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Diagnosis systems in medicine with reusable knowledge components

M. Taboada, J. Des, M. Jose, R. Marin
2001 IEEE Intelligent Systems  
Additionally, CommonKADS provides a library of task-methods, and developing a new application consists of selecting and adaptating methods from this library.  ...  and Enrico Motta 6 proposed characterizing method development and selection as a process consisting of navigating through a 3D space composed of methods, tasks, and domain assumptions.  ...  The causal covering method solves the finding of contributors; that is, for each datum, a subset of hypotheses is obtained by containing the hypotheses for which the datum has been labeled as explained  ... 
doi:10.1109/5254.972093 fatcat:hwgc4obwmneedebvesbnxg4bke

Page 514 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 63, Issue 3 [page]

1980 Psychological Abstracts  
The results are related to earlier findings, and implications for the proper use of the 7? procedure are noted. (19 ref) —Journal abstract. 4526. Halperin, Silas.  ...  Several hypotheses are suggested, and the testing of these hypotheses is illustrated with some data contrived to be consistent with results from a published article. (15 ref) —Journal abstract. 4527.  ... 

How to write really good articles for premier academic journals

Peter LaPlaca, Adam Lindgreen, Joëlle Vanhamme
2018 Industrial Marketing Management  
The final part of the article considers the research findings section and the discussion of these findings, as well as limitations to the research and opportunities for future research.  ...  Specifically, three types of abstracts are considered: the indicative (descriptive) abstract, the informative abstract, and the structured abstract.  ...  If one has a series of hypotheses, one should present the findings for each hypothesis 19 in the same order.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.indmarman.2017.11.014 fatcat:e3tkaz6qgbdxdcfxfbboh5eiuq

Some Guidelines for Publishing Quantitative Research in Sex Roles

Cirleen DeBlaere, Matthew Hesson-McInnis
2015 Sex Roles  
We recognize that quantitative methods are diverse and consistently evolving.  ...  Furthermore, methodology and analyses should not be circumscribed by regulations, but rather should be guided by a study's purpose, hypotheses, and data.  ...  Recommendations for the Abstract The abstract should highlight the key aspects of the study, including sample size and composition, methods (e.g., survey, online recruitment), analyses (e.g., BA t-test  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11199-015-0569-7 fatcat:s4ks3po25nd45oqp5qtmmwrliu

The Presence of Hypotheses in the Scientific Literature

Norman A. Desbiens
2006 The Journal of Philosophy  
Our findings are consistent with a recent estimate of a prevalence of hypotheses at about 25 percent in the wildlife research literature.  ...  (Tversky and Kahneman 1974, 1124) The potential for this type of problem is suggested in our study by articles that did not mention a hypothesis initially, but later discussed that findings were consistent  ...  Benjamin Moffitt for his assistance in abstracting the articles and Ms. Jenny Post for her work on the early conceptualization of the study.  ... 
doi:10.5840/jpsl2006623 fatcat:efvpwkckjrfjldvuutvxwyuwba

Towards a generalized model of diagnostic behaviour

E.T. Keravnou, L. Johnson
1989 Knowledge-Based Systems  
We believe that only a framework which is a global model of human diagnostic reasoning can form an adequate basis for such a combination.  ...  The diagnostic model discussed in this paper is intended to be a framework for combining the two fundamental approaches.  ...  PIP's qualitative method Humans use a finite and rather small set of belief values for qualifying hypotheses.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0950-7051(89)90021-x fatcat:hjeurijjtbdoblpdvjr3fwh4km

The Effect of Abstraction of Constructs in Data Models on Modeling Performance: An Exploratory Empirical Study

Akhilesh Bajaj
2010 Americas Conference on Information Systems  
A possible reason why the EERM may be difficult to use by end-users or novice data modelers is that the constructs in the EERM may be abstract with regards to the actual usage of the data.  ...  However, the EERM may be difficult to use by end-users, when specifying their data requirements, and is typically used by systems analysts as a precursor to mapping the data to the relational model, in  ...  There are two possible explanations for the weak support for the contra finding that the more abstract model is more useful.  ... 
dblp:conf/amcis/Bajaj10 fatcat:gd6rlldabvfpfoiu2kcjn3awqi

Spatiotemporal Contour Grouping Using Abstract Part Models [chapter]

Pablo Sala, Diego Macrini, Sven Dickinson
2011 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In recent work [1], we introduced a framework for modelbased perceptual grouping and shape abstraction using a vocabulary of simple part shapes.  ...  Given a user-defined vocabulary of simple abstract parts, the framework grouped image contours whose abstract shape was consistent with one of the part models.  ...  First, hypotheses are independently recovered from each frame using the method proposed in [1] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-19282-1_43 fatcat:cl5l52q6pfeo7kxl3dwiyjnxfi

