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A Note on the Use of Margins to Compare Distinguishers [chapter]

Oscar Reparaz, Benedikt Gierlichs, Ingrid Verbauwhede
2014 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Relative distinguishing margins are becoming a popular measure for comparing distinguishers.  ...  This paper presents some examples that show that this measure, although informative and intuitively sound, should not be taken alone as benchmark of distinguishers.  ...  Oscar Reparaz is funded by a PhD Fellowship of the Fund for Scientific Research -Flanders (FWO). Benedikt Gierlichs is Postdoctoral Fellow of the Fund for Scientific Research -Flanders (FWO).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-10175-0_1 fatcat:znhlhu3cmvctnfhw3tep6esydi

A fair evaluation framework for comparing side-channel distinguishers

Carolyn Whitnall, Elisabeth Oswald
2011 Journal of Cryptographic Engineering  
Our analysis makes sense of the rift between the a priori reasoning in favour of MIA and the disappointing empirical findings of previous comparative studies, and moreover reveals several unprecedented  ...  The usual experimental approach requires the distinguishing vectors to be estimated: outcomes do not fully represent the inherent theoretic capabilities of distinguishers and do not provide a basis for  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank Luke Mather for his contribution relating to the use of the KS test statistic (see [18, 36] ), and Dave Cliff for pointing them towards the concept of  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13389-011-0011-1 fatcat:mkgmm4wpbrawzba4bfulv6mteq

A two-dimensional index for marginal homogeneity in ordinal square contingency tables

Shuji Ando, Tomohiro Noguchi, Aki Ishii, Sadao Tomizawa
2021 SLUT journal of mathematics  
This study also evaluates the usefulness of the proposed index for visually comparing degrees of departure from MH in several square contingency tables using confidence region.  ...  To address this issue, this study proposes a two-dimensional index, which combines the existing indexes, can simultaneously analyze both the degree and directionality of departure from MH.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank an anonymous reviewer and the editor for their comments and suggestions to improve this paper.  ... 
doi:10.55937/sut/1641859478 fatcat:27zf5b4acvez5jwjlgcsjd3jsa

Page 1 of Journal of Education Vol. 27, Issue 654 [page]

1888 Journal of Education  
How do these varieties of toothed margins differ ? 3. Draw a leaf marked lobed on the card. Note the relative depth of the sinuses. Lay aside your lobed leaves.  ...  Compare again with the acute apex those with a tuse, emarginate, and obcordate shapes. Lesson VII.—TZhe Margins of Leaves. notches or sinuses. 2. Draw a leaf with an entire margin.  ... 

How Close Are We to Real Time Optical Margin Control in Head and Neck Oncologic Surgery?

2016 Cancer Cell & Microenvironment  
Many of the current systems have technical limitations and there is no current standard technology being applied in the field of head and neck oncology to enhance intraoperative margin control.  ...  Translational trials are rare and are the key to the path of independence from frozen section analysis.  ...  A recently reported clinical trial by the author noted the ability of HRME to distinguish benign versus malignant tissue in 33 adult subjects with squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity.  ... 
doi:10.14800/ccm.1305 fatcat:3t2bntifkvh6dfor6gidhyr3ry

Unveiling Class-Labeling Structure for Universal Domain Adaptation [article]

Yueming Yin, Zhen Yang, Xiaofu Wu, Haifeng Hu
2020 arXiv   pre-print
One of the big challenges in UDA is how to determine the common label set shared by source and target domains, as there is simply no labeling available in the target domain.  ...  In particular, we propose a novel approach for evaluating the probability of each source class from the common label set, where this probability is computed by the prediction margin accumulated over the  ...  As shown in Fig. 9 (a), S-UAN outperforms all the compared methods on all the sizes of C t .  ... 
arXiv:2010.04873v1 fatcat:6ltdeuukvvcudaj6kqwwhhj5kq

The Significance of a "Close" Margin in Extremity Sarcoma: A Systematic Review

Ike Hasley, Yubo Gao, Amy E Blevins, Benjamin J Miller
2018 The Iowa Orthopaedic Journal  
Our study sought to determine whether there is a need to be more specific in classifying a margin by distinguishing a 'close' margin, or if simply calling a margin positive or negative is sufficient.  ...  An important measure of successful sarcoma treatment is the surgical tumor margin, yet defining and reporting the tumor margin has remained a source of controversy.  ...  However, accuracy is substantially lower when comparing marginal margins to intralesional margins, possibly reflecting the difficulty in distinguishing between the two and suggesting a continued need to  ... 
pmid:30104934 pmcid:PMC6047382 fatcat:hfmlntv27rh5fntkgrmrgcbucu

A Theoretical Study of Kolmogorov-Smirnov Distinguishers [chapter]

Annelie Heuser, Olivier Rioul, Sylvain Guilley
2014 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Moreover, one is able to directly compare distinguishers based on their closed-form expressions instead of using evaluation metric that might obscure the actual performance and favor one distinguisher  ...  This allows one to have a deeper understanding of the relative influences of the signal-to-noise ratio and the confusion coefficient on the distinguisher's performance.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank Emmanuel Prouff and Claude Carlet for sharing insights about the criteria for SCA-aware S-Boxes.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-10175-0_2 fatcat:w6jpnhezhffyxgffjemgqqkqmy


