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Semantic Image Segmentation with a Multidimensional Hidden Markov Model [chapter]

Joakim Jiten, Bernard Merialdo
2006 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this paper, we investigate how this prior information can be modeled by learning the local and global context in images by using a multidimensional hidden Markov model.  ...  We describe the theory of the model and present experiments conducted on a set of annotated news videos.  ...  Acknowledgements The research leading to this paper was supported by the Institut Eurecom and by the European Commission under contract FP6-027026, Knowledge Space of semantic inference for automatic annotation  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-69423-6_60 fatcat:gcz4h7resbdclmpa6rinvbiwaq

Hidden Markov Model Approaches for Biological Studies

Xiang Yang Lou
2017 Biometrics & Biostatistics International Journal  
Since any probabilistic question about higher order Markov chains is reducible by a data augmentation device to a Citation: Lou XY (2017) Hidden Markov Model Approaches for Biological Studies.  ...  Hidden Markov models and more generally hidden Markov random fields can capture both random signals and inherent correlation structure typically in time and space, and have emerged as a powerful approach  ...  Acknowledgments The author likes to thank Tingting Hou and Shouye Liu for their contributions to this study.  ... 
doi:10.15406/bbij.2017.05.00139 fatcat:x5mqdr44gnbcteffu5g4ocl7c4

Wavelet-based statistical signal processing using hidden Markov models

M.S. Crouse, R.D. Nowak, R.G. Baraniuk
1998 IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing  
Index Terms-Hidden Markov model, probabilistic graph, wavelets. 1053-587X/98$10.00 © 1998 IEEE Matthew S.  ...  In this paper, we develop a new framework for statistical signal processing based on wavelet-domain hidden Markov models (HMM's) that concisely models the statistical dependencies and non-Gaussian statistics  ...  HMT models for images have a natural quadtree structure, with each wavelet state connected Fig. 4 . HMT for an image quadtree. Each parent hidden state is connected to its four child states.  ... 
doi:10.1109/78.668544 fatcat:agm3p7vbkjfardbtqrara3wn64

Dempster-Shafer Parzen-Rosenblatt Hidden Markov Fields for Multichannel Image Segmentation [chapter]

Mohamed El Yazid Boudaren, Ali Hamache, Islam Debicha, Hamza Tarik Sadouk
2020 Communications in Computer and Information Science  
This paper falls under this category of frameworks and aims to propose a new hidden Markov field that better handles nonGaussian forms of noise, designed for multichannel image segmentation.  ...  To this end, we use a recent kernel smoothing-based noise density estimation combined with a genuine approach of mass determination from data.  ...  Conclusion In this paper, we proposed a new hidden Markov field model designed for unsupervised segmentation of multichannel images.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-50146-4_45 fatcat:pnrhtjfaqzgvrjee23epmvm234

Exploration of Improved Methodology for Character Image Recognition of Two Popular Indian Scripts using Gabor Feature with Hidden Markov Model

Shubhra Saxena, Vijay Dhaka
2015 International Journal of Computer Applications  
The present work portrays a novel approach in recognizing handwritten cursive character using Hidden Markov Model (HMM) .  ...  The HMM model is proposed to recognize a character image. All the experiments are conducted by using the Matlab tool kit.  ...  One hidden markov model is used for each block of character image to test the accuracy.  ... 
doi:10.5120/20459-2817 fatcat:fy5gxphbvfdzdg5srrbaniuyzi

Semantic feature extraction with multidimensional hidden Markov model

Joakim Jiten, Bernard Merialdo, Benoit Huet, Edward Y. Chang, Alan Hanjalic, Nicu Sebe
2006 Multimedia Content Analysis, Management, and Retrieval 2006  
This paper studies a context-dependant classifier based on a two dimensional Hidden Markov Model.  ...  A simple Markov chain is then used to generate observations in the row. Inherently from its structure this model is expected to perform better with structured images like documents.  ...  For this reason we use a new type of multi-dimensional Hidden Markov Model: the Dependency-Tree Hidden Markov Model [5] (DTHMM).  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.650590 fatcat:v3eu4fuhznhbxf6qw4pr5njhdi

A Hidden Markov Model approach for appearance-based 3D object recognition

Manuele Bicego, Umberto Castellani, Vittorio Murino
2005 Pattern Recognition Letters  
In this paper, a new appearance-based 3D object classification method is proposed based on the Hidden Markov Model (HMM) approach.  ...  Hidden Markov Models are a widely used methodology for sequential data modelling, of growing importance in the last years.  ...  In this paper, a new method to appearancebased 3D object recognition is proposed, based on Hidden Markov Models (HMMs).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.patrec.2005.06.005 fatcat:b5xc5o7g2rfx7enmrqqwnvma5e

