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From complex social interventions to interventions in complex social systems: Future directions and unresolved questions for intervention development and evaluation

Graham F. Moore, Rhiannon E. Evans, Jemma Hawkins, Hannah Littlecott, G.J. Melendez-Torres, Chris Bonell, Simon Murphy
2018 Evaluation: International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice  
Complex systems approaches to social intervention research are increasingly advocated.  ...  We argue that a complex systems perspective broadens the parameters of 'relevant' evidence and theory for intervention development, before discussing challenges in defining feasibility in dynamic terms  ...  Development and Evaluation of Complex Interventions for Public Health Improvement (DECIPHer), a UK Clinical Research Collaboration (UKCRC) Public Health Research Centre of Excellence.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1356389018803219 pmid:30705608 pmcid:PMC6330692 fatcat:egbsqfr7inefpgrtm3p4h6oxqm

Escape and intervention in multi-agent systems

G. B. Roest, N. B. Szirbik
2009 AI & Society: The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence  
that is inspired from social contexts seen as multi-agent systems.  ...  The Escape and Intervention is used in many multi-disciplinary areas, including agent research, artificial intelligence, groupware and workflow, process support, software engineering, and social sciences  ...  AGE is also a development tool for multi-agent systems (MAS) that are deployed to support the modelled and simulated processes.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00146-009-0193-6 fatcat:rqv33pq6d5b5voqupmopmnxndq

Complex intervention modelling should capture the dynamics of adaptation

James Greenwood-Lee, Penelope Hawe, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Alan Shiell, Deborah A. Marshall
2016 BMC Medical Research Methodology  
Mathematical approaches such as those found in economics in evolutionary game theory and mechanism design can inform the design and evaluation of health interventions.  ...  However, the tendency is for models of interventions to limit focus on the ecology of the system -the 'real-time' operation of the system and impacts of the intervention.  ...  As such, a broader approach is needed to design, evaluate and implement complex interventions.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12874-016-0149-8 pmid:27145807 pmcid:PMC4855763 fatcat:aei5cbjcmrf75jsasa5sruejge

An Experimental Evaluation of Computational Techniques for Planning and Assessment of International Interventions [article]

Alexander Kott, Jeff Hansberger, Edward Waltz, Peter Corpac
2015 arXiv   pre-print
We describe the experimental methodology developed and employed in a series of experiments within the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Conflict Modeling, Planning, and Outcomes Exploration  ...  The primary purpose of the effort was development of tools and methods for analysis, planning and predictive assessment of plans for complex operations where integrated political-military-economic-social-infrastructure  ...  A key element for coordination within any socio-technical system is trust among the socio-technical agents (human and computer/automation).  ... 
arXiv:1512.07941v1 fatcat:ru6gf5ad4vdmblgklgya7et5iy

Systemic Intervention for Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning

Ricardo A. Barros-Castro, Gerald Midgley, Luis Pinzón
2013 Systems research and behavioral science  
The focus of systemic intervention is on processes for thinking through whose views and what issues and values should be considered pertinent in an analysis.  ...  This paper presents a systemic intervention approach as a means to overcome the methodological challenges involved in research into computer-supported collaborative learning applied to the promotion of  ...  Studies in Basic and Applied Complexity) for the support offered in undertaking the work reported in this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1002/sres.2220 fatcat:4luc4uqqzrgx5lqqqtojfb72we

Response to Intervention

David W. Barnett, Edward J. Daly, Kevin M. Jones, F. Edward Lentz
2004 The Journal of special education  
Harding et al. (1994) employed brief experimental analysis to identify potential treatment components for challenging behaviors.  ...  minutes that a teacher monitored a child; and noting that a supportive intervention was in place, with key steps followed (e.g., an activity schedule or peer buddy system). 2.  ... 
doi:10.1177/00224669040380020101 fatcat:gwuuder4t5guxgvs3e3xsiynau

Autism interventions: a critical update

K Francis
2007 Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology  
Interventions presented are grouped into psychoeducational/behavioural approaches, psychopharmacological interventions, and the less traditional or complementary approaches.  ...  As yet, there is no aetiology-based intervention for autistic spectrum disorders (ASD); despite this, parents and professionals still need to make informed decisions regarding treatment options for children  ...  and augmentative communication approaches emerged.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1469-8749.2005.tb01178.x fatcat:scihok4nzrdcvlzwdvj3g7buae

Autism interventions: a critical update

K Francis
2005 Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology  
Interventions presented are grouped into psychoeducational/behavioural approaches, psychopharmacological interventions, and the less traditional or complementary approaches.  ...  As yet, there is no aetiology-based intervention for autistic spectrum disorders (ASD); despite this, parents and professionals still need to make informed decisions regarding treatment options for children  ...  and augmentative communication approaches emerged.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0012162205000952 pmid:15991872 fatcat:mi44l3yq2rdcfdamxobsg4yh64

