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Artificial Innate Immune System: An Instant Defence Layer of Embryonics [chapter]

X. Zhang, G. Dragffy, A. G. Pipe, Q. M. Zhu
2004 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
It therefore seems intuitive that a generic faulttolerant hardware system that is inspired by biology should therefore be cellbased and possess some of the immune defence characteristics found in nature  ...  It combines internal self-healing characteristics of embryonic cellular array based systems with an instant defence layer, inspired by nature's innate immune system.  ...  He proposed to use adaptive immune system processes for error detection to build fault tolerant hardware systems on an embryonic cellular array.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-30220-9_25 fatcat:zp6cdltrovdv3mxyhd2cudrz7i

Fault Tolerant Bio-Inspired System Controlled Modular Switched Reluctance Machine

Loránd Szabó, Mircea Ruba, Csaba Szász, Virgil Chindriş, Géza Husi
2014 Automatika  
For such applications, a novel bio-inspired motion control system is proposed.  ...  This paper describes all these three fault tolerant components: the bio-inspired control system having self-healing capabilities, the power converter with an extra leg and the fault tolerant modular machine  ...  The control system consists of an embryonic machine (hardware immune system) and a personal computer (supervisor of the digital control system).  ... 
doi:10.7305/automatika.2014.01.105 fatcat:eun2fc2jlfecrksk3myms5eaom

Immunotronics - novel finite-state-machine architectures with built-in self-test using self-nonself differentiation

D.W. Bradley, A.M. Tyrrell
2002 IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation  
A novel approach to hardware fault tolerance is demonstrated that takes inspiration from the human immune system as a method of fault detection.  ...  both complement and create new approaches to the development of fault detection mechanisms for reliable hardware systems.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would also like to thank the anonymous referees for their helpful and incisive comments.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tevc.2002.1011538 fatcat:uga2vf63qbgvliyjrhf2epzme4

MUXTREE revisited: Embryonics as a reconfiguration strategy in fault-tolerant processor arrays [chapter]

César Ortega-Sánchez, Andrew Tyrrell
1998 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
It is argued that by assuming a broader meaning for the concept of evolution it possible to classify embryonic arrays and other adaptable systems as evolvable.  ...  Self-healing mechanisms found in nature and the implicit redundancy of cellular architectures constitute the foundations of embryonic systems' fault tolerance properties.  ...  Fault Tolerance Techniques in Processor Arrays All fault tolerance techniques for hardware systems rely on the use of spare components to substitute failing elements.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bfb0057622 fatcat:nadmp3z4gzfc5lmqhbvn5ad34a

SABRE: a bio-inspired fault-tolerant electronic architecture

P Bremner, Y Liu, M Samie, G Dragffy, A G Pipe, G Tempesti, J Timmis, A M Tyrrell
2013 Bioinspiration & Biomimetics  
Acknowledgments This research work is supported by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council of the United Kingdom under Grant Number EP/F062192/1 and EP/F067623/1.  ...  an artificial immune system (section 6.2).  ...  and provide an improved immune response, i.e., a form of artificial vaccination.  ... 
doi:10.1088/1748-3182/8/1/016003 pmid:23302298 fatcat:u6pv3nqw35e6rd7yjpjwx74die

Evolvable Embryonics: 2-in-1 Approach to Self-healing Systems

Elhadj Benkhelifa, Anthony Pipe, Ashutosh Tiwari
2013 Procedia CIRP  
This will be also presented in the context of biologically inspired systems where Evolvable Hardware is concerned with evolutionary synthesis of self-healing systems and potentially hardware capable of  ...  support the design optimisation of self-healing architectures, that is Evolvable-Embryonics.  ...  The human nervous and immune systems have inspired research on Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) [1] and Artificial Immune Systems [2] , respectively.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procir.2013.07.029 fatcat:pfoqokxtanabrlxnrzsguf6zvu

Fault Tolerance Using Dynamic Reconfiguration on the POEtic Tissue

Will Barker, David M. Halliday, Yann Thoma, Eduardo Sanchez, Gianluca Tempesti, Andy M. Tyrrell
2007 IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation  
Features such as dynamic routing, reconfiguration, and on-chip reprogramming can be invaluable for the realization of adaptive hardware systems and for the design of highly complex systems based on the  ...  Fault tolerance is a crucial operational aspect of biological systems and the self-repair capabilities of complex organisms far exceeds that of even the most advanced electronic devices.  ...  They would also like to thank the reviewers for their helpful and incisive comments that certainly improved the paper.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tevc.2007.896690 fatcat:6u4jkhkrmrg6zmsucb7b4sogoi

Improving Artificial-Immune-System-based computing by exploiting intrinsic features of computer architectures

Yiqi Deng, Peter J. Bentley, Alvee Momshad
2016 2016 IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence (SSCI)  
Three Artificial Immune Systems implemented on different architectures are compared using these principles to examine the possibility of improving AIS through taking advantage of intrinsic hardware features  ...  This paper reviews and evaluates current existing implementation solutions for AIS on different computing paradigms and introduces the idea of "C Principles" and "A Principles".  ...  Canham and Tyrrell developed a multi-layered hardware artificial immune system coupled with an embryonic array [10] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/ssci.2016.7850157 dblp:conf/ssci/DengBM16 fatcat:34jvqp74ojcijdz4np6c7ekzsi

