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Beam Training and Tracking in MmWave Communication: A Survey [article]

Yi Wang, Zhiqing Wei, Zhiyong Feng
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Communicating on millimeter wave (mmWave) bands is ushering in a new epoch of mobile communication which provides the availability of 10 Gbps high data rate transmission.  ...  We hope that this survey provides guidelines for the researchers in the area of mmWave communications.  ...  Stage Search: To further improve the high accuracy of beam training, two stage search algorithms for beam training are proposed which use the same beam codebook as exhaustive search to concentrate more  ... 
arXiv:2205.10169v1 fatcat:filmycb7jzhtljxcz2bqaxnshm

Initial Access & Beam Alignment for mmWave and Terahertz Communications

Wissal Attaoui, Khadija Bouraqia, Essaid Sabir
2022 IEEE Access  
In general, mmWave and terahertz communications require the use of directional antennas to seek narrow beams.  ...  In this paper, we present a comprehensive survey of beam alignment and initial access in mmWave and terahertz 5G/6G systems.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank the editor and the four anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions that substantially improved the content and the presentation of this  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2022.3161951 fatcat:wgwrvxyz7relpb3afo4rq3nbli

Integrated Communication and Localization in mmWave Systems [article]

Jie Yang, Jing Xu, Xiao Li, Shi Jin, Bo Gao
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We also discuss a comprehensive guidance for location-assisted mmWave communications in terms of channel estimation, channel state information feedback, beam tracking, synchronization, interference control  ...  In this paper, we explain the integrated communication and localization in mmWave systems, in which these processes share the same set of hardware architecture and algorithm.  ...  Hence, high-throughput communication and high-accuracy localization via the integrated mmWave communication and localization systems requires additional studies A.  ... 
arXiv:2009.13135v2 fatcat:yxbe6vrinjfrfgjqjhr7c636ca

Two beams are better than one

Ish Kumar Jain, Raghav Subbaraman, Dinesh Bharadia
2021 Proceedings of the 2021 ACM SIGCOMM 2021 Conference  
Millimeter-wave communication with high throughput and high reliability is poised to be a gamechanger for V2X and VR applications.  ...  We build mmReliable, a reliable mmWave system that implements multi-beamforming and user tracking to handle environmental vulnerabilities.  ...  Romit Roy Choudhury, for their insightful feedback. We thank Prof. Gabriel Rebeiz, UCSD, and his group for the mmWave 5G phased arrays and transceivers.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3452296.3472924 fatcat:vuqkxuzuh5dzdda2ettovhx6du

Codebook Designs for Millimeter-Wave Communication Systems in Both Lowand High-Mobility: Achievements and Challenges

Semah Mabrouki, Iyad Dayoub, Qianrui Li, Marion Berbineau
2022 IEEE Access  
Millimeter-wave communication is therefore a key enabler for 5G technologies.  ...  Due to the high path and penetration losses at millimeter wavelengths, antenna beamforming assumes a pivotal role in establishing and maintaining a robust communication link.  ...  Radix-4 codebook • Multi-user mmWave systems • Better performance of the Radix- with sub-array structures in 4 beam training than that of the order to conduct parallel Radix-2 beam training. beam training  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2022.3154016 fatcat:7vn5vbevefc77imxvfgz4m7ki4

High-Resolution Channel Estimation for Intelligent Reflecting Surface-Assisted MmWave Communications [article]

C. Jia and J. Cheng and H. Gao and W. Xu
2020 arXiv   pre-print
protocol to estimate the cascaded user-IRS-base station channel with high-resolution for IRS-assisted mmWave MIMO communications.  ...  In this paper, we study the high-resolution channel estimation problem for intelligent reflecting surface (IRS)-assisted millimeter wave (mmWave) multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) communications, which  ...  Remark 1 . 1 Beam training is an indispensable procedure for initial access of mmWave communications.  ... 
arXiv:2006.11730v1 fatcat:x637v3obufcmnh5phu2myoy3x4

Best Beam Prediction in Non-Standalone mm Wave Systems

Tushara Ponnada, Parham Kazemi, Hanan Al-Tous, Ying-Chang Liang, Olav Tirkkonen
2021 2021 Joint European Conference on Networks and Communications & 6G Summit (EuCNC/6G Summit)  
With a neural network predictor, we obtain 91% accuracy for predicting best beam and 99% accuracy for predicting one of two best beams.  ...  A beam predictor is trained based on this information, connecting any sub-6 GHz CSI with a predicted best mmWave beam.  ...  To improve the robustness of mmWave communications, multi-connectivity approaches are adopted.  ... 
doi:10.1109/eucnc/6gsummit51104.2021.9482504 fatcat:kruf3tomprccdjtrmycnus7svi

Two beams are better than one: Enabling reliable and high throughput mmWave links [article]

Ish Kumar Jain, Raghav Subbaraman, Dinesh Bharadia
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Millimeter-wave communication with high throughput and high reliability is poised to be a gamechanger for V2X and VR applications.  ...  First, they create a highly directional link that acts as a single point of failure and cannot be sustained for high user mobility.  ...  Instead of focussing on initial beam training, mmReliable focuses on proactively maintaining a link during the data communication through multi-beam constructive combining and user tracking.  ... 
arXiv:2101.04249v1 fatcat:jj2f6tos3rfp5ol5gentgtytlu

