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Analysis of a cellular automaton model for car traffic with a slow-to-stop rule

Adam Clarridge, Kai Salomaa
2010 Theoretical Computer Science  
We propose a modification of the widely known Benjamin-Johnson-Hui (BJH) cellular automaton model for single-lane traffic simulation.  ...  In particular, our model includes a 'slowto-stop' rule that exhibits more realistic microscopic driver behaviour than the BJH model.  ...  of a 'slow-to-stop' rule.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tcs.2010.05.027 fatcat:vfrj2sfzargudho4zxjydhlbmy

A Cell Automation Traffic Flow Model for Mixed Traffic

Guangjiao Chen, Fankun Meng, Guolong Fu, Mingyang Deng, Ling Li
2013 Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences  
Driver's characteristic is defined according to the NS model and the FI model. In accordance with the mixed traffic flow, a cellular automaton traffic model is proposed.  ...  Based on the existing research on cellular automata traffic flow model, this paper proposed an improved model for mixed traffic flow in real-time traffic data environment in China.  ...  Bi-lane cellular automata model The single lane cellular automaton model for vehicular traffic, a very important deficiency is not allowed to overtake, but in actual road traffic the overtaking phenomenon  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.08.160 fatcat:7ayztuc4vjhilddrtgndxtursm

Analysis of the influence of occupation rate of public transit vehicles on mixing traffic flow in a two-lane system

Qian Yong-Sheng, Shi Pei-Ji, Zeng Qiong, Ma Chang-Xi, Lin Fang, Sun Peng, Yin Xiao-Ting
2009 Chinese Physics B  
Based on the existing classical cellular automaton model of traffic flow, a cellular automaton traffic model with different-maximum-speed vehicles mixed on a single lane is proposed, in which public transit  ...  Parameters such as length of cellular automaton, operation speed and random slow mechanism are re-demarcated. A harbour-shaped bus stop is set up and the vehicle changing lane regulation is changed.  ...  [3] At present, in the two-lane cellular automaton model of traffic flow the effect of harbourshaped bus stops on traffic flow is not taken into consideration.  ... 
doi:10.1088/1674-1056/18/9/070 fatcat:ps2twtc36bfn3ngv5w4kxp7eoy

Cellular Automata and Roundabout Traffic Simulation [chapter]

Enrico G. Campari, Giuseppe Levi, Vittorio Maniezzo
2004 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
A new software package, named Archirota, for simulating traffic in roundabouts is introduced.  ...  Archirota can be used both as a support for designing new roundabout and for modeling and simulating existing ones. Tests on actual use cases testified the effectiveness of the implemented approach.  ...  and for modeling existing ones.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-30479-1_21 fatcat:f4qeaa44enbrfdhfkfghplrgp4

Cellular automaton model for bidirectional traffic

P. M. Simon, H. A. Gutowitz
1998 Physical review. E, Statistical physics, plasmas, fluids, and related interdisciplinary topics  
We investigate a cellular automaton (CA) model of traffic on a bi-directional two-lane road.  ...  The density-flow diagram for the bi-directional model is compared to that of a one-lane model, showing the interaction of the two lanes.  ...  INTRODUCTION A variety of cellular automaton models give a discrete approximation to traffic flow.  ... 
doi:10.1103/physreve.57.2441 fatcat:kfwj3bkbrvhathq3r6pvevrr44

A statistical approach to vehicular traffic

Jan Freund, Thorsten Pöschel
1995 Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications  
A two-dimensional cellular automaton is introduced to model the flow and jamming of vehicular traffic in cities.  ...  Each site of the automaton represents a crossing where a finite number of cars can wait approaching the crossing from each of the four directions. The flow of cars obeys realistic traffic rules.  ...  In agreement with similar models we found a slow decay for the mean velocity v as a function of the global traffic density η.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0378-4371(95)00170-c fatcat:35leowopybbf3m6axw7lh47kbi

Analysis of a cellular automaton model for car traffic with a junction

Yo-Sub Han, Sang-Ki Ko
2012 Theoretical Computer Science  
We propose a cellular automaton model that simulates traffic flow with a junction.  ...  We simulate the proposed cellular automaton model for both rules, and generate fundamental diagrams and car distribution examples.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Adam Clarridge for providing his source code for the car traffic model with a slow-to-stop rule.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tcs.2012.04.027 fatcat:slyoqho4snaabprh3yv4spt5pi

Parallel Processing Concept Based Road Traffic Model

Debasis Das, Rajiv Misra
2012 Procedia Technology - Elsevier  
In this paper, we propose a modified version of road traffic model based on parallel processing concept for single lane traffic simulation and the parallel processing concept based on cellular automata  ...  In this road traffic model the road are divided into cells that can be either occupied by a vehicle or empty. The vehicle movement based on cellular automata rules.  ...  The slow-to-start rule allows a stopped vehicle to move again with this slow-to-start probability 1-ps. If the vehicle didn't move, then it tries to move again but this time with the probability ps.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.protcy.2012.05.041 fatcat:lng3cbo5ozhh5khkqtjvtxoicy

