Filters








1,590 Hits in 9.6 sec

Stratified sampling of execution traces: Execution phases serving as strata

Heidar Pirzadeh, Sara Shanian, Abdelwahab Hamou-Lhadj, Luay Alawneh, Arya Shafiee
2013 Science of Computer Programming  
We define an execution phase as a part of a trace that represents a specific task of the traced system. We also present an approach for the automatic detection of execution phases from a trace.  ...  Our approach is based on stratified sampling instead of random sampling and uses the concept of execution phases as strata.  ...  In this paper, we present an approach for reducing the size of traces that is based on the sampling of the trace content.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.scico.2012.11.002 fatcat:gg7bxzw3ercl7hajujba5gnaza

Computational Creativity [chapter]

Włodzisław Duch
2013 Encyclopedia of Systems Biology  
Creative thinking is one of the hallmarks of human-level competence.  ...  Imagination should be constrained by experience, while filtering in the case of creative use of words may be based on semantic and phonological associations.  ...  For example, 25% of the award-winning advertisements were based on a single "Replacement" template, while 89% of ads could be generated by one of the six "creativity templates."  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9863-7_617 fatcat:ycmxmxsn4vfv3jolnd6pjuwyai

Computational Creativity

W. Duch
2006 The 2006 IEEE International Joint Conference on Neural Network Proceedings  
Creative thinking is one of the hallmarks of human-level competence.  ...  Imagination should be constrained by experience, while filtering in the case of creative use of words may be based on semantic and phonological associations.  ...  For example, 25% of the award-winning advertisements were based on a single "Replacement" template, while 89% of ads could be generated by one of the six "creativity templates."  ... 
doi:10.1109/ijcnn.2006.246714 dblp:conf/ijcnn/Duch06 fatcat:6mxupnvjxvbhtnqvgumlumnf4q

Techniques for Visualizing Data Structures in Algorithmic Animations

Margarita Esponda-Argüero
2009 Information Visualization  
A good visual animation is both a technical artifact and a work of art that can greatly enhance the understanding of an algorithm's workings.  ...  The second part shows how to incorporate those ideas in novel animation systems, which represent data structures in a visually intuitive manner.  ...  Acknowledgements The animations discussed in this paper have been used in the classroom at Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin University of Technology and University of Applied Sciences Gießen-Friedberg.  ... 
doi:10.1057/ivs.2008.26 fatcat:qqgtsca6mjbr7iwu4ev7it4l4q

Global Workspace Dynamics: Cortical "Binding and Propagation" Enables Conscious Contents

Bernard J. Baars, Stan Franklin, Thomas Zoega Ramsoy
2013 Frontiers in Psychology  
In this view, conscious contents can arise in any region of the C-T core when multiple input streams settle on a winner-take-all equilibrium.  ...  The C-T core has many anatomical hubs, but conscious percepts are unitary and internally consistent at any given moment. Over time, conscious contents constitute a very large, open set.  ...  A GW approach helps to organize a large body of evidence and yields distinctive predictions 2 .  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00200 pmid:23974723 pmcid:PMC3664777 fatcat:2refkpsz2zbdjgnn3usfusch24

Speech Production From a Developmental Perspective

Melissa A. Redford
2019 Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research  
A developmental approach is then pursued. The strengths of existing theories are borrowed, and the ideas are resynthesized under the working hypothesis.  ...  aspect of a system that is acquired with the lexicon.  ...  The content is solely the author's responsibility and does not necessarily reflect the views of the National Institute of Child Health & Human Development.  ... 
doi:10.1044/2019_jslhr-s-csmc7-18-0130 pmid:31465709 pmcid:PMC6813032 fatcat:r2ndov4v4vcbhky3knlflbevo4

The duality of mind: An historical perspective [chapter]

Keith Frankish, Jonathan St. B. T. Evans
2009 In two minds: Dual processes and beyond  
Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank Shira Elqayam for her detailed and thoughtful comments on an earlier draft of this chapter.  ...  Keith Frankish's work on this chapter was supported by a research leave award from the Arts and Humanities Research Council, and Jonathan Evans's by a personal research fellowship from the Economic and  ...  for people to solve problems of an abstract or novel nature (Stanovich 1999) .  ... 
doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230167.003.0001 fatcat:mqbfxk5wkfc25bbitgtieeef6m

The Problems with Problem Solving: Reflections on the Rise, Current Status, and Possible Future of a Cognitive Research Paradigm

Stellan Ohlsson
2012 Journal of Problem Solving  
The research paradigm invented by Allen Newell and Herbert A. Simon in the late 1950s dominated the study of problem solving for more than three decades.  ...  Principled answers to those questions would expand the theory of heuristic search into a more complete theory of human problem solving.  ...  Acknowledgments The preparation of this paper was supported, in part, by award # N00014-1-09-1025 from the Office of Naval Research (ONR). No endorsement should be inferred.  ... 
doi:10.7771/1932-6246.1144 fatcat:ccg4krglm5b7daomu25zxyvgby

