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A Learning Theoretic Perspective on Local Explainability [article]

Jeffrey Li, Vaishnavh Nagarajan, Gregory Plumb, Ameet Talwalkar
2020 arXiv   pre-print
First, we tackle the traditional problem of performance generalization and bound the test-time accuracy of a model using a notion of how locally explainable it is.  ...  In this paper, we explore connections between interpretable machine learning and learning theory through the lens of local approximation explanations.  ...  A study in rashomon curves and volumes: A new perspective on generalization and model simplicity in machine learning, 2019. URL https: // Yoon, Sercan O.  ... 
arXiv:2011.01205v1 fatcat:j7gr6ijdb5asdmqkk7nenf4qxa

Critical realism and organizational learning

Louise Brøns Kringelum, Jacob Brix
2020 Learning Organization  
Hence, a critical realist foundation moves organizational learning theory a step closer to its theoretical sibling, the learning organization.  ...  It considers critical realism as an alternate theoretical science foundation to the domains of empirical realism and social constructivism that characterize most of the field of organizational learning  ...  In this way, a valuable, temporal perspective on learning processes can emerge.  ... 
doi:10.1108/tlo-03-2020-0035 fatcat:pdbi4ujrhzc2jomnlcd6z5tg64

Diversity of theories in mathematics education—How can we deal with it?

Angelika Bikner-Ahsbahs, Susanne Prediger
2006 ZDM: Mathematics Education  
However, if we use a special theoretical perspective then we watch something from a special theoretical angle: An interactionist perspective informs us that some kind of interactionism is taken as background  ...  They investigated the same data of a classroom situation from a cognitive perspective on the one hand and from the perspective of activity theory on the other.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf02655905 fatcat:qjdtohhrl5c3jptmcfovwmbska

Commentary: Developmental Constraints on Learning Artificial Grammars with Fixed, Flexible, and Free Word Order

Aniello De Santo
2018 Frontiers in Psychology  
Here, I show that the contrasts in Nowak and Baggio (2017) can be explained by language-theoretical characterizations of the stimuli, in line with a relatively recent research program focused on studying  ...  phonological generalizations from a mathematical perspective (Heinz, 2011a,b).  ...  Here, I show that the contrasts in Nowak and Baggio (2017) can be explained by language-theoretical characterizations of the stimuli, in line with a relatively recent research program focused on studying  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00276 pmid:29569645 pmcid:PMC5845589 fatcat:n6g5pwgmdvdzjjgef4nxefry3m

Human-Centric AI: The Symbiosis of Human and Artificial Intelligence

Davor Horvatić, Tomislav Lipic
2021 Entropy  
By enabling automatic feature engineering, deep learning models significantly reduce the reliance on domain-expert knowledge, outperforming traditional methods based on handcrafted feature engineering  ...  Well-evidenced advances of data-driven complex machine learning approaches emerging within the so-called second wave of artificial intelligence (AI) fostered the exploration of possible AI applications  ...  in complex machine learning models, their outputs, and their behaviors.  ... 
doi:10.3390/e23030332 pmid:33799841 pmcid:PMC7998306 fatcat:weok427uv5hyvgh225mtz5yh3a

Healthcare middle managers` experiences developing leadership capacity and capability in a public funded learning network

Trude Anita Hartviksen, Berit Mosseng Sjolie, Jessica Aspfors, Lisbeth Uhrenfeldt
2018 BMC Health Services Research  
The approaches in the learning network were based on transformative learning, coherence, reflection, discussion, repetition, knowledge sharing, and short lectures.  ...  Method: A critical hermeneutic design was chosen. Data were collected through three focus group interviews with Norwegian HMMs who participated in a learning network.  ...  The datasets analyzed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12913-018-3259-7 pmid:29884174 pmcid:PMC5994034 fatcat:pxnsyymzmjeznib4gv3wnqsjtq

Perspectives on the Particularities of the Process of Ensuring Qualified Work-Force in the Organizations of Bihor County

Antonio SANDU, Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava
2019 Logos Universality Mentality Education Novelty SOCIAL SCIENCES  
hic et munc aspects and the direct results of the research rather than the theoretical one.  ...  Békési Csaba-Lajos focuses on the discursive horizon of the applied research, the improvement of the training process being a key phrase that marks not only the construction of the research goal, but the  ...  Theoretical Approach The theoretical approach to the thesis is based on the concept of a learning organization (Hoffman, 2004) and of organizational learning (Harrison, 2005) , the author criticizing  ... 
doi:10.18662/lumenss/20 fatcat:g2hnf5uysrfgtewneh32yzfauu