A Cellular Automata Traffic Flow Model considering Bus Lane Changing Behavior with Scheduling Parameters

Zun-dong Zhang, Yan-fang Yang, Wenjiao Qi, Abderrahim Chariete, Xing-xiang Lin
2015 Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society  
According to different driving behavioral characteristics of bus drivers, a cellular automata traffic model considering the bus lane changing behavior with scheduling parameters is proposed in this paper  ...  Numerical experiment results show that the proposed model can generate a variety of complicated realistic phenomena in the traffic system with bus stops and provide theoretical basis for better using of  ...  In response to the problems existing in the model above, this paper takes multilane cellular automaton model as background, by defining bus parking traffic behavior rules in bus lanes and nonbay bus stations  ... 
doi:10.1155/2015/348582 fatcat:f52xbrrna5hbjnryyyipp2x2ee

A new stochastic cellular automaton model on traffic flow and its jamming phase transition [article]

Satoshi Sakai, Katsuhiro Nishinari, Shinji Iida
2006 arXiv   pre-print
A general stochastic traffic cellular automaton (CA) model, which includes slow-to-start effect and driver's perspective, is proposed in this paper.  ...  It is shown that this model includes well known traffic CA models such as Nagel-Schreckenberg model, Quick-Start model, and Slow-to-Start model as specific cases.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors thank the Japan Highway Public Corporation for providing us with the observed data.  ... 
arXiv:cond-mat/0611455v2 fatcat:e4w6tkwub5f73ab273xbhsdnhe


A.K. Daoudia .
2016 International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology  
presence of slow cars) in such a system.  ...  We study a simple one lane cellular automaton, based upon the well-known Nagel-Schreckenberg model, and examine the effect of disorder caused by some defects (deceleration sites, temporary stop sites and  ...  We have presented in this paper an extension of a deterministic cellular automaton model of NaSch to traffic flow in a single roadway with two types of defects (defectsites and defect-particles).  ... 
doi:10.15623/ijret.2016.0510013 fatcat:d5nzxcgrpve4zbrvid6rkql3eq

Cellular Automata Based Modeling for Evaluating Different Bus Stop Designs in China

Haoyang Ding, Wei Wang, Tianming Luo, Zhen Yang, Ye Li, Zhibin Li
2015 Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society  
A cellular automaton model is proposed to simulate mixed traffic flow composed of motor vehicles and bicycles near bus stops.  ...  On the contrary, bus bay stops should be applied due to their ability to reduce traffic conflicts.  ...  Model In this paper, the typical Nagel-Schreckenberg cellular automaton model for motorized traffic flow and the Burgers cellular automaton model for bicycle flow are combined to simulate the mixed traffic  ... 
doi:10.1155/2015/365412 fatcat:3ytj5ttgkfcbfpucbq2o2bqvoy

Non-concave fundamental diagrams and phase transitions in a stochastic traffic cellular automaton

S. Maerivoet, B. De Moor
2004 European Physical Journal B : Condensed Matter Physics  
Within the class of stochastic cellular automata models of traffic flows, we look at the velocity dependent randomization variant (VDR-TCA) whose parameters take on a specific set of extreme values.  ...  Studying the transitions between these phases, allows us to establish a rigorous classification based on their tempo-spatial behavioral characteristics.  ...  Maerivoet would like to thank dr. Andreas Schadschneider for his insightful comments and feedback when writing this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1140/epjb/e2004-00365-8 fatcat:pbulztioqrhmljkjw2sk7m5wr4

Fuzzy cellular model for traffic data fusion

Bartłomiej PŁACZEK
2009 Transport Problems  
A cellular model is proposed that uses the theory of fuzzy sets to deal with these requirements and to enable traffic data fusion from various sources.  ...  In this paper the requirements for road traffic models designed to collect complex data from vehicles detectors in a traffic control system are discussed.  ...  According to the slow-to-start (s2s) rule the stopped vehicles accelerate with lower probability than the moving ones.  ... 
doaj:cc014a7fb7024e39a2e3ee2d2a463b1b fatcat:usy2trfnfjhwjhwffxypp7cn74

The optimization of On-ramp Junction Capacity based on Zippered Control Strategy

Huadong Tan, Xiaoguang Yang, Aoxiang Wu
2013 Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences  
Focusing on the variation of metered proportion of the main-road and on-ramp road, a cellular automaton based model was proposed with respect to the optimal capacity, which is judged by the interflow numbers  ...  The proposed capacity model is expected to be an improvement to the traditional model with the theory of cellular automation.  ...  System and Smart City Research Group for the data help.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.08.201 fatcat:qyy4cnec2zh37ikd4aqkghv4dm
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