Embryonics: Artificial Cells Driven by Artificial DNA [chapter]

Lucian Prodan, Gianluca Tempesti, Daniel Mange, André Stauffer
2001 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Embryonics is a long-term research project attempting to draw inspiration from the biological process of ontogeny, to implement novel digital computing machines endowed with better fault-tolerant capabilities  ...  For this purpose FPGAs are extremely useful. However, through this project we designed MuxTree, a new coarse-grained FPGA, to implement our embryonic machines.  ...  Self-Repair at the Molecular Level Killing a column of processors for every fault in the array represents a penalty we wished to avoid and therefore a certain degree of fault tolerance at the molecular  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-45443-8_9 fatcat:n4lbcjq5zzebjlwrd3z7ivrfwe

Unicellular Self-healing Electronic Array

Mohammad Samie, Gabriel Dragffy, Tony Pipe, Suresh Perinpanayagam
2013 Procedia CIRP  
The embedded fault repair mechanism uses significantly less memory for gene storage and considerably less hardware overall for target system implementation than any previously proposed bio-inspired architecture  ...  At the device programming level, it appears as a cellular FPGA-like system; however, underlying structures transpose it into an inherently self-healing and fault tolerant electronics system.  ...  Acknowledgements This research work is supported by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council of the United Kingdom under Grant Number EP/F062192/1.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procir.2013.07.009 fatcat:cppjmktg7bfwjkufk26q7pk67a

Embryonics: A Path to Artificial Life?

Xuegong Zhang, Gabriel Dragffy, Anthony G. Pipe
2006 Artificial Life  
Embryonic Development and Cell Repair A clearer picture of how a nature-inspired embryonic system develops, its implementation in hardware, and how in the presence of a fault it could repair itself may  ...  The birth of an artificial-life-based electronic system takes a similar route. The hardware platform is a ''sea of cells'' in a two-dimensional silicon array.  ...  Figure 13 . 4-byte SRAM implemented by 1536 (24Â64) embryonic cells.  ... 
doi:10.1162/artl.2006.12.3.313 pmid:16859443 fatcat:oyofux6qk5fxxkncje5snsylji

Bio-inspired computing tissues: towards machines that evolve, grow, and learn

Christof Teuscher, Daniel Mange, André Stauffer, Gianluca Tempesti
2003 Biosystems (Amsterdam. Print)  
The Embryonics project */inspired by some of the basic processes of molecular biology */is described by means of the BioWatch application, a fault-tolerant and self-repairable watch.  ...  We first present a general overview of bio-inspired systems and the POE model that classifies bio-inspired machines along three axes.  ...  The authors are grateful to André Badertscher for the photographs and to Enrico Petraglio for the computer graphics.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0303-2647(02)00100-4 pmid:12595122 fatcat:eeprvtqqszfl3dj7bkmlxz2wuy

Self-replicating hardware for reliability

Gianluca Tempesti, Daniel Mange, Pierre-Andre Mudry, Joël Rossier, Andre Stauffer
2007 ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems  
fault tolerance in our bio-inspired approach.  ...  The multicellular structure of biological organisms and the interpretation in each of their cells of a chemical program (the DNA string or genome) is the source of inspiration for the Embryonics (embryonic  ...  to fault tolerance.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1265949.1265955 fatcat:jo4jbr3rzrdq3kz5t6swpqjx4m

An innovative bio-inspired fault tolerant unitronics architecture

Mohammad Samie, Gabriel Dragffy, Tony Pipe, Paul Bremner
2011 European Conference on Artificial Life  
It is a programmable cellular FPGA-like system inspired by unicellular bacterial organisms, and transposes self-healing and fault tolerant properties of nature to electronics systems.  ...  Integrity of the system is continuously monitored on-line, and if a fault is detected its location is automatically identified.  ...  The novel artificial prokaryotic model we have proposed [6, 7] is a solution to build efficient fault tolerant hardware systems.  ... 
dblp:conf/ecal/SamieDPB11 fatcat:visuq23kcfb2db2jbbyxo2c2nq

Evolutionary and embryogenic approaches to autonomic systems

Daniele Miorandi, Lidia Yamamoto
2008 Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Performance Evaluation Methodologies and Tools  
The paper concludes with a short discussion and outlook for applications of the aforementioned techniques to autonomic computing and communication systems. * This work has been partially funded by the  ...  In this paper we present a review of state-of-the-art techniques for automated creation and evolution of software.  ...  Artificial systems here go from simple replicators and self-reproducing systems to embryonics (mostly in hardware) and artificial embryogeny (mostly in software).  ... 
doi:10.4108/icst.valuetools2008.4514 dblp:conf/valuetools/MiorandiY08 fatcat:gbmu36m2ubdb3bywe2htxgozgy
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