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Solving Bongard Problems with a Visual Language and Pragmatic Reasoning [article]

Stefan Depeweg, Constantin A. Rothkopf, Frank Jäkel
2018 arXiv   pre-print
More than 50 years ago Bongard introduced 100 visual concept learning problems as a testbed for intelligent vision systems. These problems are now known as Bongard problems.  ...  While this approach is far from solving all Bongard problems, it solves the biggest fraction yet.  ...  Cognition is just deeper in the brain.  ... 
arXiv:1804.04452v1 fatcat:y7aepqqbbjeyjehoibc2xvjt4m

Frontiers in Evolutionary Computation: A Workshop Report [article]

Tyler Millhouse, Melanie Moses, Melanie Mitchell
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We also draw out a number of key themes and identify important frontiers for future research.  ...  In July of 2021, the Santa Fe Institute hosted a workshop on evolutionary computation as part of its Foundations of Intelligence in Natural and Artificial Systems project.  ...  Acknowledgments The workshop was funded by a grant from the National Science Foundation ( # 2020103) as part of the Foundations of Intelligence in Natural and Artificial Systems project at the Santa Fe  ... 
arXiv:2110.10320v1 fatcat:lwojevupqvalpccmvgaw42rcdq

How much intelligence is there in artificial intelligence? A 2020 update

Han L.J. van der Maas, Lukas Snoek, Claire E. Stevenson
2021 Intelligence  
We close with how AI can further Intelligence research and vice versa, and look forward to fruitful interactions in the future.  ...  We conclude that Shank's observation, that intelligence is all about generalization and that AI is not particularly good at this, has, so far, withstood the test of time.  ...  An especially interesting case is that of Bongard problems (Bongard, 1967 in Hofstadter, 1979 .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.intell.2021.101548 fatcat:kiuz5begebgv5enceq7vw7lkte

Evaluating the Progress of Deep Learning for Visual Relational Concepts [article]

Sebastian Stabinger, Peer David, Justus Piater, Antonio Rodríguez-Sánchez
2021 arXiv   pre-print
(Nie et al., 2020 ) created a dataset, called Bongard LOGO, which is inspired by the Bongard problems.  ...  The Bongard Problems The SVRT dataset is somewhat reminiscent of the problems presented by (Bongard, 1970) as examples of problems a neural network would never be able to solve.  ... 
arXiv:2001.10857v3 fatcat:k5c5fhnxfza2dmwrwb35bnocsm

New Robotics: Design Principles for Intelligent Systems

Rolf Pfeifer, Fumiya Iida, Josh Bongard
2005 Artificial Life  
As we will argue, artificial evolution together with morphogenesis is not only "nice to have" but is in fact a necessary tool for designing embodied agents. Design principles: Overview  ...  In recent years, we have been developing a set of heuristics or design principles, that on the one hand capture theoretical insights about intelligent -adaptive -behavior, and on the other provide guidance  ...  We speculate that by looking at motion, locomotion, and orientation, we can approach the grounding problem, i.e. how categorization -the ability to make distinctions in the real world -and abstract concepts  ... 
doi:10.1162/1064546053279017 pmid:15811222 fatcat:5rbingu4wzfazgjql7r5j5sx54

Multilayered Spectral Formation in Type Ia Supenovae around Maximum Light

Sebastien Bongard, E. Baron, G. Smadja, David Branch, Peter H. Hauschildt
2008 Astrophysical Journal  
We use a grid of LTE synthetic spectral models to investigate the formation of line features in the spectra of SNe Ia.  ...  We also show that the naive blackbody that one would derive from a fit to the observed spectrum is far different than the true underlying continuum.  ...  We showed that the ionization stage of the iron core dominates the SN Ia colors, explaining the brighter-bluer relation at maximum light.  ... 
doi:10.1086/590107 fatcat:q63qvllozzg2hgjz4t6h4txzne

Type Ia Supernovae: Spectroscopic Surprises [article]

David Branch
2003 arXiv   pre-print
Relating the observational manifestations of diversity to their physical causes is looking like an ever more challenging problem.  ...  It is a pleasure to take this opportunity to thank Craig Wheeler for all he has done to make supernova research so interesting and enjoyable.  ...  down the hole -is looking like an increasingly challenging problem.  ... 
arXiv:astro-ph/0310685v1 fatcat:63ky3zzqyjfdbgo56kmype4ywu

A Vector Field Approach to Lexical Semantics [chapter]

Peter Wittek, Sándor Darányi, Ying-Hsang Liu
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
a field approach to lexical analysis.  ...  Our finding needs to be confirmed by a systematic evaluation.  ...  Some are clearly related, for others, we need to look at the corpus for justification. The expression Bongard appears in two senses: the corrupt head of a bank, and as the name of a brokerage firm.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-15931-7_7 fatcat:ifqo4n6ifna3nlt4wgnq3qwgza

