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A Comparative Study of Native and Non-native Information Seeking Behaviours [chapter]

David Brazier, Morgan Harvey
2018 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this study we consider the information behaviour of non-native and native English speaking participants as they conduct search tasks designed to reflect actual information seeking situations in a UK  ...  There are some similarities in their information seeking behaviours as both groups submit similar length queries, and are equally proficient in identifying when a failed query did not meet their information  ...  Some fairly recent work has compared search behaviour and performance of native and non-native English speakers. Chu et al.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-76941-7_18 fatcat:xb4wboq2ffcyroey6ubdbum7oy

Language-sensitive search behaviour and the role of domain knowledge

A. Kralisch, B. Berendt
2005 New Review of Hypermedia and Multimedia  
We investigated the influence of a site's language offer on website access and search behaviour with two studies, and studied the interaction of language offers and domain knowledge.  ...  To achieve high ecological validity, we analysed data from a multilingual site's web-server logfile and from a questionnaire posted on it, and compared the behaviour of users who accessed the site in a  ...  Cognitive aspects of information search General mechanisms of information seeking behaviour Human information seeking and navigation behaviour have been studied from various points of view.  ... 
doi:10.1080/13614560500402775 fatcat:obohhmccjja5zby6xvhwmsvnim

Levelling the Playing Field

Tim Leigh, Frances Johnson
2020 Proceedings of the 2020 Conference on Human Information Interaction and Retrieval  
This study examines the impact of non-native language speakers on their academic search queries, strategies and performance.  ...  Based on a combined application of genre analysis and mapping of the participants' query formulations and interactions, this research derives 4 distinct strands to an established model of the information  ...  In the study [26] , differences in collaborative information seeking, when compared to the individual's model of the ISP, were identified specifically in the cognitive and affective associated with the  ... 
doi:10.1145/3343413.3377991 dblp:conf/chiir/LeighJ20 fatcat:b2evpnpwdngobl2bd32hpb546u

A user-centric approach to identifying best deployment strategies for language tools: the impact of content and access language on Web user behaviour and attitudes

Bettina Berendt, Anett Kralisch
2009 Information retrieval (Boston)  
We then present three studies that investigated the impact of the availability (or not) of first-language content and access forms on user behaviour and attitudes.  ...  The results indicate that non-English languages are under-represented on the Web and that this is partly due to content-creation, link-setting and linkfollowing behaviour.  ...  hand. 2 2.1 Cognition: language and information-seeking behaviour Despite the huge amount of information resources on the Web, it is not unusual to experience moments when one stops seeking for information  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10791-008-9086-4 fatcat:npqxzhrz25ao7m4gwgin6e5us4

Use of acute care services by adults with a migrant background: a secondary analysis of a EurOOHnet survey

Ellen Keizer, Oliver Senn, Morten Bondo Christensen, Linda Huibers
2021 BMC Family Practice  
Differences in self-reported acute care use (sum of number of contacts with OOH-PC, the ED and 1–1-2/1–4-4) between non-western and western migrants and native born were tested with a quasi Poisson regression  ...  Methods We performed secondary analysis of data collected for the EurOOHnet survey on OOH help-seeking behaviour in Denmark, the Netherlands and Switzerland.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank all individuals who participated in this study and statistician Fabio Valeri for his advice regarding the statistical analyses.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12875-021-01460-6 pmid:34148558 fatcat:neonas74unhahnio64fvilp5ni

An evaluation of behavioural and personality differences between native and non‐native male adolescents in the Netherlands ordered into treatment in a forensic psychiatric outpatient clinic, and their non‐violent peers

Ruud H. J. Hornsveld, Henriëtte Cuperus, Edzard T. De Vries, Floor W. Kraaimaat
2008 Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health  
In a previous study of the dynamic criminogenic needs of violent outpatients we did not differentiate between native and non-native adolescents, but differences between personality traits and problem behaviours  ...  Aim To compare, in the Netherlands, native and non-native adolescents with and without a violence history on personality traits and problem behaviours.  ...  Acknowledgements The study among the outpatients was made possible by the Scientifi c Research and Documentation Centre of the Dutch Ministry of Justice and the study among the students by the De Kijvelanden  ... 
doi:10.1002/cbm.696 pmid:18618529 fatcat:s6zxxpydt5fv5iei3wjiwhmm5i

E-Government and the Digital Divide: A Study of English-as-a-Second-Language Users' Information Behaviour [chapter]

David Brazier, Morgan Harvey
2017 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this study we consider the information behaviour of ten ESL (English as a Second Language) participants as they conduct four search tasks designed to reflect actual information seeking situations.  ...  Those who were confident took riskier strategies and were less thorough, leading to them bookmarking a larger proportion of non-relevant documents.  ...  A number of studies have looked at multilingual IR, with a rising number of studies investigating the information seeking behaviour of users in relation to language proficiency, notably when English is  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-56608-5_21 fatcat:23b4wfiupjd2rciaos2eb6mznm

Internalizing and externalizing symptoms among unaccompanied refugee and Italian adolescents

