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A Bidirectional Relationship between Conceptual Organization and Word Learning

Tanya Kaefer, Susan B. Neuman
2013 Child Development Research  
In order to examine this model, we recruited 104 4-year olds from Head Start classrooms; 52 children participated in a two-week training program, and 52 children were in a control group.  ...  We proposed a bidirectional model in which increases in word learning lead to increases in taxonomic organization, which, in turn, leads to further increases in word learning.  ...  Many thanks are due to Ashley Pinkham for her helpful comments and to the children who participated in this research.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2013/298603 fatcat:5eoq3zpd3zdhthwyh5iuvxw35u

Bootstrapping language acquisition

Omri Abend, Tom Kwiatkowski, Nathaniel J. Smith, Sharon Goldwater, Mark Steedman
2017 Cognition  
Using an incremental learning algorithm, we apply the model to a dataset of real syntactically complex child-directed utterances and (pseudo) logical forms, the latter including contextually plausible  ...  Starting from these assumptions, we develop a Bayesian probabilistic account of semantically bootstrapped first-language acquisition in the child, based on techniques from computational parsing and interpretation  ...  We thank Julia Hockenmaier and Luke Zettlemoyer for guidance in the early stages of this research, and Inbal Arnon, Jennifer Culbertson, and Ida Szubert for their feedback on a draft of this article.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2017.02.009 pmid:28412593 fatcat:3k3o4o2hw5cuddvqp7pfxzxsgy

Sequencing in SLA

Nick C. Ellis
1996 Studies in Second Language Acquisition  
It contends that much of language acquisition is in fact sequence learning (for vocabulary, the phonological units of language and their phonotactic sequences: for discourse, the lexical units of language  ...  It argues that the resultant longterm knowledge base of language sequences serves as the database for the acquisition of language grammar.  ...  Chunking/bootstrapping models of acquisition suggest a degree of synergy between these processes that they are essentially one.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0272263100014698 fatcat:vublsy3csbakxgrnzxmzieu5pe

Comparison and the Development of Cognition and Language

Dedre Gentner, José Medina
1997 Cognitive Studies  
s we have be based ,erceptual 994) sug- iafir (1990), d model of tge model") el attempts' ns between ction . ) .Word-learning is a major engine for the acquisition of new knowledge  ...  Order of vocabulary acquisition . Applying the career of similarity framework to word acquisition leads to two predictions .  ... 
doi:10.11225/jcss.4.1_112 fatcat:hejyc3xuwbgi3as47rkdkaqo3q

A solution to Plato's problem: The latent semantic analysis theory of acquisition, induction, and representation of knowledge

Thomas K. Landauer, Susan T. Dumais
1997 Psychological review  
Counterpoised against this possibility, however, is the reasonable expectation that school reading has been at least partially optimized for children's vocabulary acquisition.  ...  quantitatively for English vocabulary acquisition as a whole and what LSA has so far been used to simulate is knowledge of the similarity of word meanings.  ...  For simplicity of presentation, A~ Inquiries about LSA computer programs should be addressed to Susan T. Dumais, Bellcore, 600 South Street, Morristown, New Jersey 07960.  ... 
doi:10.1037//0033-295x.104.2.211 fatcat:2zrtf6olnbearawirpoy3nr424

Précis of The Origin of Concepts

Susan Carey
2011 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
With respect to a learning mechanism that achieves conceptual discontinuity, I offer Quinian bootstrapping.  ...  Active use of a nonverbal domain of arithmetic serves to enable the child to find relevant data to build knowledge about the language and use rules of numerosity and quantity.  ...  Like bootstrapping, our own (Laurence & Margolis 2002) model of concept acquisition provides an account of primitive concept acquisition.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x10000919 pmid:21676291 pmcid:PMC3489495 fatcat:bwsccuwwbnd3zc45oanqudnzba

Relationships Between Reasoning, Verbal Working Memory, and Language in Children with Early Cochlear Implantation: A Mediation Effect

Hatice Akçakaya, Filiz Aslan, Murat Doğan, Esra Yücel
2018 Ankara Universitesi Egitim Bilimleri Fakultesi Ozel Egitim Dergisi  
For similarities children are expected to form relationships between objects (Ackerman, Beier and Boyle, 2005; Goldstone and Son, 2005) , there was a significant relationship between this skill and vocabulary  ...  Analogical completion skill requires finding logical congruity between objects and events.  ...  The children's responses were recorded with a Sony brand ICD-TX50 model digital audio recorder as well as they were also marked on a separate form by pencil.  ... 
doi:10.21565/ozelegitimdergisi.365076 fatcat:3zf647dyanddjoihwg4oi5zudq

