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A Low-Power BiCMOS 4-Element Phased Array Receiver for 76–84 GHz Radars and Communication Systems

Sang Young Kim, Gabriel M. Rebeiz
2012 IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits  
This paper presents a 76-84 GHz low-power 4element phased array receiver built using a 0.13 m BiCMOS process.  ...  The phased array consumes 32 mW per channel and results in a gain of 10-19 dB at 76-84 GHz, a noise figure of 10.5 0.5 dB at 80 GHz and an rms gain and phase error 0.8 dB and 7.2 , respectively, up to  ...  Jae Lee and K. Shiozaki, both at Toyota, for technical discussions.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jssc.2011.2170769 fatcat:p66xzlyk2beyhkuajrybgliu5e

Millimeter-Wave and Terahertz Transceivers in SiGe BiCMOS Technologies

Dietmar Kissinger, Gerhard Kahmen, Robert Weigel
2021 IEEE transactions on microwave theory and techniques  
A variety of examples ranging from 77-GHz automotive radar to THz sensing as well as the beginnings of 60-GHz wireless communication up to THz chipsets for 100-Gb/s data transmission are recapitulated.  ...  This article discusses the development of SiGe technologies and ICs with the latter focusing on the commercially most important applications of radar and beyond 5G wireless communications.  ...  Fig. 4 . 4 (a) Chip photograph of a scalable 77-GHz radar transceiver. (b) System concept and (c) demonstrator board of a two-channel FMCW radar system [37] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/tmtt.2021.3095235 fatcat:f3e6pbztajhmvl4svjstag5hwi

Detailed Author Index

2020 2020 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS)  
A 623 C A 300GHz Wireless Transceiver in 65nm CMOS for IEEE802.15.3d Using Push-Push Subharmonic Mixer (We2C-1) A 532 C Non-Reciprocal Lithium Niobate-on-Silicon Acoustoelectric Delay Lines (We1E-5)  ...  695 C A 38-GHz 32-Element Phased-Array Transmitter Based on Scalable 8-Element Phased-Array Modules for 5G MMW Data Links (We2F-4) Tanmoy, M.M.  ...  -Element Phased-Array Transmitter Based on Scalable 8-Element Phased-Array Modules for 5G MMW Data Links (We2F-4) Lin, Yi-Hsien (National Taiwan University, Taiwan) A 695 C A 38-GHz 32-Element Phased-Array  ... 
doi:10.1109/ims30576.2020.9223810 fatcat:4pzggneub5c5ddwi4gmbotr6gy

A 76–84-GHz 16-Element Phased-Array Receiver With a Chip-Level Built-In Self-Test System

Sang Young Kim, Ozgur Inac, Choul-Young Kim, Donghyup Shin, Gabriel M. Rebeiz
2013 IEEE transactions on microwave theory and techniques  
This paper presents a 16-element phased-array receiver for 76-84-GHz applications with built-in self-test (BIST) capabilities.  ...  The chip achieves 4-bit RF amplitude and phase control, an RF to IF gain of 30-35 dB at 77-84 GHz, I/Q balance of 1 dB and 10 at 76-84 GHz, and a system noise figure of 18 dB.  ...  This work expands on [21] and presents a 16-element phased-array receiver for 76-84-GHz applications with BIST capabilities.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tmtt.2013.2265016 fatcat:oqychsygd5dmdngpl6kn2xrhjy

MEMS module integration into SiGe BiCMOS technology for embedded system applications

Mehmet Kaynak, Vaclav Valenta, Hermann Schumacher, Bernd Tillack
2012 2012 IEEE Bipolar/BiCMOS Circuits and Technology Meeting (BCTM)  
circuits in the 76-81GHz range, or security radar/imaging at 94, 120 and 140 GHz.  ...  The technology will see increasing use in complex millimeter-wave phased array sensors, such as enhanced automotive radars, or handheld radar scanners for security applications operating at 94 GHz and  ... 
doi:10.1109/bctm.2012.6352617 fatcat:lxb3u7xvuzec3lzbst5vqw66du

High gain 60 GHz LTCC chain antenna array with substrate integrated waveguide feed network

Antti Lamminen, Jussi Saily
2012 2012 6th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EUCAP)  
The author implemented a Wilkinson power divider design on LTCC to improve the array feeding network performance. The author designed the antennas, the antenna arrays, and the feeding networks.  ...  The author designed the feeding antennas and the matching networks for the SP4T switches. The author performed the full-wave simulations of the lens system.  ...  A 1-4 Gbit/s communication system was demonstrated using the 64-element array up to ±45 • scan angles, and over 4-, 30-, and 100-m distances.  ... 
doi:10.1109/eucap.2012.6206530 fatcat:d4gtiiujnjgkxbfhmeotv3bjym

Automotive Radar — From First Efforts to Future Systems

Christian Waldschmidt, Juergen Hasch, Wolfgang Menzel
2021 IEEE Journal of Microwaves  
The technology maturity, in turn, enables research to be carried out on systems that are considerably more complex and powerful than was possible just a few years ago.  ...  In this review paper, we sketch the path from the very beginning through the state of the art with sophisticated multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) antenna arrays and mature assembly and interconnect  ...  The 24 GHz ISM band became a preferred frequency for low-cost sensors, and the 76-77 GHz band was assigned worldwide for automotive radar.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jmw.2020.3033616 fatcat:yhe7goejznd75bqkeb6tiwzdry

