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Caliope: an operational air quality forecasting system for the Iberian Peninsula, Balearic Islands and Canary Islands – first annual evaluation and ongoing developments

J. M. Baldasano, P. Jiménez-Guerrero, O. Jorba, C. Pérez, E. López, P. Güereca, F. Martín, M. G. Vivanco, I. Palomino, X. Querol, M. Pandolfi, M. J. Sanz (+1 others)
2008 Advances in Science and Research  
The present contribution describes the first quantitative verification study performed so far with two chemistry transport models (CMAQ and CHIMERE) for a reference year (2004) at medium spatial resolution  ...  </strong> The Caliope project funded by the Spanish Ministry of the Environment establishes an air quality forecasting system for Spain to increase the knowledge on transport and dynamics of pollutants  ...  The AQ patterns at these stations are largely conditioned by the ability of WRF and MM5 to reproduce the mesoscale circulations in coastal areas of the Iberian Peninsula, with very marked differences between  ... 
doi:10.5194/asr-2-89-2008 fatcat:hvejmyh4xvf4pcknfeo6uwxy44

Long-range aerosol transport from Europe to Istanbul, Turkey

T. Kindap, A. Unal, S.-H. Chen, Y. Hu, M.T. Odman, M. Karaca
2006 Atmospheric Environment  
Chemistry Transport Model The transport and chemical evolution of PM10 over Europe were investigated by use of the Models-3 Community Multi-scale Air Quality (CMAQ) modeling system (Byun and Ching, 1999  ...  THE SYSTEM OF AIR QUALITY METEOROLOGICAL MODEL (MM5) EMISSION MODEL (EME) AIR QUALITY MODEL (CMAQ) Eastern U.S.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.01.055 fatcat:p47fodqbm5gxbjtgbl5bggxncm

Unexpected increase in the oxidation capacity of the urban atmosphere of Madrid, Spain

A. Saiz-Lopez, R. Borge, A. Notario, J. A. Adame, D. de la Paz, X. Querol, B. Artíñano, F. J. Gómez-Moreno, C. A. Cuevas
2017 Scientific Reports  
Using air pollution observations and a high-resolution air quality model, we find a large concentration increase of up to 70% and 90% in OH and NO 3 , respectively, in downtown Madrid (domain-wide average  ...  This study suggests that projected worldwide NO x emission reductions, following air quality standards, will lead to important changes in the oxidizing capacity of the atmosphere in and around large cities  ...  The authors also acknowledge the use of emission datasets and monitoring data from the Madrid City Council.  ... 
doi:10.1038/srep45956 pmid:28397785 pmcid:PMC5387723 fatcat:caghlwwesjfxpn2prqtiou2r4e

Application of WRF Model for Air Quality Modelling and AERMOD – A Survey

Awkash Kumar, Rashmi S. Patil, Anil Kumar Dikshit, Rakesh Kumar
2017 Aerosol and Air Quality Research  
AERMOD has been used for different time scales, health risk assessment, evaluation of various control strategies, Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) studies and emission factor estimation.  ...  The presence of uncertainties of a significant nature in the meteorological profile used during air quality model simulation has the potential to affect negatively the results of the simulations.  ...  The domain size of WRF-CMAQ model system was 5000 × 5000 km 2 with a horizontal resolution of 25 km. The available emissions inventory was used through AQMEII-2 for Europe.  ... 
doi:10.4209/aaqr.2016.06.0265 fatcat:zxjhs7peaje7xbjvbwljarjgd4

Air quality forecasts on a kilometer-scale grid over complex Spanish terrains

M. T. Pay, F. Martínez, M. Guevara, J. M. Baldasano
2014 Geoscientific Model Development  
The resolution increase has the highest impact over Barcelona, where air flow is controlled mainly by mesoscale phenomena and a lower planetary boundary layer (PBL).  ...  at a 1 km horizontal resolution over the most populated areas in Spain with complex terrains (the Barcelona (BCN), Madrid (MAD) and Andalusia (AND) domains).  ...  Spanish administrations "Generalitat de Catalunya", "Junta de Andalucia", and "Comunidad de Madrid" are acknowledged for providing air quality measurements. The  ... 
doi:10.5194/gmd-7-1979-2014 fatcat:sgbsukrwonhbnisbrg626rdbn4

