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Stages of development of linguistics and linguistic schools

D Inomiddinova
2022 Zamonaviy lingvistik tadqiqotlar: xorijiy tajribalar, istiqbolli izlanishlar va tillarni o'qitishning innovatsion usullari  
The project deals with the actual problem of teaching English as a foreign language to students of non-philological universities.  ...  A variant of the practical implementation of the main components of the methodological system in the educational complex of exercises and tasks is presented, which makes it possible to outline new and  ...  Ultimately, this approach to language led to the dehumanization of linguistics. 5) Prerequisites for a new synthesis of linguistics and philology.  ... 
doi:10.47689/linguistic-research-vol-iss1-pp102-105 fatcat:4stxbc7aevfkxpc5u7rjzmjsre

Trying to make sense of language synthesis

Gary Morgan
2017 Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism  
Trying to make sense of language synthesis. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 6(6), pp. 799-801. This is the accepted version of the paper.  ...  Permanent repository link: Link to published version: http://dx.  ...  This approach to using sign language data to refine and strengthen general linguistic theory is the right way to move forward.  ... 
doi:10.1075/lab.6.6.10mor fatcat:i4hiayx37fhnfm3puofvn7otta

Toward a Motor Theory of Sign Language Perception [chapter]

Sylvie Gibet, Pierre-François Marteau, Kyle Duarte
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
According to this theory, we consider that linguistic knowledge is mapped on sensory-motor processes, and propose a methodology based on the principle of a synthesis-by-analysis approach, guided by an  ...  We discuss the relevance and interest of a motor theory of perception in sign language communication.  ...  When producing sign language gestures, the linguistic information is also exploited to generate a sign language utterance which is then translated into a motor program.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-34182-3_15 fatcat:t46atl45wjeuvkxlzpeeja4bju

Sign Language Recognition, Generation, and Modelling: A Research Effort with Applications in Deaf Communication [chapter]

Eleni Efthimiou, Stavroula-Evita Fotinea, Christian Vogler, Thomas Hanke, John Glauert, Richard Bowden, Annelies Braffort, Christophe Collet, Petros Maragos, Jérémie Segouat
2009 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Expected outcomes are three showcase applications for a search-by-example sign language dictionary, a sign language-to-sign language translator, and a sign language-based Wiki.  ...  This paper describes Dicta-Sign, a project aimed at developing the technologies required for making sign language-based Web contributions possible, by providing an integrated framework for sign language  ...  In the case of sign languages, a similar approach is being experimented with, with the goal of generating signs (word level linguistic units of sign languages) with an avatar not by mere video recording  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-02707-9_3 fatcat:kkpy2xpmf5hdzgchxt5pbbigrq

Linguistics as structure in computer animation: Toward a more effective synthesis of brow motion in American Sign Language

2011 Sign Language and Linguistics  
anatomy and instead offers a different approach for animating the effects of interacting levels of linguistic function.  ...  Computer-generated three-dimensional animation holds great promise for synthesizing utterances in American Sign Language (ASL) that are not only grammatical, but well-tolerated by members of the Deaf community  ...  Acknowledgments The authors want to express their appreciation to all the team members of the ASL Synthesizer Project at DePaul University.  ... 
doi:10.1075/sll.14.1.09wol fatcat:xd66wtz2wja4dnmh73xvlstr6u

The development of bimodal bilingualism

Diane Lillo-Martin, Ronice Müller de Quadros, Deborah Chen Pichler
2017 Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism  
A wide range of linguistic phenomena contribute to our understanding of the architecture of the human linguistic system.  ...  In this paper we present a proposal dubbed Language Synthesis to capture bilingual phenomena including code-switching and 'transfer' as automatic consequences of the addition of a second language, using  ...  All this input proved to be extremely helpful.  ... 
doi:10.1075/lab.6.6.01lil pmid:28603576 pmcid:PMC5461974 fatcat:svysax6hz5flnetyq5joebnk4i

SignSynth: A Sign Language Synthesis Application Using Web3D and Perl [chapter]

Angus B. Grieve-Smith
2002 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
SignSynth takes as its input text a sign language text in ASCII-Stokoe notation (chosen as a simple starting point) and converts it to an internal feature tree.  ...  Development of sign synthesis (also known as text-to-sign) can benefit from studying the history of its older cousin, speech synthesis.  ...  My definition of sign synthesis thus parallels its spoken-language equivalent, speech synthesis: Sign synthesis is a way to convert sign language from a stored, textual medium to a fluid medium used for  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-47873-6_14 fatcat:folbroecynhhfbpv6b3z755em4

A Combined Semantic and Motion Capture Database for Real-Time Sign Language Synthesis [chapter]

Charly Awad, Nicolas Courty, Kyle Duarte, Thibaut Le Naour, Sylvie Gibet
2009 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Our aim is to make this approach feasible for virtual agents signing in French Sign Language, taking into account the semantic information implicitly contained in sign language data.  ...  This approach is used to effectively retrieve stored motions for the purposes of producing real-time sign language animations.  ...  In this paper we propose a new database approach to generate a set of French Sign Language signs.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04380-2_47 fatcat:6qg53x6zfrddhdru72k4ttlitu

