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An Agile Approach to Validate a Formal Representation of the GDPR [chapter]

Cesare Bartolini, Gabriele Lenzini, Cristiana Santos
2019 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Modelling in a knowledge base of logic formulae the articles of the GDPR enables a semi-automatic reasoning of the Regulation.  ...  We devise such a validation methodology and exemplify it over a knowledge base of articles of the GDPR translated into Reified I/O (RIO) logic and encoded in LegalRuleML.  ...  The starting point is the human-readable representation of Articles 5.1(a) and 7.1 of the GDPR.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-31605-1_13 fatcat:empjajy2u5cwte3433srqfoqlq

Capturing the Basics of the GDPR in a Well-Founded Legal Domain Modular Ontology [chapter]

Mirna El Ghosh, Habib Abdulrab
2021 Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications  
OPPD intends to overcome the lack of a representation of legal procedures that most ontologies encountered.  ...  In this work, we aim to capture the basics of GDPR in a well-founded legal domain modular ontology named OPPD (Ontology for the Protection of Personal Data).  ...  The corpus comprises mainly 45 articles that bear on norms. OPPD will be used to model and formalize the legal rules of the GDPR for legal reasoning or compliance checking purposes.  ... 
doi:10.3233/faia210378 fatcat:2krgjmjacbe6je5i7gepu6zjae

D2.6 Formal representation of the legislation V2

P.A. Bonatti, S. Kirrane, I. Petrova, L. Sauro, C. Kerschbaum, E. Pirkova
2018 Zenodo  
Chapter 2 in turn details our progress on the the formal representation of the GDPR, which will be iteratively refined throughout the course of the project and completed with the release of the final versions  ...  The primary goal being to derive a set of must-have structural requirements, that are necessary in order to represent the GDPR in a machine readable format.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank Eliska Pirkova from the faculty of law at the University of Helsinki (eliska. pirkova@helsinki.fi) for contributions to Chapter 1.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4585608 fatcat:oayz7nt55rbobb4s4rhktsz66m

The DAta Protection REgulation COmpliance Model

Cesare Bartolini, Gabriele Lenzini, Livio Robaldo
2019 IEEE Security and Privacy  
This article describes a model of the GDPR that allows for a semiautomatic processing of legal text and the leveraging of state-of-the-art legal informatics approaches, which are useful for legal reasoning  ...  Understanding whether certain technical measures comply with the General Data Protection Regulation's (GDPR's) principles is complex legal work.  ...  Skłodowska-Curie project 690974 "MIREL: MIning and REasoning With Legal Texts  ... 
doi:10.1109/msec.2019.2937756 fatcat:2lid7nlrbnb4xbwxt72xizx3lu

Representing Activities associated with Processing of Personal Data and Consent using Semantic Web for GDPR Compliance

Harshvardhan J. Pandit, Dave Lewis, Declan O'Sullivan
2020 Zenodo  
The first of these is regarding associating information with the text and concepts of GDPR which would enable the adoption of a linked data approach to automation and management of compliance documentation  ...  The second concerns representations of activities regarding the planning and execution of processes concerning personal data and consent.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The first and foremost acknowledgement I would like to make is in thanking my supervisors -Dave Lewis and Declan O'Sullivan.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3795513 fatcat:qmyotfakhjcdxoksp6pff2uzfm

D2.6 - Formal representation of the legislation V2

P.A. Bonatti, S. Kirrane, L. Petrova, L. Sauro, C. Kerschbaum, Eliska Pirkova
2018 Zenodo  
This is the second version of the deliverable D2.2 that includes the summary the results of our structural analysis of the text of the GDPR and details our initial thoughts on the the formal representation  ...  of the GDPR, which will be iteratively refined throughout the course of the project.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank Eliska Pirkova from the faculty of law at the University of Helsinki (eliska. pirkova@helsinki.fi) for contributions to Chapter 1.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.2545217 fatcat:lj7esjgqhfa7nppe5nttaagqlq

Machine Understandable Policies and GDPR Compliance Checking [article]

Piero A. Bonatti, Sabrina Kirrane, Iliana M. Petrova, Luigi Sauro
2020 arXiv   pre-print
the obligations set forth in the GDPR.  ...  The primary contributions of the project include: (i) a policy language that can be used to express consent, business policies, and regulatory obligations; and (ii) two different approaches to automated  ...  The authors are grateful to all of SPE-CIAL's partners; without their contribution this project and its results would not have been possible.  ... 
arXiv:2001.08930v1 fatcat:pg5iq2q7zfd33lqznptk3fbrbu

TILT: A GDPR-Aligned Transparency Information Language and Toolkit for Practical Privacy Engineering [article]

Elias Grünewald, Frank Pallas
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We provide a detailed analysis of transparency obligations from the GDPR to identify the expressiveness required for a formal transparency language intended to meet respective legal requirements.  ...  In this paper, we present TILT, a transparency information language and toolkit explicitly designed to represent and process transparency information in line with the requirements of the GDPR and allowing  ...  An example for custom type validation is the reference to a legal basis for data processing.  ... 
arXiv:2012.10431v1 fatcat:4wdf4ec7srefzh3zkxamvefil4

