115,732 Hits in 9.3 sec

Time and Frequency Domain Analysis of Spike Train and Time Series Data [chapter]

David M. Halliday, Jay R. Rosenberg
1999 Modern Techniques in Neuroscience Research  
We would like to thank Peter Breeze and Yousef Emhemmed for their help in preparing the section on maximum likelihood.  ...  Acknowledgement: Supported by grants from The Wellcome Trust (036928; 048128), and the Joint Research Council/HCI Cognitive Science Initiative.  ...  A conditional mean intensity can be defined as (5) which can be interpreted as a conditional probability as (6) From the mixing condition, the differential increments dN 1 (t+u) and dN 0 (t) become  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-58552-4_18 fatcat:kymcnozslnbezfjub5w6pyexle

An aggregation framework based on coherent lower previsions: Application to Zadeh's paradox and sensor networks

Alessio Benavoli, Alessandro Antonucci
2010 International Journal of Approximate Reasoning  
Benavoli). 1 In this paper, variables are denoted by uppercase letters; the corresponding calligraphic and lowercase letters denote respectively their sets of possible values and the generic values of  ...  Accordingly, the notation p(X) is used to denote a probability mass function over X, and p(x) to denote the probability assigned by this mass function to a particular value x 2 X.  ...  Acknowledgments This research has been partially supported by the Swiss NSF Grant no. 200020-121785/1.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ijar.2010.08.010 fatcat:6jozss7bxnhpvlhm6tti4r5t6e

Explaining Away, Augmentation, and the Assumption of Independence

Nicole Cruz, Ulrike Hahn, Norman Fenton, David Lagnado
2020 Frontiers in Psychology  
Participants estimated the probability of a cause, given the presence or the absence of another cause, for situations in which the effect was either present or absent, and the evidence about the effect  ...  In reasoning about situations in which several causes lead to a common effect, a much studied and yet still not well-understood inference is that of explaining away.  ...  The views and conclusions contained herein are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of ODNI, IARPA, or the  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.502751 pmid:33224043 pmcid:PMC7670039 fatcat:73akkkmnnzav7llcmxtpuma44u

The World According to de Finetti: On de Finetti's Theory of Probability and Its Application to Quantum Mechanics [chapter]

Joseph Berkovitz
2011 Probability in Physics  
be jointly verified; and the coherence conditions of degrees of belief in events that cannot be jointly verified are weaker.  ...  Accordingly, the standard coherence conditions of degrees of belief that are familiar from the literature on subjective probability only apply to degrees of belief in events which could (in principle)  ...  My interest in de Finetti's theory of probability and quantum probabilities was provoked by a question that he raised in 1988 about the applicability of de Finetti's theory to the interpretation of the  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-21329-8_16 fatcat:zzgfd4hpxnhb5mjv6e6put7sua

Quantum coherence of light emitted by two single-photon sources in a structured environment

Antoine Canaguier-Durand, Rémi Carminati
2016 Physical Review A  
We develop a theoretical framework for the analysis of the quantum coherence of light emitted by two independent single-photon sources in an arbitrary environment.  ...  As an important example, we derive generalized conditions to generate superradiant and subradiant states of the emitters, and demonstrate the ability of a structured environment to induce long-range quantum  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We acknowledge helpful discussions with A. Goetschy, V. Krachmalnicoff, and V. Parigi.  ... 
doi:10.1103/physreva.93.033836 fatcat:dutrrvuyrvhdfbhk6gae2fqzfm

Complementary relation of quantum coherence and quantum correlations in multiple measurements [article]

Zeyang Fan, Yi Peng, Yu-Ran Zhang, Shang Liu, Liang-Zhu Mu, Heng Fan
2018 arXiv   pre-print
We present a group of complementary relations for quantum coherence and quantum correlations; specifically, we focus on thermal discord and conditional information in scenarios of multiple measurements  ...  We show that the summation of quantum coherence quantified in different bases has a lower bound, resulting from entropic uncertainty relations with multiple measurements.  ...  In addition, we also derive a state-independent lower bound for the sum of post-measurement conditional information between a specific subsystem and the other subsystems.  ... 
arXiv:1608.07950v2 fatcat:3t3btowj3neulagoshf3can3zm

Imprecise Uncertain Reasoning: A Distributional Approach

Gernot D Kleiter
2018 Frontiers in Psychology  
Second-order distributions allow to obtain the probability distribution of being coherent. The maximum probability of being coherent is a second-order criterion of rationality.  ...  It discusses a series of examples like the Linda task, the suppression task, Doherty's pseudodiagnosticity task, and some of the deductive reasoning tasks of Rips.  ...  In the literature Spearman correlation copulas are often preferred to Gaussian copulas as they keep the distribution of the marginals and the correlation independent.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02051 pmid:30416472 pmcid:PMC6212601 fatcat:455sxtylz5fd5a3jqnn72in4iy

