the raw photons captured by the MABEL (Multiple Altimeter Beam Experimental Lidar  ...  Overall, for different land cover types in coastal areas, our study indicates that the proposed method can significantly improve the performance of the signal photon detection for photon-counting lidar  ...  and Atmospheric Administration for distributing the in-situ measurement data.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs11040471 fatcat:flm7zqhxdvgexpmezzx2hig4r4

Retrieval of DTM under Complex Forest Stand Based on Spaceborne LiDAR Fusion Photon Correction

Bin Li, Guangpeng Fan, Tianzhong Zhao, Zhuo Deng, Yonghui Yu
2022 Remote Sensing  
To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study demonstrating that photon correction can improve the terrain inversion ability of ICESat-2, while providing a novel method for ground extraction based  ...  The new generation of satellite-borne laser radar Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite-2 (ICESat-2) data has been successfully used for ground information acquisition.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors would like to thank the NASA NSIDC for distributing the ICESat-2 data (, accessed on 5 March 2021), the Alaska Satellite Facility for distributing  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs14010218 fatcat:bfyodyizbzhurodpefciaxpgri

Automated Water Level Monitoring at the Continental Scale from ICESat-2 Photons

Austin Madson, Yongwei Sheng
2021 Remote Sensing  
We present such a visualization created from an automated cluster computing workflow that utilizes tens of billions of ATLAS photons which derives water level changes for all of the overlapping lakes and  ...  Remote sensing analysis provides a means to fill in these data gaps in order to glean a better understanding of the spatiotemporal water level changes across the CONUS.  ...  The funders had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, or in the decision to publish the results.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs13183631 fatcat:viq7zgox3nbttispl5rpveqena

Land ice height-retrieval algorithm for NASA's ICESat-2 photon-counting laser altimeter

Benjamin Smith, Helen A. Fricker, Nicholas Holschuh, Alex S. Gardner, Susheel Adusumilli, Kelly M. Brunt, Beata Csatho, Kaitlin Harbeck, Alex Huth, Thomas Neumann, Johan Nilsson, Matthew R. Siegfried
2019 Remote Sensing of Environment  
We are grateful to Denis Felikson and an anonymous reviewer for their extremely thorough, thoughtful and constructive reviews of this paper.  ...  For each segment, we fit the photon data as a function of along-track distance with a linear model.  ...  ICESat's Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) was a profiling laser altimeter operating at 1064 nm (infrared) to produce non-overlapping~72 m footprints every 172 m along track (Schutz et al., 2005  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.rse.2019.111352 fatcat:bt4x7nsxirbxrkbgeispro5d24

Mars 1064 nm spectral radiance measurements determined from the receiver noise response of the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter

Xiaoli Sun, Gregory A. Neumann, James B. Abshire, Maria T. Zuber
2006 Applied Optics  
A technique was developed to compute the radiance of the scene viewed by the optical receiver of the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter.  ...  The technique used the detection threshold and the false detection rate of the receiver to provide a passive radiometry measurement of Mars at the 1064 nm wavelength over a 2 nm bandwidth and subkilometer  ...  Bell III for providing the HST data used in Fig. 9 .  ... 
doi:10.1364/ao.45.003960 pmid:16761033 fatcat:ghb6eswpirbx7oyuxs7so6qhf4

Influence of Atmospheric Scattering on the Accuracy of Laser Altimetry of the GF-7 Satellite and Corrections

Jiaqi Yao, Xinming Tang, Guoyuan Li, Jiyi Chen, Zhiqiang Zuo, Bo Ai, Shuaitai Zhang, Jinquan Guo
2021 Remote Sensing  
We also used a look-up table and a multi-layer perceptron (MLP) model to identify and correct atmospheric scattering, for which the availability of land and water data reached 16.67% and 26.09%, respectively  ...  These corrections mitigated the low identification accuracy due to atmospheric scattering, which is significant for facilitating satellite laser altimetry data processing.  ...  ICESat-2 is equipped with an advanced topographic laser altimeter system (ATLAS) that uses a new photon counting system.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs14010129 fatcat:v56d7mexqreankixncd4ebesje

Canopy and Terrain Height Retrievals with ICESat-2: A First Look

Amy L. Neuenschwander, Lori A. Magruder
2019 Remote Sensing  
Analysis of the mission's preliminary ATL08 data product accuracy using an ICESat-2 transect over a vegetated region of Finland indicates a 5 m offset in geolocation knowledge (horizontal accuracy) well  ...  The vertical RMSE for the terrain and canopy height retrievals for one transect are 0.85 m and 3.2 m respectively.  ...  Neuenschwander has led the development of the ATL08 data product for ICESat-2 and Magruder serves as the science team leader for ICESat-2.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs11141721 fatcat:4znj5fkfxzejnpvn3k32rrw2o4
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