Unsupervised change detection on SAR images using fuzzy hidden Markov chains

C. Carincotte, S. Derrode, S. Bourennane
2006 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
In order to deal with the classification issue, we propose to use a new fuzzy version of hidden Markov chains (HMCs), and thus to address fuzzy change detection with a statistical approach.  ...  The main characteristic of the proposed model is to simultaneously use Dirac and Lebesgue measures at the class chain level.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors are grateful to J. Inglada (French Space Agency) for providing the coregistered SAR images. The authors are also grateful to G.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2005.861007 fatcat:6x7t2m5bf5dqfnjlas7ih7ygmq

Face recognition based on separable lattice 2-D HMM with state duration modeling

Yoshiaki Takahashi, Akira Tamamori, Yoshihiko Nankaku, Keiichi Tokuda
2010 2010 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing  
To overcome this problem, we employ the structure of hidden semi Markov models (HSMMs) in which the state duration probability is explicitly modeled by parametric distributions.  ...  Face recognition experiments show that the proposed model improved the performance for images with size and location variations.  ...  Hidden Markov model (HMM) based techniques have been proposed as such kind of approaches for geometric variations.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icassp.2010.5495625 dblp:conf/icassp/TakahashiTNT10 fatcat:nxupssjedfhktakzu7fdkt6sau

Sound Texture Synthesis With Hidden Markov Tree Models In The Wavelet Domain

Stefan Kersten, Hendrik Purwins
2010 Proceedings of the SMC Conferences  
(Abstract to follow)  ...  Hidden Markov Tree Models In general, a hidden Markov model introduces hidden state variables that are linked in a graphical model with Markov dependencies between the states, as is the case for the widely  ...  While the synthesis results highlight some deficiencies that need to be addressed in future work, a parametric probabilistic approach to sound texture modeling has important advantages: • Probabilistic  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.849824 fatcat:tyankzetqzgvtbjfkk5s7ctwse

Modelling structured data with Probabilistic Graphical Models

F. Forbes, D. Fraix-Burnet, S. Girard
2016 EAS Publications Series  
Data sets can then be modelled via Markov random fields and mixture models (e.g. the so-called MRF and Hidden MRF).  ...  The two main classes of probabilistic graphical models are considered: Bayesian networks and Markov networks.  ...  Use the following Hidden Markov Random Field (HMRF) model with two classes to partition the image into two groups.  ... 
doi:10.1051/eas/1677009 fatcat:3xyupihtlvh6rf3tredhqzpqv4

EUROGRAPHICS SYMPOSIUM ON RENDERING 2003

2003 Computers & graphics  
Our approach is based on a Hierarchical Hidden Markov Model. We present a two level hierarchy in which the refinement process is applied at: the curve level and the scene level.  ...  There can be several styles applicable on a curve and the system automatically identifies which one to use and how to use it based on a curve's shape and its context in the illustration.  ...  Hidden Markov Model A Hidden Markov Model encodes the dependencies of successive elements of a set of hidden states along with their relationship to observable states.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0097-8493(02)00290-x fatcat:p4pgbhwi45fg7k7k57vk7yemvu

Multiple Human Tracking Using Particle Filter with Gaussian Process Dynamical Model

Jing Wang, Yafeng Yin, Hong Man
2008 EURASIP Journal on Image and Video Processing  
With the particle filter Gaussian process dynamical model (PFGPDM), a highdimensional target trajectory dataset of the observation space is projected to a low-dimensional latent space in a nonlinear probabilistic  ...  We present a particle filter-based multitarget tracking method incorporating Gaussian process dynamical model (GPDM) to improve robustness in multitarget tracking.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors are truly grateful to Dr. Kevin Smith for his assistance for providing them with the IDIAP test data for our comparative study.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2008/969456 fatcat:3bzflhkm4fczreoqcywmlmuwrm

A field model for human detection and tracking

Ying Wu, Ting Yu
2006 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence  
image likelihood into a Markov field.  ...  This paper presents a new approach based on a two-layer statistical field model that characterizes the prior of the complex shape variations as a Boltzmann distribution and embeds this prior and the complex  ...  This new model has two layers. The hidden layer is a hidden Markov field that captures the shape prior.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tpami.2006.87 pmid:16640261 fatcat:vjreix5onjg7nasrh2czsffzfq

Sequence Analysis: Where Are We, Where Are We Going? [chapter]

Gilbert Ritschard, Matthias Studer
2018 Life Course Research and Social Policies  
hidden Markov models (e.g., Helske and Helske 2017; Bolano et al. 2016) , to clustering the sequences.  ...  SA is combined with survival models (Malin and Wise 2018; Lundevaller et al. 2018; Rossignon et al. 2018) , with QCA (Borgna and Struffolino 2018) , and with hidden Markov models (Helske et al. 2018  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-95420-2_1 fatcat:liba6dozmvgblkr5y7rs4nh5hu
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