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SUPPLY CHAIN SIMULATION FOR MODELING THE INTERACTIONS IN FREIGHT MOVEMENT

Wisinee WISETJINDAWAT, Kazushi SANO, Shoji MATSUMOTO
2005 Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies  
Simulation based multi-agent approach is therefore utilized to model the behaviors of agents and their interactions in supply chains in order that the mechanism of freight movement is better demonstrated  ...  This model simulates day-to-day activities of agents (including, retailers, manufacturers, and suppliers) in product acquisition, production, and distribution.  ...  Agents, including retailers, wholesalers, manufacturers, suppliers, and carriers, are rational and all their activities are based on the concept of minimization of the total costs.  ... 
doi:10.11175/easts.6.2991 fatcat:jqvwcu65ynhl7bqej2u2lkm5pm

An Agent-Based Model of Firm Size Distribution and Collaborative Innovation

Inyoung Hwang
2020 Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation  
Using an agent-based model, I experimented with the e ects of firm size heterogeneity on collaborative innovation.  ...  However, research on innovation suggests that polarization in firm size distribution, which has grown since the early s, can interfere with collaborative innovation among firms.  ...  This study performs parameter calibration based on the results, and the forecasting accuracy of the combinations for the seven network indicators is presented in Figure .  ... 
doi:10.18564/jasss.4190 fatcat:okmpwsqjdvbrpjxmu3six3tnly

Cluster formation by allelomimesis in real-world complex adaptive systems

Dranreb Earl Juanico, Christopher Monterola, Caesar Saloma
2005 Physical Review E  
Previous mathematical models could not account for the phenomenon. They are hampered by details and apply only to specific systems such as cities, business firms or gene family sizes.  ...  Animal and human clusters are complex adaptive systems and many are organized in cluster sizes s that obey the frequency-distribution D(s)∝ s^-τ.  ...  METHODOLOGY A. Agent-based model of allelomimetic interaction An N × N lattice with free boundaries [31] is utilized as a platform for our agent-based model of cluster formation.  ... 
doi:10.1103/physreve.71.041905 pmid:15903699 fatcat:jz3hn2exefaolcxpyuz5ei4c4e

Agent Simulation of Chain Bankruptcy [article]

Yuichi Ikeda, Yoshi Fujiwara, Wataru Souma, Hideaki Aoyama, Hiroshi Iyetomi
2007 arXiv   pre-print
We have conducted an agent-based simulation of chain bankruptcy. The propagation of credit risk on a network, i.e., chain bankruptcy, is the key to nderstanding largesized bankruptcies.  ...  Given an initial bankrupt firm, a list of chain bankrupt firms was obtained. This model can be used to detect high-risk links in a transaction network, for the management of chain bankruptcy.  ...  First, the propagation of credit risk is described. Then, the agent-based model of chain bankruptcy is explained.  ... 
arXiv:0709.4355v1 fatcat:yurxwqz3enaipn73nkkgilbdv4

How does opportunistic behavior influence firm size? An evolutionary approach to organizational behavior

CHRISTIAN CORDES, PETER RICHERSON, RICHARD MCELREATH, PONTUS STRIMLING
2010 Journal of Institutional Economics  
A model depicts the outstanding role of the entrepreneur or business leader in firm-internal socialization processes and the evolution of corporate cultures.  ...  We show that high opportunism-related costs are a reason for keeping firms' size small. *  ...  Our model provides a ready account for the distribution of firm sizes in the same market and same industry.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1744137410000123 fatcat:d7ticofdjfa4vaj7xnwl3suycq

The Impact of Opportunistic Deals on Risk Management
Влияние оппортунистических контрактов на управление рисками

Alexey S. Deev
2018 Tyumen State University Herald Social Economic and Law Research  
A model depicts the outstanding role of the entrepreneur or business leader in firm-internal socialization processes and the evolution of corporate cultures.  ...  We show that high opportunism-related costs are a reason for keeping firms' size small.  ...  Our model provides a ready account for the distribution of firm sizes in the same market and same industry.  ... 
doi:10.21684/2411-7897-2018-4-3-231-241 fatcat:rw33liccenhgrpfdcjd7igy4fy

An Agent-Based Financial Simulation for Use by Researchers

Roy Hayes, Andrew Todd, Nachapon Chaidarun, Scott Tepsuporn, Peter Beling, Willam T. Scherer
2014 Social Science Research Network  
Agent-based models, which are capable of capturing the organization of exchanges, intricacies of market mechanisms, and the heterogeneity of market participants, offer a powerful method for understanding  ...  To this end, we have worked to develop a flexible and adaptable agent-based model of financial markets that can be extended and applied to interesting policy questions.  ...  The model is able to capture a remarkable number of interesting properties with a minimal number of assumptions.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2423370 fatcat:svfqaft6a5ejzh2zvu4x5f2vsu

