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FUNCTIONAL GRAMMAR (An Introduction to Metafunctional Components of Language)

Christina I.T. Panggabean
2011 Okara: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra  
to the structure of a text.  ...  The concepts discussed in Functional Grammar aims at giving contribution to the understanding of a text and evaluation of a text, which can be applied for text analysis.  ...  Badib 17 stated that 'whatever the theories of teaching English of as a Foreign Language, the next curriculum of English should incorporate the concept of the strengthening, cultivating, preserving the  ... 
doi:10.19105/ojbs.v5i1.500 doaj:9b7314e6974e4226865ba0e81a3e7791 fatcat:2htbuem46ffbnm2fcrajf4gcwm

Jacob's Ladder and Scientific Ontologies [article]

Julio Michael Stern
2014 arXiv   pre-print
The main goal of this article is to use the epistemological framework of a specific version of Cognitive Constructivism to address Piaget's central problem of knowledge construction, namely, the re-equilibration  ...  Some of von Foerster's epistemological imperatives provide general guidelines of development and argumentation.  ...  The author is thankful for having had the opportunity to access the personal library of  ... 
arXiv:1308.4015v7 fatcat:mlvlyodu4vd3hkzjnh6nfbn35a

Crossing borders: development, learning and the North – South divide

Colin McFarlane
2006 Third World Quarterly  
Western feminist scholarship becomes "feminist geography", and theories of a few western states produce "political geographies of the state".  ...  The paper will progress by contextualising division in development debates in relation to a wider imperative to separate North and South in the Euro-American social sciences.  ... 
doi:10.1080/01436590601027271 fatcat:dlk7qtkt35esdp2sz25d2irokm

A Proposal for Improving Classroom Teaching: Lessons from the TIMSS Video Study

James Hiebert, James W. Stigler
2000 The Elementary school journal  
We describe the process as it works in Japan and outline the conditions that would enable such a process to function effectively in the United States.  ...  Abstract Results from the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Video Study of Teaching show that many teachers in the United States believe they are changing the way they teach while  ...  The TIMSS Video Study was funded by the U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics.  ... 
doi:10.1086/499656 fatcat:vkqyrscdrvcj3c6b6vvglv2mvi

Programming with narrowing: A tutorial

Sergio Antoy
2010 Journal of symbolic computation  
This paper introduces narrowing from a programmer's viewpoint; shows, by means of examples, when, why and how to use narrowing in a program; and discusses the impact of narrowing on software development  ...  Research in the last decade has produced significant results on the theory and foundation of narrowing, but little has been published on the use of narrowing in programming.  ...  Acknowledgements I am grateful to Michael Hanus for his comments and corrections on a preliminary version of this paper, to Olivier Danvy for his encouragement to complete an early version of this paper  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jsc.2010.01.006 fatcat:yytmjdwdjjazxbjaeux4gzt2fm

The Agent-Environment Interface: Simon's Indirect or Gibson's Direct Coupling?

Robert Shaw
2003 Ecological psychology  
This is a radical hypothesis, for it implies that the "values" and "meanings" of things in the environment can be directly perceived.  ...  I give arguments that the computational approach provides an inadequate account of situated adaptive actions and founders on the symbol grounding problem, whereas the ecological approach does a better  ...  Special thanks to Bill Mace who offered much needed help on all aspects of the article. My apologies to them all for any problems that remain, for which I am of course solely responsible.  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15326969eco1501_04 fatcat:qpl7mfziyndhbcozblr5adeqo4

Metanormative Theory and the Meaning of Deontic Modals [chapter]

Matthew Chrisman
2016 Deontic Modality  
Acknowledgments For helpful feedback on earlier versions of this material, I am grateful to audiences at the University of Edinburgh, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of Szczecin  ...  Charlow (b) defends a related idea in an expressivistic framework which treats imperatives and declaratives as having properties of representations of states of mind as their semantic values, where  ...  A perhaps more orthodox view is that imperatives have action-related properties as their contents and their semantic relations to other sentences are derivative of the semantic relations between the propositions  ... 
doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717928.003.0014 fatcat:lynmmb7pivc2zjzqbiab3yjvyy

Investigation of the Interaction between the Large and Small Subunits of Potato ADP-Glucose Pyrophosphorylase

Ibrahim Barıs, Aytug Tuncel, Natali Ozber, Ozlem Keskin, Ibrahim Halil Kavakli, Ruth Nussinov
2009 PLoS Computational Biology  
The core of the theory, ranging from lexical selection to the initiation of phonetic encoding, is captured in a computational model, called weaverϩϩ.  ...  After a first stage of conceptual preparation, word generation proceeds through lexical selection, morphological and phonological encoding, phonetic encoding, and articulation itself.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT ACKNOWLEDGMENT Our research mentioned in this commentary was supported by a grant from the German Research Council (DFG Je229/2-1).  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000546 pmid:19876371 pmcid:PMC2759521 fatcat:sarzmgeisrc7doszuucfhshtdm

