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Using explicit ontologies in KBS development

G. van Heijst, A.Th. Schreiber, B.J. Wielinga
1997 International Journal of Human-Computer Studies  
email : g e r t j a n / s c h r e i b e r / w i e l i n g a ê s w i . p s y . u v a . n l This article presents a number of ways in which ontologies-schematic descriptions of the contents of domain knowledge-can  ...  To facilitate this , the article presents some principles for organizing a library of reusable ontological theories which can be configured into an application ontology .  ...  If there is a role-to-role mapping between two knowledge roles , F IGURE 46 . Ontology mappings and role-to-role mappings in the ARS task model .  ... 
doi:10.1006/ijhc.1996.0090 fatcat:m2mhkerylnbkvgd62swzqpjyki


M Oranje
2017 unpublished
and questioned the anti-realist ontology of planning theory.  ...  clarification and equip them to decide if it is a matter that affects them or not.  ...  title: an insider-outsider's exploration of planning knowledges, roles, uses and construction in a post 1994 metropolitan setting: eThekwini Municipality UNIVERSITY OF PRETORIA, DEPARTMENT OF TOWN AND  ... 

G.H. Mead`s original role-concept and its later distortions

Ibolya Vári-Szilágyi
2010 Corvinus Journal of Sociology and Social Policy  
Although this popularity has markedly decreased by the '90s, role theories still have a substantial influence on social science thinking.  ...  In the social psychology of the '60s probably the notion of role enjoyed the greatest popularity besides attitude.  ...  Role intrinsically implies taking part in something, be it the perception or comprehension of a situation or the environment, or a common action.  ... 
doi:10.14267/cjssp.2010.02.06 fatcat:3z6wr5oo4jfnzejpvtcj2titsi

Grounding the Interaction: Knowledge Management for Interactive Robots

Séverin Lemaignan
2013 Künstliche Intelligenz  
Clarification and discrimination algorithms are based on what we call descriptors: descriptors can be properties of individuals, either acquired by the robot are statically asserted in a common-sense ontology  ...  a, ?o) → isVisible(?o) ∧ sees(?a, ?o) Same rule as above apply for anonymous variables. - Returns the version number of the service provider. Can be used to check connection status.  ...  (technically doable actions) • Physical world state (location of objects,. . . ) • Common-sense knowledge (role, usage of objects. . . ) Appendix B-Task representation in the ontology Note that this  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13218-013-0246-3 fatcat:lzwey4kmoffqlobfwgzcggev5a

Comparing Computer-interpretable Guideline Models: A Case-study Approach

M. Peleg, S. Tu, J. Bury, P. Ciccarese, J. Fox, R. A. Greenes, R. Hall, P. D. Johnson, N. Jones, A. Kumar, S. Miksch, S. Quaglini (+3 others)
2003 JAMIA Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association  
They also enable linking of the encoded guidelines with patient data-a key requirement for enabling patient-specific decision support.  ...  Our purpose has been to understand commonalitie s and differences, so as to identify issues to be resolved if a consensus on a set of common components is to be developed.  ...  The actions of the methodologies differ in their ability to accept parameters, return results, assign variables with values, and inherit knowledge roles, such as complete and abort conditions. e.  ... 
doi:10.1197/jamia.m1135 pmid:12509357 pmcid:PMC150359 fatcat:wof53vyvk5dgrl5wg3xvdy52le

Education policy borrowing and cultural scripts for teaching in China

Charlene Tan
2014 Comparative Education  
China's recent education reforms are a result of selective policy borrowing from 'the West'.  ...  Focussing on a Chinese classic text, Xueji (Records of Learning), this article elucidates the ancient Chinese' views on the nature and transmission of knowledge, and explains why the 'teacher-dominated  ...  On the one hand, it is teacher-centred as the entire education project, from the nature of knowledge, role of teachers and learning process, places the teacher in the driver's seat.  ... 
doi:10.1080/03050068.2014.966485 fatcat:gt7kthnptnfblptygv6ezozbru

Computer and Information Science, Vol. 3, No. 1, February, 2010

Editor CIS
2010 Computer and Information Science  
A Knowledge Innovation Algorithm Based on Granularity  ...  Is the support from executive management to KM (Knowledge Management)\ knowledge sharing VISIBLE? Yes No 6. Are there specific knowledge roles identified and assigned? Yes No 7.  ...  With the increase of the status density of the frequency field space, the probability that the single status is checked will decrease.  ... 
doi:10.5539/cis.v3n1p0 fatcat:lest4lycincrhb3aojneniqgci

A Knowledge Framework Underlying Process Management*

Kevin Linderman, Roger G. Schroeder, Janine Sanders
2010 Decision Sciences  
The knowledge-based view of a firm argues that organizational knowledge is the source of competitive advantage.  ...  To the extent that the process management system enables knowledge creation it should be a source of competitive advantage.  ...  Role of BB knowledge was as facilitator. Brainstorming was also a key to process knowledge creation.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1540-5915.2010.00286.x fatcat:2iyareol6rc2xolwn7epp4xjhm

