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Enhanced Neurobehavioral Outcomes of Action Observation Prosthesis Training

William F. Cusack, Scott Thach, Rebecca Patterson, Dan Acker, Robert S. Kistenberg, Lewis A. Wheaton
2015 Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair  
At the beginning and end of the training protocol, participants performed a cued movement paradigm while electroencephalography and electrogoniometry were collected to track changes in cortical activity  ...  Results-Matched limb participants showed greater engagement of motor-related areas while mismatched limb participants showed greater engagement of the parietooccipital system.  ...  Acknowledgments This study was supported by the National Institutes of Health 2009 Pre-Doctoral Prosthetics and Orthotics Research Fellowship Program; National Institutes of Health National Center for  ... 
doi:10.1177/1545968315606992 pmid:26438442 pmcid:PMC4821819 fatcat:powonsn455aavmo5lqfy7c2r5i

Cognitive performance and brain dynamics during walking with a novel bionic foot: A pilot study

Kevin De Pauw, Pierre Cherelle, Bruno Tassignon, Jeroen Van Cutsem, Bart Roelands, Felipe Gomez Marulanda, Dirk Lefeber, Bram Vanderborght, Romain Meeusen, Manoj Srinivasan
2019 PLoS ONE  
The objectives are to determine neural dynamics during gait using electro-encephalography and source localization, and to investigate the attentional demand during walking in able-bodied individuals, and  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank VIGO (Wetteren, Belgium), the orthopaedical center, for being partner in this collaboration.  ...  EEG derived averaged time-locked movement-related events, or movement-related cortical potentials (MRCPs) reflect electro-cortical activity related to the planning and execution of movements.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0214711 pmid:30943265 pmcid:PMC6447229 fatcat:nszlrc2s3fg5zgctajkswumj5i

Neuronal representation of stand and squat in the primary motor cortex of monkeys

Chaolin Ma, Xuan Ma, Hang Zhang, Jiang Xu, Jiping He
2015 Behavioral and Brain Functions  
With this system, we can record high quality cortical neuron activity to investigate the correlation between these neuronal signals and stand/squat movement.  ...  Conclusions/significance: The present study examines the neuronal activity related to lower limb voluntary movements in M1 and find topographical information of various neurons tuned to different stages  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported in part by a grant from Taipei  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12993-015-0061-0 pmid:25881063 pmcid:PMC4399415 fatcat:oiyrfs5pibdj3aw2lpipynpgcu

Combined Use of EMG and EEG Techniques for Neuromotor Assessment in Rehabilitative Applications: A Systematic Review

Cristina Brambilla, Ileana Pirovano, Robert Mihai Mira, Giovanna Rizzo, Alessandro Scano, Alfonso Mastropietro
2021 Sensors  
Most of the applications are focused on the study of stroke patients, and the rehabilitation target is usually on the upper or lower limbs.  ...  So far, EEG and EMG techniques have been independently exploited to guide or assess the outcome of the rehabilitation, preferring one technique over the other according to the aim of the investigation.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest. Sensors 2021, 21, 7014  ... 
doi:10.3390/s21217014 pmid:34770320 pmcid:PMC8588321 fatcat:jfp5ng4idrapbgvnp4wzpaebdi

Action observation and motor imagery in performance of complex movements: Evidence from EEG and kinematics analysis

Javier J. Gonzalez-Rosa, Fabrizio Natali, Andrea Tettamanti, Marco Cursi, Svetla Velikova, Giancarlo Comi, Roberto Gatti, Letizia Leocani
2015 Behavioural Brain Research  
related to EEG spectral bands were elicited by AO and MI. • AO showed a more efficient activation of cortical resources during task execution. • AO may be more effective than MI in promoting early motor  ...  These data suggest that sensorimotor activation elicited by action observation enhanced motor learning according to motor performance, corresponding to a more efficient activation of cortical resources  ...  Gonzalez-Rosa (Grant: 221088; principal investigator: Letizia Leocani).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2014.12.016 pmid:25532912 fatcat:eo4ntrq66bemfgz3m4x7ohgxcq