A review of operational, regional-scale, chemical weather forecasting models in Europe

J. Kukkonen, T. Olsson, D. M. Schultz, A. Baklanov, T. Klein, A. I. Miranda, A. Monteiro, M. Hirtl, V. Tarvainen, M. Boy, V.-H. Peuch, A. Poupkou (+13 others)
2012 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics  
focus areas: emission inventories, the integration of numerical weather prediction and atmospheric chemical transport models, boundary conditions and nesting of models, data assimilation of the various  ...  In this manner, this article allows for the evaluation of the relative strengths and weaknesses of the various modelling systems and modelling approaches.  ...  Kenneth Schere (US Environmental Protection Agency) is thanked for a thorough review of this article, and for his many valuable comments. Edited by: R. Vautard  ... 
doi:10.5194/acp-12-1-2012 fatcat:dfu7klhg3bf2lafhc7xlnp65cu

Operational, regional-scale, chemical weather forecasting models in Europe

J. Kukkonen, T. Balk, D. M. Schultz, A. Baklanov, T. Klein, A. I. Miranda, A. Monteiro, M. Hirtl, V. Tarvainen, M. Boy, V.-H. Peuch, A. Poupkou (+13 others)
2011 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions  
This portal can be used to find out, which CWF services are available for a specific 20 domain, for specific source categories or for specific pollutants.  ...  CWF can therefore be seen as a specific category of air-quality forecasting, where air-quality forecasting models using numerical weather prediction (NWP) models are CWF models, but air-quality forecasting  ...  Comparison studies of the various chemical sub-models.  ... 
doi:10.5194/acpd-11-5985-2011 fatcat:ea5r4uylxbcxje6jeak7cnq2hy

Linkage between an advanced air quality model and a mechanistic watershed model

K. Vijayaraghavan, J. Herr, S.-Y. Chen, E. Knipping
2010 Geoscientific Model Development Discussions  
The models linked are (1) the Advanced Modeling System for Transport, Emissions, Reactions and Deposition of Atmospheric Matter (AMSTERDAM) (a three-dimensional Eulerian plume-in-grid model derived from  ...  meteorology 10 simulated by the fifth generation Mesoscale Model (MM5) or the Weather Research and Forecast (WRF) model for input to AMSTERDAM.  ...  This study was conducted with funding from the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI Contract No. EP-P31749/C14744). Individuals who contributed to the develop-  ... 
doi:10.5194/gmdd-3-1503-2010 fatcat:4rs6hvkeavbg5pqabk53gqgne4

An investigation into seasonal and regional aerosol characteristics in East Asia using model-predicted and remotely-sensed aerosol properties

C. H. Song, M. E. Park, H. J. Ahn, K. H. Lee, Y. Lee, J. Y. Kim, K. M. Han, J. Kim, Y. S. Ghim, Y. J. Kim
2008 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions  
in conjunction with US EPA Models-3/CMAQ v4.3 modeling.  ...  In this study, two MODIS AOD products (τ MODIS :τ M−BAER and τ NASA ) retrieved 20 els of NH 3 NO 3 formed over the urban and industrial centers, as well as in areas with high NH 3 emissions.  ...  In order to conduct CTM over East Asia, we used a one-way coupling of PSU/NCAR MM5 (Pennsylvania State University/National Center for Atmospheric Research Mesoscale Model 5) to the US EPA Models-3/CMAQ  ... 
doi:10.5194/acpd-8-8661-2008 fatcat:cuem7uxninhwzgv324ctwudtau

An investigation into seasonal and regional aerosol characteristics in East Asia using model-predicted and remotely-sensed aerosol properties