Engineering with logic

Steve Bishop, Matthew Fairbairn, Michael Norrish, Peter Sewell, Michael Smith, Keith Wansbrough
2006 Conference record of the 33rd ACM SIGPLAN-SIGACT symposium on Principles of programming languages - POPL'06  
calls, monadic relational programming, etc.  ...  Many differences between these were identified, and a number of bugs. Validation was done using a special-purpose symbolic model checker programmed above HOL.  ...  Relations in this monad have (curried) types of the form t → t#t #bool → bool where t is the state bring manipulated (e.g. a pair of a socket and a host's bandlimiter state), t is the result type (e.g.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1111037.1111043 dblp:conf/popl/BishopFNSSW06 fatcat:vxllbqep6vcnrfrjm5uly6hd4y

Engineering with logic

Steve Bishop, Matthew Fairbairn, Michael Norrish, Peter Sewell, Michael Smith, Keith Wansbrough
2006 SIGPLAN notices  
calls, monadic relational programming, etc.  ...  Many differences between these were identified, and a number of bugs. Validation was done using a special-purpose symbolic model checker programmed above HOL.  ...  Relations in this monad have (curried) types of the form t → t#t #bool → bool where t is the state bring manipulated (e.g. a pair of a socket and a host's bandlimiter state), t is the result type (e.g.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1111320.1111043 fatcat:lprqmmd3m5ffho5ximtjnainti

Martta: A C++ Language Workbench [article]

Gavin Wood
2014 arXiv   pre-print
I explore the possibility of a language workbench capable of a gradual transition in both skills and code from the traditional C++ development environment.  ...  Structural programming environments provide apparatus to reduce the difficulties with syntax.  ...  which relates to the difficulty of editing a program model with serialised input: a program-model that is semantically correct, if entered naturally, requires transition states of the program model that  ... 
arXiv:1403.3752v1 fatcat:emr4ik7burgvfothytwg2hmr5y

The State of Digital Preservation: An International Perspective

Susan Hamburger
2003 Library collections, acquisitions & technical services  
In partnership with other organizations, CLIR helps create services that expand the concept of "library" and supports the providers and preservers of information. iii  ...  CLIR works to expand access to information, however recorded and preserved, as a public good. CLIR's agenda is framed by a single question: What is a library in the digital age?  ...  This paper draws in places on the work of colleagues at the National Library of Australia, including Margaret Phillips, Kevin Bradley, and Gerard Clifton. All URLs were valid as of July 10, 2002.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s1464-9055(03)00076-9 fatcat:soydekgwhndw5hkvq7ileukegu

Knowledge acquisition: Past, present and future

Brian R. Gaines
2013 International Journal of Human-Computer Studies  
What might have been is an abstraction remaining a perpetual possibility only in world of speculation." (T.S. Eliot, Four Quartets)  ...  surprises in the next quarter century. 1 "Time present and time past are both perhaps present in time future, and time future contained in time past.  ...  Acknowledgements Additional materials Much knowledge acquisition material from the Calgary and Boeing research groups and early knowledge acquisition conferences is archived at http://cpsc.ucalgary.ca  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ijhcs.2012.10.010 fatcat:2o7hyaugqbgebfatpprz6uij3a

Making them behave

John Funge, Xiaoyuan Tu
1997 ACM SIGGRAPH 97 Visual Proceedings: The art and interdisciplinary programs of SIGGRAPH '97 on - SIGGRAPH '97  
The behavior outline specification language has syntax deliberately chosen to resemble that of a conventional imperative programming language.  ...  The character can use this knowledge to keep track of its world and to work out which actions to do next in order to attain its goals.  ...  imperative programming language.  ... 
doi:10.1145/259081.259253 dblp:conf/siggraph/FungeT97 fatcat:pia4v4ih65hqbm2khx2mzsxraq

Reportative evidentiality and attribution in Romanian fairy tales

Silvia Florea
2020 Poznan Studies in Contemporary Linguistics  
Research findings suggest, among other things, that Romanian fairy tales integrate evidential and attributive preferences that are reflective of a regional practicality of the genre as a form of communication  ...  By comparing and contrasting reportative and attribution expressions, the current research aims to determine the deictic function of these constructions, the pragmatic motivations of the speaker for evidential  ...  Attribution encoded expressions were next identified and manually counted, then an analysis of the evidential subtypes in line with Willett's and Guardamagna's taxonomies was pursued on the basis of the  ... 
doi:10.1515/psicl-2020-0001 fatcat:vwuhsycplngonk7wyykvvbc2su
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