Brain activation associated with active and passive lower limb stepping

Lukas Jaeger, Laura Marchal-Crespo, Peter Wolf, Robert Riener, Lars Michels, Spyros Kollias
2014 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
Our results indicate that the combination of MARCOS and sparse sampling fMRI is feasible for the detection of lower limb motor related supraspinal activation.  ...  Our results indicate that the combination of MARCOS and sparse sampling fMRI is feasible for the detection of lower limb motor related supraspinal activation.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to thank the Institute for Biomedical Engineering at ETH Zurich for the allocation of scanner time, Anja Kollmar and Hallie Batschelet for assistance during data  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00828 pmid:25389396 pmcid:PMC4211402 fatcat:d5xjnisoj5fxtgc2l47d345xcm

Limb Preference and Skill Level Dependence During the Imagery of a Whole-Body Movement: A Functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy Study

Selina C. Wriessnegger, Kris Unterhauser, Günther Bauernfeind
2022 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
Summarizing, these findings provide novel insights into brain activation during the imagery of a whole-body movement and its relation to climbing expertise.  ...  Even though climbing is a complex, coordinated movement of upper and lower limbs we found a stronger activation focus of the upper limbs, especially of the dominant hand-area, while the foot area seems  ...  Summarizing, these findings provide novel insights into brain activation during the imagery of a whole-body movement and its relation to climbing expertise.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2022.900834 pmid:35734351 pmcid:PMC9207184 fatcat:cln2m5yb6vbk3lj6kisv4f7pyu

Cortical changes in complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS)

C.M.A. Karin Swart, John F. Stins, Peter J. Beek
2009 European Journal of Pain  
Recent research suggests that changes in cortical structures can contribute to the pathophysiology of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS).  ...  This review provides an overview of studies showing cortical involvement in CRPS, including mislocalizations of tactile stimuli, changes in size and organization of the somatosensory map, changes in motor  ...  Gert Kwakkel of the VU University Medical Centre for his insightful comments on an earlier version of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ejpain.2008.11.010 pmid:19101181 fatcat:y67lwkz2gfgk7ozmxgqflx77ay

Biomimetic Brain Machine Interfaces for the Control of Movement

A. H. Fagg, N. G. Hatsopoulos, V. de Lafuente, K. A. Moxon, S. Nemati, J. M. Rebesco, R. Romo, S. A. Solla, J. Reimer, D. Tkach, E. A. Pohlmeyer, L. E. Miller
2007 Journal of Neuroscience  
In this mini-symposium, we will initiate a discussion of systems that more nearly mimic the control of natural limb movement.  ...  We will focus on what we consider to be three of the most important new directions for BMI development related to the control of movement. (1) We will present alternative methods for building decoders,  ...  Prediction of limb muscle activity Miller's group has begun to examine the potential for BMI technology to be applied directly to the paralyzed muscles of a patient's limb, through the prediction of muscle  ... 
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.3516-07.2007 pmid:17978021 pmcid:PMC2586067 fatcat:u5b4nb7ahnfc7gqyzc63sczt6u

Involvement of the Rostromedial Prefrontal Cortex in Human-Robot Interaction: fNIRS Evidence From a Robot-Assisted Motor Task

Duc Trung Le, Kazuki Watanabe, Hiroki Ogawa, Kojiro Matsushita, Naoki Imada, Shingo Taki, Yuji Iwamoto, Takeshi Imura, Hayato Araki, Osamu Araki, Taketoshi Ono, Hisao Nishijo (+2 others)
2022 Frontiers in Neurorobotics  
A one-way repeated measures analysis of variance and general linear model-based methods were employed to examine task-related activity.  ...  Here, we used functional near-infrared spectroscopy to investigate the cortical activation associated with executive resource allocation during a robot-assisted motor task.  ...  We employed a singlejoint version of the Hybrid Assistive Limb (HAL-SJ) system, a wearable assistive exoskeleton robot developed to aid upper and lower limb functions (Sankai and Sakurai, 2018) .  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnbot.2022.795079 pmid:35370598 pmcid:PMC8970051 fatcat:r7wijtofevapnhtfzda7hpy5qy