S. Thommessen, F. Laghi, C. Cerrone, R. Baiocco, B.K. Todd
2013 Children and youth services review  
In the light of these results, the importance of interventions and culturally sensitive therapeutic This study investigated the prevalence of emotional and behavioural symptoms in unaccompanied refugee  ...  Abstract: This study investigated the prevalence of emotional and behavioural symptoms in unaccompanied refugee adolescents living in Italy; an area which remains under-researched despite the relatively  ...  status on the Child Behaviour Checklist and Youth Self Report, compared to native youth in Australia.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.childyouth.2012.10.007 fatcat:rxtred6okzhgfbitme53p4o5da

Investigating deception in second language speakers: Interviewee and assessor perspectives

Lucy Akehurst, Alina Arnhold, Isabel Figueiredo, Sarah Turtle, Amy-May Leach
2018 Legal and Criminological Psychology  
Relative to native speakers, there was a smaller truth bias for evaluations of non-native speakers.  ...  A second experiment investigated evaluators' perceptions of the credibility of interviewees who spoke in their native or non-native language.  ...  More of a truth bias for native speakers, compared to non-native speakers, seems an omnipresent and prevalent finding in deception detection studies.  ... 
doi:10.1111/lcrp.12127 fatcat:vb5x7wevabap5dc5rbyonecqqy

Challenges and barriers to health care and overall health in older residents of Alaska: evidence from a national survey

Julia D. Foutz, Steven A. Cohen, Sarah K. Cook
2016 International Journal of Circumpolar Health  
and inform policies to ensure that all US seniors, regardless of geographical location, have access to highquality health services.  ...  We examined 3 primary outcomes Á general health status, health care coverage status and length of time since last routine check-up. Results.  ...  Conflict of interest and funding The authors have not received any funding or benefits from industry or elsewhere to conduct this study.  ... 
doi:10.3402/ijch.v75.30348 pmid:27056177 pmcid:PMC4824845 fatcat:3mejrnazhnesrf3zt3uiv4acnq

Hospitalizations resulting from dog bite injuries - Alaska, 1991–2002

Louisa J. Castrodale
2007 International Journal of Circumpolar Health  
The rate for Alaska Native people was 9.3 compared with a rate of 2.8 for non-Alaska Native people.  ...  The average days hospitalized was 4.6 for Alaska Native people compared with 2.5 for non-Alaska Native people. The highest rates occurred in more rural areas of northern and south-western Alaska.  ...  Acknowledgements The author thanks Martha Moore, former ATR coordinator, Section of Injury Prevention and Emergency Medical Services, Alaska Division of Public Health, who provided the ATR data.  ... 
doi:10.3402/ijch.v66i4.18273 pmid:18018845 fatcat:sptxkuvk2bcinbladvpin6errm

Adapted cardiac rehabilitation programme to improve uptake in patients of Moroccan and Turkish origin in The Netherlands: a qualitative study

Maurits Sloots, Edien AC Bartels, Edmond LD Angenot, Jan HB Geertzen, Joost Dekker
2011 Journal of Clinical Nursing  
The findings of this study are important as the study highlights the practical actions that may be taken by physicians and healthworkers to adjust rehabilitation treatment to the needs of patients of non-native  ...  Non-native patients who participated in a cardiac rehabilitation programme at a Dutch rehabilitation centre had more difficulties to achieve the treatment aims than native Dutch patients.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank all patients and staff of Reade, centre for rehabilitation and rheumatology in Amsterdam who contributed to this study.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2011.03786.x pmid:21777313 fatcat:onwn5kacpngofiawpxihzcq5zq

Malaria prevalence in Mangaluru city area in the southwestern coastal region of India

Kiran K. Dayanand, Kishore Punnath, Valleesha Chandrashekar, Rajeshwara N. Achur, Srinivas B. Kakkilaya, Susanta K. Ghosh, Suchetha Kumari, D. Channe Gowda
2017 Malaria Journal  
There was also a significant difference in treatment-seeking behaviour between these two groups.  ...  Also, malaria incidence was high among immigrants compared to native population.  ...  Informed written consent was obtained from all the study participants.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12936-017-2141-0 pmid:29258505 pmcid:PMC5735873 fatcat:wwcfs7z66bhoxnsdgo4htc45pm

The inevitable deservingness gap: A study into the insurmountable immigrant penalty in perceived welfare deservingness

Tim Reeskens, Tom van der Meer
2018 Journal of European Social Policy  
Although studies on welfare deservingness show that immigrants are deemed least entitled to welfare compared to other target groups, they have fallen short of isolating welfare claimants' identity (i.e  ...  This article studies the importance of welfare claimants' foreign origins relative to other theoretically relevant deservingness criteria via a unique vignette experiment among 23,000 Dutch respondents  ...  Our findings show a sizable and inevitable gap in the perceived deservingness of immigrants compared to natives.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0958928718768335 fatcat:4sr7lhwcrfe3fpu3f2gty547b4

Mental health in migrant children

Gonneke W.J.M. Stevens, Wilma A.M. Vollebergh
2008 Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines  
migrants and ethnic minorities (such as Black Americans and third-generation Hispanics) as belonging to the non-migrant population of natives, most European studies used a nationally defined native majority  ...  The importance of the informant in determining the prevalence of problem behaviour in migrant children It is a well-known fact that the level of problem behaviour in children depends highly on the informant  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2007.01848.x pmid:18081765 fatcat:b34eakh335fudiqv767ijld3hi
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