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Computational Language Systems: Architectures [chapter]

H. Cunninghamand, K. Bontcheva
2006 Encyclopedia of Language & Linguistics  
in detail at algorithmic and data resource infrastructure; concludes with some thoughts on the future of the area.  ...  The article: presents a critical review of the various approaches that have been taken in the field; analyses eleven categories of previous work and uses these categories to organise the discussion; looks  ...  Other similar work in this area include: the XDOC workbench Rösner and Kunze (2002) ; Artola et al. (2002) report work on stand-off markup for NLP tools.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b0-08-044854-2/04367-4 fatcat:kdeje722dvhzzcz7alsycbqdwy

Software Architecture for Language Engineering

HAMISH CUNNINGHAM, DONIA SCOTT
2004 Natural Language Engineering  
In order to demonstrate the theory developed in relation to SALE, we present the design, implementation and evaluation of GATE, a General Architecture for Text Engineering, which illustrates in practice  ...  This thesis defines the boundaries of Software Architecture for Language Engineering (SALE), an area formed by the intersection of human language computation and software engineering.  ...  Applications are complete software systems that perform some intrinsically useful task, and may be sold as products. For example, a translator's workbench is an application 2 .  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1351324904003481 fatcat:xzkpj2edozgidfrknmergcyyga

D5.1 Report on Vocabularies for Interoperable Language Resources and Services

Christian Chiarcos, Philipp Cimiano, Julia Bosque-Gil, Thierry Declerck, Christian Fäth, Jorge Gracia, Maxim Ionov, John P. McCrae, Elena Montiel-Ponsoda, Maria Pia di Buono, Roser Saurí, Fernando Bobillo (+1 others)
2020 Zenodo  
This document provides a survey over vocabularies for language resources and services and sketch necessary extensions and the expected contribution of the Prêt-à-LLOD project to their further development  ...  We focus on three main aspects of linguistically analyzed data 1. lexical-conceptual resources, i.e., repositories of terminology, lexical data, translation, and semantics, 2. linguistically annotated  ...  SynAF proposes thus an integrated view on those two types of annotation, within the context of a graph representation.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5744205 fatcat:xfrpsie7zjgjboxi4j265husjy

Selected Information Management Resources for Implementing New Knowledge Environments: An Annotated Bibliography

Alex Garnett, Ray Siemens, Cara Leitch, Julie Melone
2012 Scholarly and Research Communication  
This annotated bibliography reviews scholarly work in the area of building and analyzing digital document collections with the aim of establishing a baseline of knowledge for work in the field of digital  ...  Each of these is then further divided into sub-topics to provide a broad snapshot of modern information management techniques for building and analyzing digital documents collections.  ...  This kernel was built upon considerably by Alex Garnett, working consultatively with Cara Letich, Ray Siemens, and members of the Implementing New Knowledge Environment (INKE) and Public Knowledge Project  ... 
doi:10.22230/src.2012v3n1a52 fatcat:iug7tyszcbg3hdw4siqinlh5vy

Natural Language Processing as a Foundation of the Semantic Web

Yorick Wilks, Christopher Brewster
2007 Foundations and Trends® in Web Science  
Acknowledgments CB would like to thank José Iria for help in discussing and formulating the Abraxas model, and Ziqi Zhang for undertaking parts of the implementation and evaluation.  ...  CB has been supported in this work by the EPSRC project Abraxas (http://nlp.shef.ac.uk/abraxas/) under grant number GR/T22902/01 and the EC funded IP Companions IST-034434 (www.companionsproject.org)  ...  library" (1990). (4) "What therefore is needed to give effect to the vision is the internal provision of (hypertext) objects and links, and specifically in the strong form of an AI-type knowledge base  ... 
doi:10.1561/1800000002 fatcat:n2xfw3qdhverrokidb2globwyq

Why Standardization Efforts Fail

Carl F. Cargill
2011 Journal of Electronic Publishing  
AsLing (International Association for Advancement in Language Technology), which took over the organisation of this conference in 2014, is proud to present the proceedings of Translating and the Computer  ...  Preface For the past 38 years the international conference Translating and the Computer has been a leading and distinctive forum for academics, users, developers and vendors of computer aids for translators  ...  Huaqing Hong at Nanyang Technological University (Singapore) for sharing with me some of the tools used in this research.  ... 
doi:10.3998/3336451.0014.103 fatcat:dmw2l6nx5vaola6zjohsfggg7m

Pattern-based segmentation of digital documents

Angelo Di Iorio
2008 ACM SIGWEB Newsletter  
The central part of my work consists of discussing that model, investigating how a digital document can be segmented, and how a segmented version can be used to implement advanced tools of conversion.  ...  IML is a general and extensible language, which basically adopts an XHTML syntax, able to capture a posteriori the only content of a digital document.  ...  It is an optional feature of SGML usable to annotate concurrent hierarchical structures in a single document.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1350502.1350505 fatcat:jjczizjwjfbi7ovtznqrmanlsq