Mobility Support for Millimeter Wave Communications: Opportunities and Challenges [article]

Jing Li, Yong Niu, Hao Wu, Bo Ai, Sheng Chen, Zhiyong Feng, Zhangdui Zhong, Ning Wang
2022 arXiv   pre-print
mobility, high speed train mobility and ship mobility.  ...  (V2X), high speed train (HST), unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), and the new space-air-ground-sea communication scenarios.  ...  Furthermore, the work [206] proposed a HBF design for multi-cell multi-user multi-stream mmWave systems by leveraging coordinated multipoint (CoMP), while performance analysis of HBF for multi-user mmWave  ... 
arXiv:2205.09214v1 fatcat:l7ekb4a3pnabxmnlr7wirpm55q

BRNN-LSTM for Initial Access in Millimeter Wave Communications

Adel Aldalbahi, Farzad Shahabi, Mohammed Jasim
2021 Electronics  
Hence this paper proposes a first study on leveraging deep learning schemes to simplify the beam access procedure in standalone mmWave networks.  ...  Namely, the scheme predicts the best beam index for use in the next time step once a MS accesses the network, e.g., transition from sleep to active (or idle) modes.  ...  Moreover, the work in [17] presents a beam alignment technique with partial beams using neural networks for multi-user mmWave massive MIMO system in efforts to improve the spectral efficiency at reduced  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics10131505 fatcat:bgpulginojg7vkvqrzzdozyth4

Fountain Code-Inspired Channel Estimation for Multi-user Millimeter Wave MIMO Systems [article]

Matthew Kokshoorn, He Chen, Yonghui Li, Branka Vucetic
2017 arXiv   pre-print
This paper develops a novel channel estimation approach for multi-user millimeter wave (mmWave) wireless systems with large antenna arrays.  ...  As SWIFT does not adapt the BS's transmitting beams to any single user, we are able to estimate all user channels simultaneously.  ...  CONCLUSION In this paper we have proposed a novel Simultaneousestimation With Iterative Fountain Training (SWIFT) framework for multi-user channel estimation in mmWave MIMO communication systems.  ... 
arXiv:1612.02113v2 fatcat:pogmyuiwmbgmlgm4qsxh4hghae

Instantaneous Beam Prediction Scheme Against Link Blockage in mmWave Communications

Adel Aldalbahi, Farzad Shahabi, Mohammed Jasim
2021 Applied Sciences  
Along these lines, this work proposes a fast beam restoration scheme based on deep learning in SA mmWave networks.  ...  ., maintaining communications sessions without resetting beam scanning procedures.  ...  Finally, a multi-agent reinforcement learning algorithm is leveraged in [28] to address the joint problem of user scheduling and beam selection in mmWave communications.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app11125601 fatcat:qjyft3xcenakdmdfvcdwfdmbsi

ViWi Vision-Aided mmWave Beam Tracking: Dataset, Task, and Baseline Solutions [article]

Muhammad Alrabeiah, Jayden Booth, Andrew Hredzak, Ahmed Alkhateeb
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Enabled by this dataset, the paper defines the vision-wireless mmWave beam tracking task (ViWi-BT) and proposes a baseline solution that can provide an initial benchmark for the future ViWi-BT algorithms  ...  Vision-aided wireless communication is motivated by the recent advances in deep learning and computer vision as well as the increasing dependence on line-of-sight links in millimeter wave (mmWave) and  ...  MULTI-USER VIWI SCENARIO AND DATASET Using the ViWi framework [1] , a new scenario is designed specifically for the ViWi-BT task.  ... 
arXiv:2002.02445v3 fatcat:esojrxoyhbcq5f4ekwwcudsp2i

Millimeter Wave Communications for Future Mobile Networks [article]

Ming Xiao, Shahid Mumtaz, Yongming Huang, Linglong Dai, Yonghui Li, Michail Matthaiou, George K. Karagiannidis, Emil Björnson, Kai Yang, Chih Lin, Amitava Ghosh
2017 arXiv   pre-print
This paper presents a comprehensive survey of mmWave communications for future mobile networks (5G and beyond). We first summarize the recent channel measurement campaigns and modeling results.  ...  Millimeter wave (mmWave) communications have recently attracted large research interest, since the huge available bandwidth can potentially lead to rates of multiple Gbps (gigabit per second) per user.  ...  For multi-stream data transmission, the beam training itself will incur high pilot overhead, not to mention the search among all candidate beams for all data streams.  ... 
arXiv:1705.06072v1 fatcat:4rjfggr5dvbbfonotxcfrsqpvi

Integrated Sensing and Communication with Multi-Domain Cooperation [article]

Jie Yang, Xi Yang, Chao-Kai Wen, Shi Jin
2021 arXiv   pre-print
However, sensing is a highly complex task for a heterogeneous communication network with massive connections. Seeking multi-domain cooperation is necessary.  ...  We also propose different methods about how multi-user and multi-frequency band cooperate to further enhance the ISAC system's performance.  ...  These users can also act as sensing result providers, thus forming a framework for crowdsourcing. Through multi-user cooperation, the ISAC system will be cost-effective.  ... 
arXiv:2105.03065v1 fatcat:5pcyzqygmbgtpfmzfmwmjqnk2a
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