Introduction: concepts of development, learning, and acquisition

Katrin Lindner, Annette Hohenberger
2009 Linguistics  
model of language learning, for instance of a model of distributional learning or of a model based on dynamic systems theory.  ...  She reviews the empirical evidence for a number of bootstrapping mechanisms. In particular she focuses on prosodic bootstrapping.  ...  He learned the language within a week/ within four years/ for three years but never felt he could speak it.  ... 
doi:10.1515/ling.2009.009 fatcat:7atlodk4vrfgtdwxyk4jf4d3ry

Cognitive science in the era of artificial intelligence: A roadmap for reverse-engineering the infant language-learner

Emmanuel Dupoux
2018 Cognition  
We argue that instead of defining a sub-problem or simplifying the data, computational models should address the full complexity of the learning situation, and take as input the raw sensory signals available  ...  This implies that (1) accessible but privacy-preserving repositories of home data be setup and widely shared, and (2) models be evaluated at different linguistic levels through a benchmark of psycholinguist  ...  As a result, these models may address a different bootstrapping problem than the one faced by infants. This would call for the need to use realistic data as input for models.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2017.11.008 pmid:29324240 fatcat:2tjqez2gerdoxh5rn2nxb27pti

Beyond Fast Mapping

Susan Carey
2010 Language Learning and Development  
Since the seminal 1957 studies of word learning by Roger Brown, most experimental studies of lexical acquisition have concerned fast mapping: the process through which a new lexical entry is established  ...  Two factors lead to an extended learning process; the size of the hypothesis space and the need, sometimes, for the creation of new semantic primitives.  ...  So far no bootstrapping has occurred. The stage is set for the completion of the bootstrapping processes. Children use the placeholder structure to model sets of individuals in the world.  ... 
doi:10.1080/15475441.2010.484379 pmid:21625404 pmcid:PMC3101498 fatcat:qdm4qbbfjjbzboeyyhyqn7d5xu

Hunting the Fox of Word Learning: Why "Constraints" Fail to Capture It

Gedeon O. Deák
2000 Developmental Review  
The summary highlights our need for an explanatory framework that is sufficiently rich to capture the flexibility and diversity of children's word learning.  ...  The core of such a framework is summarized as a set of general characteristics of human word learning. These characteristics must serve as a starting point for any viable theory of word learning.  ...  For example, Tinbergen (1951) showed that male stickleback fish respond aggressively to a misshapen model fish with a red belly like a real competitor, but not to a realistically shaped model with an  ... 
doi:10.1006/drev.1999.0494 fatcat:h67rqmjncff7jdu6puh6qdogri

Computational and Robotic Models of Early Language Development: A Review [article]

Pierre-Yves Oudeyer, George Kachergis, William Schueller
2019 arXiv   pre-print
We conclude by discussing future challenges for research, including modeling of large-scale empirical data about language acquisition in real-world environments.  ...  We review computational and robotics models of early language learning and development. We first explain why and how these models are used to understand better how children learn language.  ...  Another approach is to use network theoretic models and semantic relatedness measures to model the growth process of children's vocabulary (Hills, Maouene, Riordan, & Smith, 2010) .  ... 
arXiv:1903.10246v1 fatcat:p6oxxjuqjrbfllot44e5tbiirq


Elizabeta Tomevska-Ilievska
Due to its structure and use of a modern method for initial language literacy, global reading partially deviates from the previous conventional forms, but is not in collision with the nature of the Macedonian  ...  This raises the question of ways of educational compensation in order for modern strategies to become a daily teaching routine.  ...  Global basis for reading always is gained with inductive approach for presenting the new letter.  ... 
doi:10.46733/pesh20920111ti fatcat:z4dkt5pxkfdd5nh7bzlmbg2zga

From numerical concepts to concepts of number

Lance J. Rips, Amber Bloomfield, Jennifer Asmuth
2008 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Proposals for arriving at natural number by (empirical) induction presuppose the mathematical concepts they seek to explain.  ...  generalizations over all numbers; for example, the principle of additive commutativity (a þ b ¼ b þ a) .  ...  is that the induction model does not explain the acquisition of meta-numerical knowledge.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x08005566 pmid:19077327 fatcat:32z4drznobdmtbyee7u5wgod4a

Matthew Effects in Reading: Some Consequences of Individual Differences in the Acquisition of Literacy

Keith E. Stanovich
2009 Journal of Education  
A FRAMEWORK for conceptualizing the development of individual differences in reading ability is presented that synthesizes a great deal of the research literature.  ...  The framework is used to explicate some persisting problems in the literature on reading disability and to conceptualize remediation efforts in reading.  ...  substantial portion of children's vocabulary growth" (p. 250).  ... 
doi:10.1177/0022057409189001-204 fatcat:hkahuckil5c47gn2ta3qagbbkm
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