Tacit knowledge, embedded agency and learning: local nodes and global networks

Alice Lam
2014 Prometheus  
Introduction In developing an individual perspective to explain learning in socio-spatial context, Rutten proposes that we should drop the notion of tacit knowledge which has been central to the literature  ...  He draws on Granovetter's (1985) notion of 'embeddedness' to explain the relationship between social context and individual agency with regard to learning.  ...  and global networks The individual-first perspective proposed by Rutten has gone some way towards reconciling the theoretical extremes of the Territorial Innovation Model (TIM) which focuses on local  ... 
doi:10.1080/08109028.2014.945290 fatcat:5gm6ptcvizf7dddonql3zp25a4

Linking Theory and Context: 'Strategy Research in Emerging Economies' after Wright et al. (2005)

Dean Xu, Klaus E. Meyer
2012 Journal of Management Studies  
Wright and colleagues focused on institutional theory as a major foundation for such work, and we find it continuing to be the most popular theoretical perspective.  ...  In addition, new perspectives have emerged focusing on respectively learning, relationships, real options, and spillovers as focal concepts for theorizing.  ...  A central challenge for future research thus is to explain the contextual contingencies of findings on knowledge transfer and learning.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-6486.2012.01051.x fatcat:lwlhiphvyfeilohce5n4xh755m

Theoretical foundations of equity based foreign market entry decisions: A review of the literature and recommendations for future research

Irina Surdu, Kamel Mellahi
2016 International Business Review  
Our review indicates that scholars have recently started to challenge some of the core assumptions of established theories, draw on and integrate insights from multiple theoretical perspectives which,  ...  The paper discusses the explanatory power of the different theories, assesses the relevance of the different theoretical perspectives to our understanding of current FME phenomena and recommends directions  ...  First, the field of FME is amid a theoretical flourishing, as scholars are drawing on a multitude of theoretical perspectives to examine FME decisions.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ibusrev.2016.03.001 fatcat:3vkrfckyhzgtzcii7kt7qmqqcm

Book Review: Handbook of Conversation Design for Instructional Applications

Murat Ataizi
2011 Contemporary Educational Technology  
The editor has published in a number of areas such as virtual learning communities and practice, research methodology on online instruction, issues in higher education, instructional design, design research  ...  , and online learning communities in education.  ...  The aim of the chapter is explained as offering theoretical and methodological approaches to the design of learning conversations as a mode of learning and constructing knowledge.  ... 
doi:10.30935/cedtech/6051 fatcat:c2il4nu3cna6jhfsv32adg4vl4

Book Review: Cultural-Historical Perspectives on Teacher Education and Development: Learning Teaching, 2010. Taylor & Francis Group

Victoria Antoniadou
2011 Bellaterra Journal of Teaching & Learning Language & Literature  
The sociocultural perspective taken on by educationalists was the kernel point that marked the shift from previous paradigms investigating learning as the final product following an "impartation of knowledge  ...  of various outputs, to propose a view of knowledge as situated in and contextualized by systems of activity, as "something to be accessed and developed in joint work on a potentially shared object (concern  ...  or learning merely as reproduction, but in trying to explain the relationship between local activity by human agents in specific settings and the historical, culture-making processes that allow ideas  ... 
doi:10.5565/rev/jtl3.317 fatcat:tz3q7nnt2ff5bfajcwddgapbfe

Learning from conceptual flow in regional studies: Framing present debates, unbracketing past debates

Arnoud Lagendijk
2006 Regional studies  
In Dicken's (2004) , view, the 'non-local' involves a complex, layered world in which the local just forms one chain as a node in a variety of networks.  ...  Bathelt et. al.' s 'buzz and pipeline' perspective, for instance, calls for the right mix between 'local' and 'non-local'.  ... 
doi:10.1080/00343400600725202 fatcat:lhpvtghw6rhqlhl6f7livbozmm

Informal learning processes of migrants in the civil society: a transnational perspective

Pauliina Alenius
2016 European Journal for Research on the Education and Learning of Adults  
The theoretical framework relates to socio-cultural, situated learning tradition as well as transnational migration studies.  ...  experience on-going learning processes involving identity construction through engaging in various social groups during their life-course.  ...  Socio-cultural, situated learning perspective The framework of situated learning introduces a social, informal perspective into learning: learning does not occur only in formal educational contexts but  ... 
doi:10.3384/rela.2000-7426.rela9072 fatcat:m7vtyjsmevherlfv6q3b4vrgqu

Discourse competence as important part of academic language proficiency in mathematics classrooms: the case of explaining to learn and learning to explain

Kirstin Erath, Susanne Prediger, Uta Quasthoff, Vivien Heller
2018 Educational Studies in Mathematics  
Language, which plays a special role for the learning of mathematics, is investigated in this article for the specific discourse practice of explaining during whole-class discussions: On the one hand,  ...  explaining is a medium for learning since school cannot be thought of without communication.  ...  This dominance of explaining justifies the theoretically set focus on these activities from the empirical perspective also.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10649-018-9830-7 fatcat:n73kzsr64vc2zofpuskcvsdc5q
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