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Democracy in open agent systems

Peter McBurney, Simon Parsons
2003 Proceedings of the second international joint conference on Autonomous agents and multiagent systems - AAMAS '03  
A designer of an open agent system intending to permit democratic participation by the agents in the system therefore has a choice of theories of democracy to encode in the system.  ...  CONCLUSION We have explored these alternative normative models of democracy for their relevance to the design of open agent systems.  ... 
doi:10.1145/860575.860798 dblp:conf/atal/McBurneyP03a fatcat:dv3z56zogjd6jcmaxml7crmh6y

Democracy in open agent systems

Peter McBurney, Simon Parsons
2003 Proceedings of the second international joint conference on Autonomous agents and multiagent systems - AAMAS '03  
A designer of an open agent system intending to permit democratic participation by the agents in the system therefore has a choice of theories of democracy to encode in the system.  ...  CONCLUSION We have explored these alternative normative models of democracy for their relevance to the design of open agent systems.  ... 
doi:10.1145/860722.860798 fatcat:2r2z7nhag5h3xhrvmockkbnuae

Agent-Mediated Social Choice [article]

Umberto Grandi
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Theoretical research from artificial intelligence, and in particular multiagent systems and computational social choice, proposes 21st-century techniques for this purpose, from the compact representation  ...  of a voter's preferences and values, to the development of voting procedures for autonomous agents use only.  ...  the reading group on e-democracy at the University of Toulouse. 9 Many thanks to Sylvie Doutre, Piotr Faliszewski, Davide Grossi, Arianna Novaro, Ashley Piggins, Ariel Procaccia, and Marija Slavkovik for  ... 
arXiv:1806.07199v2 fatcat:naqxnemfjbex3hmqkxaazdn3ny

Foundations for Grassroots Democratic Metaverse [article]

Ehud Shapiro, Nimrod Talmon
2022 arXiv   pre-print
democratic metaverse.  ...  What would it take for us to live our digital lives in a digital democracy?  ...  The dynamics of community formation can be modeled via a transition-based system: Initializing with some community seed, the system transitions by adding or removing community members; while some upper  ... 
arXiv:2203.04090v3 fatcat:yke4vrpjp5a7lcd5tnnjmpbrse

Nicolas de Condorcet and the First Intelligence Explosion Hypothesis

Mahendra Prasad
2019 The AI Magazine  
The intelligence explosion hypothesis (for example, a technological singularity) is roughly the hypothesis that accelerating knowledge or technological growth radically changes humanity.  ...  While 20th-century figures are commonly credited as the first discoverers of the hypothesis, I assert that Nicolas de Condorcet, the 18th-century mathematician, is the earliest to (1) mathematically model  ...  In the 1980s, multiagent systems replaced single agents as the computing paradigm in AI (Alonso 1998 ), but Condorcet also used multiagent systems.  ... 
doi:10.1609/aimag.v40i1.2855 fatcat:cz64sdtcdzfjvektc4urgjl2be

Does Democracy Matter? A Transatlantic Research Design on Democratic Performance and Special Purpose Governments

C. Skelcher
2006 Journal of public administration research and theory  
Conceptual and methodological advances in delimiting and measuring "democratic performance" as a function of formal structures and informal practices provide an intellectual infrastructure for scholars  ...  A research strategy for generating knowledge on "does democracy matter?" is set out. How does the structure and intensity of democratic engagement and supervision affect public service performance?  ...  In the United Kingdom all schools have a governing body in which one-third of places are reserved for elected parents.  ... 
doi:10.1093/jopart/muj014 fatcat:l6g57rbnhffzxbh2uzkjn7t3cy

Secured Electronic Voting System Using RSA Key Encapsulation Mechanism

B. O. Ahubele, L. U. Oghenekaro
2022 European Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science  
RSA – Key Encapsulation Mechanism describes a hybrid encryption that makes use of unrelated keys for decryption and encryption along with a key derivation function.  ...  In this paper, a secured voting system using RSA Key Encapsulation Mechanism with two layers-Symmetric and Public key Layers was presented.  ...  This paper proposed a secure blockchain-based model with cryptographic technique for an e-voting system in democratic countries where emphasis is placed on conducting transparent, trusted, and fair elections  ... 
doi:10.24018/ejece.2022.6.2.427 fatcat:vf3fs3j6j5gavledrkkkhb3u7y

A networked voting rule for democratic representation

Alexis R. Hernández, Carlos Gracia-Lázaro, Edgardo Brigatti, Yamir Moreno
2018 Royal Society Open Science  
can assure a strong accountability of the elected.  ...  We introduce a general framework for exploring the problem of selecting a committee of representatives with the aim of studying a networked voting rule based on a decentralized large scale platform, which  ...  Interestingly, this problem is also relevant for artificial systems, such as software multiagent systems, i.e. in recommendation systems 8 and election-based mechanisms for distributing data over an  ... 
doi:10.1098/rsos.172265 pmid:29657817 pmcid:PMC5882741 fatcat:matjnteihvck5brbljsagndzcu