Real-time EEG-based brain-computer interface to a virtual avatar enhances cortical involvement in human treadmill walking

Trieu Phat Luu, Sho Nakagome, Yongtian He, Jose L. Contreras-Vidal
2017 Scientific Reports  
This work is a further step toward the development of a novel training paradigm for improving the efficacy of rehabilitation in a top-down approach.  ...  This study aims to investigate the changes of cortical involvement in human treadmill walking with and without BCI control of a walking avatar.  ...  The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the NINDS or the National Institutes of Health (NIH).  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-017-09187-0 pmid:28827542 pmcid:PMC5567182 fatcat:pydy72uspvasjdocfwbk7ufkbu

The use of transcranial magnetic stimulation to evaluate cortical excitability of lower limb musculature: Challenges and opportunities

Trisha M. Kesar, James W. Stinear, Steven L. Wolf
2018 Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience  
Neuroplasticity is a fundamental yet relatively unexplored process that can impact rehabilitation of lower extremity (LE) movements.  ...  and lower limb muscles.  ...  Introduction Neuroplasticity, the capacity of the nervous system to adapt in response to experience, is a fundamental yet relatively unexplored process underlying rehabilitation of gait and lower limb  ... 
doi:10.3233/rnn-170801 pmid:29758954 pmcid:PMC6106786 fatcat:74bgihfjafh6bnjuodantpxlya

Motor Cortex and Motor Cortical Interhemispheric Communication in Walking After Stroke

Charalambos C. Charalambous, Mark G. Bowden, DeAnna L. Adkins
2015 Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair  
However, similar investigations of the legs have lagged behind, in part, due to the anatomical difficulty in using TMS to stimulate the leg motor cortical areas.  ...  healthy and post-stroke leg movements, 2) how the neural remodeling of the contralesional hemisphere can affect walking recovery after a stroke, and 3) what is the effect of behavioral rehabilitation training  ...  systems is responsible for the activation and modulation of motor neuron pools that innervate the active leg muscles. 5 Damage to any of these systems can produce impairments in walking.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1545968315581418 pmid:25878201 pmcid:PMC4607550 fatcat:zlef4fmrmvhgnfzjupz6izwnvm

The role of motor learning and neuroplasticity in designing rehabilitation approaches for musculoskeletal pain disorders

Shellie A. Boudreau, Dario Farina, Deborah Falla
2010 Manual Therapy  
The extent of cortical neuroplastic changes has been shown to be a key neurophysiological feature that correlates with the level of functional recovery.  ...  This paper reviews the evidence of cortical neuroplastic changes that have been shown to occur in association with experimental or chronic pain disorders.  ...  Although the evidence is based on only a few studies, the extent of cortical neuroplastic changes in the sensorimotor system is emerging as a prominent factor for the maintenance of ongoing pain.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.math.2010.05.008 pmid:20615749 fatcat:yh5qthoylbhihjzib5j7retplm

Phantom Limb Pain After Lower Limb Trauma

Jens Foell, Robin Bekrater-Bodmann, Herta Flor, Jonathan Cole
2011 International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds  
In addition to the use of conventional therapies for chronic pain disorders, recent years have seen the development of novel treatments for phantom limb pain, based on an increasing body of research on  ...  The phenomenon of painful phantom sensations, that is, phantom limb pain, presents a challenge for practitioners and researchers and is often detrimental to the patient's quality of life.  ...  A recent study by Kapreli et al 78 investigated differences in the cortical organization of upper and lower limbs.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1534734611428730 pmid:22184752 fatcat:egphvoe4dreexjv6hqcravhd4m
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