On the Emergence of Scale-Free Production Networks

Stanislao Gualdi, Antoine Mandel
2016 Social Science Research Network  
We propose a simple dynamical model of the formation of production networks among monopolistically competitive firms.  ...  The model subsumes the standard general equilibrium approachà la Arrow-Debreu but displays a wide set of potential dynamic behaviors. It robustly reproduces key stylized facts of firms' demographics.  ...  Disequilibrium and agent-based models are often criticized for their lack of clarity.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2840674 fatcat:sebg47odl5cftbjf57jhnufh6y

On the emergence of scale-free production networks [article]

Stanislao Gualdi, Antoine Mandel
2016 arXiv   pre-print
We propose a simple dynamical model of the formation of production networks among monopolistically competitive firms.  ...  The model subsumes the standard general equilibrium approach \'a la Arrow-Debreu but displays a wide set of potential dynamic behaviors.  ...  Disequilibrium and agent-based models are often criticized for their lack of clarity.  ... 
arXiv:1509.01483v2 fatcat:rijy3pj4vzdfxjuepecyxfivoe

Referral Hiring and Gender Segregation in the Workplace

Troy Tassier
2008 Eastern Economic Journal  
Using a combination of analytical modeling, empirical estimation, and agent based modeling techniques I find that plausible levels of referral hiring generate high levels of segregation that are consistent  ...  I examine data on the inter-firm gender segregation of employees at US colleges and universities.  ...  I use the estimated value for s in an agent-based simulation of the referral hiring model to create an expected distribution of female workers across firms.  ... 
doi:10.1057/eej.2008.29 fatcat:ake6qrsoqbdarpg7whkaoj63fy

Sub-lognormal size distribution of hospitals — An agent-based approach and empirical study

Baojun Gao, Wai Kin Victor Chan
2013 2013 Winter Simulations Conference (WSC)  
This distribution is different from those of firms and cities. We develop an agent-based simulation model to simulate the preference behavior of patients and the service processes of hospitals.  ...  The model can produce a sub-lognormal size distribution similar to the U.S. hospital size distribution.  ...  The agent-based method has been used for studying size distribution of firms and cities (Axtell 1999, Gulden and Hammond 2012) .  ... 
doi:10.1109/wsc.2013.6721529 dblp:conf/wsc/GaoC13 fatcat:ms7u767nfzcoza2pp5h5dgbune

Methods Adopted for Management of Distributed Energy Resource (DER)
ENGLISH

Sheetal Shinkhede
2016 International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering  
MG is a small scale network of low voltage distributed renewable energy resources (DER).This paper reviews the optimal energy management for a MG under various constraints.  ...  MG model includes battery as a storage device; hence the battery life also becomes one of the constraints. Mainly DERs are wind and solar source and are dependent on climatic conditions.  ...  A hybrid-immune-system-based particle swarm optimization is used to minimize the fuel cost for generation assuming realistic market prices for power, distributed generator bids reflecting realistic operational  ... 
doi:10.15662/ijareeie.2016.0505007 fatcat:xan5mnmnonckthqnaeaiursieu

Corporate governance practices and financial performance: The mediating effect of risk management committee at manufacturing firms

Edyanus Herman Halim, Gita Mustika, Ria Nelly Sari, Rita Anugerah, Zuraidah Mohd-Sanusi
2017 Journal of International Studies  
, Firm Size, Financial Reporting Risk, and Firm Performance.  ...  practices and financial performance: The mediating effect.. 273 governance, firm size, and financial reporting risk on firm performance.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The authors are thankful to the Universitas Riau research grant for financial support to carry out this research.  ... 
doi:10.14254/2071-8330.2017/10-4/21 fatcat:ty6ohijmurdgrjw665p3e55ism

Sectoral and geographical specificities in the spatial structure of economic activities

Giulio Bottazzi, Giovanni Dosi, Giorgio Fagiolo, Angelo Secchi
2008 Structural Change and Economic Dynamics  
Three different specifications of the model are tested against Italian data on the location of manufacturing activities, studying the distribution of the number of firms and employees.  ...  However, after controlling for the latter, one is still left with very significant sector-specific forms of dynamic increasing returns to agglomeration, which vary a lot across different manufacturing  ...  Part of the research that has lead to this work has been undertaken inside the activities of the DIME Network of Excellence, sponsored by the European Union. Comments by Thomas  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.strueco.2007.05.002 fatcat:de7xwbtkovgadmkmhgax6enpoa

Tournaments and piece rates revisited: a theoretical and experimental study of output-dependent prize tournaments

Werner Güth, René Levínský, Kerstin Pull, Ori Weisel
2015 Review of Economic Design  
A multi-agent experiment supports the theoretical result.  ...  agents' output -it is high when the output is high and low when the output is low.  ...  Finally, we assume 1 Firm performance is simply the sum of the output levels of the two agents (xi + εi + xj + εj ). 2 Some tournament models (e.g., Lazear and Rosen, 1981 ) rely on normally distributed  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10058-015-0184-7 fatcat:uj3srczkmnhs7kni5js6ha77v4
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