A networked voting rule for democratic representation [article]

Alexis R. Hernandez, Carlos Gracia-Lazaro, Edgardo Brigatti, Yamir Moreno
2018 arXiv   pre-print
can assure a strong accountability of the elected.  ...  We introduce a general framework for exploring the problem of selecting a committee of representatives with the aim of studying a networked voting rule based on a decentralized large-scale platform, which  ...  Interestingly, this problem is also relevant for artificial systems, such as software multiagent systems, i.e. in recommendation systems 8 and election-based mechanisms for distributing data over an  ... 
arXiv:1801.05399v1 fatcat:7pab73gzmffkddq5xlcz24vyuu

Multiagent Transition Systems with Faults: A Compositional Foundation for Distributed Computing [article]

Ehud Shapiro
2022 arXiv   pre-print
an algebraic characterization of when a family of asynchronous distributed multiagent transition systems is grassroots.  ...  We present a novel mathematical framework for the specification, implementation and analysis of distributed computing systems, with the following novel components: (1) Transition systems with faults, which  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I thank Nimrod Talmon, Ouri Poupko, Oded Naor and Idit Keidar for discussions and feedback.  ... 
arXiv:2112.13650v12 fatcat:yeczgibcnjg3zjjqplszmx4j6y

Application-Oriented Computational Social Choice (Dagstuhl Seminar 19381)

Umberto Grandi, Stefan Napel, Rolf Niedermeier, Kristen Brent Venable, Michael Wagner
2020 Dagstuhl Reports  
Classical contributions include the study of the computational barriers to various forms of manipulation in elections, the definition of novel procedures for distributed resources among a group of human  ...  , collective decision making, multi-agent systems, social choice License Creative Commons BY 3.0 Unported license © Computational social choice (COMSOC) combines models from political science and economics  ...  We propose a matrix factorization approach for collaborating filtering and incorporate content embeddings to address the cold start items. The model is formulated to obtain  ... 
doi:10.4230/dagrep.9.9.45 dblp:journals/dagstuhl-reports/GrandiNNV19 fatcat:hnmptiqktfeejejqwakbpyruqi

Social Capital and Local Governance: Exploring the Institutional Design Variable

Vivien Lowndes, David Wilson
2001 Political Studies  
We propose that prospects for the creation and mobilization of social capital may depend as much upon the process as the content of institutional design.  ...  It explores the role of institutional design in explaining how governments can shape the development of social capital and its potential influence upon democratic performance.  ...  strong and democratic system.  ... 
doi:10.1111/1467-9248.00334 fatcat:ymuvsibcpzbmxnmxv6oylosiwa

Technology-facilitated Societal Consensus

Timotheus Kampik, Amro Najjar
2019 Adjunct Publication of the 27th Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization - UMAP'19 Adjunct  
The choice architecture approach is reflected in recent proposals advocating for recommender systems that consider the societal impact of their recommendations and not only strive to optimize revenue streams  ...  The concept of choice architecture-the design of choice information for consumers with the goal of facilitating societally beneficial decisions-provides a promising (although not uncontroversial) general  ...  The overall architecture can be viewed as a socio-technical multiagent system (see, e.g.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3314183.3323451 dblp:conf/um/KampikN19 fatcat:klhzo2l5vrfg7djnsodvo2jswm

Voting: Beyond Simple Majorities and Single-Winner Elections (Dagstuhl Seminar 17261)

Dorothea Baumeister, Piotr Faliszewski, Annick Laruelle, Toby Walsh, Marc Herbstritt
2017 Dagstuhl Reports  
The seminar featured five survey talks, a series of classic scientific presentations, working group discussions, open problems sessions (with the first one used to establish working groups and the last  ...  This report documents the program and the outcomes of Dagstuhl Seminar 17261 "Voting: Beyond simple majorities and single-winner elections".  ...  In Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS), pp. 635-644. 2012. 5 R. Meir, O. Lev, and J. S. Rosenschein.  ... 
doi:10.4230/dagrep.7.6.109 dblp:journals/dagstuhl-reports/BaumeisterFLW17 fatcat:l7w33zdcivheras6b2m2lctb7a

Communities in control? The challenges of neighbourhood governance with reference to local government reform in England

Harriet Churchill
2008 Commonwealth Journal of Local Governance  
In conclusion the important steps towards tackling these challenges in England are recognised although a number of concerns remain.  ...  This paper, with reference to the current policy framework in England, aims to identify and review the possibilities and challenges for local government officials and partner agencies in moving towards  ...  With concern for local democracy and accountability, the White Paper put forward radical proposals to allow LAs to choose between three types of executive models -to have a directly elected mayor, a directly  ... 
doi:10.5130/cjlg.v1i0.757 fatcat:3kgfhtara5chfgahvnh3mgz7wi
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