2016 Reinwardtia  
. - A study had been carried out on the genus Eurycoma Jack that aimed to ascertain the diagnostic characteristics of the two species that occur in Peninsular Malaysia.  ...  In addition, anatomical transverse section of E. longifolia leaflet midrib outline and margin were dissimilar with E. apiculata by having convex abaxial surface and blunt tip margin compared to the slightly  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors would like to thank FRIM-MFRDB for the funding of this project.  ... 
doi:10.14203/reinwardtia.v14i2.1669 fatcat:vbbhfuwtxfhxlep7tpdeayncuu

PerceptNet: Learning Perceptual Similarity of Haptic Textures in Presence of Unorderable Triplets [article]

Priyadarshini Kumari, Siddhartha Chaudhuri, Subhasis Chaudhuri
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The network is trained only on non-numerical comparisons of triplets of signals, using a novel triplet loss that considers both types of triplets that are easy to order (inequality constraints), as well  ...  In order to design haptic icons or build a haptic vocabulary, we require a set of easily distinguishable haptic signals to avoid perceptual ambiguity, which in turn requires a way to accurately estimate  ...  We thank Amit More for useful discussions which improved the paper.  ... 
arXiv:1905.03302v2 fatcat:cngn3qyu2jbvdlpbpxvrhg7fti

Cancer characterization and feature set extraction by discriminative margin clustering

Kamesh Munagala, Robert Tibshirani, Patrick O Brown
2004 BMC Bioinformatics  
A central challenge in the molecular diagnosis and treatment of cancer is to define a set of molecular features that, taken together, distinguish a given cancer, or type of cancer, from all normal cells  ...  Detection of the products of these genes can then, in principle, provide a basis for detection and diagnosis of a cancer, and a therapy directed specifically at the distinguishing constellation of molecular  ...  POB is an investigator of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1471-2105-5-21 pmid:15070405 pmcid:PMC385290 fatcat:w7dcc3dzcjgbfd6kcz72pkhqpu

Anatomy and Taxonomy of Three Species of Sea Anemones (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniidae) from the Gulf of California, Including Isoaulactinia hespervolita Daly, n. sp

Marymegan Daly
2004 Pacific Science  
Specimens of actiniarians from the Gulf of California having a column densely covered with vesicles or verrucae have been attributed to one of three species: Anthopleura dowii, Bunodactis mexicana, or  ...  An investigation of the type specimens of these three species illustrates how difficult they can be to distinguish: one of the three syntypes of Bunodosoma californica is a member of A. dowii, and both  ...  Section through a columnar vesicle. Note thickness of mesoglea at apex, mucous gland cells (arrow), and similarity of ectoderm on apex and sides of vesicle; compare with Figures lA, 2A.  ... 
doi:10.1353/psc.2004.0030 fatcat:csggztcc2ngz5hfpycbz6iosxy

The learning curve for laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: an international multicenter study

Fernando J. Kim
2010 International Brazilian Journal of Urology  
We estimated the learning curve of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy for positive surgical margins compared to a published learning curve for open radical prostatectomy.  ...  The currrent study focused on positive surgical margins (PSM) rates to determine the effects of changes in technique or training.  ...  One-way analysis of variance was used to compare ADCs of the various RCC subtypes.  ... 
doi:10.1590/s1677-55382010000600018 fatcat:d7by3cjz65dypd6brwqqk5gejm

Two-Dimensional Measure Vector of Departure from Marginal Homogeneity in Square Contingency Tables

Shuji Ando, Department of Information and Computer Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Tokyo University of Science, Katsushika-ku, Tokyo, Japan, Takashi Takeuchi, Kiyotaka Iki, Sadao Tomizawa, Department of Information Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Science, Noda City, Chiba, Japan, Department of Economics, Nihon University, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan, Department of Information Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Science, Noda City, Chiba, Japan
2019 Journal of Advanced Statistics  
Also, this paper shows the usefulness of the proposed measure vector on comparing visually degrees of departure from MH in several square contingency tables using confidence region.  ...  Also, the latter measure can distinguish the directionality for two types of maximum marginal inhomogeneities, but the former cannot.  ...  The authors would like to thank the referee for their helpful comments.  ... 
doi:10.22606/jas.2019.43001 fatcat:qnuzam6msffcte6nko36tobtbq


2022 International Journal for transport and traffic engineering  
The preliminary result is that the marginal cost could be extended to life cycle cost based on our hypothesis. The extension is of theory has been supported by tools of mathematics.  ...  The authors collected the most relevant literature to have a solid basis for comparison. Firstly, the marginal cost was derived and defined later than the life cycle cost.  ...  Acknowledgement Authors are grateful for the support of the OTKA-K21-138053 Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment of road transport technologies and interventions supervised by Maria Csete Szalmane.  ... 
doi:10.7708/ijtte2022.12(2).02 fatcat:qooudu3eq5axxb6sot5heghxfq
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