Synthesising Sign Language from semantics, approaching "from the target and back" [article]

Michael Filhol, Gilles Falquet
2017 arXiv   pre-print
We present a Sign Language modelling approach allowing to build grammars and create linguistic input for Sign synthesis through avatars.  ...  We comment on the type of grammar it allows to build, and observe a resemblance between the resulting expressions and traditional semantic representations.  ...  It goes on to show that its advantage is a result of its design, namely one rooted in the target language forms. 2 Agnostic and experimental approach to language description SL synthesis has mostly been  ... 
arXiv:1707.08041v1 fatcat:v74v2vbvfzejth2knpzgthe2cq

A knowledge-based sign synthesis architecture

Stavroula-Evita Fotinea, Eleni Efthimiou, George Caridakis, Kostas Karpouzis
2007 Universal Access in the Information Society  
This paper presents the modules that comprise a knowledge-based sign synthesis architecture for Greek sign language (GSL).  ...  Dynamic synthesis of GSL linguistic units is achieved by mapping written Greek structures to GSL, based on a computational grammar of GSL and a lexicon that contains lemmas coded as features of GSL phonology  ...  Acknowledgments The authors wish to acknowledge the assistance of all groups involved in the implementation of the work presented here, especially the GSL research group of ILSP and the IVMS lab.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10209-007-0094-8 fatcat:mx2qwr255jgb3asap74cjdwn5i

The role of underspecification in grammar

Terje Lohndal
2017 Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism  
However, another piece of the puzzle involves understanding the grammatical system of bilingual speakers who use both a sign language and a spoken language, or put differently, bimodal bilingualism.  ...  Rather, as much work in second language acquisition has recognized, it is also necessary to study instances where a person masters two or more languages at different levels of proficiency.  ...  Such an analysis fails to capture an insight that a late-insertion DM-analysis makes available. LMC dub their approach the "Language Synthesis model".  ... 
doi:10.1075/lab.6.6.07loh fatcat:aade7nu3svhuroth5angv6mz5i

An Open Web Platform for Rule-Based Speech-to-Sign Translation

Manny Rayner, Pierrette Bouillon, Sarah Ebling, Johanna Gerlach, Irene Strasly, Nikos Tsourakis
2016 Proceedings of the 54th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 2: Short Papers)  
Translation grammars are written in a version of Synchronous Context-Free Grammar adapted to the peculiarities of sign language.  ...  Initial experiences show that simple translation grammars can be implemented on a time-scale of a few hours to a few days and produce signed output readily comprehensible to Deaf informants.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank John Glauert of the School of Computing Sciences, UEA, for his invaluable help with JASigning, and Nuance Inc for generously making their software available to us  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/p16-2027 dblp:conf/acl/RaynerBEGST16 fatcat:ytzz6s6tojaitd7dwcww6sy54u

Synthesizing Sign Language by Connecting Linguistically Structured Descriptions to a Multi-track Animation System [chapter]

Michael Filhol, John McDonald, Rosalee Wolfe
2017 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
On the language modelling side, AZee proposes a methodology and formal description mechanism to build grammars of Sign languages.  ...  Animating sign language requires both a model of the structure of the target language and a computer animation system capable of producing the resulting avatar motion.  ...  This proposition allows to consider full synthesis of Sign Language animations straight from semantically-loaded linguistic expressions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-58703-5_3 fatcat:bg75rxmvcrgp5awnz2en3ihzw4

Interactive editing in French Sign Language dedicated to virtual signers: requirements and challenges

Sylvie Gibet, François Lefebvre-Albaret, Ludovic Hamon, Rémi Brun, Ahmed Turki
2015 Universal Access in the Information Society  
In recent years, an emerging approach uses captured data to edit and generate Sign Language (SL) gestures.  ...  A solution is to insert the human operator in a loop for constructing new utterances, and to incorporate within the utterance's structure constraints that are derived from linguistic patterns.  ...  Section 2 describes two major approaches to generate new sign language (SL) utterances: the textualbased SL specifying approach dedicated to pure synthesis techniques and the editing operations applied  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10209-015-0411-6 fatcat:6jyfq2ilxbgqvdlpj7xljcuxby

Methodological Problems of the Linguistic Philosophy of Consciousness

Pavel N Baryshnikov
2011 RUDN Journal of Philosophy  
We pay much attention to the linguistic nature of intentionality and to the problem of reference; and we also describe intentional ambivalence of semiotisation of sensory experience.  ...  linguistic aspect.  ...  The language like the consciousness is capable of introspection, i.e. the man unlike the representatives of other signal systems has a unique possibility to take a metaposition and to talk of his own signs  ... 
doaj:87260320af1d4c89ab7ebf657cc49fe3 fatcat:sksar55luze3vonnyarclaqwei
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