Subsymbolic case-role analysis of sentences with embedded clauses

R Miikkulainen
1996 Cognitive Science  
The ability to process structure is largely due to a central executive network that monitors and controls the execution of the entire system.  ...  The model is based on separating the tasks of segmenting the input word sequence into clauses, forming the case-role representations, and keeping track of the recursive embeddings into different modules  ...  Finally, with the FGREP mechanism and the ID + content technique (Section 2), it is possible to automatically form meaningful distributed representations for a large number of words, even to acquire them  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0364-0213(99)80002-0 fatcat:svo2i552qnddpc5eu5v63a4ux4

Subsymbolic Case-Role Analysis of Sentences with Embedded Clauses

Risto Miikkulainen
1996 Cognitive Science  
The ability to process structure is largely due to a central executive network that monitors and controls the execution of the entire system.  ...  The model is based on separating the tasks of segmenting the input word sequence into clauses, forming the case-role representations, and keeping track of the recursive embeddings into different modules  ...  Finally, with the FGREP mechanism and the ID + content technique (Section 2), it is possible to automatically form meaningful distributed representations for a large number of words, even to acquire them  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15516709cog2001_2 fatcat:577j5fbbjvf2zi5ynnhais6cga

A review and empirical study of the composite scales of the Das–Naglieri cognitive assessment system

Simon McCrea
2009 Psychology Research and Behavior Management  
Hence, support for the validity of the PASS composite scales was found as well as for the axiom of the independence of code content from code type originally specifi ed in 1994 by Das, Naglieri, and Kirby  ...  In this paper a theoretical review of Luria's theory, Das and colleagues elaboration of Luria's model, and the neural correlates of PASS composite scales based on extant studies is summarized.  ...  Eilam (2003) notes that the philosophical foundations of Luria's research program was based on a cultural-historical psychological theory that was nonreductively materialist in its core assumptions.  ... 
doi:10.2147/prbm.s5074 pmid:22110322 pmcid:PMC3218775 fatcat:jiv5nkwkxjawdhkk655nwni564

View Entire Issue

Editor, Richard A. Schwier
1990 Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology  
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We thank Paul Delany and CJEC reviewers for their detailed suggestions to improve an earlier version of this paper.  ...  If the substantive content and uses of a program are largely pre-determined, as in off-the-shelf, commercially available hypermedia courseware packages, these may be difficult for teachers to adopt to  ...  Grapevine and the Novel Study Project aspire toward an encyclopedic organization of content relevant to single novels. Thorough study of one literary item, and its related features, is aimed at.  ... 
doi:10.21432/t2hk6s fatcat:s5ab4xllpva7jcctrctswnm6la

A Multimedia Courseware for Human Heart Anatomical and Functional Illustration

Shihab Hamad Khaleefah
2019 International Journal of Advanced Trends in Computer Science and Engineering  
This paper describes the design of an IMM courseware for learning about Human Heart.  ...  It helps the learners/students to improve their knowledge, skills and creativity. One area which holds the high ability for using computer systems is medical and health science education.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This research is supported by Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia under TIER 1 Vot H237 and Ministry of Education Malaysia under the Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS) Vot K075.  ... 
doi:10.30534/ijatcse/2019/5081.62019 fatcat:2edt4dcjrrfmdkr26gjucdylx4

Creative cognition in composing music

Blanka Bogunović
2019 New Sound  
We paid attention to the several crucial theoretical models, some of them developed on the basis of exploration of compositional practices, one of the first being John Sloboda's psychological Model of  ...  In this paper we presented an overview of theoretical and empirical research in a domain of cognitive psychology of music, psychology of creativity and interdisciplinary studies concerning the creative  ...  perception-based processing, abstract composition and metaphors, the perception and timbre-based approaches, and the Spectro morphological paradigm, whereas the focus on abstract composition and metaphors  ... 
doi:10.5937/newso1901089b fatcat:vltv3oelsvft5bggsr6rol72la

Nonverbal Neuropsychological Assessment [chapter]

John D. Wasserman, Robin M. Lawhorn
2003 Handbook of Nonverbal Assessment  
very brief written or spoken verbal responses) on the part of the examinee, and (d) having a theoretical or empirical relationship with the integrity of functioning in the brain.  ...  Our rationale for permitting brief spoken instructions (requiring a little receptive language/comprehension) in a nonverbal test while minimizing expressive language/production is threefold: (a) expressive  ...  A second approach based upon Corsi's (1972) dissertation increases the spatial demands of block span.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4615-0153-4_15 fatcat:xk6iqybrvbfkrjnhy2jb2pqi4e
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 1,590 results