An Embodied Approach for Evolving Robust Visual Classifiers

Karol Zieba, Josh Bongard
2015 Proceedings of the 2015 on Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference - GECCO '15  
From the very creation of the term by Czech writer Karel Čapek in 1921, a "robot" has been synonymous with an artificial agent possessing a powerful body and cogitating mind.  ...  compared to a robot that evolves with only visual sensors.  ...  One way of looking at the effects of embodiment on our cognition is to correlate the tangible with intangible.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2739480.2754788 dblp:conf/gecco/ZiebaB15 fatcat:gr3jbmycd5gatgb254kfbkwjdu

Few-Shot Abstract Visual Reasoning With Spectral Features [article]

Tanner Bohn, Yining Hu, Charles X. Ling
2019 arXiv   pre-print
We propose a simple method for solving these problems based on the insight that removing peaks from the amplitude spectrum of an image is capable of emphasizing the unique parts of the image.  ...  Same-different (SD) problems represent a type of visual reasoning task requiring knowledge of pattern repetition within individual images, and modern computer vision approaches have largely faltered on  ...  Saliency Maps The aim of a visual saliency map is to indicate where a human is likely to gaze when looking at an scene, and these maps have proven to be useful for a wide variety of applications.  ... 
arXiv:1910.01833v1 fatcat:gtptrs4dk5gjvf7o5vkp73eknu

Representational unification in cognitive science: Is embodied cognition a unifying perspective?

Marcin Miłkowski, Przemysław Nowakowski
2019 Synthese  
In our account, unification is a graded property.  ...  Embodied cognition contributes to unification even if it fails to offer a grand unification of cognitive science.  ...  in Bochum and at Otto-Guericke Universität, Magdeburg, in May, 2018.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11229-019-02445-w fatcat:z5na2r7ip5hllelslt62xq2toe

Designing Intelligent Robots-On the Implications of Embodiment-

Rolf Pfeifer, Fumiya Iida, Gabriel Gomez
2006 Journal of the Robotics Society of Japan  
"intelligence requires a body", there are deeper and more important consequences, concerned with connecting brain, body, and environment, or more generally with the relation between physical and information  ...  Traditionally, in robotics, artificial intelligence, and neuroscience, there has been a focus on the study of the control or the neural system itself.  ...  For robotics, the idea of embodiment provides new ways of looking at behavior generation, because in the past the focus has been very much on the control side.  ... 
doi:10.7210/jrsj.24.783 fatcat:tdgpfenvv5bl7dws2sptdbdore

Modeled After Life Forms

Asli Kemiksiz, Kemiksiz Asli
2018 Japanese review of cultural anthropology  
Embodiment emphasizes that a physical body is a requirement for intelligent interaction with the physical world.  ...  Based mainly on my fieldwork in a cognitive robotics laboratory in the Kantō region, this paper examines the fluid thought styles of roboticists, who draw on a range of disciplines in order to operationalize  ...  He also explained that his laboratory looked into how "nature" solved this problem.  ... 
doi:10.14890/jrca.19.1_051 fatcat:ccf2jdpxrndgpnwk6lxhekrlyu

THE SYNDROME OF EPISODIC CONFUSIONS

J. Kasanin
1936 American Journal of Psychiatry  
He got up at exactly 4.20 a. m., having deliberately looked at the clock, had a smoke and was about to go back to bed when he experienced a sudden compulsion to go some place, he did not know where.  ...  M., and Bongard, A. M.: Episodic confusions, their origin and structure. Sovetskaya Psychoneurologia, x: 25, 1934. 10. Krol, N. M., and Bongard, A. M.: Episodic confusions.  ... 
doi:10.1176/ajp.93.3.625 fatcat:zog3r42f7rhqnfw4movbaac32i

Robot Evolution: Ethical Concerns

Ágoston E. Eiben, Jacintha Ellers, Gerben Meynen, Sven Nyholm
2021 Frontiers in Robotics and AI  
Up till now, work on evolutionary robotics has mostly been performed in computer simulations, safely confined to a virtual world inside a computer [e.g (Bongard 2011) ].  ...  The relevant form of responsibility here does not only have a backward-looking component (who can be blamed when things have gone wrong?)  ...  The handling Editor declared a past co-authorship with one of the authors (AE).  ... 
doi:10.3389/frobt.2021.744590 pmid:34805290 pmcid:PMC8603346 fatcat:ay7kivsnv5hojh4tckearyowgu
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