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A Correct by Construction Approach for the Modeling and the Verification of Cyber-Physical Systems in Event-B [chapter]

Meryem Afendi
2020 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We are concerned with the construction and verification of the correctness of such discrete controller using a correct by construction approach, which requires correct integration of discrete and continuous  ...  Cyber-Physical Systems (CPSs) connect the real world to software systems through a network of sensors and actuators: physical and discrete components interact in complex ways by involving different spatial  ...  The objective of this project is to elaborate a correct-by-construction method, based on Event-B, to specify hybrid systems models. Two approaches are considered.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-48077-6_31 fatcat:ecwxfxgtx5gfza322fzuwwkgbq

Cyber/Physical Co-verification for Developing Reliable Cyber-physical Systems

Yu Zhang, Fei Xie, Yunwei Dong, Xingshe Zhou, Chunyan Ma
2013 2013 IEEE 37th Annual Computer Software and Applications Conference  
We present an efficient approach to reachability analysis of Hybrid Automata Pushdown System (HAPS ) models for cyber/physical co-verification of CPS.  ...  The evaluation has shown that HAPS is an effective model for co-verification of CPS and our approach has major potential in verifying systemlevel properties of CPS, therefore improving the reliability  ...  Constructing HAPS for Cyber-Physical System In this section, we discuss how to construct a HAPS model.  ... 
doi:10.1109/compsac.2013.88 dblp:conf/compsac/ZhangXDZM13 fatcat:sttcyjejw5bgfbnq775kzu36ei

Conceptual Verification of Distributed Cyber Physical Systems using Reference Nets

Vikas Sood, Malay Kumar Nema, Rituraj Kumar, Manisha Jitendra Nene
2020 Procedia Computer Science  
Verification of conceptual scenarios with interacting cyber physical elements in a distributed setup provides valuable insight to the end users and system designers.  ...  We build the approach using reference net formalism to model nodes taking part in a distributed conceptual scenario. The model verification is carried out by analyzing outcome of simulation runs.  ...  We define a DCPS as two or more interacting nodes (INs) of type physical system (PS), cyber system (CS) or CPS.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2020.04.009 fatcat:sq4chrr7rnbshbkihbob5xsisq

Guest editorial: Papers selected from 8th International Conference on Model and Data Engineering (MEDI 2018)

Djamal Benslimane, Stéphane Jean, Ladjel Bellatreche, Kazumi Nakamatsu
2020 Computer Science and Information Systems  
This special issue aims at shedding the light on some recent and significant advances in the field of model and data engineering.  ...  MEDI 2018 attracted four workshops on a wide range of topics that fall into the main area of the MEDI 2018 conference:  ...  embedded systems and proposes an Event-B based approach to support formal modeling of the full software design process to better address reliability and correctness construction requirements.  ... 
doi:10.2298/csis200100vb fatcat:3ufssedpffceplq7nic4mxn2uy

A model-based design methodology for cyber-physical systems

Jeff C. Jensen, Danica H. Chang, Edward A. Lee
2011 2011 7th International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference  
We decompose model-based design into ten fundamental steps, describe and evaluate an iterative design methodology, and evaluate this methodology in the development of a cyber-physical system.  ...  Model-based design is a powerful design technique for cyber-physical systems, but too often literature assumes knowledge of a methodology without reference to an explicit design process, instead focusing  ...  Verification and validation are perhaps the most difficult aspects in the design of a cyber-physical system. III.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iwcmc.2011.5982785 dblp:conf/iwcmc/JensenCL11 fatcat:pwrkksb5lvc3dla2onee6xa3i4

Formal Verification of Control Modules in Cyber-Physical Systems

Iwona Grobelna
2020 Sensors  
The paper proposes a novel formal verification method for a state-based control module of a cyber-physical system.  ...  The logical model is then used both for formal verification using the model checking technique and for prototype implementation in FPGA devices.  ...  Conclusions In the paper, the novel rule-based approach for formal verification of a control scheme for a cyber-physical system has been proposed.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20185154 pmid:32927612 fatcat:4arojpav3ner7hv4v7n2f6q7ga

Toward autonomous vehicle safety verification from mobile cyber-physical systems perspective

Sailesh Kandula, Tridib Mukherjee, Sandeep K. S. Gupta
2011 ACM SIGBED Review  
The modeling abstractions are used to analyze safety of passengers in an AV that collides with guard rail due to skid along a curved segment on the AZ-83 highway.  ...  Toward this direction, AVs are considered as Cyber-Physical Systems with Mobile computing nodes (MCPS), where each node (i.e. an AV) can have intentional (as determined by AVs' controller) and unintentional  ...  Rajan, director of the Computational Mechanics Lab, for allowing access to LS-Dyna, and Aditya Vaidya for assistance in LS-Dyna.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2000367.2000371 fatcat:5llot3brqbgjxdk3tkxtozk67m

Security verification for cyber-physical systems using model checking

Ching-Chieh Chan, Cheng-Zen Yang, Chin-Feng Fan
2021 IEEE Access  
Date of publication xxxx 00, 0000, date of current version xxxx 00, 0000.  ...  INTRODUCTION A cyber-physical system (CPS) is a system designed and constructed based on integrated computing and physical components [1] .  ...  B. MODELING PROCESS In Steps 2-4 of the proposed approach, model checking is mainly used for the CPS security constraint verification.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3081587 fatcat:mml2d22cgrgczpokc2bqpzpeoq