C. H. Song, M. E. Park, K. H. Lee, H. J. Ahn, Y. Lee, J. Y. Kim, K. M. Han, J. Kim, Y. S. Ghim, Y. J. Kim
2008 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics  
) over the southern parts of China, whereas during the late fall and winter episodes, τ MODIS and τ CMAQ were higher due largely to high levels of NH 4 NO 3 formed over the urban and industrial centers  ...  with US EPA Models-3/CMAQ v4.3 modeling.  ...  Model descriptions In order to conduct CTM over East Asia, we used a one-way coupling of PSU/NCAR MM5 (Pennsylvania State University/National Center for Atmospheric Research Mesoscale Model 5) to the US  ... 
doi:10.5194/acp-8-6627-2008 fatcat:izmasrhkxvav7aamaatilqzniu

Air Pollution Forecasts: An Overview

Lu Bai, Jianzhou Wang, Xuejiao Ma, Haiyan Lu
2018 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
To provide a clear perspective on air pollution forecasting, this study reviews the theory and application of those forecasting models.  ...  This study aims to provide an overview of air pollution forecasting methods for easy access and reference by researchers, which will be helpful in further studies.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph15040780 pmid:29673227 pmcid:PMC5923822 fatcat:dtzvahbotngubjc3vimeidpytu

Real-time air quality forecasting, part II: State of the science, current research needs, and future prospects

Yang Zhang, Marc Bocquet, Vivien Mallet, Christian Seigneur, Alexander Baklanov
2012 Atmospheric Environment  
A new generation of comprehensive RT-AQF model systems, to emerge in the coming decades, will be based on state-of-the-science 3-D RT-AQF models, supplemented with efficient data assimilation techniques  ...  Several case applications of current 3-D RT-AQF models with the state-ofthe-science model treatments, a detailed urban process module, and an advanced combined ensemble/ data assimilation technique are  ...  A similar study was carried out by Hanna et al. (2001) over the eastern U.S. in order to evaluate the impact of emission control strategies.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.02.041 fatcat:tqbzq64l25erxo2uqcbzfbjlkq

Real-time air quality forecasting, part I: History, techniques, and current status

Yang Zhang, Marc Bocquet, Vivien Mallet, Christian Seigneur, Alexander Baklanov
2012 Atmospheric Environment  
Among all techniques, 3-D RT-AQF models with onlinecoupled meteorologyechemistry and their transitions from mesoscale to unified model systems across scales represent a significant advancement and would  ...  Evaluation protocols are described along with examinations of current forecasting skills and areas with large biases of major RT-AQF models.  ...  Advanced Meteorological Systems (BAMS), U.S. for providing some information regarding their air quality forecasting models.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.06.031 fatcat:epwakxya5fe2ppn26offvxa3s4

Multi-year downscaling application of two-way coupled WRF v3.4 and CMAQ v5.0.2 over east Asia for regional climate and air quality modeling: model evaluation and aerosol direct effects

Chaopeng Hong, Qiang Zhang, Yang Zhang, Youhua Tang, Daniel Tong, Kebin He
2017 Geoscientific Model Development  
</strong> In this study, a regional coupled climate–chemistry modeling system using the dynamical downscaling technique was established by linking the global Community Earth System Model (CESM) and the  ...  This study presents the first application and evaluation of the two-way coupled WRF-CMAQ model for climatological simulations using the dynamical downscaling technique.  ...  The authors thank Kai Wang, Jian He, and Patrick Campbell at NCSU for their help during the setup of the modeling system.  ... 
doi:10.5194/gmd-10-2447-2017 fatcat:runj5fv5nbaxlikytrb7mfh7ea

Online coupled meteorology and chemistry models: history, current status, and outlook

Y. Zhang
2008 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions  
This paper reviews the history and current status of the development and application of online-coupled meteorology and chemistry models, with a focus on five representative models developed in the US including  ...  Aerosol feedbacks to planetary boundary layer meteorology and aerosol indirect effects are illustrated with case studies for some of these models.  ...  The work was supported by the US EPA-Science to Achieve Results (STAR) program (Grant # G6J10504), the US EPA/Office of Air Quality Planning & Standards via RTI International contract #4-321-0210288, the  ... 
doi:10.5194/acpd-8-1833-2008 fatcat:hocchas6brfkbg7xzs4f5rejzy
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