Aggregating disparate estimates of chance

Daniel Osherson, Moshe Y. Vardi
2006 Games and Economic Behavior  
We address the problem of revising the probability estimates of the panel so as to produce a coherent set that best represents the group's expertise.  ...  We consider a panel of experts asked to assign probabilities to events, both logically simple and complex.  ...  Acknowledgements We warmly thank three referees of an earlier version of this paper for insightful and detailed comments. The research reported herein was supported by NSF grant IIS-9978135.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.geb.2006.04.001 fatcat:77tkhcty7zg2xntievdozqb754

Provable entanglement and information cost for qubit-based quantum key-distribution protocols

G. M. Nikolopoulos, A. Khalique, G. Alber
2005 European Physical Journal D : Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics  
In view of the intimate relation between entanglement and security, this result sheds also new light on the unconditional security of the BB84 protocol in its original prepare-and-measure form.  ...  On the contrary, for qubit error rates between 25% and 75% we demonstrate that the correlations shared between Alice and Bob can always be explained by separable states and thus, no secret key can be distilled  ...  Concluding remarks We have discussed provable entanglement in the framework of the BB84 and the six-state QKD protocols under the assumption of coherent(joint) attacks.  ... 
doi:10.1140/epjd/e2005-00314-3 fatcat:iet3uspvqba7xjjx6q7nqxwsj4

Page 3343 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 76, Issue 10 [page]

1989 Psychological Abstracts  
in the individual and lower ratings than those by men in either condition. 34982.  ...  —Outlines the conceptual framework of human cision making and offers a survey of the artificial tascllgonse (AI) concepts and tools relevant for decision making.  ... 

Exploring the Space of Topic Coherence Measures

Michael Röder, Andreas Both, Alexander Hinneburg
2015 Proceedings of the Eighth ACM International Conference on Web Search and Data Mining - WSDM '15  
Finally, we outline how our results can be transferred to further applications in the context of text mining, information retrieval and the world wide web.  ...  We are the first to propose a framework that allows to construct existing word based coherence measures as well as new ones by combining elementary components.  ...  UMass coherence has lower correlations-especially in cases of small word sets.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2684822.2685324 dblp:conf/wsdm/RoderBH15 fatcat:xwnddbowenf67abbihpbkwdqsq

Continuous Variable Quantum Key Distribution: Finite-Key Analysis of Composable Security against Coherent Attacks

F. Furrer, T. Franz, M. Berta, A. Leverrier, V. B. Scholz, M. Tomamichel, R. F. Werner
2012 Physical Review Letters  
This bound is valid under general coherent attacks, and gives rise to keys which are composably secure. For comparison, we also give a lower bound valid under the assumption of collective attacks.  ...  We employ a version of the entropic uncertainty relation for smooth entropies to give a lower bound on the number of secret bits which can be extracted from a finite number of runs of the protocol.  ...  This uncertainty relation gives a bound on Eve's information about Alice's measurement outcomes in terms of the correlation between Alice and Bob.  ... 
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.109.100502 pmid:23005270 fatcat:4yx7a4iy3nhircrkuiifji4zyy

Quantum statistics of polariton parametric interactions [article]

Mathias Sassermann, Zoltán Vörös, Mohsen Razavi, Wolfgang Langbein, Gregor Weihs
2018 arXiv   pre-print
We discuss a model to quantify the effects of such a background on the observed correlations.  ...  Using spectral and temporal filtering, the background can be suppressed and a change in photon statistics towards non-classical correlations is observed.  ...  Pagel, A. Imamoğlu for stimulating discussions. We acknowledge financial support by the European Union Research  ... 
arXiv:1808.01127v1 fatcat:6hvgtmawurbcpj2kos7lytwjha

Bayesian rationality in evaluating multiple testimonies: Incorporating the role of coherence

Adam J. L. Harris, Ulrike Hahn
2009 Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition  
effect of the coherence of multiple testimonies on the believability of the information.  ...  The authors examine a version of Bayes' theorem that not only includes factors such as prior beliefs and witness reliability, as do other models of information aggregation, but also makes transparent the  ...  Discussion Our participants were able to process and aggregate complex information in a manner consistent with the prescriptions of Bayesian probability.  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0016567 pmid:19686030 fatcat:sgqsleislzbhlbwele7ragseuu

Frequentist versus Bayesian approaches to multiple testing

Arvid Sjölander, Stijn Vansteelandt
2019 European Journal of Epidemiology  
We further argue that these logical difficulties resolve within the Bayesian framework, and that the Bayesian framework makes a clear and coherent distinction between relevant and irrelevant adjustments  ...  In this paper we compare frequentist and Bayesian frameworks for multiple testing.  ...  The paper has benefited from useful discussions with Samuel Härgestam, Olle Häggström, Yudi Pawitan, Juni Palmgren and Erin Gabriel.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10654-019-00517-2 fatcat:ky6qxn3yujhs5iyyhqfj7rzyba
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