OntoROPA D1: State of the Art and Ambition

M.Mercedes Martínez-González, Pompeu Casanovas, María-Luisa Alvite-Díez, Núria Casellas
2021 Zenodo  
OntoROPA proposes the creation of a knowledge graph, a RDF graph, to handle information about Records of Processing Activities (ROPAs).  ...  It combines building a professional ontology that will be part of this graph with the collection and management of the specific knowledge of the community of privacy and data protection experts—mainly  ...  https://doi.org Together with GDPRtEXT, GDPRov and GConsent enable representation of activities required to evaluate and validate compliance with the GDPR.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4930186 fatcat:ul5ghc56pbdolcpunwez2tam3y

Deriving Workflow Privacy Patterns from Legal Documents

Marcin Robak, Erik Buchmann
2019 Proceedings of the 2019 Federated Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems  
We have applied our approach to different articles of the GDPR, and we have obtained evidence that we can transfer legal text into a structured WPP representation.  ...  If a workflow correctly implements a WPP that has been designed that way, the workflow automatically complies to the respective fragment of the underlying legal text.  ...  We have applied our approach to different articles of the GDPR, and we have obtained evidence that we can transfer legal text into a structured WPP representation.  ... 
doi:10.15439/2019f275 dblp:conf/fedcsis/RobakB19 fatcat:yatsaibkirbobinvo4jqvbmage

D2.2 - Formal representation of the legislation V1

Piero Bonatti, Sabrina Kirrane
2017 Zenodo  
Linked Data representation of the legislation and development of re-usable and extensible policy templates (T2.2).  ...  The legal validity of consent requests shall be certified by humans (preferably with a specific legal background).  ...  The primary goal being to derive a set of must-have structural requirements, that are necessary in order to D.2.2: Formal representation of the legislation V1 7/26 represent the GDPR in a machine readable  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.2549581 fatcat:iia6ciim3nhaneeef6k5qo5zki

Using Models to Enable Compliance Checking Against the GDPR: An Experience Report

Damiano Torre, Ghanem Soltana, Mehrdad Sabetzadeh, Lionel C. Briand, Yuri Auffinger, Peter Goes
2019 2019 ACM/IEEE 22nd International Conference on Model Driven Engineering Languages and Systems (MODELS)  
In this paper, we share our experience building a UML representation of the GDPR as a first step towards the development of future automated methods for assessing compliance with the GDPR.  ...  Given that a concrete implementation of the GDPR is affected by the national laws of the EU member states, GDPR's expanding body of case law and other contextual information, we propose a two-tiered representation  ...  The second column lists the GDPR source articles of the elements in the first column. Here, traceability is meant to help legal experts during the validation sessions.  ... 
doi:10.1109/models.2019.00-20 dblp:conf/models/TorreSSBAG19 fatcat:jfkqnzufcbbg3jc7ibsurahix4

Towards Legal Compliance by Correlating Standards and Laws with a Semi-automated Methodology [chapter]

Cesare Bartolini, Andra Giurgiu, Gabriele Lenzini, Livio Robaldo
2017 Communications in Computer and Information Science  
The framework relies on state-of-the-art Natural Language Semantics techniques to process the linguistic terms of the two documents, and maintains a knowledge base of the logic representations of the terms  ...  the interpretation of certain legal provisions.  ...  Legal texts".  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-67468-1_4 fatcat:oh3btgl55reaphpbmnkjem2rom

YaPPL - A Lightweight Privacy Preference Language for Legally Sufficient and Automated Consent Provision in IoT Scenarios [chapter]

Max-R. Ulbricht, Frank Pallas
2018 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We analyze what criteria consent must meet in order to be legally sufficient and translate these into a formal representation of consent as well as into functional requirements that YaPPL must fulfill.  ...  and successfully instantiated in a proof of concept scenario, paving the way for viable technical implementations of legally sufficient consent mechanisms in the IoT.  ...  Formalization of Consent As a first step towards our language, we need a formal representation of consent in the sense of the GDPR as outlined above.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-00305-0_23 fatcat:aajiguilrrcqlhepv3ckknrn5m

Using artificial intelligence to support compliance with the general data protection regulation

John Kingston
2017 Artificial Intelligence and Law  
Yet fewer than half of UK companies are fully aware of GDPR - and a number of those who were preparing for it stopped doing so when the Brexit vote was announced.  ...  The most significant change is a huge increase in the maximum fine that can be levied for breaches of the regulation.  ...  Established rule premise: Where a valid legal claim exists under GDPR, supervisory authorities have a right to take action [Articles 51-59, especially Article 58]. b.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10506-017-9206-9 fatcat:ll4i5dyuijhgtegavztrz5kvoq
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