Knowledge base refinement by monitoring abstract control knowledge

David C. Wilkins, William J. Clancey, Bruce G. Buchanan
1987 International Journal of Man-Machine Studies  
Arguing that an explicit representation of the problem-solving method of an expert system shell as abstract control knowledge provides a powerful foundation for learning, this paper describes the abstract  ...  Particular emphasis is given to showing how abstract control knowledge facilitates the use of underlying domain theories by a learning program.  ...  Acknowledgments We express our gratitude for helpful comments provided by Haym Hirsh and Marianne Wins lett for several draft versions of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0020-7373(87)80056-1 fatcat:utv6yvszybf45im3kio3yo2ddi

A specialized framework for Medical Diagnostic Knowledge Based Systems

G Lanzola, M Stefanelli
1991 Proceedings. Symposium on Computer Applications in Medical Care  
This paper describes a Specialized Framework for Medical Diagnostic Knowledge Based Systems able to help an expert in the process of building KBSs in a medical domain.  ...  The elicitation task is inherently difficult for strategic knowledge, because strategy is often tacit, and, even when it has been made explicit, it is not an easy task to describe it in a form that may  ...  Acknowledgments This work is part of the AIM project A1005 A General Architecture for Medical Expert Systems, and was supported by the European Commission.  ... 
pmid:1807566 pmcid:PMC2247709 fatcat:iy2u3dqumjavdadzbwjon5x45e

MOLIERE: Automatic Biomedical Hypothesis Generation System [article]

Justin Sybrandt, Michael Shtutman, Ilya Safro
2017 arXiv   pre-print
We model hypotheses using Latent Dirichlet Allocation applied on abstracts found near shortest paths discovered within this network, and demonstrate the effectiveness of MOLIERE by performing hypothesis  ...  At the heart of our approach lies a multi-modal and multi-relational network of biomedical objects extracted from several heterogeneous datasets from the National Center for Biotechnology Information (  ...  To use Arrowsmith, researchers supply two UMLS keywords which are used to find two sets of abstracts, A and C. The system then attempts to find a set B ≈ A ∩ C.  ... 
arXiv:1702.06176v3 fatcat:552e3hdsq5cl3o4fneaknyf6ye

MOLIERE

Justin Sybrandt, Michael Shtutman, Ilya Safro
2017 Proceedings of the 23rd ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining - KDD '17  
We model hypotheses using Latent Dirichlet Allocation applied on abstracts found near shortest paths discovered within this network, and demonstrate the effectiveness of MOLIERE by performing hypothesis  ...  At the heart of our approach lies a multi-modal and multi-relational network of biomedical objects extracted from several heterogeneous datasets from the National Center for Biotechnology Information (  ...  To use Arrowsmith, researchers supply two UMLS keywords which are used to find two sets of abstracts, A and C. The system then attempts to find a set B ≈ A ∩ C.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3097983.3098057 pmid:29430330 pmcid:PMC5804740 dblp:conf/kdd/SybrandtSS17 fatcat:yt3qqjxpxfdezn3trux5465jtq

Page 509 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 41, Issue 5 [page]

1967 Psychological Abstracts  
Using 20 healthy, full-term, newborns, new- born sucking was measured when milk formula was used as the test nutrient to compare the findings with data from a previous study using 5% corn syrup.  ...  Psychophysiology, 1965, 1(4), 360-363—A method is presented for recording breathing rate in the unre- strained rat.  ... 

Page 151 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 44, Issue 2 [page]

1970 Psychological Abstracts  
Both hypotheses 1566-1574 remain tenable, with scale values of effort accounting for 52°, of the variance of the reproduction scores.—Journal abstract. 1571. Stevens, S. S.  ...  The task consisted of comparing a standard tone to 9 numbered tones in a comparison group presented randomly.  ... 

Artificial Imagination Induced by Visualised Hypotheses in Archaeology

Dominik Lengyel, Catherine Toulouse
2020 Electronic Visualisation and the Arts London Conference  
Traditional methods of representing architecture are therefore used in combination with high-end technological tools for creating familiar visual impressions.  ...  hypotheses resemble studio photography of clay models, or realistic photography of abstract geometry.  ...  This idea consisted of a continuous materialisation without the purely accidental fracture of the archaeological findings.  ... 
doi:10.14236/ewic/eva2020.8 dblp:conf/eva/LengyelT20 fatcat:x4nnzmzn2ncanpztzr4wpkngqy
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