Advances in Silicon Based Millimeter-Wave Monolithic Integrated Circuits

Han-Chih Yeh, Ching-Chau Chiong, Ming-Tang Chen, Huei Wang
2014 Micromachines  
SiGe BiCMOS technologies have a unique advantage for high temperature operation due to the Ge grading and profile shape at the emitter base boundary [35] .  ...  Regarding the low noise characteristic of the SiGe technologies, the reduction of base resistance RB can be attributed to the lateral scaling and hence, the power gain as well as trans-conductance can  ...  Ching-Chau Chiong and Ming-Tang Chen give a lot of comments about the references for recent development either in single circuit component or MMW transceivers while organizing.  ... 
doi:10.3390/mi5041373 fatcat:ipo4bqjngvgjjhlvkndb7bkt5i

Emerging Transistor Technologies Capable of Terahertz Amplification: A Way to Re-Engineer Terahertz Radar Sensors

Mladen Božanić, Saurabh Sinha
2019 Sensors  
BiCMOS can thus be seen as an enabling factor for re-engineering of complete terahertz radar systems, for the first time fabricated as miniaturized monolithic integrated circuits.  ...  Finally, this paper probes active terahertz circuits that have already been reported and that have the potential to be deployed in a re-engineered terahertz radar sensor system and attempts to predict  ...  Keysight has contributed through heavily discounted simulation software licensing and in particular usage of the Advanced Design System-ADS.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s19112454 fatcat:66dg23x7fzddxdel7tnlnlbu7a

Performance-Issues-Mitigation-Techniques for On-Chip-Antennas – Recent Developments in RF, MM-Wave, and THz Bands with Future Directions

Rashid Karim, Adnan Iftikhar, Rashad Ramzan
2020 IEEE Access  
In [84] , the authors have proposed a novel method to solve this issue for a 180 GHz stacked open-slot AoC using 130 nm SiGe BiCMOS process.  ...  A similar CMOS compatible 3D selffolding fabrication methodology has been proposed in [146] , where 4 elements AoC array at 57.5 GHz achieves a peak gain of 5.8 dBi and radiation efficiency of 45 %.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3042928 fatcat:6xiinkmu6jappbqbyd3mr7ugf4

Orthogonal Versus Zero-Forced Beamforming in Multibeam Antenna Systems: Review and Challenges for Future Wireless Networks

Yanki Aslan, Antoine Roederer, Nelson J. G. Fonseca, Piero Angeletti, Alexander Yarovoy
2021 IEEE Journal of Microwaves  
Some of the future research challenges and potential benefits are outlined for the next generation satellite and cellular communication applications.  ...  The use of orthogonal and zero-forced beamforming is discussed from the communication system perspective with relevant studies from diverse disciplines.  ...  This has included aspects of wideband communications, broadcasting, radar, and satellite antennas, with an emphasis on log-periodics, reflectarrays, multiplebeam reflectors and arrays, and advanced antenna  ... 
doi:10.1109/jmw.2021.3109244 fatcat:www5vwy3zzhxhmlcxjl755cj4i

A Review of Design and Integration Technologies for D-Band Antennas

Martijn de Kok, Bart Smolders, Ulf Johannsen
2021 IEEE Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation  
This article reviews the current state-of-the-art of millimeter-wave (mm-wave) antennas for communication and sensing applications in the D-band between 110 and 170 GHz.  ...  This novel comparison indicates that small-scale integrated AiP and AoC designs can achieve competitive performance levels with short and low-loss interconnects.  ...  This design was implemented in a CMOS-based 145 GHz radar IC in [76] . On-chip bondwire antennas such as presented in [12] and [77] do not suffer from the low BEOL height.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ojap.2021.3089052 fatcat:iveb4cgiljfwpfu5vgaxhopaey

The Potentials, Challenges, and Future Directions of On-Chip-Antennas for Emerging Wireless Applications-A Comprehensive Survey

Rashid Karim, Adnan Iftikhar, Bilal Ijaz, Ismail Ben Mabrouk
2019 IEEE Access  
The ever-growing demand for low power, high performance, cost-effective, low-profile, and highly integrated wireless systems for emerging applications has triggered the need for the enormous innovations  ...  A few of these benefits include miniaturization, low power, low cost, and high integration of the wireless modules.  ...  About 6 dBi gain enhancement is obtained for a 320 GHz 4 × 4 AoC array with the help of a quartz superstrate in [169] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2957073 fatcat:ocz72mkkzfdctgz4teks2pbrny

Recent Developments and Challenges on Beam Steering Characteristics of Reconfigurable Transmitarray Antennas

Qasim Ali, Waseem Shahzad, Iftikhar Ahmad, Shozab Safiq, Xi Bin, Syed Muzahir Abbas, Houjun Sun
2022 Electronics  
A transmitarray antenna typically consists of a source antenna and a phase transformation structure.  ...  This type of beam forming/beam steering high gain antenna has been mainly studied from the point of view of high efficiency, low profile, and low cost.  ...  Versatile communication systems and radars have upsurged the demand for reconfigurable devices and components.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics11040587 fatcat:ghmnhf3zvze7nnlkv6epy2o2aq

A Review of 5G Front-End Systems Package Integration [article]

Atom O. Watanabe, Muhammad Ali, Sk Yeahia Been Sayeed, Rao R. Tummala, P. Markondeya Raj
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Increasing data rates, spectrum efficiency and energy efficiency have been driving major advances in the design and hardware integration of RF communication networks.  ...  In order to meet the data rate and efficiency metrics, 5G networks have emerged as a follow-on to 4G, and projected to have 100X higher wireless date rates and 100X lower latency than those with current  ...  UCSD also reported 64 dual-polarized dual-beam single-aperture 28-GHz phased array for 5G MIMO, which is implemented in low-cost organic laminates. A4 dual-beam former chip is flip-chip Fig. 13 .  ... 
arXiv:2009.07208v1 fatcat:7darv6meofb6znezmmurla24am
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