Shamanism and Cognitive Evolution (with comments)

Michael Winkelman
2002 Cambridge Archaeological Journal  
They are medical practitioners and priests -spiritual leaders -who often exercise their knowledge, roles and powers in variously induced altered states of consciousness (ASC), often in a context of structured  ...  Rather than reducing their beliefs in a materialistic dismissal, however, a scientific approach would include a recognition of their different ontological status in the symbolic system used to construe  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0959774302000045 fatcat:r2gavrakxjhf5cj2st5e37pggm

Semantic Web methods for knowledge management [online]

Stefan Decker
Finally, PSMs decompose the reasoning task of a knowledge-based system in a number of subtasks and inference actions that are connected by knowledge roles.  ...  These rules handle the frame problem as follows: if there is a direct instance(tl, Traffic_Light,X). method(tl,status,green,0). method(tl,status,amber,s(X))<method(tl,status,green,X). method(tl,status,  ...  Then the process of continually applying transformations (a),...,(j) to P terminates after a finite number of steps and results in a normal logic program (called the normal form of P.  ... 
doi:10.5445/ir/1862002 fatcat:c5matrx3tfhrhmcmccfz3sdl2i

Role of reality TV as a consumer-socialization agent of teenagers in a developing country

Md Ridhwanul Haq, Syed H Rahman
2015 International Journal of Emerging Markets  
RTV being a most contemporary vehicle in the electronic media area, such findings may or may not be representative of other TV vehicles.  ...  Similar research may be conducted among the other options of the TV vehicle (e.g., Drama, musical shows) and electronic media (e.g., radio, film) which also have a significant role in the consumer socialisation  ...  However, there is marginal difference between male (.756) and female (.729) regarding their product knowledge, role perceptions and purchasing intentions.  ... 
doi:10.1108/ijoem-06-2013-0101 fatcat:i5vyfvcidnby5itzikkwgunrvy

Aalborg Universitet Knowledge Management in Software Development Knowledge Management in Software Development Knowledge Management in Software Development Thesis Title: Knowledge Management in Software Development

Karsten Jahn, Thesis, Karsten Jahn, Peter Nielsen, Karsten Jahn, Peter Nielsen
2011 International Journal of Human Capital and Infor-mation Technology Professionals   unpublished
becomes a part of the status report.  ...  KM focus is on knowledge flows and the process of creation, sharing, and distributing knowledge.  ...  This version is basically a more precise version of the refined feedback results plus general input from his experience as a Project Manager.  ... 

Knowledge requirements analysis : a case study

Palash Bera
A structure of knowledge system was developed as a consequence of conducting the knowledge requirements analysis.  ...  The methodology used here consists of two methods, event driven process diagramming technique (a process modeling technique) and CommonKADS (a knowledge engineering method).  ...  Some guidance documents could be given when they join • Rectangles represent dynamic knowledge roles. The name of the knowledge role is written in the rectangle. • Ovals represent inferences.  ... 
doi:10.14288/1.0090978 fatcat:klhu7bl7ardpxgpqaao6nqbyvm

A conceptual framework of organisational alignment to improve South African mining companies

F.J. Burger, T.G. Pelser
2018 African Journal of Business and Economic Research  
The outcomes and practical value of this study were the following: a conceptual framework of organisational alignment; a validated and reliable measurement instrument of perceived organisational alignment  ...  An online questionnaire-approach was followed to collect data from 286 managers from a selection of all the major South African mining commodity sectors on their perceptions of the degree of organisational  ...  As explained in section 5.7, the researcher had in-depth discussions with knowledgeable role-players during the development of the questionnaire; and  Construct validity: construct validity refers to  ... 
doi:10.31920/1750-4562/2018/v13n2a7 fatcat:3tev52zz6vhjto6zfiis7aaut4

Optimising the impact of health services research on the organisation and delivery of health services: a mixed-methods study

Martin Marshall, Huw Davies, Vicky Ward, Justin Waring, Naomi J Fulop, Liz Mear, Breid O'Brien, Richard Parnell, Katherine Kirk, Benet Reid, Tricia Tooman
2022 Health and Social Care Delivery Research  
In workstream 2, a scoping review of exisiting or recent 'embedded researcher' schemes in UK health settings was carried out.  ...  A key finding is that there was often a greater emphasis on embeddedness per se than on co-production, which can be hard to discern.  ...  All authors contributed to delivering the programme and to the drafting, revision and approval of the final report.  ... 
doi:10.3310/hfuu3193 fatcat:5csr2hvodfew5bffxtxsevqmdu
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