Automatic document-level semantic metadata annotation using folksonomies and domain ontologies

Hend S. Al-Khalifa, Jessica Rubart
2008 ACM SIGWEB Newsletter  
The tool was applied to a case study consisting of a framework for evaluating the usefulness of the generated semantic metadata within the context of a particular eLearning application.  ...  This thesis presents a novel tool that uses folksonomies to automatically generate metadata with educational semantics in an attempt to provide semantic annotations to bookmarked web resources, and to  ...  As an example, the tag 'library' is an instance in the resource type ontology, which means 'a collection of things'.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1408940.1408944 fatcat:hgidhenczvbldmqhcptooyspvu

Metadata model for interactions of 3D objects

Jacek Chmielewski
2008 2008 1st International Conference on Information Technology  
The XQuery is for XML like SQL for relational databases. It allows extracting and manipulating data from XML documents or any data source that can be viewed as being in the XML format.  ...  The IMQL integrates with Interaction Interface definitions permitting the use of new object parameter types and value data included directly in the query.  ...  Consider a teacher from Poland who wants to prepare a lecture on the eye anatomy and reactions to light. He/she has to search the repository for appropriate models.  ... 
doi:10.1109/inftech.2008.4621648 fatcat:z76gic45szgwjjvedu6s63c5ma

Wikipedia-based Semantic Interpretation for Natural Language Processing

E. Gabrilovich, S. Markovitch
2009 The Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research  
Our method represents meaning in a high-dimensional space of concepts derived from Wikipedia, the largest encyclopedia in existence.  ...  Here we propose a novel method, called Explicit Semantic Analysis (ESA), for fine-grained semantic interpretation of unrestricted natural language texts.  ...  Lee and Brandon Pincombe for making available their document similarity data.  ... 
doi:10.1613/jair.2669 fatcat:mwcky2jqx5e6zimhzgsbh5rffa

New publication cultures in the humanities: exploring the paradigm shift

2015 ChoiceReviews  
The first type of annotation consists of a linguistic, stylistic, or other type of evaluation note of the text during the study phase.  ...  Annotations represent a particular problem as they contain different types of data.  ...  to New Publication Cultures in the Humanities offer a bracing vision of scholarly research as an open-ended and collaborative enterprise -a vision that this stimulating collection both advances and exemplifies  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.189021 fatcat:sniykmljung25fobj7ofnmr3ke

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Dayne Freitag
2012 Machine Learning  
Appendix C describes the tokenizing library at the heart of all learning algorithms implemented for this thesis.  ...  A central question addressed in these experiments is how well SRV can make use of the linguistic information provided by two off-the-shelf NLP packages, one a syntactic parser, the other a semantic lexicon  ...  Some characteristics of the document collection are shown in Table A .l, and of the individual fields in Table A .2.  ... 
doi:10.1023/a:1007601113994 fatcat:wcvf75mpmreaxnp4tubluatbx4

Feature generation for textual information retrieval using world knowledge

Evgeniy Gabrilovich
2007 SIGIR Forum  
In such cases, there exists a trade-off between the size of the feature space and the amount of training documents that can be used for learning.  ...  Reuters-21578 is a cleaned version of the earlier release named Reuters-22173, which contained errors and duplicate documents. The collection contains 21578 documents (hence the name) in SGML format.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1328964.1328988 fatcat:blfxbh3jijfqpemo756gpyobs4

Social Networks and the Semantic Web

Peter Mika
2015 Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on World Wide Web - WWW '15 Companion  
For example, NLP is tied to the notions of annotation and ontology learning.  ...  A number of libraries and tools have been written in a variety of programming languages for dealing with PFIF data.  ...  Contribution to the Linguistic Analysis of Business Conversations within the Language/Action Perspective 1998-4 Dennis Breuker (UM) Memory versus Search in Games  ... 
doi:10.1145/2740908.2742138 dblp:conf/www/Mika15 fatcat:ptyntdmnjrc4tcayyytykwlaba

Editors' Preface

Wout Dillen, Elli Bleeker, Laura Esteban-Segura, Stefano Rosignoli
2021 Variants  
It is easier to implement such connections on the level of metadata, as it is easier to standardize this type of data than it is to standardize text annotation.  ...  Finally, once a certain amount of text has been translated in this way, digital tools like NLP can be developed based on the training data to automate the translation process to some degree.  ...  Restricted Translation of Historical Dutch Text Hugo Maat Abstract: This article proposes an experimental approach to the diachronic translation of document sources written in historical variants of  ... 
doi:10.4000/variants.1239 fatcat:ka26dx266nfhxdbjxcqbfmsala
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