Frontiers in Interventional Cardiology

Eric J. Topol, Patrick W. Serruys
1998 Circulation  
, trials compared aspirin as a sole antiplatelet agent with the combination of aspirin and the ADP receptor antagonist ticlopidine. 17-20 These trials are summarized in Table 1 .  ...  Accounting for this are the 2 cardinal changes in approach: more optimal deployment by use of higher balloon dilatation pressures, and combination antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and ticlopidine.  ...  epicardial or emerging angiogenesis interventions of today.  ... 
doi:10.1161/01.cir.98.17.1802 pmid:9788837 fatcat:4e4z56ujwva7hnwf7dwgp5p23e

NESTORE D5.1 Definition of Intervention Techniques

Röcke Christina, Guye Sabrina, Angelini Leonardo, Caon Maurizio, Mugellini Elena, Khaled Omar Abou, Rizzo Giovanna, Matropietro Alfonso, Porcelli Simone, Kniestedt Isabelle
2018 Zenodo  
BCTs and general coaching strategies for health and well-being) and how specific intervention strategies can be implemented in the different NESTORE domains.  ...  A total of 27 articles were included in the quantitative analysis and the architecture and design of the e-coaching as well as the results of these studies (where reported) are discussed with regards to  ...  The results of this literature review show that few thorough evaluations of e-coaching systems have been conducted, especially considering multi-domain coaching approaches that go beyond interventions  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4549173 fatcat:623kpsetkbcw5kzosqv7xur33i

Effectiveness of Police Crisis Intervention Training Programs

Michael S Rogers, Dale E McNiel, Renée L Binder
2019 The journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law  
Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training is a specialized police curriculum that aims to reduce the risk of serious injury or death during an emergency interaction between persons with mental illness and  ...  Studies of CIT and similar interventions are found within both the mental health and the criminal justice arenas, which use very different terminologies, approaches, and outcome studies, rendering unified  ...  health systems and workers to cooperate on emergency response in the field, with mental health workers as primary agents.  ... 
doi:10.29158/jaapl.003863-19 pmid:31551327 fatcat:xhk5p7bourh2pjqjll5d5uhcim

Cascading effects following intervention

Gerald R. Patterson, Marion S. Forgatch, David S. DeGarmo
2010 Development and Psychopathology  
Four different sources for cascade effects were examined using 9-year process and outcome data from a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of a preventive intervention using Parent Management Training -Oregon  ...  It is assumed that PMTO reduces the level of coercion, which sets the stage for a massive increase in positive social interaction.  ...  In a very real sense, we have come to believe that factors within the PMTO intervention have an emergent quality that calls for a dynamic systems approach of thinking.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0954579410000568 pmid:20883592 pmcid:PMC2965055 fatcat:zcj5kikpu5cgbpxcadcjfzghqy

Multi-scale Modeling of the Cardiovascular System: Disease Development, Progression, and Clinical Intervention

Yanhang Zhang, Victor H. Barocas, Scott A. Berceli, Colleen E. Clancy, David M. Eckmann, Marc Garbey, Ghassan S. Kassab, Donna R. Lochner, Andrew D. McCulloch, Roger Tran-Son-Tay, Natalia A. Trayanova
2016 Annals of Biomedical Engineering  
In this review, we introduce multi-scale and multi-physical models for understanding disease development, progression, and designing clinical interventions.  ...  system.  ...  ), R01HL105242, and R01HL121754 (McCulloch); and R01HL098028 (Zhang), and FDA Critical Path Initiative (Lochner).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10439-016-1628-0 pmid:27138523 pmcid:PMC4983486 fatcat:f2ebnqi5e5fd3mnlp3kr45vh64

Response to Intervention

Renée Bradley, Louis Danielson, Jennifer Doolittle
2005 Journal of Learning Disabilities  
(iv) is evaluated using experimental or quasi-experimental designs in which individuals, entities, programs, or activities are assigned to different conditions and with appropriate controls to evaluate  ...  To obtain student outcome data, a multi-tier system of intervention options is necessary as a means to integrate educational problem-solving across educational levels.  ...  required for the intervention  The number of intervention agents  Efficacy (actual and as perceived by the intervention agents and stakeholders)  The motivation of the intervention agents and stakeholders  ... 
doi:10.1177/00222194050380060201 pmid:16392688 fatcat:w7wtvxuw3bcg7nrnbdhaht4dcm

Contextualising Youth Justice Interventions: Making the Case for Realist Synthesis

Charlie E. Sutton, Mark Monaghan, Stephen Case, Joanne Greenhalgh, Judy Wright
2022 Sustainability  
This article examines the problematic reductionism and decontextualising nature of hegemonic youth justice intervention evaluation and offers a way ahead for a realistic, context-sensitive approach to  ...  It then moves to a critical review of the emergence and continued influence of risk-based interventions and the 'What Works' intervention evaluation framework in youth justice.  ...  These critiques have been particularly vociferous from those advocating realist approaches to analysis [1] and evaluation [2] [3] [4] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/su14020854 fatcat:46scavmwvjffnd3xq4gqxo2pae
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