Verifying Noninterference in a Cyber-Physical System The Advanced Electric Power Grid

Yan Sun, B. McMillin, Xiaoqing Liu, D. Cape
2007 Seventh International Conference on Quality Software (QSIC 2007)  
To verify the correctness of the cyber-physical composition using model-checking techniques requires that a model be constructed that can represent frequency interference.  ...  The advanced electric power grid is a complex real-time system having both Cyber and Physical components.  ...  Model checking has been used for the verification of hardware and software system designs by specifying a model of the system and its desired properties.  ... 
doi:10.1109/qsic.2007.4385521 fatcat:zfppc5dflncmrgibx7yerwrxpu

Symbolic-Numeric Methods for Problem Solving in CPS (Dagstuhl Seminar 16491)

Sergiy Bogomolov, Martin Fränzle, Kyoko Makino, Nacim Ramdani, Marc Herbstritt
2017 Dagstuhl Reports  
the following research areas relevant to problem solving in cyber-physical domains: verification of numerical reactive systems such as embedded floating-point programs and hybrid systems, including novel  ...  Reflecting the fundamental role numeric and mixed symbolic-numeric arguments play in the analysis, decision making, and control of cyber-physical processes, this seminar promoted crossfertilization between  ...  and controlling the impact of numerics on system correctness, complemented by pertinent means of verification for establishing the safety case.  ... 
doi:10.4230/dagrep.6.12.1 dblp:journals/dagstuhl-reports/BogomolovFMR16 fatcat:sydj4slvefa7boehai7gpnfupm

A Language-Based Multi-View Approach for Combining Functional and Security Models

Hui Zhao, Frederic Mallet, Ludovic Apvrille
2019 2019 26th Asia-Pacific Software Engineering Conference (APSEC)  
INTRODUCTION The design of Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) demands to combine discrete models of pieces of software (cyber) components with continuous models of physical components [1] .  ...  Traditional functional models describe only two types of functions: physical and cyber.  ... 
doi:10.1109/apsec48747.2019.00064 dblp:conf/apsec/ZhaoMA19 fatcat:sk7kptopjnhdljzh6xtazzsax4

Adding Formal Meanings to AADL with Hybrid Annex [chapter]

Ehsan Ahmad, Yunwei Dong, Shuling Wang, Naijun Zhan, Liang Zou
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
However, core AADL lacks of a mechanism for modeling continuous evolution of physical processes which are controlled by digital controllers.  ...  In our previous work, we have introduced Hybrid Annex-an AADL extension for continuous behavior and cyber-physical interaction modeling based on Hybrid Communicating Sequential Processes (HCSP).  ...  Assurance of the correct system behavior and the certification of real-time and dependability related properties demand a system level formal verification approach which is not addressed at all in the  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-15317-9_15 fatcat:l2vyrxfanbbl3hjvuseejbhniu

A Framework for the Implementation of Industrial Automation Systems Based on PLCs [article]

Kleanthis Thramboulidis
2014 arXiv   pre-print
SysML and UML are utilized to introduce a higher layer of abstraction in the design space of IAS and Internet of Things (IoT) is considered as an enabling technology for the integration of Cyber and Cyber-physical  ...  However, it is claimed that this approach does not lead to the optimal system design and that the IEC 61131 does not meet new challenges in this domain.  ...  Modeling the Cyber part Following a system based approach, we define at the system layer, a) cyber components to capture the plant process logic, and b) cyber-physical objects to encapsulate physical objects  ... 
arXiv:1402.3920v2 fatcat:zsuq3wzmzzgrxa6bryf7stwvwi

Supporting Heterogeneity in Cyber-Physical Systems Architectures

Akshay Rajhans, Ajinkya Bhave, Ivan Ruchkin, Bruce H. Krogh, David Garlan, Andre Platzer, Bradley Schmerl
2014 IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control  
Without a rigorous unifying framework, system integration and integration of the analysis results for various models remains ad hoc.  ...  verification in a hierarchical and compositional manner.  ...  The base architecture (BA) of a cyber-physical system is an instance of the CPS architectural style and provides the reference structure for all the models used for design and verification.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tac.2014.2351672 fatcat:fm4g36p33vbzfkzq2nlntwrscm

Facebook's Cyber–Cyber and Cyber–Physical Digital Twins

John Ahlgren, Kinga Bojarczuk, Sophia Drossopoulou, Inna Dvortsova, Johann George, Natalija Gucevska, Mark Harman, Maria Lomeli, Simon M. M. Lucas, Erik Meijer, Steve Omohundro, Rubmary Rojas (+2 others)
2021 Evaluation and Assessment in Software Engineering  
A cyber-cyber digital twin is a simulation of a software system. By contrast, a cyber-physical digital twin is a simulation of a nonsoftware (physical) system.  ...  In this paper we show how the unique properties of cyber-cyber digital twins open up exciting opportunities for research and development.  ...  Another very practical approach is to start with a hand-programmed highlevel model and learn the parameters of the model by probing the system.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3463274.3463275 fatcat:tx6bsam52jbofpxp5se34borni
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